§ 36-25-1 Definitions
§ 36-25-1.1 Lobbying
§ 36-25-1.2 Economic development professionals
§ 36-25-1.3 Economic development professionals
§ 36-25-2 Legislative findings and declarations; purpose of chapter
§ 36-25-3 State Ethics Commission – Creation, composition; annual reports; compensation; political activities; director; personnel
§ 36-25-4 State Ethics Commission – Duties; complaint; investigation; hearings; fees; finding of violation
§ 36-25-4.1 State Ethics Commission – Public access to complaint, investigation, and disposition
§ 36-25-4.2 State Ethics Commission – State Ethics Law training programs
§ 36-25-4.3 Ethics Commission – Electronic database filing and access
§ 36-25-5 Use of official position or office for personal gain
§ 36-25-5.1 Limitation on actions of lobbyists, subordinates of lobbyists, and principals
§ 36-25-5.2 Public disclosure of information regarding officials, candidates, or spouses employed by or contracting with the state or federal government
§ 36-25-6 Use of contributions
§ 36-25-7 Offering, soliciting, or receiving anything for purpose of influencing official action; money solicited or received in addition to that received in official capacity
§ 36-25-8 Use or disclosure of confidential information for private financial gain
§ 36-25-9 Service on regulatory boards and commissions regulating business with which person associated; members who have financial interest in matter prohibited from voting
§ 36-25-10 Representation of client or constituent before board, regulatory body, department, etc
§ 36-25-11 Public officials or employees entering into contracts which are to be paid out of government funds
§ 36-25-12 Offering, soliciting, etc., thing of value to or by member of regulatory body
§ 36-25-13 Actions of former public officials or public employees prohibited for two years after departure
§ 36-25-14 Filing of statement of economic interests
§ 36-25-15 Candidates required to file statements of economic interests; notification requirements; failure to submit statement
§ 36-25-16 Reports by persons who are related to public officials or public employees and who represent persons before regulatory body or contract with state
§ 36-25-17 Reports of violations; cooperation of agency heads
§ 36-25-18 Registration of lobbyists required; filing of supplemental registration
§ 36-25-19 Registered lobbyists and other persons required to file quarterly reports
§ 36-25-20 Filing of notice of termination of lobbying activities; effect of notice as to requirement for filing of reports
§ 36-25-21 Reports constitute public records; reports available for public inspection
§ 36-25-22 Sections 36-25-18 to 36-25-21 not to be construed as affecting certain professional services
§ 36-25-23 Lobbying activities prohibited during elected term of office; floor privileges of former members of Legislature; solicitation of lobbyists by public officials or employees; contracts to provide lobbying services contingent upon legislative action
§ 36-25-24 Supervisor prohibited from discharging or discriminating against employee where employee reports violation
§ 36-25-26 False reporting for purpose of influencing legislation
§ 36-25-27 Penalties; enforcement; jurisdiction, venue, judicial review; limitations period
§ 36-25-28 Chapter not to deprive citizens of constitutional right to communicate with members of Legislature
§ 36-25-29 Appropriations
§ 36-25-30 Construction of chapter

Terms Used In Alabama Code > Title 36 > Chapter 25

  • Affidavit: A written statement of facts confirmed by the oath of the party making it, before a notary or officer having authority to administer oaths.
  • Affirmed: In the practice of the appellate courts, the decree or order is declared valid and will stand as rendered in the lower court.
  • Allegation: something that someone says happened.
  • Amendment: A proposal to alter the text of a pending bill or other measure by striking out some of it, by inserting new language, or both. Before an amendment becomes part of the measure, thelegislature must agree to it.
  • Answer: The formal written statement by a defendant responding to a civil complaint and setting forth the grounds for defense.
  • Appellate: About appeals; an appellate court has the power to review the judgement of another lower court or tribunal.
  • Appropriation: The provision of funds, through an annual appropriations act or a permanent law, for federal agencies to make payments out of the Treasury for specified purposes. The formal federal spending process consists of two sequential steps: authorization
  • Arrest: Taking physical custody of a person by lawful authority.
  • board: The State Board of Health. See Alabama Code 22-11D-2
  • business: Any corporation, partnership, proprietorship, firm, enterprise, franchise, association, organization, self-employed individual, or any other legal entity. See Alabama Code 36-25-1
  • BUSINESS WITH WHICH THE PERSON IS ASSOCIATED: Any business of which the person or a member of his or her family is an officer, owner, partner, board of director member, employee, or holder of more than five percent of the fair market value of the business. See Alabama Code 36-25-1
  • candidate: This term as used in this chapter shall have the same meaning ascribed to it in Section 17-5-2. See Alabama Code 36-25-1
  • commission: The State Ethics Commission. See Alabama Code 36-25-1
  • Common law: The legal system that originated in England and is now in use in the United States. It is based on judicial decisions rather than legislative action.
  • COMMUNICATIONS SYSTEM: A radio and land line network complying with the board's rules and which provides rapid public access, coordinated central dispatching of services, and coordination of personnel, equipment, and facilities in the trauma and health system. See Alabama Code 22-11D-2
  • complainant: A person who alleges a violation or violations of this chapter by filing a complaint against a respondent. See Alabama Code 36-25-1
  • complaint: Written allegation or allegations that a violation of this chapter has occurred. See Alabama Code 36-25-1
  • Complaint: A written statement by the plaintiff stating the wrongs allegedly committed by the defendant.
  • CONFIDENTIAL INFORMATION: A complaint filed pursuant to this chapter, together with any statement, conversations, knowledge of evidence, or information received from the complainant, witness, or other person related to such complaint. See Alabama Code 36-25-1
  • CONFLICT OF INTEREST: A conflict on the part of a public official or public employee between his or her private interests and the official responsibilities inherent in an office of public trust. See Alabama Code 36-25-1
  • Continuance: Putting off of a hearing ot trial until a later time.
  • Conviction: A judgement of guilt against a criminal defendant.
  • council: The Statewide Trauma and Health System Advisory Council. See Alabama Code 22-11D-2
  • day: Calendar day. See Alabama Code 36-25-1
  • DE MINIMIS: A value twenty-five dollars ($25) or less per occasion and an aggregate of fifty dollars ($50) or less in a calendar year from any single provider, or such other amounts as may be prescribed by the Ethics Commission from time to time by rule pursuant to the Administrative Procedure Act or adjusted each four years from August 1, 2012, to reflect any increase in the cost of living as indicated by the United States Department of Labor Consumer Price Index or any succeeding equivalent index. See Alabama Code 36-25-1
  • department: The Alabama Department of Public Health. See Alabama Code 22-11D-2
  • dependent: Any person, regardless of his or her legal residence or domicile, who receives 50 percent or more of his or her support from the public official or public employee or his or her spouse or who resided with the public official or public employee for more than 180 days during the reporting period. See Alabama Code 36-25-1
  • Dependent: A person dependent for support upon another.
  • designation: A formal determination by the department that a hospital is capable of providing designated trauma or other specific health care as authorized by this chapter. See Alabama Code 22-11D-2
  • Discovery: Lawyers' examination, before trial, of facts and documents in possession of the opponents to help the lawyers prepare for trial.
  • ECONOMIC DEVELOPMENT FUNCTION: Any function reasonably and directly related to the advancement of a specific, good-faith economic development or trade promotion project or objective. See Alabama Code 36-25-1
  • EDUCATIONAL FUNCTION: A meeting, event, or activity held within the State of Alabama, or if the function is predominantly attended by participants from other states, held within the continental United States, which is organized around a formal program or agenda of educational or informational speeches, debates, panel discussions, or other presentations concerning matters within the scope of the participants' official duties or other matters of public policy, including social services and community development policies, economic development or trade, ethics, government services or programs, or government operations, and which, taking into account the totality of the program or agenda, could not reasonably be perceived as a subterfuge for a purely social, recreational, or entertainment function. See Alabama Code 36-25-1
  • EMERGENCY MEDICAL SERVICE: The organization responding to a perceived individual's need for immediate medical care in order to prevent loss of life or aggravation of physiological or psychological illness or injury. See Alabama Code 22-11D-2
  • Equitable: Pertaining to civil suits in "equity" rather than in "law." In English legal history, the courts of "law" could order the payment of damages and could afford no other remedy. See damages. A separate court of "equity" could order someone to do something or to cease to do something. See, e.g., injunction. In American jurisprudence, the federal courts have both legal and equitable power, but the distinction is still an important one. For example, a trial by jury is normally available in "law" cases but not in "equity" cases. Source: U.S. Courts
  • Evidence: Information presented in testimony or in documents that is used to persuade the fact finder (judge or jury) to decide the case for one side or the other.
  • Fair market value: The price at which an asset would change hands in a transaction between a willing, informed buyer and a willing, informed seller.
  • FAMILY MEMBER OF THE PUBLIC EMPLOYEE: The spouse or a dependent of the public employee. See Alabama Code 36-25-1
  • FAMILY MEMBER OF THE PUBLIC OFFICIAL: The spouse, a dependent, an adult child and his or her spouse, a parent, a spouse's parents, a sibling and his or her spouse, of the public official. See Alabama Code 36-25-1
  • Fiscal year: The fiscal year is the accounting period for the government. For the federal government, this begins on October 1 and ends on September 30. The fiscal year is designated by the calendar year in which it ends; for example, fiscal year 2006 begins on October 1, 2005 and ends on September 30, 2006.
  • GOVERNMENTAL CORPORATIONS AND AUTHORITIES: Public or private corporations and authorities, including but not limited to, hospitals or other health care corporations, established pursuant to state law by state, county, or municipal governments for the purpose of carrying out a specific governmental function. See Alabama Code 36-25-1
  • Grand jury: agreement providing that a lender will delay exercising its rights (in the case of a mortgage,
  • HEALTH CARE CENTER: A hospital that voluntarily participates in a statewide health system and that has been designated as a health care center pursuant to the rules of the board. See Alabama Code 22-11D-2
  • household: The public official, public employee, and his or her spouse and dependents. See Alabama Code 36-25-1
  • LAW ENFORCEMENT OFFICER: A full-time employee of a governmental unit responsible for the prevention or investigation of crime who is authorized by law to carry firearms, execute search warrants, and make arrests. See Alabama Code 36-25-1
  • legislative body: includes the following:

    a. See Alabama Code 36-25-1

  • Legislative session: That part of a chamber's daily session in which it considers legislative business (bills, resolutions, and actions related thereto).
  • Oversight: Committee review of the activities of a Federal agency or program.
  • person: includes a corporation as well as a natural person. See Alabama Code 1-1-1
  • person: A business, individual, corporation, partnership, union, association, firm, committee, club, or other organization or group of persons. See Alabama Code 36-25-1
  • preceding: means next before. See Alabama Code 1-1-1
  • President pro tempore: A constitutionally recognized officer of the Senate who presides over the chamber in the absence of the Vice President. The President Pro Tempore (or, "president for a time") is elected by the Senate and is, by custom, the Senator of the majority party with the longest record of continuous service.
  • Presiding officer: A majority-party Senator who presides over the Senate and is charged with maintaining order and decorum, recognizing Members to speak, and interpreting the Senate's rules, practices and precedents.
  • principal: A person or business which employs, hires, or otherwise retains a lobbyist. See Alabama Code 36-25-1
  • PROBABLE CAUSE: A finding that the allegations are more likely than not to have occurred. See Alabama Code 36-25-1
  • Probable cause: A reasonable ground for belief that the offender violated a specific law.
  • Prosecute: To charge someone with a crime. A prosecutor tries a criminal case on behalf of the government.
  • PUBLIC EMPLOYEE: Any person employed at the state, county, or municipal level of government or their instrumentalities, including governmental corporations and authorities, but excluding employees of hospitals or other health care corporations including contract employees of those hospitals or other health care corporations, who is paid in whole or in part from state, county, or municipal funds. See Alabama Code 36-25-1
  • PUBLIC OFFICIAL: Any person elected to public office, whether or not that person has taken office, by the vote of the people at state, county, or municipal level of government or their instrumentalities, including governmental corporations, and any person appointed to a position at the state, county, or municipal level of government or their instrumentalities, including governmental corporations. See Alabama Code 36-25-1
  • Quorum: The number of legislators that must be present to do business.
  • Recess: A temporary interruption of the legislative business.
  • REGIONAL COUNCILS: The regional trauma advisory councils. See Alabama Code 22-11D-2
  • REGULATORY BODY: A state agency which issues regulations in accordance with the Alabama Administrative Procedure Act or a state, county, or municipal department, agency, board, or commission which controls, according to rule or regulation, the activities, business licensure, or functions of any group, person, or persons. See Alabama Code 36-25-1
  • Remainder: An interest in property that takes effect in the future at a specified time or after the occurrence of some event, such as the death of a life tenant.
  • REPORTING PERIOD: The reporting official's or employee's fiscal tax year as it applies to his or her United States personal income tax return. See Alabama Code 36-25-1
  • REPORTING YEAR: The reporting official's or employee's fiscal tax year as it applies to his or her United States personal income tax return. See Alabama Code 36-25-1
  • respondent: A person alleged to have violated a provision of this chapter and against whom a complaint has been filed with the commission. See Alabama Code 36-25-1
  • Settlement: Parties to a lawsuit resolve their difference without having a trial. Settlements often involve the payment of compensation by one party in satisfaction of the other party's claims.
  • STATEMENT OF ECONOMIC INTERESTS: A financial disclosure form made available by the commission which shall be completed and filed with the commission prior to April 30 of each year covering the preceding calendar year by certain public officials and public employees. See Alabama Code 36-25-1
  • Statute: A law passed by a legislature.
  • Statute of limitations: A law that sets the time within which parties must take action to enforce their rights.
  • Subpoena: A command to a witness to appear and give testimony.
  • supervisor: Any person having authority to hire, transfer, suspend, lay off, recall, promote, discharge, assign, or discipline other public employees, or any person responsible to direct them, or to adjust their grievances, or to recommend personnel action, if, in connection with the foregoing, the exercise of the authority is not of a merely routine or clerical nature but requires the use of independent judgment. See Alabama Code 36-25-1
  • Testify: Answer questions in court.
  • Testimony: Evidence presented orally by witnesses during trials or before grand juries.
  • TRAUMA CENTER: A hospital that voluntarily participates in the statewide trauma system and that has been designated as a trauma center pursuant to the rules of the board. See Alabama Code 22-11D-2
  • value: The fair market price of a like item if purchased by a private citizen. See Alabama Code 36-25-1
  • Venue: The geographical location in which a case is tried.
  • Veto: The procedure established under the Constitution by which the President/Governor refuses to approve a bill or joint resolution and thus prevents its enactment into law. A regular veto occurs when the President/Governor returns the legislation to the house in which it originated. The President/Governor usually returns a vetoed bill with a message indicating his reasons for rejecting the measure. In Congress, the veto can be overridden only by a two-thirds vote in both the Senate and the House.
  • WIDELY ATTENDED EVENT: A gathering, dinner, reception, or other event of mutual interest to a number of parties at which it is reasonably expected that more than 12 individuals will attend and that individuals with a diversity of views or interest will be present. See Alabama Code 36-25-1
  • writing: includes typewriting and printing on paper. See Alabama Code 1-1-1
  • year: means a calendar year; but, whenever the word "year" is used in reference to any appropriations for the payment of money out of the treasury, it shall mean fiscal year. See Alabama Code 1-1-1