Chapter 1 General Provisions
Chapter 2 Establishing Parent and Child Relationship
Chapter 3 Jurisdiction and Venue
Chapter 4 Determination of Parent and Child Relationship
Chapter 5 Termination of Parental Rights in Adoption Proceedings
Chapter 6 Protective and Restraining Orders

Terms Used In California Codes > Family Code > Division 12 > Part 3 - UNIFORM PARENTAGE ACT

  • Account: means any deposit or credit account with a bank, including a demand, time, savings, passbook, share draft, or like account, other than an account evidenced by a certificate of deposit. See California Commercial Code 4104
  • action taken: means a collective decision made by the members of a state body, a collective commitment or promise by the members of the state body to make a positive or negative decision or an actual vote by the members of a state body when sitting as a body or entity upon a motion, proposal, resolution, order or similar action. See California Government Code 11122
  • Administrator: means the senior executive appointed to operate a home. See California Military and Veterans Code 1010
  • Aggrieved party: means a party entitled to pursue a remedy. See California Commercial Code 1201
  • agreement: means the total legal obligation that results from the parties' agreement as determined by this code and as supplemented by any other applicable laws. See California Commercial Code 1201
  • Agreement: includes , but is not limited to, agreements providing for valuations, appraisals, and similar proceedings and agreements between employers and employees or between their respective representatives. See California Code of Civil Procedure 1280
  • Allegation: something that someone says happened.
  • Angling: means the taking of, or attempting to take, fish by hook and line with the line held in the hand, or by hook and line with the line attached to a pole or rod which is closely attended or held in the hand in such a manner that the fish voluntarily takes the bait or lure in its mouth. See California Fish and Game Code 15
  • Annuity: A periodic (usually annual) payment of a fixed sum of money for either the life of the recipient or for a fixed number of years. A series of payments under a contract from an insurance company, a trust company, or an individual. Annuity payments are made at regular intervals over a period of more than one full year.
  • Appellate: About appeals; an appellate court has the power to review the judgement of another lower court or tribunal.
  • Appraisal: A determination of property value.
  • Appropriation: The provision of funds, through an annual appropriations act or a permanent law, for federal agencies to make payments out of the Treasury for specified purposes. The formal federal spending process consists of two sequential steps: authorization
  • Aquaculture: means that form of agriculture devoted to the propagation, cultivation, maintenance, and harvesting of aquatic plants and animals in marine, brackish, and fresh water. See California Fish and Game Code 17
  • Arrest: Taking physical custody of a person by lawful authority.
  • Assets: (1) The property comprising the estate of a deceased person, or (2) the property in a trust account.
  • Assistance: means direct financial assistance for a multifamily housing development, including, but not limited to, assistance provided pursuant to this division by the department or agency, and mortgage and construction financing provided by a public agency. See California Health and Safety Code 19903
  • Assisted reproduction: means conception by any means other than sexual intercourse. See California Family Code 7606
  • Assisted reproduction agreement: means a written contract that includes a person who intends to be the legal parent of a child or children born through assisted reproduction and that defines the terms of the relationship between the parties to the contract. See California Family Code 7606
  • Attachment: A procedure by which a person's property is seized to pay judgments levied by the court.
  • automobile dismantler: is a ny person not otherwise expressly excluded by Section 221 who:

    California Vehicle Code 220

  • auxiliary dolly: is a vehicle, not designed for carrying persons or property on its own structure, which is so constructed and used in conjunction with a semitrailer as to support a portion of the weight of the semitrailer and any load thereon, but not permanently attached to the semitrailer, although a part of the weight of such dolly may rest on another vehicle. See California Vehicle Code 225
  • Award: includes , but is not limited to, an award made pursuant to an agreement not in writing. See California Code of Civil Procedure 1280
  • axle: is a structure or portion of a structure consisting of one or more shafts, spindles, or bearings in the same vertical transverse plane by means of which, in conjunction with wheels mounted on said shafts, spindles, or bearings, a portion of the weight of a vehicle and its load, if any, is continuously transmitted to the roadway when the vehicle is in motion. See California Vehicle Code 230
  • ballot: means any of the following:

    California Elections Code 301

  • Bank: means a person engaged in the business of banking, and includes a savings bank, savings and loan association, credit union, and trust company. See California Commercial Code 1201
  • Banking day: means the part of a day on which a bank is open to the public for carrying on substantially all of its banking functions. See California Commercial Code 4104
  • Baseline: Projection of the receipts, outlays, and other budget amounts that would ensue in the future without any change in existing policy. Baseline projections are used to gauge the extent to which proposed legislation, if enacted into law, would alter current spending and revenue levels.
  • Bearer: means a person in possession of a negotiable instrument, document of title, or certificated security that is payable to bearer or endorsed in blank. See California Commercial Code 1201
  • Beneficiary: A person who is entitled to receive the benefits or proceeds of a will, trust, insurance policy, retirement plan, annuity, or other contract. Source: OCC
  • board: means the Public Employment Relations Board established pursuant to Section 3541 of the Government Code. See California Education Code 8431
  • board: means any entity listed in Section 101, the entities referred to in Sections 1000 and 3600, the State Bar, the Department of Real Estate, and any other state agency that issues a license, certificate, or registration authorizing a person to engage in a business or profession. See California Business and Professions Code 31
  • Board: means the State Allocation Board. See California Government Code 54125
  • bus: is a ny vehicle, including a trailer bus, designed, used, or maintained for carrying more than 15 persons including the driver. See California Vehicle Code 233
  • business: includes a proprietorship, partnership, corporation, and any other form of commercial enterprise. See California Vehicle Code 234
  • Buyer: means a person who buys or contracts to buy goods. See California Commercial Code 2103
  • California state preschool program: means part-day and full-day educational programs for low-income or otherwise disadvantaged three- and four-year-old children. See California Education Code 8208
  • camper: is a structure designed to be mounted upon a motor vehicle and to provide facilities for human habitation or camping purposes. See California Vehicle Code 243
  • Caregiver: means a person who provides direct care, supervision, and guidance to children in a child care and development facility. See California Education Code 8208
  • Case law: The law as laid down in cases that have been decided in the decisions of the courts.
  • Certified provider organization: means a provider organization that is certified by the Public Employment Relations Board as the representative of family childcare providers in an appropriate unit after a proceeding under Section 8434. See California Education Code 8431
  • Child care and development programs: means those programs that offer a full range of services for children from infancy to 13 years of age, for any part of a day, by a public or private agency, in centers and family child care homes. See California Education Code 8208
  • Children with exceptional needs: means either of the following:

    California Education Code 8208

  • City: includes "city and county" and "incorporated town" but does not include "unincorporated town" or "village. See California Government Code 20
  • City: includes city and county. See California Harbors and Navigation Code 15
  • City: includes city and county. See California Business and Professions Code 18
  • Clerk: means the county elections official, registrar of voters, city clerk, or other officer or board charged with the duty of conducting any election. See California Elections Code 307
  • Clerk of court: An officer appointed by the court to work with the chief judge in overseeing the court's administration, especially to assist in managing the flow of cases through the court and to maintain court records.
  • commercial user: means any person who deals in or engages in the business of selling bunk beds or who otherwise by one's occupation holds oneself out as having knowledge or skill peculiar to bunk beds, or any person who sells bunk beds. See California Health and Safety Code 24532
  • commercial vehicle: is a motor vehicle of a type required to be registered under this code used or maintained for the transportation of persons for hire, compensation, or profit or designed, used, or maintained primarily for the transportation of property. See California Vehicle Code 260
  • Common law: The legal system that originated in England and is now in use in the United States. It is based on judicial decisions rather than legislative action.
  • Complaint: A written statement by the plaintiff stating the wrongs allegedly committed by the defendant.
  • conduit: includes canal, ditch, culvert, pipeline, flume, or other appliance for conducting water. See California Water Code 7030
  • Continuance: Putting off of a hearing ot trial until a later time.
  • contract: means the bargain of the parties in fact, as found in their language or inferred from other circumstances, including course of performance, course of dealing, or usage of trade as provided in Section 1303. See California Commercial Code 1201
  • Contract for sale: includes both a present sale of goods and a contract to sell goods at a future time. See California Commercial Code 2106
  • Controversy: means any question arising between parties to an agreement whether the question is one of law or of fact or both. See California Code of Civil Procedure 1280
  • Conviction: A judgement of guilt against a criminal defendant.
  • Cost: includes , but is not limited to, expenditures that are related to the operation of child care and development programs. See California Education Code 8208
  • Counterclaim: A claim that a defendant makes against a plaintiff.
  • County: includes city and county. See California Fish and Game Code 32
  • County: includes city and county. See California Food and Agricultural Code 29
  • County: includes city and county. See California Water Code 14
  • County: includes city and county. See California Business and Professions Code 17
  • County: includes "city and county. See California Code of Civil Procedure 17
  • County: includes "city and county. See California Public Resources Code 14
  • County: includes city and county. See California Family Code 67
  • Customer: means a person having an account with a bank or for whom a bank has agreed to collect items, including a bank that maintains an account at another bank. See California Commercial Code 4104
  • Day: means calendar day, and "week" means calendar week. See California Fish and Game Code 35
  • Dealer: is a person not otherwise expressly excluded by Section 286 who:

    California Vehicle Code 285

  • Decedent: A deceased person.
  • Deed: The legal instrument used to transfer title in real property from one person to another.
  • Department: means the Department of Housing and Community Development. See California Health and Safety Code 18801
  • department: means the Department of Veterans Affairs. See California Military and Veterans Code 690
  • Department: means the Department of Food and Agriculture. See California Food and Agricultural Code 32
  • Department: means the Department of Motor Vehicles except, when used in Chapter 2 (commencing with Section 2100) of Division 2 and in Divisions 11 (commencing with Section 21000), 12 (commencing with Section 24000), 13 (commencing with Section 29000), 14 (commencing with Section 31600), 14. See California Vehicle Code 290
  • Department: means the Department of Veterans Affairs. See California Military and Veterans Code 1010
  • department: refer to the Director and Department of Finance, respectively, unless the context otherwise requires. See California Government Code 13001
  • Dependent: A person dependent for support upon another.
  • Devise: To gift property by will.
  • Direct service contract: means any contract with any public or private entity for child care and development programs, resource and referral programs, and programs contracting to provide support services as defined in Section 8208. See California Education Code 8448
  • Director: means the Director of Fish and Wildlife. See California Fish and Game Code 39
  • Director: means "State Director of Health Services. See California Health and Safety Code 21
  • Dismissal: The dropping of a case by the judge without further consideration or hearing. Source:
  • distributor: is a ny person other than a manufacturer who sells or distributes new vehicles subject to registration under this code, new trailers subject to identification pursuant to Section 5014. See California Vehicle Code 296
  • district: as used in this article includes all districts within the state, including, but not limited to, all special districts, sewer, water, utility, and local and regional park districts, and any other political subdivision of this state that is a district, and therefore the changes in paragraph (1) made by the act adding this paragraph that specify that the provisions of this article apply to all districts, including school, sewer, water, utility, and local and regional park districts of any kind or class, are declaratory of, and not a change in, existing law. See California Government Code 54221
  • District: means fish and game district. See California Fish and Game Code 41
  • Documentary draft: means a draft to be presented for acceptance or payment if specified documents, certificated securities (Section 8102) or instructions for uncertificated securities (Section 8102), or other certificates, statements, or the like are to be received by the drawee or other payor before acceptance or payment of the draft. See California Commercial Code 4104
  • Donor: The person who makes a gift.
  • drawbar: is a rigid structure forming a connection between a trailer and a towing vehicle, securely attached to both vehicles by nonrigid means and carrying no part of the load of either vehicle. See California Vehicle Code 300
  • driver: is a person who drives or is in actual physical control of a vehicle. See California Vehicle Code 305
  • Dwelling: means all housing whether owned or rented. See California Health and Safety Code 19903
  • Elderly or handicapped household: means , two or more persons who live together as a household, without regard to any specific relationship, and at least one of whom is an elderly or handicapped person or an elderly and handicapped person. See California Health and Safety Code 19903
  • Election: means any election including a primary that is provided for under this code. See California Elections Code 318
  • Elections official: means any of the following:

    California Elections Code 320

  • Electronic funds transfer: The transfer of money between accounts by consumer electronic systems-such as automated teller machines (ATMs) and electronic payment of bills-rather than by check or cash. (Wire transfers, checks, drafts, and paper instruments do not fall into this category.) Source: OCC
  • Embezzlement: In most states, embezzlement is defined as theft/larceny of assets (money or property) by a person in a position of trust or responsibility over those assets. Embezzlement typically occurs in the employment and corporate settings. Source: OCC
  • Engineering and traffic survey: as used in this code , means a survey of highway and traffic conditions in accordance with methods determined by the Department of Transportation for use by state and local authorities. See California Vehicle Code 627
  • Entitlement: A Federal program or provision of law that requires payments to any person or unit of government that meets the eligibility criteria established by law. Entitlements constitute a binding obligation on the part of the Federal Government, and eligible recipients have legal recourse if the obligation is not fulfilled. Social Security and veterans' compensation and pensions are examples of entitlement programs.
  • Equitable: Pertaining to civil suits in "equity" rather than in "law." In English legal history, the courts of "law" could order the payment of damages and could afford no other remedy. See damages. A separate court of "equity" could order someone to do something or to cease to do something. See, e.g., injunction. In American jurisprudence, the federal courts have both legal and equitable power, but the distinction is still an important one. For example, a trial by jury is normally available in "law" cases but not in "equity" cases. Source: U.S. Courts
  • Escrow: Money given to a third party to be held for payment until certain conditions are met.
  • Ex officio: Literally, by virtue of one's office.
  • Executor: A male person named in a will to carry out the decedent
  • exempt surplus land: means any of the following:

    California Government Code 54221

  • Fair market value: The price at which an asset would change hands in a transaction between a willing, informed buyer and a willing, informed seller.
  • Federal Reserve System: The central bank of the United States. The Fed, as it is commonly called, regulates the U.S. monetary and financial system. The Federal Reserve System is composed of a central governmental agency in Washington, D.C. (the Board of Governors) and twelve regional Federal Reserve Banks in major cities throughout the United States. Source: OCC
  • Fee simple: Absolute title to property with no limitations or restrictions regarding the person who may inherit it.
  • Felony: A crime carrying a penalty of more than a year in prison.
  • Fiduciary: A trustee, executor, or administrator.
  • Financial and compliance audit: means a systematic review or appraisal to determine each of the following:

    California Education Code 8448

  • Fiscal year: The fiscal year is the accounting period for the government. For the federal government, this begins on October 1 and ends on September 30. The fiscal year is designated by the calendar year in which it ends; for example, fiscal year 2006 begins on October 1, 2005 and ends on September 30, 2006.
  • Fishery: means both of the following:

    California Fish and Game Code 94

  • for hire: means that the entity providing transportation services is compensated for the transportation under contract or agreement. See California Vehicle Code 462
  • Fraud: Intentional deception resulting in injury to another.
  • General election: means either of the following:

    California Elections Code 324

  • General public paratransit vehicle: means any motor vehicle designed for carrying no more than 24 persons and the driver, that provides local transportation to the general public, including transportation of pupils at or below the 12th-grade level to or from a public or private school or school activity, under the exclusive jurisdiction of a publicly owned and operated transit system through one of the following modes: dial-a-ride, subscription service, or route-deviated bus service. See California Vehicle Code 336
  • Generally accepted auditing standards: means the auditing standards set forth in the financial and compliance element of the "Government Auditing Standards" issued by the Comptroller General of the United States and incorporating the audit standards of the American Institute of Certified Public Accountants. See California Education Code 8448
  • Gift: A voluntary transfer or conveyance of property without consideration, or for less than full and adequate consideration based on fair market value.
  • Good faith: except as otherwise provided in Division 5 (commencing with Section 5101), means honesty in fact and the observance of reasonable commercial standards of fair dealing. See California Commercial Code 1201
  • goods: means goods used or bought for use primarily for personal, family or household purposes. See California Commercial Code 2800
  • Grand jury: agreement providing that a lender will delay exercising its rights (in the case of a mortgage,
  • highway: includes both state and county highways as defined by or identified in the Streets and Highways Code. See California Water Code 7031
  • Highway: is a way or place of whatever nature, publicly maintained and open to the use of the public for purposes of vehicular travel. See California Vehicle Code 360
  • Holder: means :

    California Commercial Code 1201

  • Home: means any facility operated by the department for the provision of long-term care, assisted living, adult day health, independent living, or other health care services to eligible veterans. See California Military and Veterans Code 1010
  • In forma pauperis: In the manner of a pauper. Permission given to a person to sue without payment of court fees on claim of indigence or poverty.
  • Independent auditors: means public accountants who have no direct or indirect relationship with the functions or activities being audited or with the business conducted by any of the officials or contractors being audited. See California Education Code 8448
  • Indictment: The formal charge issued by a grand jury stating that there is enough evidence that the defendant committed the crime to justify having a trial; it is used primarily for felonies.
  • Injunction: An order of the court prohibiting (or compelling) the performance of a specific act to prevent irreparable damage or injury.
  • instruction: includes classroom driver education, in-vehicle driver training, and correspondence study. See California Vehicle Code 310.6
  • Intestate: Dying without leaving a will.
  • Item: means an instrument or a promise or order to pay money handled by a bank for collection or payment. See California Commercial Code 4104
  • Joint committee: Committees including membership from both houses of teh legislature. Joint committees are usually established with narrow jurisdictions and normally lack authority to report legislation.
  • Kelp: means kelp or other marine aquatic plants and the seeds thereof. See California Fish and Game Code 51
  • Lease: A contract transferring the use of property or occupancy of land, space, structures, or equipment in consideration of a payment (e.g., rent). Source: OCC
  • Legacy: A gift of property made by will.
  • Legatee: A beneficiary of a decedent
  • Liabilities: The aggregate of all debts and other legal obligations of a particular person or legal entity.
  • license: means license, certificate, registration, or other means to engage in a business or profession regulated by this code or referred to in Section 1000 or 3600. See California Business and Professions Code 23.7
  • Licensee: means any person authorized by a license, certificate, registration, or other means to engage in a business or profession regulated by this code or referred to in Sections 1000 and 3600. See California Business and Professions Code 23.8
  • Lien: A claim against real or personal property in satisfaction of a debt.
  • Local agency: means any city, city and county, county, or public district. See California Government Code 54125
  • Local agency: means county, city, municipal corporation, or public district. See California Government Code 54141
  • local agency: means every city, county, city and county, district, or any other local governmental body or corporation empowered to expend public funds for the acquisition of property. See California Government Code 54201
  • Local agency: means every city, whether organized under general law or by charter, county, city and county, district, including school, sewer, water, utility, and local and regional park districts of any kind or class, joint powers authority, successor agency to a former redevelopment agency, housing authority, or other political subdivision of this state and any instrumentality thereof that is empowered to acquire and hold real property. See California Government Code 54221
  • Local authorities: means the legislative body of every county or municipality having authority to adopt local police regulations. See California Vehicle Code 385
  • Local educational agency: means a school district, a county office of education, a community college district, or a school district acting on behalf of one or more schools within the school district. See California Education Code 8208
  • Mediation: means an effort by an impartial third party to assist in reconciling a dispute regarding matters within the scope of representation between representatives of the Governor and the certified provider organization through interpretation, suggestion, and advice. See California Education Code 8431
  • meeting: includes any congregation of a majority of the members of a state body at the same time and place to hear, discuss, or deliberate upon any item that is within the subject matter jurisdiction of the state body to which it pertains. See California Government Code 11122.5
  • Member: means a veteran or nonveteran spouse or domestic partner who has been admitted to residency at a veterans' home. See California Military and Veterans Code 1010
  • Mile: means either a statute mile (5,280 feet) or a nautical mile (6,077 feet) depending on the application. See California Fish and Game Code 55
  • Mobilehome: is a structure as defined in Section 18008 of the Health and Safety Code. See California Vehicle Code 396
  • Mobilehome Residency Law: means the Mobilehome Residency Law (Chapter 2. See California Health and Safety Code 18801
  • Money: means a medium of exchange currently authorized or adopted by a domestic or foreign government. See California Commercial Code 1201
  • Month: means a calendar month, unless otherwise expressed. See California Code of Civil Procedure 17
  • Mortgage: The written agreement pledging property to a creditor as collateral for a loan.
  • Mortgagee: The person to whom property is mortgaged and who has loaned the money.
  • motor vehicle: includes a recreational vehicle as that term is defined in subdivision (a) of Section 18010 of the Health and Safety Code, but does not include a truck camper. See California Vehicle Code 415
  • Net: means any gear made of any kind of twine, thread, string, rope, wire, wood, or other materials used for the gilling, entangling, trapping, or impounding of fish. See California Fish and Game Code 56
  • New motor vehicle dealer: is a dealer, as defined in Section 285, who, in addition to the requirements of that section, either acquires for resale new and unregistered motor vehicles from manufacturers or distributors of those motor vehicles or acquires for resale new off-highway motorcycles, or all-terrain vehicles from manufacturers or distributors of the vehicles. See California Vehicle Code 426
  • Nolo contendere: No contest-has the same effect as a plea of guilty, as far as the criminal sentence is concerned, but may not be considered as an admission of guilt for any other purpose.
  • Notice: includes all papers and orders required to be served in any proceedings before any court, board, or officer, or when required by law to be served independently of such proceeding. See California Government Code 26660
  • official traffic control device: is a ny sign, signal, marking, or device, consistent with Section 21400, placed or erected by authority of a public body or official having jurisdiction, for the purpose of regulating, warning, or guiding traffic, but does not include islands, curbs, traffic barriers, speed humps, speed bumps, or other roadway design features. See California Vehicle Code 440
  • Open season: means that period of time during which the taking of birds, mammals, fish, reptiles, or amphibians is allowed as prescribed in this code and regulations adopted by the commission. See California Fish and Game Code 62
  • Open-space purposes: means the use of land for public recreation, enjoyment of scenic beauty, or conservation or use of natural resources. See California Government Code 54221
  • order: include a decree, as appropriate under the circumstances. See California Family Code 100
  • Organization: means a person other than an individual. See California Commercial Code 1201
  • Overfishing: means a rate or level of taking that the best available scientific information, and other relevant information that the commission or department possesses or receives, indicates is not sustainable or that jeopardizes the capacity of a marine fishery to produce the maximum sustainable yield on a continuing basis. See California Fish and Game Code 98
  • Oversight: Committee review of the activities of a Federal agency or program.
  • owner: is a person having all the incidents of ownership, including the legal title of a vehicle whether or not such person lends, rents, or creates a security interest in the vehicle. See California Vehicle Code 460
  • Parent: means a biological parent, stepparent, adoptive parent, foster parent, caretaker relative, or any other adult living with a child who has responsibility for the care and welfare of the child. See California Education Code 8208
  • Parent and child relationship: as used in this part means the legal relationship existing between a child and the child's natural or adoptive parents incident to which the law confers or imposes rights, privileges, duties, and obligations. See California Family Code 7601
  • Party: means a political party or organization that has qualified for participation in any primary or presidential general election. See California Elections Code 338
  • Person: means any individual, partnership, association, corporation, limited liability company, or any organized group of persons whether incorporated or not. See California Food and Agricultural Code 38
  • Person: includes any person, firm, association, organization, partnership, limited liability company, business trust, corporation, or company. See California Government Code 17
  • Person: means any person, firm, association, organization, partnership, business trust, corporation, limited liability company, or company. See California Water Code 19
  • Person: means any person, firm, association, organization, partnership, limited liability company, business trust, corporation, or company. See California Harbors and Navigation Code 19
  • Person: means an individual, corporation, business trust, estate, trust, partnership, limited liability company, association, joint venture, government, governmental subdivision, agency, or instrumentality, public corporation, or any other legal or commercial entity. See California Commercial Code 1201
  • Person: includes a natural person, firm, copartnership, association, limited liability company, or corporation. See California Vehicle Code 470
  • Person: includes a natural person, firm, association, organization, partnership, business trust, corporation, limited liability company, or public entity. See California Family Code 105
  • Personal property: All property that is not real property.
  • Personal property: includes money, goods, chattels, things in action, and evidences of debt. See California Code of Civil Procedure 17
  • Petitioner: includes plaintiff, where appropriate. See California Family Code 126
  • Plaintiff: The person who files the complaint in a civil lawsuit.
  • Pleadings: Written statements of the parties in a civil case of their positions. In the federal courts, the principal pleadings are the complaint and the answer.
  • Presiding officer: A majority-party Senator who presides over the Senate and is charged with maintaining order and decorum, recognizing Members to speak, and interpreting the Senate's rules, practices and precedents.
  • Pro per: A slang expression sometimes used to refer to a pro se litigant. It is a corruption of the Latin phrase "in propria persona." Source: U.S. Courts
  • Probate: Proving a will
  • Probation: A sentencing alternative to imprisonment in which the court releases convicted defendants under supervision as long as certain conditions are observed.
  • Proceeding: includes an action. See California Family Code 110
  • Process: includes all writs, warrants, summons, and orders of courts of justice, or judicial officers. See California Government Code 26660
  • Process: includes a writ or summons issued in the course of judicial proceedings of either a civil or criminal nature. See California Government Code 22
  • Process: signifies a writ or summons issued in the course of a judicial proceeding. See California Code of Civil Procedure 17
  • Program: means the Mobilehome Residency Law Protection Program established pursuant to this part. See California Health and Safety Code 18801
  • Property: includes both personal and real property. See California Code of Civil Procedure 17
  • Prosecute: To charge someone with a crime. A prosecutor tries a criminal case on behalf of the government.
  • provider: means a childcare provider who participates in a state-funded early care and education program as specified in subdivision (f) and is either of the following:

    California Education Code 8431

  • Provider organization: means an organization that has all of the following characteristics:

    California Education Code 8431

  • Public accountants: means certified public accountants, or state licensed public accountants. See California Education Code 8448
  • Public agency: includes a federal agency if the requirements of this part would not conflict with, or be preempted by, the requirements of federal law. See California Health and Safety Code 19903
  • Public law: A public bill or joint resolution that has passed both chambers and been enacted into law. Public laws have general applicability nationwide.
  • Purchase: means taking by sale, lease, discount, negotiation, mortgage, pledge, lien, security interest, issue or reissue, gift, or any other voluntary transaction creating an interest in property. See California Commercial Code 1201
  • Purchaser: means a person that takes by purchase. See California Commercial Code 1201
  • Quorum: The number of legislators that must be present to do business.
  • Remainder: An interest in property that takes effect in the future at a specified time or after the occurrence of some event, such as the death of a life tenant.
  • remanufacturer: is a ny person who for commission, money, or other thing of value, produces a vehicle that consists of any used or reconditioned integral parts, including, but not limited to, frame, engine, transmission, axles, brakes, or suspension which is subject to registration under this code. See California Vehicle Code 507.8
  • Remedy: means any remedial right to which an aggrieved party is entitled with or without resort to a tribunal. See California Commercial Code 1201
  • Representative: means a person empowered to act for another, including an agent, an officer of a corporation or association, and a trustee, executor, or administrator of an estate. See California Commercial Code 1201
  • Rescission: The cancellation of budget authority previously provided by Congress. The Impoundment Control Act of 1974 specifies that the President may propose to Congress that funds be rescinded. If both Houses have not approved a rescission proposal (by passing legislation) within 45 days of continuous session, any funds being withheld must be made available for obligation.
  • Resource and referral programs: means programs that provide information to parents, including referrals and coordination of community resources for parents and public or private providers of care. See California Education Code 8208
  • Right: includes remedy. See California Commercial Code 1201
  • Road: means any existing vehicle route established before January 1, 1979, with significant evidence of prior regular travel by vehicles subject to registration pursuant to Article 1 (commencing with Section 4000) of Chapter 1 of Division 3. See California Vehicle Code 527
  • Secretary: means the Secretary of Food and Agriculture. See California Food and Agricultural Code 35
  • Secretary: means the Secretary of Veterans Affairs. See California Military and Veterans Code 1010
  • Security interest: includes any interest of a consignor and a buyer of accounts, chattel paper, a payment intangible, or a promissory note in a transaction that is subject to Division 9 (commencing with Section 9101). See California Commercial Code 1201
  • Sell: includes offer for sale, expose for sale, possess for sale, exchange, barter, or trade. See California Food and Agricultural Code 44
  • sell: means remanufacturing, retrofitting, selling, contracting to sell or resell, leasing, subletting, or otherwise placing in the stream of commerce. See California Health and Safety Code 24532
  • Seller: means a person who sells or contracts to sell goods. See California Commercial Code 2103
  • semitrailer: is a vehicle designed for carrying persons or property, used in conjunction with a motor vehicle, and so constructed that some part of its weight and that of its load rests upon, or is carried by, another vehicle. See California Vehicle Code 550
  • Sequester: To separate. Sometimes juries are sequestered from outside influences during their deliberations.
  • Service of process: The service of writs or summonses to the appropriate party.
  • Settlement: Parties to a lawsuit resolve their difference without having a trial. Settlements often involve the payment of compensation by one party in satisfaction of the other party's claims.
  • Sheriff: includes marshal. See California Code of Civil Procedure 17
  • Short-term respite child care: means child care service to assist families whose children have been identified through written referral from a legal, medical, or social service agency, or emergency shelter as being neglected, abused, exploited, or homeless, or at risk of being neglected, abused, exploited, or homeless. See California Education Code 8208
  • Signature: includes either of the following:

    California Elections Code 354.5

  • Signed: includes using any symbol executed or adopted with present intention to adopt or accept a writing. See California Commercial Code 1201
  • Sole ownership: The type of property ownership in which one individual holds legal title to the property and has full control of it.
  • Special election: is a n election, the specific time for the holding of which is not prescribed by law. See California Elections Code 356
  • specially constructed vehicle: is a vehicle which is built for private use, not for resale, and is not constructed by a licensed manufacturer or remanufacturer. See California Vehicle Code 580
  • Spouse: includes "registered domestic partner" as required by Section 297. See California Family Code 143
  • Spouse: includes "registered domestic partner" as required by Section 297. See California Government Code 12.2
  • Spouse: includes "registered domestic partner" as required by Section 297. See California Business and Professions Code 14.2
  • Spouse: includes "registered domestic partner" as required by Section 297. See California Military and Veterans Code 19
  • Startup costs: means those expenses an agency incurs in the process of opening a new or additional facility before the full enrollment of children. See California Education Code 8208
  • State: includes any department or agency thereof. See California Government Code 54141
  • State: means a state of the United States, the District of Columbia, or a commonwealth, territory, or insular possession subject to the jurisdiction of the United States. See California Family Code 145
  • State: means the State of California, unless applied to the different parts of the United States. See California Water Code 18
  • State: means the State of California, unless applied to the different parts of the United States. See California Harbors and Navigation Code 20
  • State: means a state of the United States, the District of Columbia, Puerto Rico, the United States Virgin Islands, or any territory or insular possession subject to the jurisdiction of the United States. See California Commercial Code 1201
  • State: includes the District of Columbia and the territories when applied to the different parts of the United States, and the words "United States" may include the district and territories. See California Code of Civil Procedure 17
  • state agency: includes every state office, officer, department, division, bureau, board, and commission. See California Government Code 11000
  • state body: means each of the following:

    California Government Code 11121

  • State-funded early care and education program: means a program administered by the State Department of Education, the State Department of Social Services, another department or agency, or a political subdivision of the state, including programs established subsequent to the enactment of this article, to subsidize early learning and care for children, but does not include the public education system. See California Education Code 8431
  • station wagon: is a dual purpose vehicle designed for the transportation of persons and also designed in such a manner that the seats may be removed or folded out of the way for the purpose of increasing the property carrying space within the vehicle. See California Vehicle Code 585
  • Statute of limitations: A law that sets the time within which parties must take action to enforce their rights.
  • Street: is a way or place of whatever nature, publicly maintained and open to the use of the public for purposes of vehicular travel. See California Vehicle Code 590
  • Subdivision: means a subdivision of the section in which that term occurs unless some other section is expressly mentioned. See California Food and Agricultural Code 49
  • Subdivision: means a subdivision of the section in which that term occurs unless some other section is expressly mentioned. See California Water Code 10
  • Subdivision: means a subdivision of the section in which that term occurs, unless some other section is expressly mentioned. See California Business and Professions Code 15
  • Subpoena duces tecum: A command to a witness to produce documents.
  • Summons: Another word for subpoena used by the criminal justice system.
  • Support: refers to a support obligation owing on behalf of a child, spouse, or family, or an amount owing pursuant to Section 17402. See California Family Code 150
  • Support services: means those services that, when combined with child care and development services, help promote the healthy physical, mental, social, and emotional growth of children. See California Education Code 8208
  • Surplus land: includes land held in the Community Redevelopment Property Trust Fund pursuant to Section 34191. See California Government Code 54221
  • Temporary restraining order: Prohibits a person from an action that is likely to cause irreparable harm. This differs from an injunction in that it may be granted immediately, without notice to the opposing party, and without a hearing. It is intended to last only until a hearing can be held.
  • Term: means a portion of an agreement that relates to a particular matter. See California Commercial Code 1201
  • third party: means a person that has engaged in a transaction or made an agreement subject to this code. See California Commercial Code 1201
  • tow truck: is a motor vehicle which has been altered or designed and equipped for, and primarily used in the business of, transporting vehicles by means of a crane, hoist, tow bar, tow line, or dolly or is otherwise primarily used to render assistance to other vehicles. See California Vehicle Code 615
  • traffic: includes pedestrians, ridden animals, vehicles, street cars, and other conveyances, either singly or together, while using any highway for purposes of travel. See California Vehicle Code 620
  • traffic violator school: is a business that, for compensation, provides, or offers to provide, instruction in traffic safety, including, but not limited to, classroom traffic violator curricula, for persons referred by a court pursuant to Section 42005 or to other persons who elect to attend. See California Vehicle Code 626
  • traffic violator school owner: is a ny natural person, association, or corporation that owns a traffic violator school. See California Vehicle Code 626.8
  • trailer: includes a semitrailer when used in conjunction with an auxiliary dolly, if the auxiliary dolly is of a type constructed to replace the function of the drawbar and the front axle or axles of a trailer. See California Vehicle Code 630
  • trailer coach: is a vehicle, other than a motor vehicle, designed for human habitation or human occupancy for industrial, professional, or commercial purposes, for carrying property on its own structure, and for being drawn by a motor vehicle. See California Vehicle Code 635
  • Transcript: A written, word-for-word record of what was said, either in a proceeding such as a trial or during some other conversation, as in a transcript of a hearing or oral deposition.
  • transit bus: is a ny bus owned or operated by a publicly owned or operated transit system, or operated under contract with a publicly owned or operated transit system, and used to provide to the general public, regularly scheduled transportation for which a fare is charged. See California Vehicle Code 642
  • Transport: includes offer or receive for transportation. See California Fish and Game Code 88
  • Trial: A hearing that takes place when the defendant pleads "not guilty" and witnesses are required to come to court to give evidence.
  • truck tractor: is a motor vehicle designed and used primarily for drawing other vehicles and not so constructed as to carry a load, other than a part of the weight of the vehicle and the load so drawn. See California Vehicle Code 655
  • Trust account: A general term that covers all types of accounts in a trust department, such as estates, guardianships, and agencies. Source: OCC
  • Trustee: A person or institution holding and administering property in trust.
  • United States: includes any department, board, or agency thereof. See California Government Code 54141
  • United States: means the United States of America, and in relation to any particular matter includes the officers, agents, employees, agencies, or instrumentalities authorized to act in relation thereto. See California Water Code 20
  • use or enlargement of any natural channel for municipal purposes: includes , but is not limited to, sewage treatment and pollution prevention and the encasing and piping of the New River to protect human health and the natural environment. See California Water Code 7043.5
  • Variable Rate: Having a "variable" rate means that the APR changes from time to time based on fluctuations in an external rate, normally the Prime Rate. This external rate is known as the "index." If the index changes, the variable rate normally changes. Also see Fixed Rate.
  • vehicle: is a device by which any person or property may be propelled, moved, or drawn upon a highway, excepting a device moved exclusively by human power or used exclusively upon stationary rails or tracks. See California Vehicle Code 670
  • Venue: The geographical location in which a case is tried.
  • Verdict: The decision of a petit jury or a judge.
  • Veteran: means a person who is eligible for benefits under this chapter. See California Military and Veterans Code 1010
  • Voter: means any elector who is registered under this code. See California Elections Code 359
  • Voter-nominated office: means a congressional or state elective office for which a candidate may choose to have his or her party preference or lack of party preference indicated upon the ballot. See California Elections Code 359.5
  • war: shall mean : (a) whenever Congress has declared war and peace has not been formally restored. See California Military and Veterans Code 18
  • Will: includes codicil. See California Code of Civil Procedure 17
  • Writ: A formal written command, issued from the court, requiring the performance of a specific act.
  • Writ: means an order or precept in writing, issued in the name of the people, or of a court or judicial officer. See California Code of Civil Procedure 17
  • Writing: includes printing, typewriting, or any other intentional reduction to tangible form. See California Commercial Code 1201
  • Writing: includes printing and typewriting. See California Code of Civil Procedure 17