Article 1 General Provisions 26-2-2 – 26-2-3
Article 2 General Conservator for County; Guardians of Minors 26-2-26 – 26-2-27
Article 3 Guardians of Incapacitated Persons 26-2-43 – 26-2-55

Terms Used In Alabama Code > Title 26 > Chapter 2

  • Acquittal:
    1. Judgement that a criminal defendant has not been proved guilty beyond a reasonable doubt.
    2. A verdict of "not guilty."
  • Adjournment sine die: The end of a legislative session "without day." These adjournments are used to indicate the final adjournment of an annual or the two-year session of legislature.
  • Affirmed: In the practice of the appellate courts, the decree or order is declared valid and will stand as rendered in the lower court.
  • Answer: The formal written statement by a defendant responding to a civil complaint and setting forth the grounds for defense.
  • Appellate: About appeals; an appellate court has the power to review the judgement of another lower court or tribunal.
  • Appropriation: The provision of funds, through an annual appropriations act or a permanent law, for federal agencies to make payments out of the Treasury for specified purposes. The formal federal spending process consists of two sequential steps: authorization
  • Bail: Security given for the release of a criminal defendant or witness from legal custody (usually in the form of money) to secure his/her appearance on the day and time appointed.
  • candidate: An individual who has done any of the following:

    a. See Alabama Code 17-5-2

  • Caucus: From the Algonquian Indian language, a caucus meant "to meet together." An informal organization of members of the legislature that exists to discuss issues of mutual concern and possibly to perform legislative research and policy planning for its members. There are regional, political or ideological, ethnic, and economic-based caucuses.
  • commission: The State Ethics Commission created pursuant to Section 36-25-3. See Alabama Code 17-5-2
  • Committee membership: Legislators are assigned to specific committees by their party. Seniority, regional balance, and political philosophy are the most prominent factors in the committee assignment process.
  • DESIGNATED FILING AGENT: An individual appointed and authorized as attorney in fact to electronically submit any report or other filing required by this chapter on behalf of a candidate, his or her principal campaign committee, or a political action committee. See Alabama Code 17-5-2
  • director: The Director of the Alabama Small Business Office of Advocacy. See Alabama Code 41-29-221
  • Dismissal: The dropping of a case by the judge without further consideration or hearing. Source:
  • division: The Business Development Division of the Department of Commerce. See Alabama Code 41-29-221
  • Docket: A log containing brief entries of court proceedings.
  • election: Unless otherwise specified, any general, special, primary, or runoff election, or any convention or caucus of a political party held to nominate a candidate, or any election at which a constitutional amendment or other proposition is submitted to the popular vote. See Alabama Code 17-5-2
  • ELECTIONEERING COMMUNICATION: Any communication disseminated through any federally regulated broadcast media, any mailing, or other distribution, electronic communication, phone bank, or publication which (i) contains the name or image of a candidate; (ii) is made within 120 days of an election in which the candidate will appear on the ballot; (iii) the only reasonable conclusion to be drawn from the presentation and content of the communication is that it is intended to influence the outcome of an election; and (iv) entails an expenditure in excess of one thousand dollars ($1,000). See Alabama Code 17-5-2
  • Executor: A male person named in a will to carry out the decedent
  • GENERAL PROPERTY INSTRUMENT: A real property instrument that affects the title to personal property as well as real property. See Alabama Code 45-18-82.51
  • Germane: On the subject of the pending bill or other business; a strict standard of relevance.
  • Guardian: A person legally empowered and charged with the duty of taking care of and managing the property of another person who because of age, intellect, or health, is incapable of managing his (her) own affairs.
  • identification: The full name and complete address. See Alabama Code 17-5-2
  • IMPROVED RECORDING SYSTEM: A system of recording real property instruments and personal property instruments in the probate office and, in the discretion of the judge of probate, of recording other instruments and documents, which system when completed, shall consist of the equipment necessary and suitable to record, archive, and retrieve records. See Alabama Code 45-18-82.51
  • Indictment: The formal charge issued by a grand jury stating that there is enough evidence that the defendant committed the crime to justify having a trial; it is used primarily for felonies.
  • Intestate: Dying without leaving a will.
  • Lawsuit: A legal action started by a plaintiff against a defendant based on a complaint that the defendant failed to perform a legal duty, resulting in harm to the plaintiff.
  • license tax: as used in this title , shall be deemed to include any tax prescribed by a license tax schedule, but shall not exclude any license tax otherwise prescribed. See Alabama Code 40-12-344
  • loan: A transfer of money, property, or anything of value in consideration of a promise or obligation, conditional or not, to repay in whole or part. See Alabama Code 17-5-2
  • LOCAL OFFICE: Any office under the constitution and laws of the state, except circuit, district, or legislative offices, filled by election of the registered voters of a single county or municipality, or by the voters of a division contained within a county or municipality. See Alabama Code 17-5-2
  • office: The Alabama Small Business Office of Advocacy. See Alabama Code 41-29-221
  • person: An individual, partnership, committee, association, corporation, labor organization, or any other organization or group of persons. See Alabama Code 17-5-2
  • PERSONAL AND LEGISLATIVE LIVING EXPENSES: Household supplies, personal clothing, tuition payments, mortgage, rent, or utility payments for a personal residence; admission to an entertainment event or fees for a country club or social club, unless tied to a specific campaign event or functions involving constituents; and any other expense, excluding food and beverages, that would exist irrespective of the candidate's campaign or duties as a legislator. See Alabama Code 17-5-2
  • PERSONAL PROPERTY INSTRUMENT: Any instrument or document affecting the title to personal property only, as distinguished from real property, that may be now or hereafter required to be filed or titled for record in the probate office, in accordance with the applicable requirements of the laws of this state, including, without limitation, Sections 35-4-50 and 35-4-90. See Alabama Code 45-18-82.51
  • Pleadings: Written statements of the parties in a civil case of their positions. In the federal courts, the principal pleadings are the complaint and the answer.
  • POLITICAL ACTION COMMITTEE: Any committee, club, association, political party, or other group of one or more persons, whether in-state or out-of-state, which receives or anticipates receiving contributions and makes or anticipates making expenditures to or on behalf of any Alabama state or local elected official, proposition, candidate, principal campaign committee or other political action committee. See Alabama Code 17-5-2
  • POLITICAL PARTY: A political party as defined in Section 17-13-40. See Alabama Code 17-5-2
  • PRINCIPAL CAMPAIGN COMMITTEE: The principal campaign committee designated by a candidate under Section 17-5-4. See Alabama Code 17-5-2
  • proposition: Any proposal for submission to the general public for its approval or rejection, including proposed as well as qualified ballot questions. See Alabama Code 17-5-2
  • Public law: A public bill or joint resolution that has passed both chambers and been enacted into law. Public laws have general applicability nationwide.
  • PUBLIC OFFICIAL: Any person elected to public office, whether or not that person has taken office, by the vote of the people at the state, county, or municipal level of government or their instrumentalities, including governmental corporations, and any person appointed to a position at the state, county, or municipal level of government or their instrumentalities, including governmental corporations. See Alabama Code 17-5-2
  • REAL PROPERTY INSTRUMENT: Includes any instrument or document affecting the title to real property that may now or hereafter be filed for record in the probate office pursuant to the applicable requirements of the laws of this state, including, without limitation, Section 12-13-43, and all statutes providing for the filing and recording of notices or statements of liens of any kind, notices of judgments, and plats or maps showing the subdivision of real estate. See Alabama Code 45-18-82.51
  • Remand: When an appellate court sends a case back to a lower court for further proceedings.
  • Restitution: The court-ordered payment of money by the defendant to the victim for damages caused by the criminal action.
  • state: The State of Alabama. See Alabama Code 17-5-2
  • STATE OFFICE: All offices under the constitution and laws of the state filled by election of the registered voters of the state or of any circuit or district and shall include legislative offices. See Alabama Code 17-5-2
  • Testator: A male person who leaves a will at death.
  • Uniform Commercial Code: A set of statutes enacted by the various states to provide consistency among the states' commercial laws. It includes negotiable instruments, sales, stock transfers, trust and warehouse receipts, and bills of lading. Source: OCC