Terms Used In Alabama Code > Title 26 > Chapter 17
- adult: An individual 19 years of age or older. See Alabama Code 12-15-102
- child: An individual under the age of 18 years, or under 21 years of age and before the juvenile court for a delinquency matter arising before that individual's 18th birthday, or under 19 years of age and before the juvenile court for a child in need of supervision matter or commitment to the State Department of Mental Health or under 19 years of age and before the juvenile court for a proceeding initiated under Section 12-15-115(b)(2). See Alabama Code 12-15-102
- CHILD IN NEED OF SUPERVISION: A child who has been adjudicated by a juvenile court for doing any of the following and who is in need of care, rehabilitation, or supervision:
a. See Alabama Code 12-15-102
- Common law: The legal system that originated in England and is now in use in the United States. It is based on judicial decisions rather than legislative action.
- Dependent: A person dependent for support upon another.
- Docket: A log containing brief entries of court proceedings.
- INTAKE OFFICER: A juvenile probation officer or an employee of the judicial branch of government, who is neutral and detached from executive and legislative branch activities, designated by the juvenile court judge to initiate original delinquency, dependency, and child in need of supervision cases, as well as cases designated in Section 12-15-132, before the juvenile court. See Alabama Code 12-15-102
- JUVENILE COURT: The juvenile or family court division of the circuit or district court having jurisdiction over matters as provided by this chapter. See Alabama Code 12-15-102
- LAW ENFORCEMENT OFFICER: Any person, however denominated, who is authorized by law to exercise the police powers of the state, a county, or local governments. See Alabama Code 12-15-102
- minor: An individual who is under the age of 19 years and who is not a child within the meaning of this chapter. See Alabama Code 12-15-102
- Oversight: Committee review of the activities of a Federal agency or program.
- Plea: In a criminal case, the defendant's statement pleading "guilty" or "not guilty" in answer to the charges, a declaration made in open court.
- Precedent: A court decision in an earlier case with facts and law similar to a dispute currently before a court. Precedent will ordinarily govern the decision of a later similar case, unless a party can show that it was wrongly decided or that it differed in some significant way.
- Probable cause: A reasonable ground for belief that the offender violated a specific law.
- probation: The legal status created by order of the juvenile court following an adjudication of delinquency or in need of supervision whereby a child is permitted to remain in a community subject to supervision and return to the juvenile court for violation of probation at any time during the period of probation. See Alabama Code 12-15-102
- Probation officers: Screen applicants for pretrial release and monitor convicted offenders released under court supervision.
- Remainder: An interest in property that takes effect in the future at a specified time or after the occurrence of some event, such as the death of a life tenant.
- SECURE CUSTODY: As used with regard to juvenile detention facilities and the Department of Youth Services, this term means residential facilities with construction features designed to physically restrict the movements and activities of persons in custody such as locked rooms and buildings, including rooms and buildings that contain alarm devices that prevent departure; fences; or other physical structures. See Alabama Code 12-15-102