Article 1 General Provisions 27-10-1 – 27-10-3
Article 2 Surplus Line Insurance 27-10-20 – 27-10-38
Article 3 Unauthorized Insurers Process Act 27-10-50 – 27-10-56

Terms Used In Alabama Code > Title 27 > Chapter 10

  • Acquittal:
    1. Judgement that a criminal defendant has not been proved guilty beyond a reasonable doubt.
    2. A verdict of "not guilty."
     
  • ADULT MOVIE HOUSE: A place where obscene "adult films" depicting sexual conduct are shown. See Alabama Code 13A-12-200.1
  • ADULT-ONLY ENTERTAINMENT: Any commercial establishment or private club where entertainers, employees, dancers, or waiters appear nude or semi-nude. See Alabama Code 13A-12-200.1
  • agency: Every board, bureau, commission, department, officer, or other administrative office or unit of the state, including the Alabama Department of Environmental Management, other than the Legislature and its agencies, the Alabama State Port Authority, the courts, the Alabama Public Service Commission, or the State Banking Department, whose administrative procedures are governed by Sections 5-2A-8 and 5-2A-9. See Alabama Code 41-22-3
  • Allegation: something that someone says happened.
  • Annuity: A periodic (usually annual) payment of a fixed sum of money for either the life of the recipient or for a fixed number of years. A series of payments under a contract from an insurance company, a trust company, or an individual. Annuity payments are made at regular intervals over a period of more than one full year.
  • Answer: The formal written statement by a defendant responding to a civil complaint and setting forth the grounds for defense.
  • Appellate: About appeals; an appellate court has the power to review the judgement of another lower court or tribunal.
  • Arrest: Taking physical custody of a person by lawful authority.
  • BREAST NUDITY: The showing of the post-pubertal human female breasts below a point immediately above the top of the areola. See Alabama Code 13A-12-200.1
  • Clerk of court: An officer appointed by the court to work with the chief judge in overseeing the court's administration, especially to assist in managing the flow of cases through the court and to maintain court records.
  • committee: The Joint Committee on Administrative Rule Review, comprised of the members of the Legislative Council, or any successor of the Joint Committee on Administrative Rule Review. See Alabama Code 41-22-3
  • Complaint: A written statement by the plaintiff stating the wrongs allegedly committed by the defendant.
  • CONTESTED CASE: A proceeding, including but not restricted to ratemaking, price fixing, and licensing, in which the legal rights, duties, or privileges of a party are required by law to be determined by an agency after an opportunity for hearing. See Alabama Code 41-22-3
  • Continuance: Putting off of a hearing ot trial until a later time.
  • Damages: Money paid by defendants to successful plaintiffs in civil cases to compensate the plaintiffs for their injuries.
  • Deed: The legal instrument used to transfer title in real property from one person to another.
  • Dependent: A person dependent for support upon another.
  • Devise: To gift property by will.
  • Discovery: Lawyers' examination, before trial, of facts and documents in possession of the opponents to help the lawyers prepare for trial.
  • DISPLAY FOR SALE: To expose, place, exhibit, show, or in any fashion display any material for the purpose of the sale of such material to any person in a manner that a minor can physically examine or see the material. See Alabama Code 13A-12-200.1
  • DISSEMINATE PUBLICLY: To expose, place, perform, exhibit, show or in any fashion display, in any location, public or private, any material in a manner that the material can either be readily seen and its content or character distinguished by normal unaided vision or be physically examined, by viewing or examining the material from any public place or any place to which members of the general public are invited. See Alabama Code 13A-12-200.1
  • distribute: To import, export, sell, rent, lend, transfer possession of or title to, display, exhibit, show, present, provide, broadcast, transmit, retransmit, communicate by telephone, play, orally communicate or perform. See Alabama Code 13A-12-200.1
  • Docket: A log containing brief entries of court proceedings.
  • Equitable: Pertaining to civil suits in "equity" rather than in "law." In English legal history, the courts of "law" could order the payment of damages and could afford no other remedy. See damages. A separate court of "equity" could order someone to do something or to cease to do something. See, e.g., injunction. In American jurisprudence, the federal courts have both legal and equitable power, but the distinction is still an important one. For example, a trial by jury is normally available in "law" cases but not in "equity" cases. Source: U.S. Courts
  • Ex officio: Literally, by virtue of one's office.
  • Executor: A male person named in a will to carry out the decedent
  • export: To send or cause to be sent outside of the State of Alabama from inside the state. See Alabama Code 13A-12-200.1
  • Extradition: The formal process of delivering an accused or convicted person from authorities in one state to authorities in another state.
  • Felony: A crime carrying a penalty of more than a year in prison.
  • FOR ANY THING OF PECUNIARY VALUE: In exchange for, in return for, or for any consideration consisting of, whether wholly or partly:

    a. See Alabama Code 13A-12-200.1

  • Foreclosure: A legal process in which property that is collateral or security for a loan may be sold to help repay the loan when the loan is in default. Source: OCC
  • GENITAL NUDITY: The showing of the human male or female genitals or pubic area. See Alabama Code 13A-12-200.1
  • Guardian: A person legally empowered and charged with the duty of taking care of and managing the property of another person who because of age, intellect, or health, is incapable of managing his (her) own affairs.
  • HARMFUL TO MINORS: The term means:

    a. See Alabama Code 13A-12-200.1

  • Hearsay: Statements by a witness who did not see or hear the incident in question but heard about it from someone else. Hearsay is usually not admissible as evidence in court.
  • import: To bring or cause to be brought into the State of Alabama from outside of the state. See Alabama Code 13A-12-200.1
  • Indictment: The formal charge issued by a grand jury stating that there is enough evidence that the defendant committed the crime to justify having a trial; it is used primarily for felonies.
  • Joint committee: Committees including membership from both houses of teh legislature. Joint committees are usually established with narrow jurisdictions and normally lack authority to report legislation.
  • knowingly: The term means knowingly, as defined by Section 13A-2-2(2), doing an act involving a material when the person knows the nature of the material. See Alabama Code 13A-12-200.1
  • Lease: A contract transferring the use of property or occupancy of land, space, structures, or equipment in consideration of a payment (e.g., rent). Source: OCC
  • Legislative session: That part of a chamber's daily session in which it considers legislative business (bills, resolutions, and actions related thereto).
  • Liabilities: The aggregate of all debts and other legal obligations of a particular person or legal entity.
  • license: The whole or part of any agency franchise, permit, certificate, approval, registration, charter, or similar form of permission required by law, but not a license required solely for revenue purposes when issuance of the license is merely a ministerial act. See Alabama Code 41-22-3
  • licensing: The agency process respecting the grant, denial, renewal, revocation, suspension, annulment, withdrawal, or amendment of a license or imposition of terms for the exercise of a license. See Alabama Code 41-22-3
  • material: Any book, magazine, newspaper, printed or written matter, writing, description, picture, drawing, animation, photograph, motion picture, film, video tape, pictorial representation, depiction, image, electrical or electronic reproduction, broadcast, transmission, telephone communication, sound recording, article, device, equipment, matter, oral communication, live performance, or dance. See Alabama Code 13A-12-200.1
  • minor: Any unmarried person under the age of 18 years. See Alabama Code 13A-12-200.1
  • Mortgage: The written agreement pledging property to a creditor as collateral for a loan.
  • obscene: The term means that:

    a. See Alabama Code 13A-12-200.1

  • Oral argument: An opportunity for lawyers to summarize their position before the court and also to answer the judges' questions.
  • Oversight: Committee review of the activities of a Federal agency or program.
  • party: Each person or agency named or admitted as a party or properly seeking and entitled as a matter of right, whether established by constitution, statute, or agency regulation or otherwise, to be admitted as a party, or admitted as an intervenor under Section 41-22-14. See Alabama Code 41-22-3
  • person: Any individual and, except where inappropriate, any partnership, firm, association, corporation or other legal entity. See Alabama Code 13A-12-200.1
  • person: Any individual, partnership, corporation, association, governmental subdivision, or public or private organization of any character other than an agency. See Alabama Code 41-22-3
  • Plea: In a criminal case, the defendant's statement pleading "guilty" or "not guilty" in answer to the charges, a declaration made in open court.
  • Pleadings: Written statements of the parties in a civil case of their positions. In the federal courts, the principal pleadings are the complaint and the answer.
  • Presiding officer: A majority-party Senator who presides over the Senate and is charged with maintaining order and decorum, recognizing Members to speak, and interpreting the Senate's rules, practices and precedents.
  • Probable cause: A reasonable ground for belief that the offender violated a specific law.
  • produce: Create, make, write, film, produce, reproduce, direct, or stage. See Alabama Code 13A-12-200.1
  • quorum: No less than a majority of the members of a multimember agency shall constitute a quorum authorized to act in the name of the agency, unless provided otherwise by statute. See Alabama Code 41-22-3
  • Quorum: The number of legislators that must be present to do business.
  • real property: includes lands, tenements and hereditaments. See Alabama Code 1-1-1
  • Real property: Land, and all immovable fixtures erected on, growing on, or affixed to the land.
  • recklessly: The term means recklessly, as defined by Section 13A-2-2(3), doing an act involving a material when the person knows the nature of the material. See Alabama Code 13A-12-200.1
  • Remand: When an appellate court sends a case back to a lower court for further proceedings.
  • rule: Each agency rule, regulation, standard, or statement of general applicability that implements, interprets, or prescribes law or policy, or that describes the organization, procedure, or practice requirements of any agency and includes any form which imposes any requirement or solicits any information not specifically required by statute or by an existing rule or by federal statute or by federal rule or regulation; provided, however, all forms shall be filed with the secretary of the agency and with the Legislative Services Agency, Legal Division, and all forms, except intergovernmental, interagency, and intra-agency forms which do not affect the rights of the public and emergency forms adopted pursuant to Section 41-22-5, shall be published in the Agency Administrative Code. See Alabama Code 41-22-3
  • SADO-MASOCHISTIC ABUSE: The term means:

    a. See Alabama Code 13A-12-200.1

  • Service of process: The service of writs or summonses to the appropriate party.
  • Settlement: Parties to a lawsuit resolve their difference without having a trial. Settlements often involve the payment of compensation by one party in satisfaction of the other party's claims.
  • SEXUAL CONDUCT: The term means:

    a. See Alabama Code 13A-12-200.1

  • SEXUAL INTERCOURSE: Intercourse, whether genital-genital, oral-genital, anal-genital, or oral-anal, and whether between persons of the same or opposite sex or between a human and an animal. See Alabama Code 13A-12-200.1
  • Statute: A law passed by a legislature.
  • Statute of limitations: A law that sets the time within which parties must take action to enforce their rights.
  • Subpoena: A command to a witness to appear and give testimony.
  • subscription: include a mark when the person cannot write, if his name is written near the mark, and witnessed by a person who writes his own name as a witness, and include with respect to corporate securities facsimile signature placed upon any instrument or writing with intent to execute or authenticate such instrument or writing. See Alabama Code 1-1-1
  • Summons: Another word for subpoena used by the criminal justice system.
  • Temporary restraining order: Prohibits a person from an action that is likely to cause irreparable harm. This differs from an injunction in that it may be granted immediately, without notice to the opposing party, and without a hearing. It is intended to last only until a hearing can be held.
  • Testimony: Evidence presented orally by witnesses during trials or before grand juries.
  • Transcript: A written, word-for-word record of what was said, either in a proceeding such as a trial or during some other conversation, as in a transcript of a hearing or oral deposition.
  • Uniform Commercial Code: A set of statutes enacted by the various states to provide consistency among the states' commercial laws. It includes negotiable instruments, sales, stock transfers, trust and warehouse receipts, and bills of lading. Source: OCC
  • Venue: The geographical location in which a case is tried.
  • wholesaler: A person who distributes material for the purpose of resale or commercial distribution at retail. See Alabama Code 13A-12-200.1