Article 1 1984 Act 37-14-1 – 37-14-17
Article 2 1985 Act 37-14-30 – 37-14-40

Terms Used In Alabama Code > Title 37 > Chapter 14

  • Affirmed: In the practice of the appellate courts, the decree or order is declared valid and will stand as rendered in the lower court.
  • Amendment: A proposal to alter the text of a pending bill or other measure by striking out some of it, by inserting new language, or both. Before an amendment becomes part of the measure, thelegislature must agree to it.
  • Amortization: Paying off a loan by regular installments.
  • Appellate: About appeals; an appellate court has the power to review the judgement of another lower court or tribunal.
  • Appropriation: The provision of funds, through an annual appropriations act or a permanent law, for federal agencies to make payments out of the Treasury for specified purposes. The formal federal spending process consists of two sequential steps: authorization
  • Bankruptcy: Refers to statutes and judicial proceedings involving persons or businesses that cannot pay their debts and seek the assistance of the court in getting a fresh start. Under the protection of the bankruptcy court, debtors may discharge their debts, perhaps by paying a portion of each debt. Bankruptcy judges preside over these proceedings.
  • Bequest: Property gifted by will.
  • circuit: means judicial circuit. See Alabama Code 1-1-1
  • commissioner: The Commissioner of Agriculture and Industries. See Alabama Code 2-1-1
  • Complaint: A written statement by the plaintiff stating the wrongs allegedly committed by the defendant.
  • Corporation: A legal entity owned by the holders of shares of stock that have been issued, and that can own, receive, and transfer property, and carry on business in its own name.
  • Counterclaim: A claim that a defendant makes against a plaintiff.
  • Credit report: A detailed report of an individual's credit history prepared by a credit bureau and used by a lender in determining a loan applicant's creditworthiness. Source: OCC
  • Credit Score: A number, roughly between 300 and 800, that measures an individual's credit worthiness. The most well-known type of credit score is the FICO score. This score represents the answer from a mathematical formula that assigns numerical values to various pieces of information in your credit report. Source: OCC
  • Damages: Money paid by defendants to successful plaintiffs in civil cases to compensate the plaintiffs for their injuries.
  • Deed: The legal instrument used to transfer title in real property from one person to another.
  • Devise: To gift property by will.
  • Discovery: Lawyers' examination, before trial, of facts and documents in possession of the opponents to help the lawyers prepare for trial.
  • DISTRIBUTION LINE: An electric conductor which is operated at 35,000 volts or less, up to but not including the service drop. See Alabama Code 37-14-2
  • DISTRIBUTION LINE: An electric conductor which is operated at 35,000 volts or less, up to but not including the service drop. See Alabama Code 37-14-31
  • ELECTRIC SUPPLIER: Any municipality, municipally-owned utility or other governmental entity, any cooperative, corporation, person, firm, association or other entity engaged in the business of supplying electric service at retail; provided, however, that a university, college or United States military base which distributes electricity shall not be deemed an electric supplier for the purpose of this article. See Alabama Code 37-14-2
  • ELECTRIC SUPPLIER: Any municipality, municipally-owned utility or other governmental entity, any cooperative, corporation, person, firm, association or other entity engaged in the business of supplying electric service at retail; provided, however, that no person or entity, including the Tennessee Valley Authority, who may not be lawfully regulated by the state by virtue of powers granted by the laws of the United States which prevail over Alabama statutes, nor any university, college or United States agency which distributes electricity at retail shall be deemed an electric supplier for the purpose of this article. See Alabama Code 37-14-31
  • Escrow: Money given to a third party to be held for payment until certain conditions are met.
  • EXISTING DISTRIBUTION LINE: A distribution line in existence on January 1, 1984. See Alabama Code 37-14-2
  • EXISTING DISTRIBUTION LINE: A distribution line in existence on January 1, 1984. See Alabama Code 37-14-31
  • EXISTING MUNICIPAL LIMITS: The corporate boundaries of any municipality as such boundaries existed on April 26, 1984. See Alabama Code 37-14-2
  • EXISTING MUNICIPAL LIMITS: The corporate boundaries of any municipality as such boundaries existed on April 26, 1984. See Alabama Code 37-14-31
  • Fair Credit Reporting Act: A federal law, established in 1971 and revised in 1997, that gives consumers the right to see their credit records and correct any mistakes. Source: OCC
  • Felony: A crime carrying a penalty of more than a year in prison.
  • FILING ENTITY: A domestic entity that is a corporation, limited partnership, limited liability limited partnership, limited liability company, professional association, employee cooperative corporation, or real estate investment trust. See Alabama Code 10A-1-1.03
  • Fiscal year: The fiscal year is the accounting period for the government. For the federal government, this begins on October 1 and ends on September 30. The fiscal year is designated by the calendar year in which it ends; for example, fiscal year 2006 begins on October 1, 2005 and ends on September 30, 2006.
  • foreign: With respect to an entity, that the entity is formed and existing under the laws of a jurisdiction other than this state. See Alabama Code 10A-1-1.03
  • FOREIGN FILING ENTITY: A foreign entity that registers or is required to register as a foreign entity under Article 7. See Alabama Code 10A-1-1.03
  • FOREIGN LIMITED LIABILITY PARTNERSHIP: A foreign limited liability partnership as defined in Chapter 8A. See Alabama Code 10A-1-1.03
  • Fraud: Intentional deception resulting in injury to another.
  • Gift: A voluntary transfer or conveyance of property without consideration, or for less than full and adequate consideration based on fair market value.
  • Habeas corpus: A writ that is usually used to bring a prisoner before the court to determine the legality of his imprisonment. It may also be used to bring a person in custody before the court to give testimony, or to be prosecuted.
  • INDUSTRIAL CUSTOMER: A customer utilizing electric service at a premises at which the predominate activity is classified as mining, manufacturing, transportation, communication, electric, gas and sanitary services, or miscellaneous repair services in the Standard Industrial Classification Manual, Part I, Divisions B, D and E and Major Group 76 of Division I as published in 1972 by the Statistical Policy Division of the United States Office of Management and Budget. See Alabama Code 37-14-2
  • INDUSTRIAL CUSTOMER: A customer utilizing electric service at a premises at which the predominate activity is classified as mining, manufacturing, transportation, communication, electric, gas and sanitary services, or miscellaneous repair services in the Standard Industrial Classification Manual, Part I, Divisions B, D and E and Major Group 76 of Division I as published in 1972 by the statistical policy division of the United States Office of Management and Budget. See Alabama Code 37-14-31
  • Injunction: An order of the court prohibiting (or compelling) the performance of a specific act to prevent irreparable damage or injury.
  • Interest rate: The amount paid by a borrower to a lender in exchange for the use of the lender's money for a certain period of time. Interest is paid on loans or on debt instruments, such as notes or bonds, either at regular intervals or as part of a lump sum payment when the issue matures. Source: OCC
  • Jurisdiction: (1) The legal authority of a court to hear and decide a case. Concurrent jurisdiction exists when two courts have simultaneous responsibility for the same case. (2) The geographic area over which the court has authority to decide cases.
  • law: Unless the context requires otherwise, both statutory and common law. See Alabama Code 10A-1-1.03
  • Lease: A contract transferring the use of property or occupancy of land, space, structures, or equipment in consideration of a payment (e.g., rent). Source: OCC
  • Lien: A claim against real or personal property in satisfaction of a debt.
  • Litigation: A case, controversy, or lawsuit. Participants (plaintiffs and defendants) in lawsuits are called litigants.
  • month: means a calendar month. See Alabama Code 1-1-1
  • Mortgage loan: A loan made by a lender to a borrower for the financing of real property. Source: OCC
  • Mortgagee: The person to whom property is mortgaged and who has loaned the money.
  • NEW INDUSTRIAL CUSTOMER: An industrial customer who constructs a new premises on a site not previously occupied by an industrial customer. See Alabama Code 37-14-31
  • Nolo contendere: No contest-has the same effect as a plea of guilty, as far as the criminal sentence is concerned, but may not be considered as an admission of guilt for any other purpose.
  • oath: includes affirmation. See Alabama Code 1-1-1
  • Partnership: A voluntary contract between two or more persons to pool some or all of their assets into a business, with the agreement that there will be a proportional sharing of profits and losses.
  • person: Any individual, firm, joint venture, partnership, corporation, association, or joint stock association and includes any trustee, receiver, assignee, or personal representative thereof engaged in the transportation of hazardous liquids. See Alabama Code 37-4-90
  • personal property: includes money, goods, chattels, things in action and evidence of debt, deeds and conveyances. See Alabama Code 1-1-1
  • Plaintiff: The person who files the complaint in a civil lawsuit.
  • Precedent: A court decision in an earlier case with facts and law similar to a dispute currently before a court. Precedent will ordinarily govern the decision of a later similar case, unless a party can show that it was wrongly decided or that it differed in some significant way.
  • preceding: means next before. See Alabama Code 1-1-1
  • premises: The building, structure or facility to which electricity is being metered or is to be furnished and metered, including all meters on such building, structure or facility through which electricity is delivered or to be delivered. See Alabama Code 37-14-2
  • premises: The building, structure or facility to which electricity is being metered or is to be furnished and metered, including all meters on such building, structure or facility through which electricity is delivered or to be delivered. See Alabama Code 37-14-31
  • President pro tempore: A constitutionally recognized officer of the Senate who presides over the chamber in the absence of the Vice President. The President Pro Tempore (or, "president for a time") is elected by the Senate and is, by custom, the Senator of the majority party with the longest record of continuous service.
  • PRIMARY ELECTRIC SUPPLIER: That electric supplier for each municipality existing on January 1, 1984 serving a plurality of the premises within the existing municipal limits to which service is actually being supplied and metered on January 1, 1984. See Alabama Code 37-14-2
  • PRIMARY ELECTRIC SUPPLIER: That electric supplier for each municipality existing on January 1, 1984 serving a plurality of the premises within the existing municipal limits to which service is actually being supplied and metered on January 1, 1984. See Alabama Code 37-14-31
  • Probable cause: A reasonable ground for belief that the offender violated a specific law.
  • Quorum: The number of legislators that must be present to do business.
  • Remainder: An interest in property that takes effect in the future at a specified time or after the occurrence of some event, such as the death of a life tenant.
  • REPRODUCTION COST NEW LESS DEPRECIATION: The total investment that would be required by the electric supplier selling the facilities to duplicate the facilities to be sold at the time of such sale utilizing then current costs for all materials, supplies, labor, land and land rights, transportation, and miscellaneous direct and indirect expenses (including overhead, engineering and supervision costs that are normally capitalized) that would be required; the costs that would be required to obtain all necessary approvals and permits; and any other costs that would be appropriately applicable to the reproduction of the facilities, less an amount representing the straight line depreciation of such reproduction costs of any depreciable items over an assumed life of 30 years for electric distribution facilities for that period of time equal to the age of the items of the electric distribution facilities being transferred. See Alabama Code 37-14-2
  • REPRODUCTION COST NEW LESS DEPRECIATION: The total investment that would be required by the electric supplier selling the facilities to duplicate the facilities to be sold at the time of such sale utilizing then current costs for all materials, supplies, labor, land and land rights, transportation, and miscellaneous direct and indirect expenses (including overhead, engineering and supervision costs that are normally capitalized) that would be required; the costs that would be required to obtain all necessary approvals and permits; and any other costs that would be appropriately applicable to the reproduction of the facilities, less an amount representing the straight line depreciation of such reproduction costs of any depreciable items over an assumed life of 30 years for electric distribution facilities for that period of time equal to the age of the items of the electric distribution facilities being transferred. See Alabama Code 37-14-31
  • Restitution: The court-ordered payment of money by the defendant to the victim for damages caused by the criminal action.
  • SECONDARY ELECTRIC SUPPLIER: Any electric supplier serving within existing municipal limits which is not the primary electric supplier. See Alabama Code 37-14-2
  • SECONDARY ELECTRIC SUPPLIER: Any electric supplier serving within existing municipal limits which is not the primary electric supplier. See Alabama Code 37-14-31
  • Service of process: The service of writs or summonses to the appropriate party.
  • state: Includes, when referring to a part of the United States, a state or commonwealth, and its agencies and governmental subdivisions, and a territory or possession, and its agencies and governmental subdivisions, of the United States. See Alabama Code 10A-1-1.03
  • Statute: A law passed by a legislature.
  • Subpoena: A command to a witness to appear and give testimony.
  • Summons: Another word for subpoena used by the criminal justice system.
  • Testimony: Evidence presented orally by witnesses during trials or before grand juries.
  • Tort: A civil wrong or breach of a duty to another person, as outlined by law. A very common tort is negligent operation of a motor vehicle that results in property damage and personal injury in an automobile accident.