Article 1 General Provisions 27-13-1 – 27-13-6
Article 2 Fire, etc., and Inland Marine Insurance 27-13-20 – 27-13-45
Article 3 Casualty and Surety Insurance 27-13-60 – 27-13-83
Article 4 Insurance Advisory Organizations 27-13-100 – 27-13-105
Article 5 Auto Liability Insurance Rate Reduction for Persons 55 and Older Taking Approved Accident Prevention Course 27-13-120 – 27-13-122

Terms Used In Alabama Code > Title 27 > Chapter 13

  • Advice and consent: Under the Constitution, presidential nominations for executive and judicial posts take effect only when confirmed by the Senate, and international treaties become effective only when the Senate approves them by a two-thirds vote.
  • Affidavit: A written statement of facts confirmed by the oath of the party making it, before a notary or officer having authority to administer oaths.
  • agency: Every board, bureau, commission, department, officer, or other administrative office or unit of the state, including the Alabama Department of Environmental Management, other than the Legislature and its agencies, the Alabama State Port Authority, the courts, the Alabama Public Service Commission, or the State Banking Department, whose administrative procedures are governed by Sections 5-2A-8 and 5-2A-9. See Alabama Code 27-13-45
  • agency: Any recipient of state funds. See Alabama Code 27-13-3
  • Appeal: A request made after a trial, asking another court (usually the court of appeals) to decide whether the trial was conducted properly. To make such a request is "to appeal" or "to take an appeal." One who appeals is called the appellant.
  • committee: The Joint Committee on Administrative Regulation Review shall be the members of the Legislative Council. See Alabama Code 27-13-45
  • CONTESTED CASE: A proceeding, including but not restricted to ratemaking, price fixing, and licensing, in which the legal rights, duties, or privileges of a party are required by law to be determined by an agency after an opportunity for hearing. See Alabama Code 27-13-45
  • continuance: Such term, or any derivative thereof shall mean continuance as presently in existence or as modified or reestablished by recommended legislation. See Alabama Code 27-13-21
  • Contract: A legal written agreement that becomes binding when signed.
  • Defendant: In a civil suit, the person complained against; in a criminal case, the person accused of the crime.
  • Devise: To gift property by will.
  • Discovery: Lawyers' examination, before trial, of facts and documents in possession of the opponents to help the lawyers prepare for trial.
  • Dismissal: The dropping of a case by the judge without further consideration or hearing. Source:
  • Docket: A log containing brief entries of court proceedings.
  • Donor: The person who makes a gift.
  • ENUMERATED AGENCY: All departments, councils, boards, commissions, divisions, bureaus or like governmental units or subunits of the State of Alabama which are enumerated herein. See Alabama Code 27-13-21
  • Ex officio: Literally, by virtue of one's office.
  • Fee simple: Absolute title to property with no limitations or restrictions regarding the person who may inherit it.
  • Fraud: Intentional deception resulting in injury to another.
  • Gift: A voluntary transfer or conveyance of property without consideration, or for less than full and adequate consideration based on fair market value.
  • grant: The award by a state grant-making agency of funds appropriated by the Legislature or from funds received as gifts or donations to a qualifying grant-recipient agency for expenditure according to the provisions of a grant proposal. See Alabama Code 27-13-103
  • GRANT PROPOSAL: A written plan for the expenditure of grant funds by a grant-recipient agency, which meets one or more of the purposes delineated in Section 41-24-3, subject to approval by and to be expended under the direction of the head of the grant-making agency. See Alabama Code 27-13-103
  • GRANT-MAKING AGENCY: A state agency of the State of Alabama, designated by the Legislature through an Alabama Community Service Grant Program appropriation, having authority to approve grant proposals, direct and coordinate the expenditure of grant funds. See Alabama Code 27-13-103
  • Grantor: The person who establishes a trust and places property into it.
  • Hearsay: Statements by a witness who did not see or hear the incident in question but heard about it from someone else. Hearsay is usually not admissible as evidence in court.
  • Joint committee: Committees including membership from both houses of teh legislature. Joint committees are usually established with narrow jurisdictions and normally lack authority to report legislation.
  • Joint resolution: A legislative measure which requires the approval of both chambers.
  • Lease: A contract transferring the use of property or occupancy of land, space, structures, or equipment in consideration of a payment (e.g., rent). Source: OCC
  • Legislative session: That part of a chamber's daily session in which it considers legislative business (bills, resolutions, and actions related thereto).
  • license: The whole or part of any agency franchise, permit, certificate, approval, registration, charter, or similar form of permission required by law, but not a license required solely for revenue purposes when issuance of the license is merely a ministerial act. See Alabama Code 27-13-45
  • licensing: The agency process respecting the grant, denial, renewal, revocation, suspension, annulment, withdrawal, or amendment of a license or imposition of terms for the exercise of a license. See Alabama Code 27-13-45
  • NONENUMERATED AGENCY: All departments, councils, boards, commissions, divisions, bureaus or like governmental units of the State of Alabama which are not enumerated herein. See Alabama Code 27-13-21
  • Oral argument: An opportunity for lawyers to summarize their position before the court and also to answer the judges' questions.
  • Oversight: Committee review of the activities of a Federal agency or program.
  • party: Each person or agency named or admitted as a party or properly seeking and entitled as a matter of right, whether established by constitution, statute, or agency regulation or otherwise, to be admitted as a party, or admitted as an intervenor under Section 41-22-14. See Alabama Code 27-13-45
  • PASS-THROUGH APPROPRIATIONS: The expenditure of state funds by an agency at the explicit direction of a member of the Legislature, or a person acting on behalf of such member, if such expenditure is not for a purpose specified in a line-item appropriation. See Alabama Code 27-13-3
  • person: Any individual, partnership, corporation, association, governmental subdivision, or public or private organization of any character other than an agency. See Alabama Code 27-13-45
  • Plaintiff: The person who files the complaint in a civil lawsuit.
  • Precedent: A court decision in an earlier case with facts and law similar to a dispute currently before a court. Precedent will ordinarily govern the decision of a later similar case, unless a party can show that it was wrongly decided or that it differed in some significant way.
  • Presiding officer: A majority-party Senator who presides over the Senate and is charged with maintaining order and decorum, recognizing Members to speak, and interpreting the Senate's rules, practices and precedents.
  • Quorum: The number of legislators that must be present to do business.
  • Remainder: An interest in property that takes effect in the future at a specified time or after the occurrence of some event, such as the death of a life tenant.
  • Remand: When an appellate court sends a case back to a lower court for further proceedings.
  • Reporter: Makes a record of court proceedings and prepares a transcript, and also publishes the court's opinions or decisions (in the courts of appeals).
  • rule: Each agency regulation, standard, or statement of general applicability that implements, interprets, or prescribes law or policy, or that describes the organization, procedure, or practice requirements of any agency and includes any form which imposes any requirement or solicits any information not specifically required by statute or by an existing rule or by federal statute or by federal rule or regulation; provided, however, all forms shall be filed with the secretary of the agency and with the Legislative Reference Service and all forms, except intergovernmental, interagency, and intra-agency forms which do not affect the rights of the public and emergency forms adopted pursuant to Section 41-22-5, shall be published in the Agency Administrative Code. See Alabama Code 27-13-45
  • seafoods: shall include and mean all oysters, saltwater fish, saltwater shrimp, diamond back terrapin, sea turtle, crabs and all other species of marine or saltwater animal life existing or living in the water within the territorial jurisdiction of the State of Alabama. See Alabama Code 35-4-73
  • subscription: include a mark when the person cannot write, if his name is written near the mark, and witnessed by a person who writes his own name as a witness, and include with respect to corporate securities facsimile signature placed upon any instrument or writing with intent to execute or authenticate such instrument or writing. See Alabama Code 30-3D-608
  • SUNSET BILL: Any bill introduced pursuant to subsection (d) of Section 41-20-4 of this act. See Alabama Code 27-13-21
  • termination: The end, abolishment or annulment of any agency or the act of causing the existence to cease. See Alabama Code 27-13-21
  • Trial: A hearing that takes place when the defendant pleads "not guilty" and witnesses are required to come to court to give evidence.
  • Venue: The geographical location in which a case is tried.
  • Writ of certiorari: An order issued by the Supreme Court directing the lower court to transmit records for a case for which it will hear on appeal.