§ 6-11-20 Punitive damages not to be awarded other than where clear and convincing evidence proven; definitions
§ 6-11-21 Punitive damages not to exceed certain limits
§ 6-11-22 Grounds for mistrial if limitations mentioned in presence of jury
§ 6-11-23 No presumption of correctness; court to conduct hearings; admissible relevant evidence; trial court to independently reassess award of punitive damages
§ 6-11-24 No presumption of correctness to apply to damages on appeal
§ 6-11-25 Ability of court to set aside damages not limited
§ 6-11-26 No punitive damages awarded against state or agency thereof
§ 6-11-27 Principal, master, etc., not liable for punitive damages for conduct of agent, servant, etc.; exceptions
§ 6-11-28 No cause of action created
§ 6-11-29 Wrongful death actions not affected
§ 6-11-30 Effective date

Terms Used In Alabama Code > Title 6 > Chapter 11 > Article 2 - Punitive Damages

  • Appellate: About appeals; an appellate court has the power to review the judgement of another lower court or tribunal.
  • CLEAR AND CONVINCING EVIDENCE: Evidence that, when weighed against evidence in opposition, will produce in the mind of the trier of fact a firm conviction as to each essential element of the claim and a high probability as to the correctness of the conclusion. See Alabama Code 6-11-20
  • Discovery: Lawyers' examination, before trial, of facts and documents in possession of the opponents to help the lawyers prepare for trial.
  • Entitlement: A Federal program or provision of law that requires payments to any person or unit of government that meets the eligibility criteria established by law. Entitlements constitute a binding obligation on the part of the Federal Government, and eligible recipients have legal recourse if the obligation is not fulfilled. Social Security and veterans' compensation and pensions are examples of entitlement programs.
  • Equitable: Pertaining to civil suits in "equity" rather than in "law." In English legal history, the courts of "law" could order the payment of damages and could afford no other remedy. See damages. A separate court of "equity" could order someone to do something or to cease to do something. See, e.g., injunction. In American jurisprudence, the federal courts have both legal and equitable power, but the distinction is still an important one. For example, a trial by jury is normally available in "law" cases but not in "equity" cases. Source: U.S. Courts
  • Executive session: A portion of the Senate's daily session in which it considers executive business.
  • Executor: A male person named in a will to carry out the decedent
  • Fiduciary: A trustee, executor, or administrator.
  • fraud: An intentional misrepresentation, deceit, or concealment of a material fact the concealing party had a duty to disclose, which was gross, oppressive, or malicious and committed with the intention on the part of the defendant of thereby depriving a person or entity of property or legal rights or otherwise causing injury. See Alabama Code 6-11-20
  • HEALTH CARE FACILITY: A hospital, nursing home, ambulatory surgical center, outpatient surgical facility, ambulance service, rescue squad, paid fire department, volunteer fire department, or any other clinic, office, or facility in which medical, dental, nursing, or podiatric services are offered. See Alabama Code 22-11A-60
  • HEALTH CARE WORKER: Physicians, dentists, nurses, respiratory therapists, phlebotomists, surgical technicians, physician assistants, podiatrist, dialysis technicians, emergency medical technicians, paramedics, ambulance drivers, dental hygienists, dental assistants, students in the healing arts, or any other individual who provides or assists in the provision of medical, dental, or nursing services. See Alabama Code 22-11A-60
  • Hearsay: Statements by a witness who did not see or hear the incident in question but heard about it from someone else. Hearsay is usually not admissible as evidence in court.
  • hiv: Human Immunodeficiency Virus. See Alabama Code 22-11A-50
  • INFECTED HEALTH CARE WORKER: A health care worker infected with HIV, HBV, HCV, or other disease designated by the State Board of Health by a rule adopted pursuant to the Alabama Administrative Procedure Act. See Alabama Code 22-11A-60
  • Lease: A contract transferring the use of property or occupancy of land, space, structures, or equipment in consideration of a payment (e.g., rent). Source: OCC
  • malice: The intentional doing of a wrongful act without just cause or excuse, either:

    a. See Alabama Code 6-11-20

  • Mistrial: An invalid trial, caused by fundamental error. When a mistrial is declared, the trial must start again from the selection of the jury.
  • oppression: Subjecting a person to cruel and unjust hardship in conscious disregard of that person's rights. See Alabama Code 6-11-20
  • Plaintiff: The person who files the complaint in a civil lawsuit.
  • Pleadings: Written statements of the parties in a civil case of their positions. In the federal courts, the principal pleadings are the complaint and the answer.
  • preceding: means next before. See Alabama Code 1-1-1
  • Remand: When an appellate court sends a case back to a lower court for further proceedings.
  • Tort: A civil wrong or breach of a duty to another person, as outlined by law. A very common tort is negligent operation of a motor vehicle that results in property damage and personal injury in an automobile accident.
  • Transcript: A written, word-for-word record of what was said, either in a proceeding such as a trial or during some other conversation, as in a transcript of a hearing or oral deposition.
  • Verdict: The decision of a petit jury or a judge.
  • wantonness: Conduct which is carried on with a reckless or conscious disregard of the rights or safety of others. See Alabama Code 6-11-20