§ 20-1-20 Definitions
§ 20-1-21 Purpose of division; standards; construction of chapter
§ 20-1-22 When articles deemed adulterated – Food generally
§ 20-1-23 When articles deemed adulterated – Confectionery
§ 20-1-24 When articles deemed adulterated – Drugs
§ 20-1-25 When articles deemed misbranded generally – Food
§ 20-1-26 When articles deemed misbranded generally – Drugs
§ 20-1-27 Prohibited activities
§ 20-1-28 Manufacture, sale, etc., of soft drinks, etc., colored with coal tar preparation, etc., or sweetened with artificial sweeteners; labeling and display for sale of artificially sweetened soft drinks, etc., manufactured for special dietary use by certain p
§ 20-1-29 Shipment, offer for shipment, or sale of certain citrus fruits
§ 20-1-30 Sale, offer for sale, etc., of certain artificially colored potatoes
§ 20-1-31 Possession, transportation, etc., of items in violation of division, chapter
§ 20-1-32 Exemption from prosecution of dealers
§ 20-1-33 Food safety permit
§ 20-1-34 Civil penalties for violation of chapter, etc
§ 20-1-35 Food Safety Advisory Committee
§ 20-1-36 Donations to exempt organizations
§ 20-1-37 Provisions cumulative and supplemental

Terms Used In Alabama Code > Title 20 > Chapter 1 > Article 2 > Division 1 - Food and Drugs Generally

  • Appeal: A request made after a trial, asking another court (usually the court of appeals) to decide whether the trial was conducted properly. To make such a request is "to appeal" or "to take an appeal." One who appeals is called the appellant.
  • article: When referring to food or drugs, such term is used in the broad and comprehensive sense and has reference to the food product or the drug product in question. See Alabama Code 20-1-20
  • BABY FOOD: A food which purports to be or is represented for special dietary use as a food for babies by reason of its special formulation or its particular suitability for children under two years of age. See Alabama Code 20-1-20
  • board: The State Board of Agriculture and Industries. See Alabama Code 20-1-20
  • circuit: means judicial circuit. See Alabama Code 1-1-1
  • CLASS A FOODS: Baby food, infant formula, and potentially hazardous food. See Alabama Code 20-1-20
  • commissioner: The Commissioner of Agriculture and Industries. See Alabama Code 20-1-20
  • Common law: The legal system that originated in England and is now in use in the United States. It is based on judicial decisions rather than legislative action.
  • Complaint: A written statement by the plaintiff stating the wrongs allegedly committed by the defendant.
  • Continuance: Putting off of a hearing ot trial until a later time.
  • Corporation: A legal entity owned by the holders of shares of stock that have been issued, and that can own, receive, and transfer property, and carry on business in its own name.
  • Damages: Money paid by defendants to successful plaintiffs in civil cases to compensate the plaintiffs for their injuries.
  • dealer: A manufacturer, wholesaler, retailer, jobber, and similar establishments, mobile or permanent, engaged in the sale of food for consumption on premises. See Alabama Code 20-1-20
  • Defendant: In a civil suit, the person complained against; in a criminal case, the person accused of the crime.
  • department: The Department of Agriculture and Industries. See Alabama Code 20-1-20
  • drug: All medicines and preparations recognized in the United States pharmacopoeia or national formulary for internal or external use and any substance or mixture of substances to be used for the cure, mitigation, or prevention of disease in man or domestic animals. See Alabama Code 20-1-20
  • Evidence: Information presented in testimony or in documents that is used to persuade the fact finder (judge or jury) to decide the case for one side or the other.
  • following: means next after. See Alabama Code 1-1-1
  • food: All articles of food, drink, confectionery, or condiment, whether simple, mixed, or compound, used or intended for use by man or domestic animals. See Alabama Code 20-1-20
  • FOOD SALES ESTABLISHMENT: Retail and wholesale stores and places of business, and similar establishments, mobile or permanent, engaged in the sale of food primarily for consumption off the premises. See Alabama Code 20-1-20
  • INFANT FORMULA: A food which purports to be or is represented for special dietary use solely as a food for infants by reason of its simulation of human milk or its suitability as a complete or partial substitute for human milk. See Alabama Code 20-1-20
  • Injunction: An order of the court prohibiting (or compelling) the performance of a specific act to prevent irreparable damage or injury.
  • Jurisdiction: (1) The legal authority of a court to hear and decide a case. Concurrent jurisdiction exists when two courts have simultaneous responsibility for the same case. (2) The geographic area over which the court has authority to decide cases.
  • label: A display of written, printed, or graphic matter upon the immediate container of any article. See Alabama Code 20-1-20
  • Lease: A contract transferring the use of property or occupancy of land, space, structures, or equipment in consideration of a payment (e.g., rent). Source: OCC
  • misbranded: Such term shall apply to all drugs or foods or articles which enter into the composition of food, the package or label of which shall bear or contain any statement, design, or device regarding such article or the ingredients or substances contained therein which shall be false or misleading in any particular and to any food or drug product which is falsely branded as to the state, territory, or country in which it is manufactured or produced. See Alabama Code 20-1-20
  • OPEN-DATE STATEMENT: The terms "Sell By"; "Freeze By"; "Sell or Freeze By"; "Not to be Sold After"; "Best if Used By"; "Expiration"; or other terms as defined by rules or regulations; or a date without additional words shall be considered an open-date statement. See Alabama Code 20-1-20
  • OUT-OF-DATE: Any article with a label containing an open-date statement with a date affixed thereto which has passed. See Alabama Code 20-1-20
  • Partnership: A voluntary contract between two or more persons to pool some or all of their assets into a business, with the agreement that there will be a proportional sharing of profits and losses.
  • person: includes a corporation as well as a natural person. See Alabama Code 1-1-1
  • person: An individual, partnership, corporation, or association or any combination thereof. See Alabama Code 20-1-20
  • Plaintiff: The person who files the complaint in a civil lawsuit.
  • POTENTIALLY HAZARDOUS FOOD: A food that is natural or synthetic and that requires temperature control because it is in a form capable of supporting rapid and progressive growth of infectious or toxigenic microorganisms or the growth and toxin production of Clostridium botulinum or the growth of Salmonella Enteritidis. See Alabama Code 20-1-20
  • STANDARD OF PURITY OR QUALITY: The standards of purity for food products promulgated by the State Board of Agriculture and Industries and by statutes of this state. See Alabama Code 20-1-20
  • state: when applied to the different parts of the United States, includes the District of Columbia and the several territories of the United States. See Alabama Code 1-1-1
  • Statute: A law passed by a legislature.
  • Statute of limitations: A law that sets the time within which parties must take action to enforce their rights.
  • Temporary restraining order: Prohibits a person from an action that is likely to cause irreparable harm. This differs from an injunction in that it may be granted immediately, without notice to the opposing party, and without a hearing. It is intended to last only until a hearing can be held.
  • Trial: A hearing that takes place when the defendant pleads "not guilty" and witnesses are required to come to court to give evidence.
  • United States: includes the territories thereof and the District of Columbia. See Alabama Code 1-1-1
  • Verdict: The decision of a petit jury or a judge.
  • Writ: A formal written command, issued from the court, requiring the performance of a specific act.
  • writing: includes typewriting and printing on paper. See Alabama Code 1-1-1
  • year: means a calendar year; but, whenever the word "year" is used in reference to any appropriations for the payment of money out of the treasury, it shall mean fiscal year. See Alabama Code 1-1-1