§ 36-25-1 Definitions
§ 36-25-1.1 Lobbying
§ 36-25-1.2 Economic development professionals
§ 36-25-2 Legislative findings and declarations; purpose of chapter
§ 36-25-3 State Ethics Commission – Creation, composition; annual reports; compensation; political activities; director; personnel
§ 36-25-4 State Ethics Commission – Duties; complaint; investigation; hearings; fees; finding of violation
§ 36-25-4.1 State Ethics Commission – Public access to complaint, investigation, and disposition
§ 36-25-4.2 State Ethics Commission – State Ethics Law training programs
§ 36-25-4.3 Ethics Commission – Electronic database filing and access
§ 36-25-5 Use of official position or office for personal gain
§ 36-25-5.1 Limitation on actions of lobbyists, subordinates of lobbyists, and principals
§ 36-25-5.2 Public disclosure of information regarding officials, candidates, or spouses employed by or contracting with the state or federal government
§ 36-25-6 Use of contributions
§ 36-25-7 Offering, soliciting, or receiving anything for purpose of influencing official action; money solicited or received in addition to that received in official capacity
§ 36-25-8 Use or disclosure of confidential information for private financial gain
§ 36-25-9 Service on regulatory boards and commissions regulating business with which person associated; members who have financial interest in matter prohibited from voting
§ 36-25-10 Representation of client or constituent before board, regulatory body, department, etc
§ 36-25-11 Public officials or employees entering into contracts which are to be paid out of government funds
§ 36-25-12 Offering, soliciting, etc., thing of value to or by member of regulatory body
§ 36-25-13 Actions of former public officials or public employees prohibited for two years after departure
§ 36-25-14 Filing of statement of economic interests
§ 36-25-15 Candidates required to file statements of economic interests; official to notify commission of name of candidate; failure to submit statement
§ 36-25-16 Reports by persons who are related to public officials or public employees and who represent persons before regulatory body or contract with state
§ 36-25-17 Reports of violations; cooperation of agency heads
§ 36-25-18 Registration of lobbyists required; filing of supplemental registration
§ 36-25-19 Registered lobbyists and other persons required to file quarterly reports
§ 36-25-20 Filing of notice of termination of lobbying activities; effect of notice as to requirement for filing of reports
§ 36-25-21 Reports constitute public records; reports available for public inspection
§ 36-25-22 Sections 36-25-18 to 36-25-21 not to be construed as affecting certain professional services
§ 36-25-23 Lobbying activities prohibited during elected term of office; floor privileges of former members of Legislature; solicitation of lobbyists by public officials or employees; contracts to provide lobbying services contingent upon legislative action
§ 36-25-24 Supervisor prohibited from discharging or discriminating against employee where employee reports violation
§ 36-25-26 False reporting for purpose of influencing legislation
§ 36-25-27 Penalties; enforcement; jurisdiction, venue, judicial review; limitations period
§ 36-25-28 Chapter not to deprive citizens of constitutional right to communicate with members of Legislature
§ 36-25-29 Appropriations
§ 36-25-30 Construction of chapter

Terms Used In Alabama Code > Title 36 > Chapter 25

  • Affidavit: A written statement of facts confirmed by the oath of the party making it, before a notary or officer having authority to administer oaths.
  • Affirmed: In the practice of the appellate courts, the decree or order is declared valid and will stand as rendered in the lower court.
  • Allegation: something that someone says happened.
  • Answer: The formal written statement by a defendant responding to a civil complaint and setting forth the grounds for defense.
  • Appellate: About appeals; an appellate court has the power to review the judgement of another lower court or tribunal.
  • Appropriation: The provision of funds, through an annual appropriations act or a permanent law, for federal agencies to make payments out of the Treasury for specified purposes. The formal federal spending process consists of two sequential steps: authorization
  • Arrest: Taking physical custody of a person by lawful authority.
  • BODY PIERCING: The perforation of human tissue other than ear for a nonmedical purpose. See Alabama Code 22-17A-1
  • branding: A permanent mark made on human tissue by burning with a hot iron or other instrument. See Alabama Code 22-17A-1
  • business: Any corporation, partnership, proprietorship, firm, enterprise, franchise, association, organization, self-employed individual, or any other legal entity. See Alabama Code 22-13A-2
  • BUSINESS WITH WHICH THE PERSON IS ASSOCIATED: Any business of which the person or a member of his or her family is an officer, owner, partner, board of director member, employee, or holder of more than five percent of the fair market value of the business. See Alabama Code 22-13A-2
  • candidate: This term as used in this chapter shall have the same meaning ascribed to it in Section 17-5-2. See Alabama Code 22-13A-2
  • circuit: means judicial circuit. See Alabama Code 30-3D-608
  • commission: The State Ethics Commission. See Alabama Code 22-13A-2
  • complainant: A person who alleges a violation or violations of this chapter by filing a complaint against a respondent. See Alabama Code 22-13A-2
  • Complaint: A written statement by the plaintiff stating the wrongs allegedly committed by the defendant.
  • complaint: Written allegation or allegations that a violation of this chapter has occurred. See Alabama Code 22-13A-2
  • CONFIDENTIAL INFORMATION: A complaint filed pursuant to this chapter, together with any statement, conversations, knowledge of evidence, or information received from the complainant, witness, or other person related to such complaint. See Alabama Code 22-13A-2
  • CONFLICT OF INTEREST: A conflict on the part of a public official or public employee between his or her private interests and the official responsibilities inherent in an office of public trust. See Alabama Code 22-13A-2
  • Continuance: Putting off of a hearing ot trial until a later time.
  • Contract: A legal written agreement that becomes binding when signed.
  • Corporation: A legal entity owned by the holders of shares of stock that have been issued, and that can own, receive, and transfer property, and carry on business in its own name.
  • day: Calendar day. See Alabama Code 22-13A-2
  • DE MINIMIS: A value twenty-five dollars ($25) or less per occasion and an aggregate of fifty dollars ($50) or less in a calendar year from any single provider, or such other amounts as may be prescribed by the Ethics Commission from time to time by rule pursuant to the Administrative Procedure Act or adjusted each four years from August 1, 2012, to reflect any increase in the cost of living as indicated by the United States Department of Labor Consumer Price Index or any succeeding equivalent index. See Alabama Code 22-13A-2
  • department: The Alabama Department of Public Health. See Alabama Code 22-15A-3
  • department: State Department of Public Health. See Alabama Code 22-17A-1
  • Discovery: Lawyers' examination, before trial, of facts and documents in possession of the opponents to help the lawyers prepare for trial.
  • employer: Any person, partnership, association, corporation, or nonprofit entity that employs five or more persons, including the legislative, executive, and judicial branches of state government; and any county, city, town, or village or any other political subdivision of the state; any public authority, commission, agency, or public benefit corporation; or any other separate corporate instrumentality or unit of state or local government. See Alabama Code 22-15A-3
  • Fair market value: The price at which an asset would change hands in a transaction between a willing, informed buyer and a willing, informed seller.
  • FAMILY MEMBER OF THE PUBLIC EMPLOYEE: The spouse or a dependent of the public employee. See Alabama Code 22-13A-2
  • FAMILY MEMBER OF THE PUBLIC OFFICIAL: The spouse, a dependent, an adult child and his or her spouse, a parent, a spouse's parents, a sibling and his or her spouse, of the public official. See Alabama Code 22-13A-2
  • Felony: A crime carrying a penalty of more than a year in prison.
  • Fiscal year: The fiscal year is the accounting period for the government. For the federal government, this begins on October 1 and ends on September 30. The fiscal year is designated by the calendar year in which it ends; for example, fiscal year 2006 begins on October 1, 2005 and ends on September 30, 2006.
  • Gift: A voluntary transfer or conveyance of property without consideration, or for less than full and adequate consideration based on fair market value.
  • Grand jury: agreement providing that a lender will delay exercising its rights (in the case of a mortgage,
  • Guardian: A person legally empowered and charged with the duty of taking care of and managing the property of another person who because of age, intellect, or health, is incapable of managing his (her) own affairs.
  • household: The public official, public employee, and his or her spouse and dependents. See Alabama Code 22-13A-2
  • Jurisdiction: (1) The legal authority of a court to hear and decide a case. Concurrent jurisdiction exists when two courts have simultaneous responsibility for the same case. (2) The geographic area over which the court has authority to decide cases.
  • LAW ENFORCEMENT OFFICER: A full-time employee of a governmental unit responsible for the prevention or investigation of crime who is authorized by law to carry firearms, execute search warrants, and make arrests. See Alabama Code 22-13A-2
  • Lease: A contract transferring the use of property or occupancy of land, space, structures, or equipment in consideration of a payment (e.g., rent). Source: OCC
  • legislative body: includes the following:

    a. See Alabama Code 22-13A-2

  • minor: An individual under 18 years of age who is not emancipated. See Alabama Code 22-17A-1
  • Mortgage: The written agreement pledging property to a creditor as collateral for a loan.
  • Partnership: A voluntary contract between two or more persons to pool some or all of their assets into a business, with the agreement that there will be a proportional sharing of profits and losses.
  • person: A business, individual, corporation, partnership, union, association, firm, committee, club, or other organization or group of persons. See Alabama Code 22-13A-2
  • preceding: means next before. See Alabama Code 30-3D-608
  • Presiding officer: A majority-party Senator who presides over the Senate and is charged with maintaining order and decorum, recognizing Members to speak, and interpreting the Senate's rules, practices and precedents.
  • principal: A person or business which employs, hires, or otherwise retains a lobbyist. See Alabama Code 22-13A-2
  • PROBABLE CAUSE: A finding that the allegations are more likely than not to have occurred. See Alabama Code 22-13A-2
  • PUBLIC CONVEYANCE: A bus, taxi, train, trolley, boat, and any other means of public transit. See Alabama Code 22-15A-3
  • PUBLIC EMPLOYEE: Any person employed at the state, county, or municipal level of government or their instrumentalities, including governmental corporations and authorities, but excluding employees of hospitals or other health care corporations including contract employees of those hospitals or other health care corporations, who is paid in whole or in part from state, county, or municipal funds. See Alabama Code 22-13A-2
  • PUBLIC MEETING: Any meeting open to the public unless held in a private residence. See Alabama Code 22-15A-3
  • PUBLIC OFFICIAL: Any person elected to public office, whether or not that person has taken office, by the vote of the people at state, county, or municipal level of government or their instrumentalities, including governmental corporations, and any person appointed to a position at the state, county, or municipal level of government or their instrumentalities, including governmental corporations. See Alabama Code 22-13A-2
  • PUBLIC PLACE: Any enclosed area to which the public is permitted, including, but not limited to, auditoriums, elevators, hospitals, nursing homes, libraries, courtrooms, jury waiting rooms and deliberation rooms, theatres, museums, common areas of retirement homes, restaurants, laundromats, health facilities, educational facilities, shopping malls, government buildings, sports and recreational facilities, places of employment, airports, banks, retail stores, and service establishments. See Alabama Code 22-15A-3
  • Quorum: The number of legislators that must be present to do business.
  • Recess: A temporary interruption of the legislative business.
  • REGULATORY BODY: A state agency which issues regulations in accordance with the Alabama Administrative Procedure Act or a state, county, or municipal department, agency, board, or commission which controls, according to rule or regulation, the activities, business licensure, or functions of any group, person, or persons. See Alabama Code 22-13A-2
  • Remainder: An interest in property that takes effect in the future at a specified time or after the occurrence of some event, such as the death of a life tenant.
  • REPORTING PERIOD: The reporting official's or employee's fiscal tax year as it applies to his or her United States personal income tax return. See Alabama Code 22-13A-2
  • REPORTING YEAR: The reporting official's or employee's fiscal tax year as it applies to his or her United States personal income tax return. See Alabama Code 22-13A-2
  • respondent: A person alleged to have violated a provision of this chapter and against whom a complaint has been filed with the commission. See Alabama Code 22-13A-2
  • Restitution: The court-ordered payment of money by the defendant to the victim for damages caused by the criminal action.
  • Settlement: Parties to a lawsuit resolve their difference without having a trial. Settlements often involve the payment of compensation by one party in satisfaction of the other party's claims.
  • smoking: The burning of a lighted cigarette, cigar, pipe, or any other matter or substance that contains tobacco. See Alabama Code 22-15A-3
  • SMOKING AREA: Any designated area meeting the requirements of Section 22-15A-7. See Alabama Code 22-15A-3
  • STATEMENT OF ECONOMIC INTERESTS: A financial disclosure form made available by the commission which shall be completed and filed with the commission prior to April 30 of each year covering the preceding calendar year by certain public officials and public employees. See Alabama Code 22-13A-2
  • Statute: A law passed by a legislature.
  • Statute of limitations: A law that sets the time within which parties must take action to enforce their rights.
  • Subpoena: A command to a witness to appear and give testimony.
  • supervisor: Any person having authority to hire, transfer, suspend, lay off, recall, promote, discharge, assign, or discipline other public employees, or any person responsible to direct them, or to adjust their grievances, or to recommend personnel action, if, in connection with the foregoing, the exercise of the authority is not of a merely routine or clerical nature but requires the use of independent judgment. See Alabama Code 22-13A-2
  • tattoo: An indelible mark made upon the body of another individual by the insertion of a pigment in or under the skin or an indelible design upon the body of another individual by production of scars other than by branding. See Alabama Code 22-17A-1
  • TATTOO FACILITY: The geographic location at which an individual does one or more of the following for compensation:

    a. See Alabama Code 22-17A-1

  • Testify: Answer questions in court.
  • Testimony: Evidence presented orally by witnesses during trials or before grand juries.
  • Trustee: A person or institution holding and administering property in trust.
  • United States: includes the territories thereof and the District of Columbia. See Alabama Code 30-3D-608
  • value: The fair market price of a like item if purchased by a private citizen. See Alabama Code 22-13A-2
  • Veto: The procedure established under the Constitution by which the President/Governor refuses to approve a bill or joint resolution and thus prevents its enactment into law. A regular veto occurs when the President/Governor returns the legislation to the house in which it originated. The President/Governor usually returns a vetoed bill with a message indicating his reasons for rejecting the measure. In Congress, the veto can be overridden only by a two-thirds vote in both the Senate and the House.
  • year: means a calendar year; but, whenever the word "year" is used in reference to any appropriations for the payment of money out of the treasury, it shall mean fiscal year. See Alabama Code 30-3D-608