Article 1 Exemptions From Levy and Sale Under Process 6-10-1 – 6-10-43
Article 2 Exemptions from Administration and Payment of Debts 6-10-67 – 6-10-107
Article 3 Waiver of Right to Exemptions 6-10-120 – 6-10-126

Terms Used In Alabama Code > Title 6 > Chapter 10 - Exemptions

  • ABLE PROGRAM: The Achieving a Better Life Experience Program established pursuant to this chapter and defined in Section 529A of the Internal Revenue Code of 1986, as amended, or other applicable federal law, to assist individuals and families to save private funds to support individuals with disabilities to maintain health, independence, and quality of life. See Alabama Code 16-33C-3
  • ABLE SAVINGS ACCOUNT: An individual ABLE trust fund account established by a contributor pursuant to this chapter to apply distributions from the account toward qualified disability expenses for an eligible designated beneficiary, both terms as defined in Section 529A of the Internal Revenue Code of 1986, as amended, or other applicable federal law. See Alabama Code 16-33C-3
  • ABLE TRUST FUND: The fiduciary trust fund established pursuant to this chapter comprised of separate and segregated ABLE savings accounts as established by savings agreements. See Alabama Code 16-33C-3
  • access: To gain entry to, instruct, communicate with, store data in, retrieve or intercept data from, alter data or computer software in, or otherwise make use of any resource of a computer, computer system, or computer network. See Alabama Code 13A-8-111
  • ACES ADMINISTRATIVE FUND: The ACES Administrative Fund created in Section 16-33C-10. See Alabama Code 16-33C-3
  • ACES PROGRAM: The Alabama Comprehensive Education Savings Program, a qualified tuition program established pursuant to this chapter and as defined in Section 529 of the Internal Revenue Code of 1986, as amended, or other applicable federal law, to assist individuals and families to save funds for the purpose of meeting the qualified higher education expenses of the designated beneficiary, as those terms are defined and used in Section 529 of the Internal Revenue Code of 1986, as amended, or other applicable federal law. See Alabama Code 16-33C-3
  • ACES SAVINGS ACCOUNT: An individual ACES account held in the ACES Trust Fund established by a contributor pursuant to this chapter in order to apply distributions from the account toward qualified higher education expenses for an eligible designated beneficiary, as those terms are defined in Section 529 of the Internal Revenue Code of 1986, as amended, or other applicable federal law. See Alabama Code 16-33C-3
  • ACES TRUST FUND: The fiduciary trust fund created in Section 16-33C-10. See Alabama Code 16-33C-3
  • ache: The Alabama Commission on Higher Education. See Alabama Code 16-33B-1
  • Acquittal:
    1. Judgement that a criminal defendant has not been proved guilty beyond a reasonable doubt.
    2. A verdict of "not guilty."
     
  • administrator: The Secretary of the Department of Labor or his or her designee. See Alabama Code 25-13-2
  • ADVISORY COMMITTEE: The Alabama Housing Trust Fund Advisory Committee. See Alabama Code 24-10-2
  • Affidavit: A written statement of facts confirmed by the oath of the party making it, before a notary or officer having authority to administer oaths.
  • affiliate: A person that directly, or indirectly through one or more intermediaries, controls, or is controlled by, or is under common control with, an applicant or registrant. See Alabama Code 8-6-2
  • Affirmed: In the practice of the appellate courts, the decree or order is declared valid and will stand as rendered in the lower court.
  • agent: Any individual other than a dealer who represents a dealer or issuer in effecting or attempting to effect sales of securities, but such term does not include an individual who represents an issuer in:

    a. See Alabama Code 8-6-2

  • ALABAMA HOUSING TRUST FUND: The trust fund created pursuant to Section 24-10-4. See Alabama Code 24-10-2
  • Amendment: A proposal to alter the text of a pending bill or other measure by striking out some of it, by inserting new language, or both. Before an amendment becomes part of the measure, thelegislature must agree to it.
  • Annuity: A periodic (usually annual) payment of a fixed sum of money for either the life of the recipient or for a fixed number of years. A series of payments under a contract from an insurance company, a trust company, or an individual. Annuity payments are made at regular intervals over a period of more than one full year.
  • Answer: The formal written statement by a defendant responding to a civil complaint and setting forth the grounds for defense.
  • applicant: A person, natural or otherwise, executing or submitting an application for registration. See Alabama Code 8-6-2
  • Appropriation: The provision of funds, through an annual appropriations act or a permanent law, for federal agencies to make payments out of the Treasury for specified purposes. The formal federal spending process consists of two sequential steps: authorization
  • APPROVED LENDER: Any eligible institution, or any bank, trust company, savings and loan association, credit union, pension fund, or insurance company, whose primary consumer credit function is not the making of insured student loans and which is examined and supervised by the appropriate state or federal regulatory agency or any other institution or agency defined as an eligible lender in accordance with the Federal Student Loan Law. See Alabama Code 16-33B-1
  • Arrest: Taking physical custody of a person by lawful authority.
  • Assets: (1) The property comprising the estate of a deceased person, or (2) the property in a trust account.
  • Attachment: A procedure by which a person's property is seized to pay judgments levied by the court.
  • authority: A public corporation incorporated pursuant to this chapter. See Alabama Code 11-92B-1
  • authority: A nonprofit public corporation organized pursuant to the provisions of this chapter. See Alabama Code 11-94-1
  • AUTHORIZING SUBDIVISION: Any county or municipality to which application has been made for authority to incorporate an authority under this chapter. See Alabama Code 11-94-1
  • AUTOMATED PEOPLE MOVER: An installation as defined as an automated people mover in ASCE 21. See Alabama Code 25-13-2
  • AVERAGE DAILY MEMBERSHIP: The meaning ascribed in Section 16-13-232. See Alabama Code 45-37-249.02
  • Bail: Security given for the release of a criminal defendant or witness from legal custody (usually in the form of money) to secure his/her appearance on the day and time appointed.
  • Balanced budget: A budget in which receipts equal outlays.
  • Bankruptcy: Refers to statutes and judicial proceedings involving persons or businesses that cannot pay their debts and seek the assistance of the court in getting a fresh start. Under the protection of the bankruptcy court, debtors may discharge their debts, perhaps by paying a portion of each debt. Bankruptcy judges preside over these proceedings.
  • Beneficiary: A person who is entitled to receive the benefits or proceeds of a will, trust, insurance policy, retirement plan, annuity, or other contract. Source: OCC
  • Bequest: Property gifted by will.
  • board: The Board of Boilers and Pressure Vessels. See Alabama Code 25-12-2
  • board: The Elevator Safety Review Board. See Alabama Code 25-13-2
  • board: The board of directors of the authority. See Alabama Code 45-37-91.01
  • board: The State Board of Agriculture and Industries. See Alabama Code 2-21-17
  • board: The board of directors of an authority. See Alabama Code 11-92B-1
  • board: The board of directors of an authority. See Alabama Code 11-94-1
  • boiler: shall include fired units for heating or vaporizing liquids other than water where these units are separate from processing systems and are complete within themselves. See Alabama Code 25-12-2
  • BRAND NAME: Any word, name, symbol or device, or any combination thereof, identifying the commercial feed of a distributor or licensee and distinguishing it from that of others. See Alabama Code 2-21-17
  • broker: A dealer, as hereinabove defined. See Alabama Code 8-6-2
  • building: As used in this article, such term means any structure which may be entered and utilized by persons for business, public use, lodging or the storage of goods, and includes any vehicle, railway car, aircraft or watercraft used for the lodging of persons or for carrying on business therein. See Alabama Code 13A-7-40
  • bureau: The public corporation for which this part provides. See Alabama Code 45-37-91.01
  • cancel: To terminate the registration of either a security, a dealer, an investment adviser, an agent, or an investment adviser representative upon application filed therefor as follows:

    a. See Alabama Code 8-6-2

  • Capital offense: A crime punishable by death.
  • CERTIFICATE OF INSPECTION: An inspection, the report of which is used by the chief inspector to determine whether or not a certificate as provided by subsection (c) of Section 25-12-15 may be issued. See Alabama Code 25-12-2
  • CERTIFICATE OF OPERATION: A document issued by the administrator that indicates that the conveyance has had the required safety inspection and tests, and fees have been paid as set forth in this chapter. See Alabama Code 25-13-2
  • CHAMBER OF COMMERCE: That organization the headquarters of which is in the largest city to the membership in which any reputable person engaged in mercantile, manufacturing, banking, jobbing, or similar business is eligible, and which most nearly of all organizations in such city, regardless of name, performs the functions of such organizations as are commonly known as chambers of commerce. See Alabama Code 45-37-91.01
  • Chambers: A judge's office.
  • circuit: means judicial circuit. See Alabama Code 1-1-1
  • city: The City of Selma, Alabama. See Alabama Code 45-24A-32.02
  • city: The City of Bessemer, Alabama. See Alabama Code 45-37A-42.02
  • CITY MOTEL-HOTEL ASSOCIATION: That association in the largest city the membership of which is composed of persons engaged in the hotel, motel, tourist court, or similar business in such city or in the county and which has the largest membership of any such organization in the city. See Alabama Code 45-37-91.01
  • CIVIL PENALTY: The monetary amount assessed by the city pursuant to this part for an adjudication of civil liability for a traffic signal violation, including municipal court costs associated with the infraction. See Alabama Code 45-24A-32.02
  • CIVIL VIOLATION: There is created a noncriminal category of state law called a civil violation created and existing for the sole purpose of carrying out the terms of this part. See Alabama Code 45-24A-32.02
  • CIVIL VIOLATION: A violation of the provisions of the ordinance authorized by this part, the penalty for which violation shall be the payment of a fine, the enforcement of which will not be otherwise permissible. See Alabama Code 45-37A-42.02
  • CLAIM INFORMATION: Data related to whether an individual is receiving, has received, or has made application for unemployment compensation, the amount of such compensation being received or to be received by the individual, and the individual's current or most recent home address. See Alabama Code 25-11-3
  • Clerk of court: An officer appointed by the court to work with the chief judge in overseeing the court's administration, especially to assist in managing the flow of cases through the court and to maintain court records.
  • coercion: Any of the following:

    a. See Alabama Code 13A-6-151

  • collaborator: A private health carrier, third party purchaser, provider, health care center, health care facility, state and local governmental entity, or other public payers, corporations, individuals, and consumers who are expecting to collectively cooperate, negotiate, or contract with another collaborator, or integrated care network in the health care system. See Alabama Code 22-6-220
  • COMMERCIAL FEED: Such term includes customer-formula feed, as this term is used in this chapter, and means any material whether simple, mixed compound, ground, unground, organic or inorganic, used as a feed for animals other than man or any material including minerals, vitamins, antibiotics, anti-oxidants, medicines, drugs, chemicals and other substances, materials or elements, or parts thereof intended for use or used as an ingredient or component of a mixture of materials, used as a feed for animals other than man; provided, that the commissioner, with approval of the board and by regulation, may exempt from this definition or from specific provisions of this chapter, commodities such as unprocessed and unmixed whole seeds, hay, straw, stover, silage, cobs, husks, hulls and individual chemical compounds or substances when such commodities, compounds or substances are not intermixed or mixed with other materials and are not adulterated within the meaning of subdivision (1) of Section 2-21-22. See Alabama Code 2-21-17
  • commission: The Alabama Public Service Commission;

    (6) FEDERAL SAFETY STANDARDS. See Alabama Code 37-4-90

  • commission: The citizens supervisory commission. See Alabama Code 45-37-121
  • commissioner: The Commissioner of Agriculture and Industries. See Alabama Code 2-1-1
  • commissioner: The Commissioner of the State of Alabama, Department of Human Resources. See Alabama Code 25-11-3
  • committee: The Jefferson County Community Service Committee authorized in Section 45-37-249. See Alabama Code 45-37-249.02
  • Common law: The legal system that originated in England and is now in use in the United States. It is based on judicial decisions rather than legislative action.
  • Complaint: A written statement by the plaintiff stating the wrongs allegedly committed by the defendant.
  • computer: An electronic, magnetic, optical, electrochemical, or other high speed data processing device or system that performs logical, arithmetic, or memory functions by the manipulations of electronic or magnetic impulses and includes all input, output, processing, storage, or communication facilities that are connected or related to the device. See Alabama Code 13A-8-111
  • COMPUTER NETWORK: The interconnection of two or more computers or computer systems that transmit data over communication circuits connecting them. See Alabama Code 13A-8-111
  • COMPUTER PROGRAM: An ordered set of data representing coded instructions or statements that when executed by a computer cause the computer to process data or perform specific functions. See Alabama Code 13A-8-111
  • COMPUTER SECURITY SYSTEM: The design, procedures, or other measures that the person responsible for the operation and use of a computer employs to restrict the use of the computer to particular persons or uses or that the owner or licensee of data stored or maintained by a computer in which the owner or licensee is entitled to store or maintain the data employs to restrict access to the data. See Alabama Code 13A-8-111
  • COMPUTER SERVICES: The product of the use of a computer, the information stored in the computer, or the personnel supporting the computer, including computer time, data processing, and storage functions. See Alabama Code 13A-8-111
  • COMPUTER SOFTWARE: A set of instructions or statements, and related data, that when executed in actual or modified form, cause a computer, computer system, or computer network to perform specific functions. See Alabama Code 13A-8-111
  • COMPUTER SYSTEM: A set of related or interconnected computer or computer network equipment, devices and software. See Alabama Code 13A-8-111
  • container: Any bag, box, barrel, package, carton, object, apparatus, device, appliance or other container into which commercial feed is packed, stored or placed for handling and transporting. See Alabama Code 2-21-17
  • Continuance: Putting off of a hearing ot trial until a later time.
  • CONTRACT FEEDER: A person who, as an independent contractor, feeds commercial feed to animals pursuant to a contract whereby such commercial feed is supplied, furnished or otherwise provided to such person and whereby such person's remuneration is determined all or in part by feed consumption, mortality, profits or amount or quality of product. See Alabama Code 2-21-17
  • contributor: Any person who contributes money to an ACES Program savings account or an ABLE Program savings account established pursuant to this chapter on behalf of a designated beneficiary and who is listed as the owner of the savings account. See Alabama Code 16-33C-3
  • conveyance: Any elevator, dumbwaiter, escalator, moving sidewalk, platform lifts, stairway chairlifts, and automated people movers. See Alabama Code 25-13-2
  • Conviction: A judgement of guilt against a criminal defendant.
  • county: Any county in this state that abuts on a navigable river or through which a navigable river runs. See Alabama Code 11-94-1
  • county: Any county to which this part applies. See Alabama Code 45-37-91.01
  • county: A county within the population class prescribed by this part. See Alabama Code 45-37-121
  • county: Jefferson County, Alabama. See Alabama Code 45-37-249.02
  • COUNTY COMMISSION: The Jefferson County Commission. See Alabama Code 45-37-249.02
  • COUNTY OF INCORPORATION: The county in which an authority has been or is proposed to be incorporated. See Alabama Code 11-92B-1
  • CUSTODIAN OF RECORDS: The person within the Department of Labor authorized to maintain the data collected under this chapter, including, but not limited to, all employment hiring data entered into the State Directory of New Hires, wage information, and unemployment claim and compensation information. See Alabama Code 25-11-3
  • CUSTOMER-FORMULA FEED: Commercial feed which consists of a mixture of commercial feeds and/or feed ingredients, each batch of which is manufactured according to the specific instructions of the final purchaser. See Alabama Code 2-21-17
  • data: A representation of information, knowledge, facts, concepts, or instructions, which are prepared and are intended for use in a computer, computer system, or computer network. See Alabama Code 13A-8-111
  • dealer: Any person engaged in the business of effecting transactions in securities for the account of others or for his own account. See Alabama Code 8-6-2
  • Decedent: A deceased person.
  • deception: Any of the following:

    a. See Alabama Code 13A-6-151

  • Deed: The legal instrument used to transfer title in real property from one person to another.
  • Defendant: In a civil suit, the person complained against; in a criminal case, the person accused of the crime.
  • department: The State of Alabama, Department of Industrial Relations. See Alabama Code 25-11-3
  • department: The Alabama State Law Enforcement Agency acting directly or through its duly authorized officers and agents. See Alabama Code 32-1-1.1
  • department: The Department of Labor. See Alabama Code 25-12-2
  • Dependent: A person dependent for support upon another.
  • Deposition: An oral statement made before an officer authorized by law to administer oaths. Such statements are often taken to examine potential witnesses, to obtain discovery, or to be used later in trial.
  • DESIGNATED BENEFICIARY: The eligible individual named as the beneficiary of an ABLE savings account, ACES savings account, or PACT contract established pursuant to this chapter. See Alabama Code 16-33C-3
  • Devise: To gift property by will.
  • director: The Director of the Alabama Small Business Office of Advocacy. See Alabama Code 41-29-221
  • director: A member of the board of directors of an authority. See Alabama Code 11-94-1
  • Discovery: Lawyers' examination, before trial, of facts and documents in possession of the opponents to help the lawyers prepare for trial.
  • Dismissal: The dropping of a case by the judge without further consideration or hearing. Source:
  • distribute: To offer for sale, sell, exchange or barter commercial feed; or to supply, furnish or otherwise provide commercial feed to a contract feeder. See Alabama Code 2-21-17
  • distributor: Any person who distributes. See Alabama Code 2-21-17
  • division: The Business Development Division of the Department of Commerce. See Alabama Code 41-29-221
  • Docket: A log containing brief entries of court proceedings.
  • DOMESTIC VIOLENCE PROTECTION ORDER: A domestic violence protection order is any protection from abuse order issued pursuant to the Protection from Abuse Act, Sections 30-5-1 to 30-5-11, inclusive. See Alabama Code 13A-6-141
  • Donee: The recipient of a gift.
  • drug: Any substance intended for use in the diagnosis, cure, mitigation, treatment or prevention of disease in animals other than man and substances other than feed intended to affect the structure or any function of the animal body. See Alabama Code 2-21-17
  • ELECTRONIC MAIL MESSAGE: A message sent to a unique destination that consists of a unique user name or mailbox and a reference to an Internet domain, whether or not displayed, to which such message can be sent or delivered. See Alabama Code 13A-8-111
  • elevator: An installation as defined as an elevator in ASME A17. See Alabama Code 25-13-2
  • ELEVATOR CONTRACTOR: Any sole proprietor, firm, or corporation who possesses an elevator contractor's license in accordance with Sections 25-13-7 and 25-13-8 and who is engaged in the business of erecting, constructing, installing, altering, servicing, repairing, or maintaining elevators or related conveyances covered by this chapter. See Alabama Code 25-13-2
  • ELEVATOR INSPECTOR: Any person who possesses an elevator inspector's license in accordance with this chapter. See Alabama Code 25-13-2
  • ELEVATOR MECHANIC: Any person who possesses an elevator mechanic's license in accordance with Sections 25-13-7 and 25-13-8 and who is engaged in erecting, constructing, installing, altering, servicing, repairing, or maintaining elevators or related conveyances covered by this chapter. See Alabama Code 25-13-2
  • ELIGIBLE INSTITUTION: Any postsecondary educational institution which is approved by the Alabama Commission on Higher Education for the purposes of this program. See Alabama Code 16-33B-1
  • employee: An individual in the employ of another who performs a service for hire and receives wages. See Alabama Code 25-11-3
  • employer: A person or entity, including a state or local government entity or labor organization, who employs an individual to perform a service for hire and pays wages directly to the individual. See Alabama Code 25-11-3
  • EMPLOYMENT SECURITY RECORDS: Information maintained by the Department of Labor's Employment Service Division and Unemployment Compensation Division relating to an individual's search for employment and unemployment benefits. See Alabama Code 25-11-3
  • Equitable: Pertaining to civil suits in "equity" rather than in "law." In English legal history, the courts of "law" could order the payment of damages and could afford no other remedy. See damages. A separate court of "equity" could order someone to do something or to cease to do something. See, e.g., injunction. In American jurisprudence, the federal courts have both legal and equitable power, but the distinction is still an important one. For example, a trial by jury is normally available in "law" cases but not in "equity" cases. Source: U.S. Courts
  • escalator: An installation as defined as an escalator in ASME A17. See Alabama Code 25-13-2
  • Escrow: Money given to a third party to be held for payment until certain conditions are met.
  • Ex officio: Literally, by virtue of one's office.
  • EXCEEDS AUTHORIZATION OF USE: Accessing a computer, computer network, or other digital device with actual or perceived authorization, and using such access to obtain or alter information that the accessor is not entitled to obtain or alter. See Alabama Code 13A-8-111
  • Executor: A male person named in a will to carry out the decedent
  • EXISTING INSTALLATION: An installation as defined as an installation, existing in ASME A17. See Alabama Code 25-13-2
  • EXISTING SCHOOL WARRANTS: Collectively, the following limited obligation warrants issued by the county for the benefit of public schools in the county: a. See Alabama Code 45-37-249.02
  • Explosion: includes , but is not limited to, a sudden and rapid combustion, causing violent expansion of the air, or the sudden bursting or breaking up or in pieces from an internal or other force. See Alabama Code 13A-7-40
  • explosives: Any chemical compound or mechanical mixture that is commonly used or intended for the purpose of producing an explosion and which contains any oxidizing and combustive units or other ingredients in such proportions, quantities or packing that an ignition by fire, by friction, by concussion, by detonator or by chemical action of any part of the compound or mixture may cause a sudden generation of highly heated gases that the resultant gaseous pressures are capable of producing destructive effects on contiguous objects or of destroying life or limb. See Alabama Code 13A-7-40
  • Fair market value: The price at which an asset would change hands in a transaction between a willing, informed buyer and a willing, informed seller.
  • FEDERAL STUDENT LOAN LAW: Title IV of the Federal Higher Education Act of 1965, as amended (enacted by the Congress of the United States of America as Public Law 89-239) providing for a student loan insurance or guaranty program, as said Title IV (presently codified as 20 U. See Alabama Code 16-33B-1
  • Fee simple: Absolute title to property with no limitations or restrictions regarding the person who may inherit it.
  • FEED INGREDIENT: Each of the constituent materials making up a commercial feed. See Alabama Code 2-21-17
  • FERROUS METALS: Any metals containing significant quantities of iron or steel, excluding motor vehicles purchased in accordance with Section 32-8-87. See Alabama Code 13A-8-30
  • Fiduciary: A trustee, executor, or administrator.
  • FIFTH WHEEL: Coupling between a trailer and a vehicle used for towing. See Alabama Code 13A-8-1
  • FINANCIAL INSTRUMENT: Includes, but is not limited to, any check, cashier's check, draft, warrant, money order, certificate of deposit, negotiable instrument, letter of credit, bill of exchange, credit or debit card, transaction authorization mechanism, marketable security, or any computer system representation thereof. See Alabama Code 13A-8-111
  • fine: The monetary amount assessed by the City of Bessemer pursuant to the ordinance authorized by this part for a determination of civil liability for a traffic signal violation, stop sign violation, or speeding violation, which may include administrative hearing costs associated with the infraction. See Alabama Code 45-37A-42.02
  • firearm: A weapon from which a shot is discharged by gunpowder. See Alabama Code 13A-8-1
  • Fiscal year: The fiscal year is the accounting period for the government. For the federal government, this begins on October 1 and ends on September 30. The fiscal year is designated by the calendar year in which it ends; for example, fiscal year 2006 begins on October 1, 2005 and ends on September 30, 2006.
  • FOOD STAMP OVERISSUANCE: The receipt by an individual of food stamp benefits in excess of the amount the individual is entitled to receive, as authorized under the Federal Food Stamp Act of 1977. See Alabama Code 25-11-3
  • Forbearance: A means of handling a delinquent loan. A
  • Foreclosure: A legal process in which property that is collateral or security for a loan may be sold to help repay the loan when the loan is in default. Source: OCC
  • Fraud: Intentional deception resulting in injury to another.
  • FULL-TIME STUDENT: A student who is carrying the normal full-time academic workload and is maintaining satisfactory academic progress as defined by the educational institution in which that student is enrolled. See Alabama Code 16-33B-1
  • Garnishment: Generally, garnishment is a court proceeding in which a creditor asks a court to order a third party who owes money to the debtor or otherwise holds assets belonging to the debtor to turn over to the creditor any of the debtor
  • Gift: A voluntary transfer or conveyance of property without consideration, or for less than full and adequate consideration based on fair market value.
  • GOVERNING BODY: With respect to a county, the county commission and, with respect to a municipality, the council, commission or other governing body of such municipality. See Alabama Code 11-94-1
  • government: The United States, any state or any county, municipality, or other political unit within territory belonging to the United States, or any department, agency, or subdivision of any of the foregoing, or any corporation or other association carrying out the functions of government, or any corporation or agency formed pursuant to interstate compact or international treaty. See Alabama Code 13A-8-1
  • Grace period: The number of days you'll have to pay your bill for purchases in full without triggering a finance charge. Source: Federal Reserve
  • Grand jury: agreement providing that a lender will delay exercising its rights (in the case of a mortgage,
  • guaranteed: Guaranteed as to payment of principal, interest, or dividends. See Alabama Code 8-6-2
  • Guarantor: A party who agrees to be responsible for the payment of another party's debts should that party default. Source: OCC
  • Guardian: A person legally empowered and charged with the duty of taking care of and managing the property of another person who because of age, intellect, or health, is incapable of managing his (her) own affairs.
  • HALF-TIME STUDENT: A student who is carrying at least one half of the normal full-time academic workload as determined by the educational institution in which that student is enrolled. See Alabama Code 16-33B-1
  • harm: Partial or total alteration, damage, or erasure of stored data, interruption of computer services, introduction of a virus, or any other loss, disadvantage, or injury that might reasonably be suffered as a result of the actor's conduct. See Alabama Code 13A-8-111
  • IDENTIFICATION DOCUMENT: Any document containing data that is issued to an individual and which that individual, and only that individual, uses alone or in conjunction with any other information for the primary purpose of establishing his or her identity or accessing his or her financial information or benefits. See Alabama Code 13A-8-111
  • IDENTIFYING INFORMATION: Specific details that can be used to access a person's financial accounts, obtain identification, or to obtain goods or services, including, but not limited to:

    a. See Alabama Code 13A-8-111

  • Impeachment: (1) The process of calling something into question, as in "impeaching the testimony of a witness." (2) The constitutional process whereby the House of Representatives may "impeach" (accuse of misconduct) high officers of the federal government for trial in the Senate.
  • Indemnification: In general, a collateral contract or assurance under which one person agrees to secure another person against either anticipated financial losses or potential adverse legal consequences. Source: FDIC
  • indenture: Any mortgage, indenture of mortgage, deed of trust, trust agreement or trust indenture executed by an authority as security for its bonds. See Alabama Code 11-94-1
  • Indictment: The formal charge issued by a grand jury stating that there is enough evidence that the defendant committed the crime to justify having a trial; it is used primarily for felonies.
  • Injunction: An order of the court prohibiting (or compelling) the performance of a specific act to prevent irreparable damage or injury.
  • Intangible property: Property that has no intrinsic value, but is merely the evidence of value such as stock certificates, bonds, and promissory notes.
  • INTEGRATED CARE NETWORK: One or more statewide organizations of health care providers, with offices in each regional care organization region, that contracts with the Medicaid Agency to provide Medicaid benefits to certain Medicaid beneficiaries as defined in subdivision (4) and that meets the requirements set forth in this article. See Alabama Code 22-6-220
  • INTEGRATED CIRCUIT CARD: Also known as a smart card or chip card, a pocket sized, plastic card with embedded integrated circuits used for data storage or special purpose processing used to validate personal identification numbers (PINs), authorize purchases, verify account balances and store personal records. See Alabama Code 13A-8-111
  • Interest rate: The amount paid by a borrower to a lender in exchange for the use of the lender's money for a certain period of time. Interest is paid on loans or on debt instruments, such as notes or bonds, either at regular intervals or as part of a lump sum payment when the issue matures. Source: OCC
  • Interrogatories: Written questions asked by one party of an opposing party, who must answer them in writing under oath; a discovery device in a lawsuit.
  • INVESTMENT ADVISER: Any person, who, for compensation, engages in the business of advising others, either directly or through publications or writings, as to the value of securities or as to the advisability of investing in, purchasing, or selling securities, or who, for compensation and as a part of a regular business, issues or promulgates analyses or reports concerning securities. See Alabama Code 8-6-2
  • INVESTMENT ADVISER REPRESENTATIVE: Any partner, officer, director of (or a person occupying a similar status or performing similar functions) or other individual employed by or associated with an investment adviser, except clerical or ministerial personnel, who:

    a. See Alabama Code 8-6-2

  • Irrevocable trust: A trust arrangement that cannot be revoked, rescinded, or repealed by the grantor.
  • issuer: Every person who proposes to issue, has issued, or shall hereafter issue any security. See Alabama Code 8-6-2
  • JEFFERSON COUNTY LEGISLATIVE DELEGATION: The elected members of the House of Representatives and the Senate from districts wholly or partially within the county. See Alabama Code 45-37-249.02
  • juries: include courts or judges in all cases when a jury trial is waived, or when the court or judge is authorized to ascertain and determine the facts as well as the law. See Alabama Code 1-1-1
  • Jurisdiction: (1) The legal authority of a court to hear and decide a case. Concurrent jurisdiction exists when two courts have simultaneous responsibility for the same case. (2) The geographic area over which the court has authority to decide cases.
  • label: A display of written, printed or graphic matter upon or affixed to the container in which a commercial feed is distributed, or on the invoice or delivery slip with which a commercial feed is distributed. See Alabama Code 2-21-17
  • labeling: All labels and other written, printed or graphic matter

    a. See Alabama Code 2-21-17

  • LABOR ORGANIZATION: As defined in Section 2(5) of the National Labor Relations Act (NLRA) as "any organization of any kind, or any agency or employer representation committee or plan in which employees participate and which exists for the purpose, in whole or in part of dealing with employers concerning grievances, labor disputes, wages, rate of pay, hours of employment or conditions of work. See Alabama Code 25-11-3
  • LABOR SERVITUDE: Work or service of economic or financial value which is performed or provided by another person and is induced or obtained by coercion or deception. See Alabama Code 13A-6-151
  • LARGEST CITY: That city of the county having the largest population according to the last or any subsequent federal census. See Alabama Code 45-37-91.01
  • LAW ENFORCEMENT OFFICER: A duly constituted and certified peace officer of the State of Alabama or of any county or municipality within the state. See Alabama Code 13A-8-30
  • Lease: A contract transferring the use of property or occupancy of land, space, structures, or equipment in consideration of a payment (e.g., rent). Source: OCC
  • Legislative session: That part of a chamber's daily session in which it considers legislative business (bills, resolutions, and actions related thereto).
  • legislature: The Legislature of Alabama. See Alabama Code 16-33C-3
  • Liabilities: The aggregate of all debts and other legal obligations of a particular person or legal entity.
  • license: A written license, duly issued by the administrator, authorizing a sole proprietor, firm, or company to carry on the business of erecting, constructing, installing, altering, servicing, repairing, or maintaining or performing inspections of elevators or related conveyances covered by this chapter. See Alabama Code 25-13-2
  • licensee: An elevator mechanic, elevator contractor, or elevator inspector. See Alabama Code 25-13-2
  • Lien: A claim against real or personal property in satisfaction of a debt.
  • Lineal descendant: Direct descendant of the same ancestors.
  • Litigation: A case, controversy, or lawsuit. Participants (plaintiffs and defendants) in lawsuits are called litigants.
  • manufacture: To grind, mix or blend, or further process, a commercial feed for distribution. See Alabama Code 2-21-17
  • MATERIAL ALTERATION: An alteration as defined in the referenced standards. See Alabama Code 25-13-2
  • MENTAL SUFFERING: A high degree of mental pain or emotional disturbances, such as distress, anxiety, public humiliation, or psychosomatic physical symptoms. See Alabama Code 13A-6-151
  • METAL PROPERTY: Metals as defined in this section as either ferrous or nonferrous metals. See Alabama Code 13A-8-30
  • MILITARY INSTALLATION: A federal military fort, base, camp, post, station, yard, depot, arsenal, armory, or installation. See Alabama Code 11-92B-1
  • MINERAL FEED: A commercial feed intended to supply primarily mineral elements or inorganic nutrients. See Alabama Code 2-21-17
  • minor: A person under the age of 19. See Alabama Code 13A-6-151
  • month: means a calendar month. See Alabama Code 1-1-1
  • Mortgage: The written agreement pledging property to a creditor as collateral for a loan.
  • MOTOR VEHICLE: Every vehicle that is self-propelled and every vehicle that is propelled by electric power obtained from overhead trolley wires, but not operated upon rails, except for electric personal assistive mobility devices and electric bicycles. See Alabama Code 32-1-1.1
  • motorcycle: Every motor vehicle having a seat or saddle for the use of the rider and designed to travel on not more than three wheels in contact with the ground, but excluding a tractor and an electric bicycle. See Alabama Code 32-1-1.1
  • MOVING WALK OR SIDEWALK: An installation as defined as a moving walk in ASME A17. See Alabama Code 25-13-2
  • municipality: Any incorporated city or town in this state. See Alabama Code 11-94-1
  • National Bank: A bank that is subject to the supervision of the Comptroller of the Currency. The Office of the Comptroller of the Currency is a bureau of the U.S. Treasury Department. A national bank can be recognized because it must have "national" or "national association" in its name. Source: OCC
  • NATIONAL DIRECTORY OF NEW HIRES: A directory maintained at the federal level to receive certain data and information from the states as required pursuant to Section 453(i)(1) of the Social Security Act and other federal statutes. See Alabama Code 25-11-3
  • NEW HIRE: An individual who is employed by a particular employer for the first time. See Alabama Code 25-11-3
  • NONFERROUS METALS: Metals not containing significant quantities of iron or steel, including, without limitation, copper, brass, aluminum other than aluminum cans, bronze, lead, zinc, nickel, stainless steel, and alloys thereof, including stainless steel beer kegs. See Alabama Code 13A-8-30
  • nonissuer: Not directly or indirectly for the benefit of the issuer. See Alabama Code 8-6-2
  • Oath: A promise to tell the truth.
  • oath: includes affirmation. See Alabama Code 1-1-1
  • Obligation: An order placed, contract awarded, service received, or similar transaction during a given period that will require payments during the same or a future period.
  • obtains: Such term means:

    a. See Alabama Code 13A-8-1

  • offer to sell: includes every attempt to offer or dispose of, or solicitation of an offer to buy, a security or interest in a security for value. See Alabama Code 8-6-2
  • office: The Alabama Small Business Office of Advocacy. See Alabama Code 41-29-221
  • officer: A president, vice-president, treasurer, secretary, comptroller, or any other person performing similar functions with respect to any organization whether incorporated or unincorporated. See Alabama Code 8-6-2
  • officer: The term includes every person authorized to enforce the game and fish laws of this state, and whenever the possession, use, importation, transportation, storage, sale, offering, or exposing for sale of game birds, animals, or fish is prohibited or restricted, the prohibition or restriction shall extend to and include every part of the game, bird, animal, or fish, and a violation as to each animal, bird, or fish, or part thereof, shall be a separate offense. See Alabama Code 9-11-1
  • OFFICIAL SAMPLE: A sample of feed taken by the commissioner or his agent in accordance with Section 2-21-26. See Alabama Code 2-21-17
  • Oversight: Committee review of the activities of a Federal agency or program.
  • owner: The owner of a motor vehicle as shown on the motor vehicle registration records of the Alabama Department of Revenue or the analogous department or agency of another state or country. See Alabama Code 45-24A-32.02
  • owner: A person, other than the defendant, who has possession of or any other interest in the property involved, even though that interest or possession is unlawful, and without whose consent the defendant has no authority to exert control over the property. See Alabama Code 13A-8-1
  • owner: as used in this article , shall mean the person who owns, or has the exclusive license in the United States to reproduce or the exclusive license in the United States to distribute to the public copies of the original fixation of sounds embodied in the master phonograph record, master disc, master tape, master film or other device used for reproducing recorded sounds on phonograph records, discs, tapes, films, videocassettes or other articles now known or later developed on which sound is recorded and from which the transferred sounds are directly or indirectly derived, or the person who owns the rights to record or to authorize the recording of a live performance. See Alabama Code 13A-8-80
  • owner: A person, other than a lienholder, having the property in or title to a vehicle. See Alabama Code 32-1-1.1
  • owner: An owner or lessee of a computer or a computer network, or an owner, lessee, or licensee of computer data, computer programs, or computer software. See Alabama Code 13A-8-111
  • owner: The owner or owner of record of a motor vehicle as shown on the motor vehicle registration and title records of the Alabama Department of Revenue or the analogous department or agency of another state or nation. See Alabama Code 45-37A-42.02
  • PACT ADMINISTRATIVE FUND: The PACT Administrative Fund created in subsection (c) of Section 16-33C-6. See Alabama Code 16-33C-3
  • PACT BOARD: The board of directors and trustees of the PACT Trust Fund. See Alabama Code 16-33C-3
  • PACT CONTRACT: A contract entered into by the board and a participant in the PACT Program. See Alabama Code 16-33C-3
  • PACT PROGRAM: The Alabama Prepaid Affordable College Tuition Program created in subsection (a) of Section 16-33C-6. See Alabama Code 16-33C-3
  • PACT TRUST FUND: The fiduciary trust fund created in subsection (b) of Section 16-33C-6. See Alabama Code 16-33C-3
  • Partnership: A voluntary contract between two or more persons to pool some or all of their assets into a business, with the agreement that there will be a proportional sharing of profits and losses.
  • PERMITTED ANALYTICAL VARIATION: Allowances for the inherent variability in sampling and in laboratory analyses of guaranteed components, as published by the Association of American Feed Control Officials from time to time in its official publication. See Alabama Code 2-21-17
  • person: Such term shall include a natural person, a corporation created under the laws of this or any other state, country, sovereignty, or political subdivision thereof, a partnership, an association, a joint-stock company, a trust, and any unincorporated organization. See Alabama Code 8-6-2
  • person: An individual, partnership, corporation, joint venture, trust, association, or any other legal entity. See Alabama Code 13A-8-30
  • person: Any individual, firm, joint venture, partnership, corporation, association, or joint stock association and includes any trustee, receiver, assignee, or personal representative thereof engaged in the transportation of hazardous liquids. See Alabama Code 37-4-90
  • person: Every individual, firm, copartnership, association, or corporation. See Alabama Code 32-1-1.1
  • person: Includes a natural person, corporation, partnership, association, or other entity. See Alabama Code 45-37-91.01
  • person: Such term includes individual, partnership, corporation, cooperatives and associations. See Alabama Code 2-21-17
  • PERSONAL IDENTIFICATION CARD: A driver's license or identification card issued by the Alabama State Law Enforcement Agency or a similar card issued by another state, a military identification card, a passport, or an appropriate work authorization issued by the U. See Alabama Code 13A-8-30
  • Personal property: All property that is not real property.
  • personal property: includes money, goods, chattels, things in action and evidence of debt, deeds and conveyances. See Alabama Code 1-1-1
  • pet: Any domesticated animal normally maintained in or near the household of the owner thereof. See Alabama Code 2-21-17
  • PET FOOD: Any commercial feed prepared and distributed for consumption by pets. See Alabama Code 2-21-17
  • pharmacy: Any building, warehouse, physician's office, hospital, pharmaceutical house or other structure used in whole or in part for the sale, storage and/or dispensing of any controlled substance as defined in Section 20-2-2 as amended. See Alabama Code 13A-8-51
  • PHARMACY ROBBERY: A person commits the offense of "pharmacy robbery" under this article if in the course of committing a theft of any controlled substance as defined in Section 20-2-2 such person violates Section 13A-8-41. See Alabama Code 13A-8-51
  • photograph: A still photographic image, including an image captured in digital format, which is of such quality that the persons and objects depicted are identifiable. See Alabama Code 13A-8-30
  • PHOTOGRAPHIC STOP SIGN TRAFFIC ENFORCEMENT SYSTEM: A system that meets both of the following conditions:

    a. See Alabama Code 45-37A-42.02

  • PHOTOGRAPHIC TRAFFIC SIGNAL ENFORCEMENT SYSTEM: A camera system which is designed and installed to work in conjunction with an electrically operated traffic-control device using vehicle sensors synchronized to automatically record, either by conventional film or digital imaging, sequenced photographs or full motion video of the rear of a motor vehicle while proceeding through a signalized intersection. See Alabama Code 45-24A-32.02
  • PHOTOGRAPHIC TRAFFIC SIGNAL ENFORCEMENT SYSTEM: A system that meets all of the following requirements:

    a. See Alabama Code 45-37A-42.02

  • PHOTOGRAPHIC VEHICLE SPEED ENFORCEMENT SYSTEM: A system that meets both of the following conditions:

    a. See Alabama Code 45-37A-42.02

  • PHYSICAL INJURY: Impairment of physical condition or substantial pain. See Alabama Code 13A-6-151
  • Plaintiff: The person who files the complaint in a civil lawsuit.
  • plan: The Wallace-Folsom Savings Investment Plan established pursuant to this chapter that consists of the PACT Program, the ACES Program, and the ABLE Program. See Alabama Code 16-33C-3
  • Plea: In a criminal case, the defendant's statement pleading "guilty" or "not guilty" in answer to the charges, a declaration made in open court.
  • Pleadings: Written statements of the parties in a civil case of their positions. In the federal courts, the principal pleadings are the complaint and the answer.
  • Power of attorney: A written instrument which authorizes one person to act as another's agent or attorney. The power of attorney may be for a definite, specific act, or it may be general in nature. The terms of the written power of attorney may specify when it will expire. If not, the power of attorney usually expires when the person granting it dies. Source: OCC
  • Precedent: A court decision in an earlier case with facts and law similar to a dispute currently before a court. Precedent will ordinarily govern the decision of a later similar case, unless a party can show that it was wrongly decided or that it differed in some significant way.
  • preceding: means next before. See Alabama Code 1-1-1
  • President pro tempore: A constitutionally recognized officer of the Senate who presides over the chamber in the absence of the Vice President. The President Pro Tempore (or, "president for a time") is elected by the Senate and is, by custom, the Senator of the majority party with the longest record of continuous service.
  • Presiding officer: A majority-party Senator who presides over the Senate and is charged with maintaining order and decorum, recognizing Members to speak, and interpreting the Senate's rules, practices and precedents.
  • PRESSURE VESSEL: A vessel other than those vessels defined in subdivision (2) in which the pressure is obtained from an external source or by the application of heat. See Alabama Code 25-12-2
  • PRIVATE RESIDENCE: A separate dwelling or a separate apartment in a multiple dwelling which is occupied by members of a single-family unit. See Alabama Code 25-13-2
  • Probable cause: A reasonable ground for belief that the offender violated a specific law.
  • Probation: A sentencing alternative to imprisonment in which the court releases convicted defendants under supervision as long as certain conditions are observed.
  • PRODUCT NAME: The name of the commercial feed which identifies it as to kind, class or specific use. See Alabama Code 2-21-17
  • PROPELLED VEHICLE: Any propelled device in, upon, or by which any person or property is transported on land, water, or in the air, and such term includes motor vehicles, motorcycles, motorboats, aircraft, and any vessel propelled by machinery, whether or not that machinery is the principal source of propulsion. See Alabama Code 13A-8-1
  • property: Any money, tangible or intangible personal property, property (whether real or personal) the location of which can be changed (including things growing on, affixed to, or found in land and documents, although the rights represented hereby have no physical location), contract right, chose-in-action, interest in a claim to wealth, credit, or any other article or thing of value of any kind. See Alabama Code 13A-8-1
  • property: Includes a financial instrument, data, databases, data while in transit, computer software, computer programs, documents associated with computer systems and computer programs, or copies whether tangible or intangible. See Alabama Code 13A-8-111
  • Prosecute: To charge someone with a crime. A prosecutor tries a criminal case on behalf of the government.
  • Public law: A public bill or joint resolution that has passed both chambers and been enacted into law. Public laws have general applicability nationwide.
  • PURCHASE TRANSACTION: A transaction in which a secondary metals recycler gives consideration in exchange for regulated metal property. See Alabama Code 13A-8-30
  • purchaser: A person who is obligated to make contract payments in accordance with a PACT contract entered into pursuant to this chapter. See Alabama Code 16-33C-3
  • QUALITY ASSURANCE PROVISIONS: Specifications for assessing and improving the quality of care provided by the integrated care networks. See Alabama Code 22-6-220
  • Quorum: The number of legislators that must be present to do business.
  • Real property: Land, and all immovable fixtures erected on, growing on, or affixed to the land.
  • real property: includes lands, tenements and hereditaments. See Alabama Code 1-1-1
  • recall: An individual who was temporarily separated from an employer but who is called back to work for that same employer. See Alabama Code 25-11-3
  • receiving: Such term includes, but is not limited to, acquiring possession, control, or title and taking a security interest in the property. See Alabama Code 13A-8-1
  • RECORDED IMAGE: An image recorded by the system depicting the rear of a vehicle which is automatically recorded as a photograph or digital image, which also depicts the recorded speed, date, location, and time of the recorded image. See Alabama Code 45-37A-42.02
  • Recourse: An arrangement in which a bank retains, in form or in substance, any credit risk directly or indirectly associated with an asset it has sold (in accordance with generally accepted accounting principles) that exceeds a pro rata share of the bank's claim on the asset. If a bank has no claim on an asset it has sold, then the retention of any credit risk is recourse. Source: FDIC
  • reencoder: An electronic device that places encoded information from the magnetic strip, integrated circuit, RFID tag of an identification document onto the magnetic strip, integrated circuit, or RFID tag of a different identification document. See Alabama Code 13A-8-111
  • REFUNDING SCHOOL WARRANTS: Any warrants or other obligations of the county issued after May 27, 2015, to refinance, on such terms as the county commission shall determine in its discretion, either a. See Alabama Code 45-37-249.02
  • registrant: An applicant for whom a registration has been declared effective by the commission. See Alabama Code 8-6-2
  • registration: The registration certificate or certificates and registration plates issued under the laws of this state pertaining to the registration of vehicles. See Alabama Code 32-1-1.1
  • rehire: An individual who was separated from an employer on other than a temporary basis but who is returning to work for that same employer. See Alabama Code 25-11-3
  • Remainder: An interest in property that takes effect in the future at a specified time or after the occurrence of some event, such as the death of a life tenant.
  • Remand: When an appellate court sends a case back to a lower court for further proceedings.
  • repair: A repair as defined in the referenced standards and which does not require a permit. See Alabama Code 25-13-2
  • Rescission: The cancellation of budget authority previously provided by Congress. The Impoundment Control Act of 1974 specifies that the President may propose to Congress that funds be rescinded. If both Houses have not approved a rescission proposal (by passing legislation) within 45 days of continuous session, any funds being withheld must be made available for obligation.
  • RESIDENT OF ALABAMA: For purposes of this chapter, a resident is a person who attends an eligible institution within the State of Alabama, or who lives in Alabama and attends an eligible institution outside the state, or who obtains a guaranteed student loan from an approved lender. See Alabama Code 16-33B-1
  • Restitution: The court-ordered payment of money by the defendant to the victim for damages caused by the criminal action.
  • revoke: To vacate the registration of either a security, a dealer, an investment adviser, an agent, or an investment adviser representative for cause by order of the securities commission. See Alabama Code 8-6-2
  • salesman: An agent, as hereinabove defined. See Alabama Code 8-6-2
  • SAVINGS AGREEMENT: An agreement entered into between the Savings Board and a contributor establishing an ACES or ABLE savings account. See Alabama Code 16-33C-3
  • SAVINGS BOARD: The Board of Directors of the ABLE Program and ACES Program, and trustees of the ABLE Trust Fund and ACES Trust Fund. See Alabama Code 16-33C-3
  • SCANNING DEVICE: A scanner, reader, or any other electronic device that is used to access, read, scan, obtain, memorize, or store, temporarily or permanently, information encoded on the magnetic strip, integrated circuit, or RFID tag of an identification document. See Alabama Code 13A-8-111
  • SECONDARY METALS RECYCLER: Any person, whether licensed or not licensed, who is engaged, from a fixed location or otherwise, in the business of paying compensation for ferrous or nonferrous metals, whether or not engaged in the business of performing the manufacturing process by which ferrous metals or nonferrous metals are converted into raw material products consisting of prepared grades and having an existing or potential economic value. See Alabama Code 13A-8-30
  • secretary: The Secretary of the State of Alabama, Department of Labor. See Alabama Code 25-11-3
  • secretary: The Secretary of Labor. See Alabama Code 25-12-2
  • SECRETARY OF AGRICULTURE: The Secretary of the Federal Department of Agriculture. See Alabama Code 25-11-3
  • SECRETARY OF HEALTH AND HUMAN SERVICES: The Secretary of the Federal Department of Health and Human Services. See Alabama Code 25-11-3
  • SECRETARY OF LABOR: The Secretary of the Federal Department of Labor. See Alabama Code 25-11-3
  • security: Any note, stock, treasury stock, bond, debenture, evidence of indebtedness, certificate of interest or participation in any profit-sharing agreement, collateral-trust certificate, preorganization certificate or subscription, transferable share, investment contract, voting-trust certificate, certificate of deposit for a security, certificate of interest or participation in an oil, gas, or mining title or lease or in payments out of production under such a title or lease, annuity contract unless issued by an insurance company, bankers' shares, trustees' shares, investment participating bonds, investment trust debentures, units, shares, bonds and certificates in, for, respecting, or based upon any form of securities or collateral, subscriptions and contracts covering or pertaining to the sale or purchase on the installment plan of any security as herein defined, or subscription or contracts covering or pertaining to the sale or purchase of beneficial interest in title to property, profits or earnings, or any right to subscribe to any of the foregoing, or any instrument of any kind commonly known as a security. See Alabama Code 8-6-2
  • sell: includes every contract of sale of, contract to sell, or disposition of a security or interest in a security for value. See Alabama Code 8-6-2
  • Service of process: The service of writs or summonses to the appropriate party.
  • Settlement: Parties to a lawsuit resolve their difference without having a trial. Settlements often involve the payment of compensation by one party in satisfaction of the other party's claims.
  • SEXUAL CONDUCT: Any of the following acts:

    a. See Alabama Code 13A-6-151

  • SEXUAL SERVITUDE: Any sexual conduct as defined in subdivision (3) of Section 14-11-30, for which anything of value is directly or indirectly given, promised to, or received by any person, which conduct is induced or obtained by coercion or deception from a person; provided, however, that if the sexual conduct is with a minor, no coercion or deception is required. See Alabama Code 13A-6-151
  • shopping cart: when used in this article, shall mean those pushcarts of the type or types which are commonly provided by grocery stores, drugstores or other merchant stores or markets for the use of the public in transporting commodities in stores and markets and incidentally from the store to a place outside the store. See Alabama Code 13A-8-60
  • SIXTY PERCENT OF MEDIAN FAMILY INCOME: A person or persons living together whose annual income or incomes do not exceed 60 percent of the median family income of a geographic area, as determined by the U. See Alabama Code 24-10-2
  • SMALL BUSINESS: A small business, as defined in Section 25-10-3. See Alabama Code 41-29-221
  • SOCIAL SECURITY ACT: The Federal Social Security Act. See Alabama Code 25-11-3
  • SPECIALTY PET: Any domesticated animal pet normally maintained in a cage or tank, such as, but not limited to, gerbils, hamsters, canaries, psittacine birds, mynahs, finches, tropical fish, goldfish, snakes and turtles. See Alabama Code 2-21-17
  • SPECIALTY PET FOOD: Any commercial feed prepared and distributed for consumption by specialty pets. See Alabama Code 2-21-17
  • SPEED LIMIT: The established maximum speed limit on a given roadway prescribed by law. See Alabama Code 45-37A-42.02
  • SPEEDING VIOLATION: Any violation of a motor vehicle at a speed that exceeds the legal maximum speed limits set forth in or adopted pursuant to Article 8, Chapter 5A, Title 32, Sections 32-5A-170 to 32-5A-178, inclusive, or of any combination thereof; provided, however, that speed limits set by action of the Bessemer City Council, if any, shall supersede the limits set in Article 8, Chapter 5A, Title 32, Sections 32-5A-170 to 32-5A-178, inclusive. See Alabama Code 45-37A-42.02
  • state: Any state, territory, or possession of the United States, as well as the District of Columbia and Puerto Rico. See Alabama Code 8-6-2
  • state: includes any state, territory, or possession of the United States, the District of Columbia, and the Commonwealth of Puerto Rico. See Alabama Code 13A-8-1
  • state: The State of Alabama. See Alabama Code 25-11-3
  • state: A state, territory, or possession of the United States, the District of Columbia, the Commonwealth of Puerto Rico, or a province of Canada. See Alabama Code 32-1-1.1
  • state: The State of Alabama. See Alabama Code 11-92B-1
  • STATE DIRECTORY OF NEW HIRES: A directory containing the name, address, Social Security number, and date of hire of each newly hired, recalled, or rehired individual, as reported by employers to the Department of Labor. See Alabama Code 25-11-3
  • STATE SALES TAX: The tax or taxes imposed by the state sales tax statutes. See Alabama Code 45-37-249.02
  • STATE SALES TAX STATUTES: Division 1 of Article 1 of Chapter 23 of Title 40, as heretofore or hereafter amended, including all other statutes of the state which expressly set forth any exemptions from the computation of the tax levied in the state sales tax statutes and all other statutes of the state which expressly apply to or purport to affect the administration of the state sales tax statutes, and the incidence and collection of the taxes imposed therein. See Alabama Code 45-37-249.02
  • STATE TREASURER: The State Treasurer of Alabama. See Alabama Code 16-33C-3
  • STATE USE TAX: The tax or taxes imposed by the state use tax statutes. See Alabama Code 45-37-249.02
  • STATE USE TAX STATUTES: Article 2 of Chapter 23 of Title 40, as heretofore or hereafter amended, including all other statutes of the state which expressly set forth any exemptions from the computation of the tax levied in the state use tax statutes and all other statutes of the state which expressly apply to or purport to affect the administration of the state use tax statutes, and the incidence and collection of the taxes imposed therein. See Alabama Code 45-37-249.02
  • Statute: A law passed by a legislature.
  • Statute of limitations: A law that sets the time within which parties must take action to enforce their rights.
  • stolen: Obtained by theft, theft by appropriating lost property, robbery, or extortion. See Alabama Code 13A-8-1
  • STOP SIGN: A fixed sign of the type authorized by the Alabama Department of Transportation which requires a vehicle to come to a complete stop before entering the intersection. See Alabama Code 45-37A-42.02
  • STOP SIGN VIOLATION: Any violation of Section 32-5A-112 wherein a vehicle proceeds into an intersection after failing to stop at a clearly marked stop line. See Alabama Code 45-37A-42.02
  • STUDENT LOAN: A loan or extension of credit to an eligible borrower (including without limitation a parent of an eligible borrower) including the promissory note or other written agreement or instrument evidencing such loan or extension of credit in accordance with the applicable requirements of the Federal Student Loan Law. See Alabama Code 16-33B-1
  • Subpoena: A command to a witness to appear and give testimony.
  • subscription: include a mark when the person cannot write, if his name is written near the mark, and witnessed by a person who writes his own name as a witness, and include with respect to corporate securities facsimile signature placed upon any instrument or writing with intent to execute or authenticate such instrument or writing. See Alabama Code 1-1-1
  • Summons: Another word for subpoena used by the criminal justice system.
  • suspend: When used in relation to the registration of either a security, a dealer, an investment adviser, an agent, or an investment adviser representative, such term shall mean the temporary cessation or inoperativeness of such registration, whether by reason of operation of law or by reason of an order of the securities commission. See Alabama Code 8-6-2
  • Temporary restraining order: Prohibits a person from an action that is likely to cause irreparable harm. This differs from an injunction in that it may be granted immediately, without notice to the opposing party, and without a hearing. It is intended to last only until a hearing can be held.
  • Testator: A male person who leaves a will at death.
  • Testify: Answer questions in court.
  • Testimony: Evidence presented orally by witnesses during trials or before grand juries.
  • threat: A menace, however communicated, to:

    a. See Alabama Code 13A-8-1

  • ton: A net weight of two thousand pounds avoirdupois. See Alabama Code 2-21-17
  • Tort: A civil wrong or breach of a duty to another person, as outlined by law. A very common tort is negligent operation of a motor vehicle that results in property damage and personal injury in an automobile accident.
  • TRAFFIC CONTROL SIGNAL: Any device, whether manually, electrically, or mechanically operated, by which traffic is alternately directed to stop and permitted to proceed as defined in Section 32-1-1. See Alabama Code 45-37A-42.02
  • traffic sign: shall mean any traffic sign, traffic signal, warning sign, guideboard, milepost, road marker, emergency telephone sign, or any similar sign, signal, or device used by the state or any political subdivision of the state on the highways, roads, bridges, or streets of this state for the warning, instruction, or information of the public. See Alabama Code 13A-8-70
  • TRAFFIC SIGNAL VIOLATION: Any violation of Section 32-5A-31, 32-5A-32, or 32-5A-35, or of any combination thereof, wherein a vehicle proceeds into a signalized intersection at a time while the traffic-control signal for that vehicle's lane of travel is emitting a steady red signal. See Alabama Code 45-24A-32.02
  • TRAFFIC SIGNAL VIOLATION: Any violation of Section 32-5A-31, Section 32-5A-32, or Section 32-5A-35, or of any combination thereof, wherein a vehicle proceeds into a signalized intersection at a time while the traffic-control signal for that vehicle's lane of travel is emitting a steady red signal. See Alabama Code 45-37A-42.02
  • TRAFFIC-CONTROL SIGNAL: Any device, whether manually, electrically, or mechanically operated, by which traffic is alternately directed to stop and permitted to proceed as defined in Section 32-1-1. See Alabama Code 45-24A-32.02
  • TRAFFICKING VICTIM: Any person, including minors, subjected to labor servitude, sexual servitude, or involuntary servitude. See Alabama Code 13A-6-151
  • TRAINED TECHNICIAN: A sworn law enforcement officer employed by the City of Selma, who alternatively:

    a. See Alabama Code 45-24A-32.02

  • TRAINED TECHNICIAN: A sworn law enforcement officer or a person certified by the Alabama Peace Officers' Standards and Training Commission, employed or contracted by the city, who has received instruction and training in the proper use of the photographic traffic signal enforcement system, the photographic stop sign enforcement system, and the photographic vehicle speed enforcement system used by the city, the city's traffic engineer or the city's designee. See Alabama Code 45-37A-42.02
  • Transcript: A written, word-for-word record of what was said, either in a proceeding such as a trial or during some other conversation, as in a transcript of a hearing or oral deposition.
  • Trial: A hearing that takes place when the defendant pleads "not guilty" and witnesses are required to come to court to give evidence.
  • Trustee: A person or institution holding and administering property in trust.
  • underwriter: A person who agrees to take or contracts to dispose of a stipulated amount of securities, or a portion thereof, at a fixed price. See Alabama Code 8-6-2
  • UNEMPLOYMENT COMPENSATION: Any compensation payable under Section 25-4-1 et seq. See Alabama Code 25-11-3
  • Uniform Commercial Code: A set of statutes enacted by the various states to provide consistency among the states' commercial laws. It includes negotiable instruments, sales, stock transfers, trust and warehouse receipts, and bills of lading. Source: OCC
  • United States: includes the territories thereof and the District of Columbia. See Alabama Code 1-1-1
  • Uphold: The decision of an appellate court not to reverse a lower court decision.
  • Usury: Charging an illegally high interest rate on a loan. Source: OCC
  • value: The market value of the property at the time and place of the criminal act. See Alabama Code 13A-8-1
  • vehicle: Every device in, upon, or by which any individual or property is or may be transported or drawn upon a highway, excepting devices moved by human power or used exclusively upon stationary rails or tracks or electric personal assistive mobility devices; provided, that for the purposes of this title, a bicycle, an electric bicycle, or a ridden animal shall be deemed a vehicle, except those provisions of this title, which by their very nature can have no application. See Alabama Code 32-1-1.1
  • Venue: The geographical location in which a case is tried.
  • Verdict: The decision of a petit jury or a judge.
  • VERIFIABLE DOCUMENTATION: Written evidence of ownership which may be verified, including, but not limited to, receipts, bills of sale, titles, certificates of title, purchase agreements, shipping manifests, work orders, etc. See Alabama Code 13A-8-30
  • VERTICAL-INTEGRATOR FEED: A commercial feed manufactured for feeding livestock, poultry or aquatic animals that are owned by the person manufacturing the feed or that are owned by subsidiaries, parents or other business entities associated with the manufacturer through common ownership. See Alabama Code 2-21-17
  • Veto: The procedure established under the Constitution by which the President/Governor refuses to approve a bill or joint resolution and thus prevents its enactment into law. A regular veto occurs when the President/Governor returns the legislation to the house in which it originated. The President/Governor usually returns a vetoed bill with a message indicating his reasons for rejecting the measure. In Congress, the veto can be overridden only by a two-thirds vote in both the Senate and the House.
  • Victim advocate: work with prosecutors and assist the victims of a crime.
  • violation: The knowing commission of any act prohibited by a domestic violence protection order or any willful failure to abide by its terms. See Alabama Code 13A-6-141
  • virus: Means an unwanted computer program or other set of instructions inserted into a computer's memory, operating system, or program that is specifically constructed with the ability to replicate itself or to affect the other programs or files in the computer by attaching a copy of the unwanted program or other set of instructions to one or more computer programs or files. See Alabama Code 13A-8-111
  • WAGE INFORMATION: Data related to the compensation an individual receives for employment, including wages paid to the individual, the individual's Social Security number, and the name, address, state and federal employer identification numbers of the individual's employer. See Alabama Code 25-11-3
  • WATERFRONT PROPERTY: Any property on or near any navigable river in this state. See Alabama Code 11-94-1
  • WEB PAGE: A location that has a single uniform resource locator or other single location with respect to the Internet. See Alabama Code 13A-8-111
  • Writ: A formal written command, issued from the court, requiring the performance of a specific act.
  • writing: includes typewriting and printing on paper. See Alabama Code 1-1-1
  • year: means a calendar year; but, whenever the word "year" is used in reference to any appropriations for the payment of money out of the treasury, it shall mean fiscal year. See Alabama Code 1-1-1