Part 1 SECURED TRANSACTIONS 7-9A-102 – 7-9A-109
Part 2 EFFECTIVENESS OF SECURITY AGREEMENT, ATTACHMENT OF SECURITY INTEREST; RIGHTS OF PARTIES TO SECURITY AGREEMENT 7-9A-201 – 7-9A-210
Part 3 PERFECTION AND PRIORITY 7-9A-301 – 7-9A-342
Part 4 RIGHTS OF THIRD PARTIES 7-9A-401 – 7-9A-409
Part 5 FILING 7-9A-501 – 7-9A-526
Part 6 DEFAULT 7-9A-601 – 7-9A-628
Part 7 TRANSITION 7-9A-701 – 7-9A-709
Part 8 TRANSITION FOR 2014 AMENDMENTS 7-9A-801 – 7-9A-809

Terms Used In Alabama Code > Title 7 > Article 9A

  • AD VALOREM TAX: Those real and personal property ad valorem taxes collected by the county tax collector, the director of revenue of the county, or revenue commissioner, if any, for the county, but shall exclude all ad valorem taxes collected for the State of Alabama and all boards of education, municipalities, fire districts, or other entities located in the county. See Alabama Code 11-32-2
  • Adjourn: A motion to adjourn a legislative chamber or a committee, if passed, ends that day's session.
  • Adjournment sine die: The end of a legislative session "without day." These adjournments are used to indicate the final adjournment of an annual or the two-year session of legislature.
  • adulterated: Any carcass, part thereof, meat or meat food product or poultry food product is adulterated under one or more of the following circumstances:

    a. See Alabama Code 2-17-1

  • Advice and consent: Under the Constitution, presidential nominations for executive and judicial posts take effect only when confirmed by the Senate, and international treaties become effective only when the Senate approves them by a two-thirds vote.
  • ADVISORY COMMITTEE: A local committee which may consist of the following members or their designees:

    a. See Alabama Code 12-23A-2

  • ADVISORY PLANNING: Continuing and systematic studies of the land economics and land policies of a region in terms of social and economic betterment of said region, together with the submission of interim and final results of said systematic and continuous studies to the governing bodies of constituent governmental units for review, adoption, rejection, or implementation thereof in whole or in part. See Alabama Code 11-85-20
  • agency: when used in reference to an office of a foreign bank, shall have the same meaning as is set forth in Section 1(b)(1) of the Federal International Banking Act (12 U. See Alabama Code 5-13B-41
  • AGRICULTURAL PRODUCTS: Such term shall include horticultural, viticultural, forestry, dairy, livestock, poultry, bee, fish, aquatic and seafood products and any farm products. See Alabama Code 2-10-50
  • AGRICULTURAL PRODUCTS: The products of field, pasture, meadow and garden; fruits, melons, berries, nuts, vegetables, livestock, poultry and poultry products, dairy products, fish, aquatic and seafood products and all other things commonly known as agricultural products. See Alabama Code 2-10-90
  • Alabama bank: means an Alabama state bank or an Alabama national bank. See Alabama Code 5-13B-41
  • Alabama state agency: when used in reference to an office of a foreign bank, shall mean an agency of a foreign bank that is located in this state and licensed pursuant to the provisions of Division 3 of this article. See Alabama Code 5-13B-41
  • Alabama state bank: means a bank organized under the laws of Alabama. See Alabama Code 5-13B-41
  • Alabama state branch: when used in reference to an office of a foreign bank, shall mean a branch of a foreign bank that is located in this state and licensed pursuant to the provisions of Division 3 of this article. See Alabama Code 5-13B-41
  • Annuity: A periodic (usually annual) payment of a fixed sum of money for either the life of the recipient or for a fixed number of years. A series of payments under a contract from an insurance company, a trust company, or an individual. Annuity payments are made at regular intervals over a period of more than one full year.
  • Appellate: About appeals; an appellate court has the power to review the judgement of another lower court or tribunal.
  • applicant: A natural person who files a written application with the governing body of the city in accordance with Section 45-23A-91. See Alabama Code 45-23A-91.01
  • applicant: A natural person who files a written application with the governing body of any county to which this chapter applies and with a municipality in the county, all in accordance with Section 11-32-3. See Alabama Code 11-32-2
  • Appraisal: A determination of property value.
  • Arraignment: A proceeding in which an individual who is accused of committing a crime is brought into court, told of the charges, and asked to plead guilty or not guilty.
  • Arrest: Taking physical custody of a person by lawful authority.
  • Articles of incorporation: include amended and restated articles of incorporation and, in the case of a corporation existing on January 1, 1981, its certificate of incorporation, including any amended certificate, and also include, except where the context otherwise requires, articles of merger. See Alabama Code 10A-2-1.40
  • assessment: A diagnostic evaluation for placement in a treatment program which shall be performed in accordance with criteria certified by the Department of Mental Health, Substance Abuse Services Division. See Alabama Code 12-23A-2
  • association: Includes, but is not limited to, an unincorporated nonprofit association as defined in Chapter 17 and an unincorporated professional association as defined in Article 1 of Chapter 30. See Alabama Code 10A-1-1.03
  • association: as used in this article , shall refer to agricultural cooperative marketing associations and other organizations, whether incorporated or not, which have for their objects engaging in activities similar to those of a cooperative marketing association. See Alabama Code 2-10-20
  • association: Any corporation organized under this article. See Alabama Code 2-10-50
  • Attachment: A procedure by which a person's property is seized to pay judgments levied by the court.
  • authority: The Ozark Downtown Redevelopment Authority, a public corporation organized pursuant to this part. See Alabama Code 45-23A-91.01
  • authority: The public corporation organized pursuant to this chapter, which shall be an agency of the state but shall not be a political subdivision of the state. See Alabama Code 11-32-2
  • Authorized shares: means the shares of all classes a domestic or foreign business corporation is authorized to issue. See Alabama Code 10A-2-1.40
  • AUTHORIZING COUNTY: Any county the governing body of which shall have adopted an authorizing resolution, even if the population of the county should fall below 600,000. See Alabama Code 11-32-2
  • AUTHORIZING MUNICIPALITY: Any municipality the governing body of which shall have adopted an authorizing resolution. See Alabama Code 11-32-2
  • AUTHORIZING RESOLUTION: A resolution, adopted by the governing body of any county to which this chapter applies or by a municipality in the county, all in accordance with Section 11-32-3. See Alabama Code 11-32-2
  • AUTHORIZING RESOLUTION: A resolution adopted by the governing body of the city in accordance with Section 45-23A-91. See Alabama Code 45-23A-91.01
  • Bail: Security given for the release of a criminal defendant or witness from legal custody (usually in the form of money) to secure his/her appearance on the day and time appointed.
  • Balanced budget: A budget in which receipts equal outlays.
  • bank: as used in this article shall not in any event include a foreign bank or a branch or agency of a foreign bank. See Alabama Code 5-13B-41
  • Bankruptcy: Refers to statutes and judicial proceedings involving persons or businesses that cannot pay their debts and seek the assistance of the court in getting a fresh start. Under the protection of the bankruptcy court, debtors may discharge their debts, perhaps by paying a portion of each debt. Bankruptcy judges preside over these proceedings.
  • Bequest: Property gifted by will.
  • board: The Board of Directors of an authority. See Alabama Code 11-32-2
  • board: The State Board of Agriculture and Industries. See Alabama Code 2-19-121
  • board: The board of directors of the authority. See Alabama Code 45-23A-91.01
  • board: The State Board of Agriculture and Industries. See Alabama Code 2-8-310
  • board: The State Board of Agriculture and Industries. See Alabama Code 2-8-350
  • board: The State Board of Agriculture and Industries of the State of Alabama. See Alabama Code 2-15-20
  • BOLL WEEVIL: Anthonomus grandis Boheman in any stage of development. See Alabama Code 2-19-121
  • bonds: Bonds, notes, warrants, certificates, and other obligations representing an obligation to pay money. See Alabama Code 11-32-2
  • bonds: Includes bonds, notes, and certificates representing an obligation to pay money. See Alabama Code 45-23A-91.01
  • borrower: A county or incorporated municipality, as the case may be, exercising the powers conferred by this article. See Alabama Code 11-81-160
  • branch: when used in reference to an office of a foreign bank, shall have the same meaning as set forth in Section 1(b)(3) of the Federal International Banking Act (12 U. See Alabama Code 5-13B-41
  • brand: Any recorded identification mark applied to any position on the hide of livestock by means of heat, acid, or a chemical, except numbers used to keep production records or record of age. See Alabama Code 2-15-20
  • budget year: shall mean the fiscal year for which any particular budget is adopted and in which it is administered. See Alabama Code 11-43C-41
  • budget year: shall mean the fiscal year for which any particular budget is adopted and in which it is administered. See Alabama Code 11-44C-41
  • budget year: shall mean the fiscal year for which any particular budget is adopted and in which it is administered. See Alabama Code 11-43A-29
  • budget year: shall mean the fiscal year for which any particular budget is adopted and in which it is administered. See Alabama Code 11-43A-94
  • candidate: An individual who has done any of the following:

    a. See Alabama Code 17-5-2

  • CAPABLE OF USE AS HUMAN FOOD: Any carcass, or part or product of a carcass of any animal is capable of use as human food, unless it is denatured or otherwise identified as required by regulations prescribed by the commissioner to deter its use as human food or it is naturally inedible by humans. See Alabama Code 2-17-1
  • Capital offense: A crime punishable by death.
  • Caucus: From the Algonquian Indian language, a caucus meant "to meet together." An informal organization of members of the legislature that exists to discuss issues of mutual concern and possibly to perform legislative research and policy planning for its members. There are regional, political or ideological, ethnic, and economic-based caucuses.
  • certificate: A document issued or authorized by the commissioner indicating that a regulated article is not contaminated with boll weevils. See Alabama Code 2-19-121
  • CERTIFICATE OF DISSOLUTION: Any document such as a certificate of dissolution, statement of dissolution, or articles of dissolution, required or permitted to be filed publicly with respect to an entity's dissolution and winding up of its business, activity, activities, not for profit activity, or affairs. See Alabama Code 10A-1-1.03
  • Chambers: A judge's office.
  • charge: As defined in Section 12-25-32(13). See Alabama Code 12-23A-2
  • Charity: An agency, institution, or organization in existence and operating for the benefit of an indefinite number of persons and conducted for educational, religious, scientific, medical, or other beneficent purposes.
  • city: The City of Ozark, Alabama. See Alabama Code 45-23A-91.01
  • Civil forfeiture: The loss of ownership of property used to conduct illegal activity.
  • CO-OCCURRING: A substance abuse and mental health disorder. See Alabama Code 12-23A-2
  • COLLATERAL CONSEQUENCE: A consequence, penalty, or other result automatically imposed by operation of state law or rule that limits or prohibits an individual convicted of a crime from obtaining occupational licensing, certification, or other evidence of qualification necessary to engage in a particular occupation. See Alabama Code 12-26-1
  • COMBINED SYSTEM: A consolidated system resulting from the combination of any two or more of the following: a waterworks system, a sanitary system, a gas system and an electric system. See Alabama Code 11-81-160
  • Commercial unit: means such a unit of goods as by commercial usage is a single whole for purposes of lease and division of which materially impairs its character or value on the market or in use. See Alabama Code 7-2A-103
  • commission: The State Ethics Commission created pursuant to Section 36-25-3. See Alabama Code 17-5-2
  • commission: The Alabama Public Service Commission;

    (6) FEDERAL SAFETY STANDARDS. See Alabama Code 37-4-90

  • commissioner: The Commissioner of Agriculture and Industries. See Alabama Code 2-19-100
  • commissioner: The Commissioner of Agriculture and Industries or his designated representative. See Alabama Code 2-19-121
  • commissioner: The Commissioner of Agriculture and Industries of the State of Alabama or his duly authorized representative. See Alabama Code 2-17-1
  • commissioner: The Commissioner of Agriculture and Industries. See Alabama Code 2-1-1
  • commissioner: The Commissioner of Agriculture and Industries. See Alabama Code 2-8-310
  • commissioner: The Commissioner of Agriculture and Industries. See Alabama Code 2-8-350
  • commissioner: The Commissioner of Agriculture and Industries of the State of Alabama. See Alabama Code 2-15-20
  • Committee membership: Legislators are assigned to specific committees by their party. Seniority, regional balance, and political philosophy are the most prominent factors in the committee assignment process.
  • COMMUNITY SCHOOLS ADVISORY COMMITTEE: A committee of citizens organized to advise community school coordinators, administrators, and local boards of education in the involvement of citizens in the educational process and in the use of public school facilities. See Alabama Code 16-63-3
  • COMMUNITY SCHOOLS COORDINATOR: An employee of a local board of education whose responsibility it is to promote and direct maximum use of the public schools and public school facilities as centers for community education. See Alabama Code 16-63-3
  • COMPREHENSIVE ADVISORY PLANNING: Comprehensive studies of the present and future development of the land economics and land policies of a region, with due regard to neighboring regions and the state as a whole. See Alabama Code 11-85-20
  • Consumer lease: means a lease that a lessor regularly engaged in the business of leasing or selling makes to a lessee who is an individual and who takes under the lease primarily for a personal, family, or household purpose, if the total payments to be made under the lease contract, excluding payments for options to renew or buy, do not exceed $100,000. See Alabama Code 7-2A-103
  • Continuance: Putting off of a hearing ot trial until a later time.
  • CONTINUUM OF CARE: A seamless and coordinated course of substance abuse education and treatment designed to meet the needs of drug offenders as they move through the criminal justice system and beyond, maximizing self-sufficiency. See Alabama Code 12-23A-2
  • contribution: A tangible or intangible benefit that a person transfers to an entity in consideration for an ownership interest in the entity or otherwise in the person's capacity as an owner or a member. See Alabama Code 10A-1-1.03
  • cooperative: A cooperative marketing association for marketing of farm products. See Alabama Code 2-1-1
  • cotton: Any cotton plant or cotton plant product upon which the boll weevil is dependent for completion of any portion of its life cycle. See Alabama Code 2-19-121
  • COTTON BUYER: A person who buys cotton from a producer on a forward contract. See Alabama Code 2-19-100
  • COTTON GROWER: Any person who is engaged in and has an economic risk in the business of producing or causing to be produced, for market, cotton. See Alabama Code 2-19-121
  • COTTON PRODUCER: A person who grows cotton. See Alabama Code 2-19-100
  • county: Any county in the state. See Alabama Code 11-32-2
  • county: Crenshaw County. See Alabama Code 45-21-242.13
  • court: Every court and judge having jurisdiction in a case. See Alabama Code 10A-1-1.03
  • Court reporter: A person who makes a word-for-word record of what is said in court and produces a transcript of the proceedings upon request.
  • CUSTODIAL SENTENCE: A criminal sentence or portion of a sentence during which an individual convicted of a crime serves time in the jurisdictional custody of the state, including, but not limited to, a prison term, jail term, or community corrections sentence. See Alabama Code 12-26-1
  • day: When used in the computation of time excludes the first day and includes the last day of the period so computed, unless the last day is a Saturday, Sunday, or legal holiday, in which event the period runs until the end of the next day that is not a Saturday, a Sunday, or a legal holiday. See Alabama Code 10A-1-1.03
  • Decedent: A deceased person.
  • Deed: The legal instrument used to transfer title in real property from one person to another.
  • Defense attorney: Represent defendants in criminal matters.
  • department: The Alabama Department of Agriculture and Industries. See Alabama Code 2-19-121
  • department: The State Department of Revenue. See Alabama Code 45-19-244
  • department: The Alabama State Law Enforcement Agency acting directly or through its duly authorized officers and agents. See Alabama Code 32-1-1.1
  • department: The Department of Agriculture and Industries. See Alabama Code 2-8-350
  • department: The Department of Agriculture and Industries. See Alabama Code 2-8-381
  • department: The Department of Agriculture and Industries of the State of Alabama. See Alabama Code 2-15-20
  • Dependent: A person dependent for support upon another.
  • Deposition: An oral statement made before an officer authorized by law to administer oaths. Such statements are often taken to examine potential witnesses, to obtain discovery, or to be used later in trial.
  • depository institution: means any institution that is included for any purpose within the definitions of "insured depository institution" as set forth in Sections 3(c)(2) and 3(c)(3) of the Federal Deposit Insurance Act (12 U. See Alabama Code 5-13B-41
  • DESIGNATED FILING AGENT: An individual appointed and authorized as attorney in fact to electronically submit any report or other filing required by this chapter on behalf of a candidate, his or her principal campaign committee, or a political action committee. See Alabama Code 17-5-2
  • Devise: To gift property by will.
  • director: A member of the board. See Alabama Code 11-32-2
  • director: An individual who serves on the board of directors, by whatever name known, of a foreign or domestic corporation. See Alabama Code 10A-1-1.03
  • director: A member of the board of the authority. See Alabama Code 45-23A-91.01
  • director: The Director of the Alabama Small Business Office of Advocacy. See Alabama Code 41-29-221
  • Discovery: Lawyers' examination, before trial, of facts and documents in possession of the opponents to help the lawyers prepare for trial.
  • Dismissal: The dropping of a case by the judge without further consideration or hearing. Source:
  • Distribution: means a direct or indirect transfer of money or other property, except its own shares, or incurrence of indebtedness by a corporation to or for the benefit of any one or more of its shareholders in respect of any of its shares. See Alabama Code 10A-2-1.40
  • district: A geographical area designated by the Governor as provided in this article. See Alabama Code 11-85-50
  • DISTRICT ATTORNEY: The district attorney of the judicial circuit in which the county is located. See Alabama Code 11-81-220
  • division: The Business Development Division of the Department of Commerce. See Alabama Code 41-29-221
  • domestic: When used with reference to a waterworks system, a waterworks system designed to supply or distribute water primarily for human consumption. See Alabama Code 11-81-160
  • domestic corporation: means a business corporation, which is not a foreign corporation, incorporated under or subject to the provisions of this chapter. See Alabama Code 10A-2-1.40
  • DOMESTIC WATER DISTRIBUTION SYSTEM: A waterworks system designed to distribute water primarily for human consumption. See Alabama Code 11-81-160
  • Donor: The person who makes a gift.
  • DOWNTOWN DEVELOPMENT AREA: The central business district of the city as described in subsection (b) of Section 45-23A-91. See Alabama Code 45-23A-91.01
  • drug: Includes all of the following:

    a. See Alabama Code 12-23A-2

  • DRUG COURT: A judicial intervention program for drug offenders in the criminal division of the circuit or district court that incorporates the ten key components as enumerated in subsection (f) of Section 12-23A-4 and may include any of the following:

    a. See Alabama Code 12-23A-2

  • DRUG COURT COORDINATOR: An individual who is responsible for coordinating the establishment, staffing, operation, evaluation, and integrity of the drug court. See Alabama Code 12-23A-2
  • DRUG COURT TEAM: Consists of all of the following members who are assigned to the drug court:

    a. See Alabama Code 12-23A-2

  • DRUG OFFENDER: A person charged with or convicted of a drug-related offense or an offense in which substance abuse is determined from the evidence to have been a significant factor in the commission of the offense and who has applied for or been accepted to participate in a drug court program for drug offenders in the criminal division of the circuit or district court. See Alabama Code 12-23A-2
  • EARTHEN MATERIALS: Materials covered in this part which include sand, clay, silt, loam, dirt, gravel, rock, sand-gravel, clay-gravel, sand-clay, or any combination thereof, but does not include graphite. See Alabama Code 45-19-244
  • election: Unless otherwise specified, any general, special, primary, or runoff election, or any convention or caucus of a political party held to nominate a candidate, or any election at which a constitutional amendment or other proposition is submitted to the popular vote. See Alabama Code 17-5-2
  • ELECTIONEERING COMMUNICATION: Any communication disseminated through any federally regulated broadcast media, any mailing, or other distribution, electronic communication, phone bank, or publication which (i) contains the name or image of a candidate; (ii) is made within 120 days of an election in which the candidate will appear on the ballot; (iii) the only reasonable conclusion to be drawn from the presentation and content of the communication is that it is intended to influence the outcome of an election; and (iv) entails an expenditure in excess of one thousand dollars ($1,000). See Alabama Code 17-5-2
  • ELECTRIC SYSTEM: Facilities for the generation, manufacture and distribution, or any thereof, of electricity, together with all appurtenances to such facilities. See Alabama Code 11-81-160
  • electronic: Relating to technology having electrical, digital, magnetic, wireless, optical, electromagnetic, or similar capabilities. See Alabama Code 10A-1-1.03
  • Embezzlement: In most states, embezzlement is defined as theft/larceny of assets (money or property) by a person in a position of trust or responsibility over those assets. Embezzlement typically occurs in the employment and corporate settings. Source: OCC
  • Employee: includes an officer but not a director. See Alabama Code 10A-2-1.40
  • En banc: In the bench or "full bench." Refers to court sessions with the entire membership of a court participating rather than the usual quorum. U.S. courts of appeals usually sit in panels of three judges, but may expand to a larger number in certain cases. They are then said to be sitting en banc.
  • Entitlement: A Federal program or provision of law that requires payments to any person or unit of government that meets the eligibility criteria established by law. Entitlements constitute a binding obligation on the part of the Federal Government, and eligible recipients have legal recourse if the obligation is not fulfilled. Social Security and veterans' compensation and pensions are examples of entitlement programs.
  • Entity: includes corporation and foreign corporation; nonprofit corporation; for profit and nonprofit association; business trust; estate; partnership; limited liability company; trust; and two or more persons having a joint or common economic interest; and state, United States, and foreign government. See Alabama Code 10A-2-1.40
  • Equitable: Pertaining to civil suits in "equity" rather than in "law." In English legal history, the courts of "law" could order the payment of damages and could afford no other remedy. See damages. A separate court of "equity" could order someone to do something or to cease to do something. See, e.g., injunction. In American jurisprudence, the federal courts have both legal and equitable power, but the distinction is still an important one. For example, a trial by jury is normally available in "law" cases but not in "equity" cases. Source: U.S. Courts
  • Executive session: A portion of the Senate's daily session in which it considers executive business.
  • Executor: A male person named in a will to carry out the decedent
  • Fair market value: The price at which an asset would change hands in a transaction between a willing, informed buyer and a willing, informed seller.
  • federal agency: means an agency of a foreign bank that is licensed by the Comptroller of the Currency pursuant to the provisions of Section 4 of the Federal International Banking Act (12 U. See Alabama Code 5-13B-41
  • federal branch: means a branch of a foreign bank that is licensed by the Comptroller of the Currency pursuant to the provisions of Section 4 of the federal International Banking Act (12 U. See Alabama Code 5-13B-41
  • Federal Deposit Insurance Act: means the Federal Deposit Insurance Act, as amended (12 U. See Alabama Code 5-13B-41
  • federal International Banking Act: means the federal International Banking Act of 1978, as amended (12 U. See Alabama Code 5-13B-41
  • Fee simple: Absolute title to property with no limitations or restrictions regarding the person who may inherit it.
  • Fiduciary: A trustee, executor, or administrator.
  • Finance lease: means a lease with respect to which:

    (i) the lessor does not select, manufacture, or supply the goods;

    (ii) the lessor acquires the goods or the right to possession and use of the goods in connection with the lease; and

    (iii) one of the following occurs:

    (A) the lessee receives a copy of the contract by which the lessor acquired the goods or the right to possession and use of the goods before signing the lease contract;

    (B) the lessee's approval of the contract by which the lessor acquired the goods or the right to possession and use of the goods is a condition to effectiveness of the lease contract;

    (C) the lease contract or a separate accurate and complete statement delivered to the lessee discloses in writing (a) all express warranties and other rights provided to the lessee by the lessor and the supplier in connection with the lease contract (b) that there are no other express warranties or rights provided to the lessee by the lessor or the supplier in connection with the lease contract, and (c) in a consumer lease, any waiver, disclaimer, or other negation of express or implied warranties and any limitation or modification of remedy or liquidation of damages for breach of those warranties or other rights of the lessee in a manner as provided in this article or in Article 2, as applicable; or

    (D) the lessor, before the lessee signs the lease contract, informs the lessee in writing (a) of the identity of the supplier, unless the lessee has selected the supplier and directed the lessor to purchase the goods from the supplier, (b) that the lessee is entitled under this article to all warranties and other rights provided to the lessee by the supplier in connection with the lease contract, and (c) to contact the supplier to receive an accurate and complete statement from the supplier of any such express warranties and other rights and any disclaimers or limitations of them or of remedies. See Alabama Code 7-2A-103

  • firm: Any partnership, association or other unincorporated business organization. See Alabama Code 2-17-1
  • FISCAL YEAR: The 12-month period provided for in subsection (c) of Section 11-32-7. See Alabama Code 11-32-2
  • FISCAL YEAR: The fiscal year of the state as may from time to time be provided by law. See Alabama Code 11-29-3
  • Foreclosure: A legal process in which property that is collateral or security for a loan may be sold to help repay the loan when the loan is in default. Source: OCC
  • foreign bank: means any company organized under the laws of a foreign country, a territory of the United States, Puerto Rico, Guam, American Samoa, or the Virgin Islands, that engages directly in the business of banking. See Alabama Code 5-13B-41
  • foreign corporation: as used in this division , shall mean:

    (1) Any bank or other corporation now or hereafter organized or existing under the laws of any state of the United States other than the State of Alabama; and

    (2) Any national banking association or other corporation organized under the laws of the United States having its principal place of business in any state of the United States other than Alabama. See Alabama Code 10A-2-15.40

  • Foreign corporation: means a business corporation incorporated under a law other than the law of this state. See Alabama Code 10A-2-1.40
  • fund: The "County Government Capital Improvement Fund. See Alabama Code 11-29-3
  • GAS SYSTEM: Facilities for the manufacture, conditioning, transmission and distribution, or any thereof, of manufactured or natural gas, together with all appurtenances to such facilities. See Alabama Code 11-81-160
  • GENERAL PROPERTY INSTRUMENT: A real property instrument that affects the title to personal property as well as real property. See Alabama Code 45-18-82.51
  • Gift: A voluntary transfer or conveyance of property without consideration, or for less than full and adequate consideration based on fair market value.
  • Goods: means all things that are movable at the time of identification to the lease contract, or are fixtures (Section 7-2A-309), but the term does not include money, documents, instruments, accounts, chattel paper, general intangibles, or minerals or the like, including oil and gas, before extraction. See Alabama Code 7-2A-103
  • GOVERNING BODY: With respect to a county, its county commissioners, board of revenue, or other like governing body and with respect to a municipality, its city or town council, board of commissioners, or other like governing body. See Alabama Code 11-32-2
  • GOVERNING BODY: In the case of a county, the county commission exercising the legislative functions of the county and, in the case of a municipality, the board of commissioners, the mayor and council or other similar body exercising the legislative functions of the municipality. See Alabama Code 11-81-160
  • GOVERNING BODY: The chief legislative body of a governmental unit. See Alabama Code 11-85-20
  • GOVERNING BODY: The chief legislative body of a governmental unit. See Alabama Code 11-85-50
  • GOVERNING BODY: With respect to the city, its city council, board of commissioners, or other like governing body. See Alabama Code 45-23A-91.01
  • GOVERNING BODY: The board or body in which the general legislative powers of a municipality or county are vested; provided, that this division shall not authorize any county, city or town to construct an undertaking provided for in paragraph (1) a of this section in any city or town or in any portion of a county which is then adequately served by a like undertaking or undertaking performing the proposed service; provided further, that nothing contained in this division shall authorize the construction or operation of an undertaking for the purpose of manufacturing ice for sale at retail or for retail to the public. See Alabama Code 11-81-140
  • GOVERNMENTAL UNIT: Counties and municipalities. See Alabama Code 11-85-20
  • GOVERNMENTAL UNIT: Counties and municipalities. See Alabama Code 11-85-50
  • Grantor: The person who establishes a trust and places property into it.
  • grower: Any person, business entity, or cooperative licensed to grow industrial hemp by the department or an institution of higher education pursuant to this article. See Alabama Code 2-8-381
  • Habeas corpus: A writ that is usually used to bring a prisoner before the court to determine the legality of his imprisonment. It may also be used to bring a person in custody before the court to give testimony, or to be prosecuted.
  • HEMP PRODUCTS: Any and all products made from industrial hemp, including, but not limited to, cloth, cordage, fiber, food, fuel, paint, paper, particleboard, plastics, seed, seed meal and seed oil for consumption, and seed for cultivation if the seeds originate from industrial hemp varieties. See Alabama Code 2-8-381
  • highway: The entire width between the boundary lines of every way publicly maintained when any part thereof is open to the use of the public for purposes of vehicular travel. See Alabama Code 32-1-1.1
  • host: Any plant or plant product upon which the boll weevil is dependent for completion of any portion of its life cycle. See Alabama Code 2-19-121
  • identification: The full name and complete address. See Alabama Code 17-5-2
  • Impeachment: (1) The process of calling something into question, as in "impeaching the testimony of a witness." (2) The constitutional process whereby the House of Representatives may "impeach" (accuse of misconduct) high officers of the federal government for trial in the Senate.
  • IMPROVED RECORDING SYSTEM: A system of recording real property instruments and personal property instruments in the probate office and, in the discretion of the judge of probate, of recording other instruments and documents, which system when completed, shall consist of the equipment necessary and suitable to record, archive, and retrieve records. See Alabama Code 45-18-82.51
  • incorporators: The persons forming a public corporation organized pursuant to this chapter. See Alabama Code 11-32-2
  • incorporators: The persons forming a public corporation organized pursuant to this part. See Alabama Code 45-23A-91.01
  • Indemnification: In general, a collateral contract or assurance under which one person agrees to secure another person against either anticipated financial losses or potential adverse legal consequences. Source: FDIC
  • individual: A natural person and the estate of an incompetent or deceased natural person. See Alabama Code 10A-1-1.03
  • industrial: When used with reference to a waterworks system, a waterworks system designed to supply or distribute water primarily for use other than human consumption. See Alabama Code 11-81-160
  • infested: Actually infested with a boll weevil or so exposed to infestation that it would be reasonable to believe that an infestation exists. See Alabama Code 2-19-121
  • Injunction: An order of the court prohibiting (or compelling) the performance of a specific act to prevent irreparable damage or injury.
  • insolvent: A person who is unable to pay the person's debts as they become due in the usual course of business or affairs. See Alabama Code 10A-1-1.03
  • Installment lease contract: means a lease contract that authorizes or requires the delivery of goods in separate lots to be separately accepted, even though the lease contract contains a clause "each delivery is a separate lease" or its equivalent. See Alabama Code 7-2A-103
  • INSTITUTION OF HIGHER EDUCATION: A postsecondary institution, as defined in 20 U. See Alabama Code 2-8-381
  • Inter vivos: Transfer of property from one living person to another living person.
  • Interest rate: The amount paid by a borrower to a lender in exchange for the use of the lender's money for a certain period of time. Interest is paid on loans or on debt instruments, such as notes or bonds, either at regular intervals or as part of a lump sum payment when the issue matures. Source: OCC
  • Interstate Banking and Branching Efficiency Act: means the federal Riegle-Neal Interstate Banking and Branching Efficiency Act of 1994, Public Law No. See Alabama Code 5-13B-41
  • interstate branch: means a branch of a bank or a branch of a foreign bank, as the context may require, which is, or is to be, established after September 29, 1994, pursuant to the authority contained in the Interstate Banking and Branching Efficiency Act, outside the home state of the bank or foreign bank. See Alabama Code 5-13B-41
  • INTRASTATE COMMERCE: Commerce within this state. See Alabama Code 2-17-1
  • Irrevocable trust: A trust arrangement that cannot be revoked, rescinded, or repealed by the grantor.
  • Joint resolution: A legislative measure which requires the approval of both chambers.
  • Judgement: The official decision of a court finally determining the respective rights and claims of the parties to a suit.
  • labeling: All labels and other written, printed or graphic matter upon any article or any of its containers or wrappers or accompanying such article. See Alabama Code 2-17-1
  • LABOR UNION: An organization in which employees participate for the purpose of dealing with one or more employers concerning grievances, labor disputes, wages, rates of pay, hours of employment, or conditions of work. See Alabama Code 11-32-2
  • law enforcement officer: shall mean an official who is certified by the Alabama Peace Officers' Standards and Training Commission who has authority to make arrests and who is employed by any municipality in the state as a permanent and regular employee with law enforcement duties, including police chiefs and deputy police chiefs. See Alabama Code 11-43-231
  • Lease: means a transfer of the right to possession and use of goods for a term in return for consideration, but a sale, including a sale on approval or a sale or return, or retention or creation of a security interest is not a lease. See Alabama Code 7-2A-103
  • Lease agreement: means the bargain, with respect to the lease, of the lessor and the lessee in fact as found in their language or by implication from other circumstances including course of dealing or usage of trade or course of performance as provided in this article. See Alabama Code 7-2A-103
  • Lease contract: means the total legal obligation that results from the lease agreement as affected by this article and any other applicable rules of law. See Alabama Code 7-2A-103
  • Legacy: A gift of property made by will.
  • Legatee: A beneficiary of a decedent
  • Legislative session: That part of a chamber's daily session in which it considers legislative business (bills, resolutions, and actions related thereto).
  • Lessee: means a person who acquires the right to possession and use of goods under a lease. See Alabama Code 7-2A-103
  • Lessor: means a person who transfers the right to possession and use of goods under a lease. See Alabama Code 7-2A-103
  • Liabilities: The aggregate of all debts and other legal obligations of a particular person or legal entity.
  • Lineal descendant: Direct descendant of the same ancestors.
  • Litigation: A case, controversy, or lawsuit. Participants (plaintiffs and defendants) in lawsuits are called litigants.
  • livestock: Cattle, swine, sheep, goats, equine or equidae, ratites, and poultry. See Alabama Code 2-15-20
  • LIVESTOCK HIDE DEALER: Any dealer who buys hides of livestock. See Alabama Code 2-15-20
  • LIVESTOCK MARKET: A place where a person assembles livestock for public sale, if the person is required to procure a license or permit from the state Department of Agriculture and Industries to operate the market. See Alabama Code 2-15-20
  • loan: A transfer of money, property, or anything of value in consideration of a promise or obligation, conditional or not, to repay in whole or part. See Alabama Code 17-5-2
  • LOCAL OFFICE: Any office under the constitution and laws of the state, except circuit, district, or legislative offices, filled by election of the registered voters of a single county or municipality, or by the voters of a division contained within a county or municipality. See Alabama Code 17-5-2
  • Lot: means a parcel or a single article that is the subject matter of a separate lease or delivery, whether or not it is sufficient to perform the lease contract. See Alabama Code 7-2A-103
  • member: Such term shall include actual members of associations without capital stock and holders of common stock in organizations organized with capital stock. See Alabama Code 2-10-50
  • MEMORANDUM OF UNDERSTANDING: A written document setting forth an agreed upon procedure. See Alabama Code 12-23A-2
  • Merchant lessee: means a lessee that is a merchant with respect to goods of the kind subject to the lease. See Alabama Code 7-2A-103
  • METROPOLITAN PLANNING ORGANIZATION: The forum for cooperative transportation decision making for a metropolitan planning area pursuant to 23 U. See Alabama Code 11-32-2
  • misbranded: Any carcass, part thereof, meat or meat food product or poultry or poultry food product is misbranded under one or more of the following circumstances:

    a. See Alabama Code 2-17-1

  • month: The calendar month. See Alabama Code 45-21-242.13
  • Mortgage: The written agreement pledging property to a creditor as collateral for a loan.
  • Mortgagee: The person to whom property is mortgaged and who has loaned the money.
  • MOTOR VEHICLE: Every vehicle which is self-propelled and every vehicle which is propelled by electric power obtained from overhead trolley wires, but not operated upon rails, except for electric personal assistive mobility devices. See Alabama Code 32-1-1.1
  • municipality: An incorporated city or town of this state. See Alabama Code 11-32-2
  • municipality: Such term shall include cities and towns. See Alabama Code 11-85-20
  • municipality: Cities or towns. See Alabama Code 11-85-50
  • municipality: Such term shall include any incorporated city or town in the state. See Alabama Code 11-81-140
  • Nolo contendere: No contest-has the same effect as a plea of guilty, as far as the criminal sentence is concerned, but may not be considered as an admission of guilt for any other purpose.
  • obligations: Bonds, warrants, certificates of indebtedness and notes of a unit, including bonds, warrants, certificates and notes that are general obligations of the issuing unit and those that are payable solely from a specified source. See Alabama Code 11-81-220
  • office: The Alabama Small Business Office of Advocacy. See Alabama Code 41-29-221
  • Oral argument: An opportunity for lawyers to summarize their position before the court and also to answer the judges' questions.
  • ORGANIZING SUBDIVISION: With respect to any unit, each municipality or county which may have granted authorization or made determinations respecting the incorporation of the unit or the governing body of which may have granted such authorization or made such determinations and, in the case of a board of education, the county or city with respect to which such board of education is organized. See Alabama Code 11-81-220
  • Oversight: Committee review of the activities of a Federal agency or program.
  • owner: A person, other than a lienholder, having the property in or title to a vehicle. See Alabama Code 32-1-1.1
  • paratransit: Comparable transportation service required by the Americans with Disabilities Act for individuals who are unable to use fixed route transportation systems. See Alabama Code 11-32-2
  • PARTICIPATING MUNICIPALITY: A municipality in an authorizing county, other than the principal municipality, which is then providing funds for the authority, pursuant to resolution, contract, or otherwise. See Alabama Code 11-32-2
  • Partnership: A voluntary contract between two or more persons to pool some or all of their assets into a business, with the agreement that there will be a proportional sharing of profits and losses.
  • permit: A document issued or authorized by the commissioner to provide for the movement of regulated articles to restricted designations for limited handling, utilization, or processing. See Alabama Code 2-19-121
  • person: An individual, association, partnership, corporation or other private entity. See Alabama Code 2-19-100
  • person: Any individual, corporation, company, society, or association, or other business entity. See Alabama Code 2-19-121
  • person: Unless limited to a natural person by the context in which it is used, includes a public or private corporation, municipality, county, or an agency, department, or instrumentality of the state or of a county or municipality. See Alabama Code 11-32-2
  • person: An individual, partnership, committee, association, corporation, labor organization, or any other organization or group of persons. See Alabama Code 17-5-2
  • person: Any individual, firm, partnership, corporation, association, or any combination thereof. See Alabama Code 45-19-244
  • person: Any individual, firm, joint venture, partnership, corporation, association, or joint stock association and includes any trustee, receiver, assignee, or personal representative thereof engaged in the transportation of hazardous liquids. See Alabama Code 37-4-90
  • person: Unless limited to a natural person by the context in which it is used, includes a public or private corporation, a municipality, a county, or an agency, department, or instrumentality of the state, or of a county or municipality. See Alabama Code 45-23A-91.01
  • person: An individual, a partnership, a corporation or two or more individuals having a joint or common interest. See Alabama Code 2-1-1
  • person: Every natural person, firm, copartnership, association, or corporation. See Alabama Code 32-1-1.1
  • person: Such term shall include individuals, firms, partnerships and associations. See Alabama Code 2-10-50
  • person: Any individual, partnership, corporation, or association. See Alabama Code 2-15-20
  • PERSONAL AND LEGISLATIVE LIVING EXPENSES: Household supplies, personal clothing, tuition payments, mortgage, rent, or utility payments for a personal residence; admission to an entertainment event or fees for a country club or social club, unless tied to a specific campaign event or functions involving constituents; and any other expense, excluding food and beverages, that would exist irrespective of the candidate's campaign or duties as a legislator. See Alabama Code 17-5-2
  • PERSONAL PROPERTY INSTRUMENT: Any instrument or document affecting the title to personal property only, as distinguished from real property, that may be now or hereafter required to be filed or titled for record in the probate office, in accordance with the applicable requirements of the laws of this state, including, without limitation, Sections 35-4-50 and 35-4-90. See Alabama Code 45-18-82.51
  • Plea: In a criminal case, the defendant's statement pleading "guilty" or "not guilty" in answer to the charges, a declaration made in open court.
  • POLITICAL ACTION COMMITTEE: Any committee, club, association, political party, or other group of one or more persons, whether in-state or out-of-state, which receives or anticipates receiving contributions and makes or anticipates making expenditures to or on behalf of any Alabama state or local elected official, proposition, candidate, principal campaign committee or other political action committee. See Alabama Code 17-5-2
  • POLITICAL PARTY: A political party as defined in Section 17-13-40. See Alabama Code 17-5-2
  • poultry: Any live or slaughtered domesticated bird. See Alabama Code 2-17-1
  • Precedent: A court decision in an earlier case with facts and law similar to a dispute currently before a court. Precedent will ordinarily govern the decision of a later similar case, unless a party can show that it was wrongly decided or that it differed in some significant way.
  • Present value: means the amount as of a date certain of one or more sums payable in the future, discounted to the date certain. See Alabama Code 7-2A-103
  • President pro tempore: A constitutionally recognized officer of the Senate who presides over the chamber in the absence of the Vice President. The President Pro Tempore (or, "president for a time") is elected by the Senate and is, by custom, the Senator of the majority party with the longest record of continuous service.
  • Presiding officer: A majority-party Senator who presides over the Senate and is charged with maintaining order and decorum, recognizing Members to speak, and interpreting the Senate's rules, practices and precedents.
  • PRINCIPAL CAMPAIGN COMMITTEE: The principal campaign committee designated by a candidate under Section 17-5-4. See Alabama Code 17-5-2
  • PRINCIPAL MUNICIPALITY: The municipality in an authorizing county having the largest population in the authorizing county according to the last or any subsequent federal decennial census. See Alabama Code 11-32-2
  • PRINCIPAL OFFICE: The place at which the certificate of incorporation and amendments to the certificate of incorporation, the bylaws, and the minutes of proceedings of the board are kept. See Alabama Code 11-32-2
  • Principal office: means the office, in or out of this state, so designated in the annual report where the principal executive offices of a domestic or foreign corporation are located. See Alabama Code 10A-2-1.40
  • PRINCIPAL OFFICE: The place at which the certificate of incorporation and amendments thereto, the by-laws and the minutes of the proceedings of the board of the authority are kept. See Alabama Code 45-23A-91.01
  • Probable cause: A reasonable ground for belief that the offender violated a specific law.
  • Probation: A sentencing alternative to imprisonment in which the court releases convicted defendants under supervision as long as certain conditions are observed.
  • Probation officers: Screen applicants for pretrial release and monitor convicted offenders released under court supervision.
  • producer: Any person engaging in the business of severing sand, clay, silt, loam, dirt, gravel, rock, sand-gravel, clay-gravel, sand-clay, graphite, or any combination thereof from the soil within Coosa County. See Alabama Code 45-19-244
  • PRODUCERS OF AGRICULTURAL PRODUCTS: Individual persons, partnerships, associations and corporations who produce such products either directly or as landlords, tenants or sharecroppers. See Alabama Code 2-10-90
  • PRODUCTION OF AGRICULTURAL PRODUCTS: Such term shall include fishing activities and the harvesting of aquatic and seafood products as well as the production of other agricultural or farm products hereinabove defined in subdivision (1) of this section. See Alabama Code 2-10-50
  • project: Interests in land, buildings, structures, facilities, or other improvements located or to be located within the downtown development area, and any fixtures, machinery, equipment, furniture, or other property of any nature whatsoever used on, in, or in connection with any such land, interest in land, building, structure, facility, or other improvement, all for the essential public purpose of the development of trade, commerce, industry, and employment opportunities in the downtown development area. See Alabama Code 45-23A-91.01
  • property: Real and personal property, and any and all interests in the real and personal property. See Alabama Code 11-32-2
  • property: Includes all property, whether real, personal, or mixed, or tangible or intangible, or any right or interest therein. See Alabama Code 10A-1-1.03
  • proposition: Any proposal for submission to the general public for its approval or rejection, including proposed as well as qualified ballot questions. See Alabama Code 17-5-2
  • Prosecute: To charge someone with a crime. A prosecutor tries a criminal case on behalf of the government.
  • Public defender: Represent defendants who can't afford an attorney in criminal matters.
  • PUBLIC HATCHERY: Any establishment that regularly artificially hatches and sells or offers for sale to the public baby chicks or the young of any domestic fowl under six weeks of age or hatching eggs or that does custom hatching. See Alabama Code 2-16-1
  • PUBLIC OFFICIAL: Any person elected to public office, whether or not that person has taken office, by the vote of the people at the state, county, or municipal level of government or their instrumentalities, including governmental corporations, and any person appointed to a position at the state, county, or municipal level of government or their instrumentalities, including governmental corporations. See Alabama Code 17-5-2
  • PUBLIC SCHOOL FACILITY: Any education facility under the jurisdiction of a local board of education, whether termed an elementary school, middle school, junior high school, or high school. See Alabama Code 16-63-3
  • PUBLIC TRANSPORTATION SERVICE: All service involved in the transportation of passengers for hire by means of buses, street railway, elevated railway, subway, underground railroad, light rail, mass transit systems, motor vehicles, or other means of conveyance generally associated with or developed for mass surface or sub-surface transportation of the public, but does not include any service involved in transportation by taxicab, airport limousine, or industrial bus; however, public transportation service does not include aircraft or any air service subject to the Air Carrier Access Act of 1986 or managed by an airport authority of the principal municipality. See Alabama Code 11-32-2
  • Purchase: includes taking by sale, lease, mortgage, security interest, pledge, gift, or any other voluntary transaction creating an interest in goods. See Alabama Code 7-2A-103
  • purchaser: Any person acquiring title, outright or conditionally, to any interest in sand, clay, silt, loam, dirt, gravel, rock, sand-gravel, clay-gravel, sand-clay, graphite, or any combination thereof. See Alabama Code 45-19-244
  • pure honey: as used in this article , shall mean the nectar of plants that has been transformed by, and is the natural product of the honeybee, either in the honeycomb or taken from the honeycomb and marketed in a liquid, crystalized or granulated condition. See Alabama Code 2-11-120
  • real property: includes lands, tenements and hereditaments. See Alabama Code 1-1-1
  • REAL PROPERTY INSTRUMENT: Includes any instrument or document affecting the title to real property that may now or hereafter be filed for record in the probate office pursuant to the applicable requirements of the laws of this state, including, without limitation, Section 12-13-43, and all statutes providing for the filing and recording of notices or statements of liens of any kind, notices of judgments, and plats or maps showing the subdivision of real estate. See Alabama Code 45-18-82.51
  • Recess: A temporary interruption of the legislative business.
  • recidivism: A subsequent conviction or plea of nolo contendere in this or any other state or federal court of the United States within three years of successful completion of, or termination from, drug court for any offense carrying a sentence of one year or more. See Alabama Code 12-23A-2
  • Recourse: An arrangement in which a bank retains, in form or in substance, any credit risk directly or indirectly associated with an asset it has sold (in accordance with generally accepted accounting principles) that exceeds a pro rata share of the bank's claim on the asset. If a bank has no claim on an asset it has sold, then the retention of any credit risk is recourse. Source: FDIC
  • region: All the geographical area contained within the aggregate territorial limits of all governmental units participating in the establishment of a region for planning as provided in this article. See Alabama Code 11-85-20
  • region: All the geographical area contained within the aggregate territorial limits of all governmental units participating in a regional planning and development commission as provided in this article. See Alabama Code 11-85-50
  • REGIONAL PLANNING COMMISSION: The regional organization representing governing bodies of local governments under Act 584 of the 1963 Regular Session (Acts 1963, p. See Alabama Code 11-32-2
  • registration: The registration certificate or certificates and registration plates issued under the laws of this state pertaining to the registration of vehicles. See Alabama Code 32-1-1.1
  • REGULATED ARTICLE: Any article of any character carrying or capable of carrying the boll weevil, including but not limited to, cotton plants, seed cotton, other hosts, gin trash, and mechanical cotton pickers. See Alabama Code 2-19-121
  • relapse: A return to substance use after a period of abstinence from substance abuse. See Alabama Code 12-23A-2
  • Remainder: An interest in property that takes effect in the future at a specified time or after the occurrence of some event, such as the death of a life tenant.
  • Remand: When an appellate court sends a case back to a lower court for further proceedings.
  • Reporter: Makes a record of court proceedings and prepares a transcript, and also publishes the court's opinions or decisions (in the courts of appeals).
  • Rescission: The cancellation of budget authority previously provided by Congress. The Impoundment Control Act of 1974 specifies that the President may propose to Congress that funds be rescinded. If both Houses have not approved a rescission proposal (by passing legislation) within 45 days of continuous session, any funds being withheld must be made available for obligation.
  • SANITARY SEWER SYSTEM: Facilities for the collection, transmission, treatment and disposal of sewage, together with all appurtenances to any such facilities. See Alabama Code 11-81-160
  • screening: The process of gathering basic information to determine whether the offender meets established drug court eligibility criteria and shall include, but is not limited to, the current charge, a substance abuse evaluation, a brief questionnaire to determine if a risk or needs assessment is needed, and drug testing, and may include, but is not limited to, a substance abuse evaluation, risk assessment, or needs assessment. See Alabama Code 12-23A-2
  • Secretary: means the corporate officer to whom the board of directors has delegated responsibility under Section 10A-2-8. See Alabama Code 10A-2-1.40
  • Service of process: The service of writs or summonses to the appropriate party.
  • Settlement: Parties to a lawsuit resolve their difference without having a trial. Settlements often involve the payment of compensation by one party in satisfaction of the other party's claims.
  • severing: Mining, stripping, or otherwise taking or removing sand, clay, silt, loam, dirt, gravel, rock, sand-gravel, clay-gravel, sand-clay, graphite, or any combination thereof from the soil within Coosa County. See Alabama Code 45-19-244
  • Shareholder: means the person in whose name shares are registered in the records of a corporation or the beneficial owner of shares to the extent of the rights granted by a nominee certificate on file with a corporation. See Alabama Code 10A-2-1.40
  • Shares: means the units into which the proprietary interests in a corporation are divided. See Alabama Code 10A-2-1.40
  • SHEEP OR GOAT PRODUCER: Any person residing in Alabama, any Alabama corporation, or Alabama legal business entity that owns or has a financial investment in sheep or goats located in Alabama. See Alabama Code 2-8-310
  • SMALL BUSINESS: A small business, as defined in Section 25-10-3. See Alabama Code 41-29-221
  • SPLIT SENTENCING: A sentence which includes a period of incarceration followed by a period of probation. See Alabama Code 12-23A-2
  • staffing: The meeting before an appearance of a drug offender in drug court in which the drug court team discusses a coordinated response to the drug offender's behavior. See Alabama Code 12-23A-2
  • state: The State of Alabama. See Alabama Code 11-32-2
  • state: The State of Alabama. See Alabama Code 17-5-2
  • state: The State of Alabama. See Alabama Code 45-23A-91.01
  • state: A state, territory, or possession of the United States, the District of Columbia, the Commonwealth of Puerto Rico, or a province of Canada. See Alabama Code 32-1-1.1
  • state: The State of Alabama. See Alabama Code 11-29-3
  • STATE OFFICE: All offices under the constitution and laws of the state filled by election of the registered voters of the state or of any circuit or district and shall include legislative offices. See Alabama Code 17-5-2
  • STATE SALES TAX: The tax imposed by the state sales tax statutes. See Alabama Code 45-21-242.13
  • STATE SALES TAX STATUTES: Sections 40-23-1, 40-23-2, 40-23-3, and 40-23-4, which levy a certain retail sales tax, and include all statutes, including amendments to those sections, which expressly set forth any exceptions from the computation of the tax levied by the sections and all other statutes which expressly apply to, or purport to affect, the administration of the sections and the incidence and collection of the tax imposed therein. See Alabama Code 45-21-242.13
  • STATE USE TAX: The tax imposed by the state use tax statutes. See Alabama Code 45-21-242.13
  • Statute of limitations: A law that sets the time within which parties must take action to enforce their rights.
  • street: The entire width between boundary lines of every way publicly maintained when any part thereof is open to the use of the public for purposes of vehicular travel. See Alabama Code 32-1-1.1
  • subscription: include a mark when the person cannot write, if his name is written near the mark, and witnessed by a person who writes his own name as a witness, and include with respect to corporate securities facsimile signature placed upon any instrument or writing with intent to execute or authenticate such instrument or writing. See Alabama Code 1-1-1
  • subsidiary: An entity or organization at least 50 percent of:

    (A) the ownership or membership interest of which is owned by a parent entity or parent organization; or

    (B) the voting power of which is possessed by a parent entity or parent organization. See Alabama Code 10A-1-1.03

  • substance: Drug as defined in subdivision (6). See Alabama Code 12-23A-2
  • SUBSTANCE ABUSE: The illegal or improper consumption of a drug. See Alabama Code 12-23A-2
  • SUBSTANCE ABUSE TREATMENT: The application of professionally planned, managed, administered, and monitored procedures for the purpose of alleviating, minimizing, and stabilizing the effect of substance-related disorders and restoring impaired functionality. See Alabama Code 12-23A-2
  • superintendent: means the superintendent then in office and, where appropriate, all of his or her successors and predecessors in office. See Alabama Code 5-13B-41
  • Supplier: means a person from whom a lessor buys or leases goods to be leased under a finance lease. See Alabama Code 7-2A-103
  • tcab: The transit citizens advisory board established herein. See Alabama Code 11-32-2
  • Temporary restraining order: Prohibits a person from an action that is likely to cause irreparable harm. This differs from an injunction in that it may be granted immediately, without notice to the opposing party, and without a hearing. It is intended to last only until a hearing can be held.
  • Testator: A male person who leaves a will at death.
  • ton: A short ton of 2,000 pounds. See Alabama Code 45-19-244
  • Tort: A civil wrong or breach of a duty to another person, as outlined by law. A very common tort is negligent operation of a motor vehicle that results in property damage and personal injury in an automobile accident.
  • Transcript: A written, word-for-word record of what was said, either in a proceeding such as a trial or during some other conversation, as in a transcript of a hearing or oral deposition.
  • TRANSIT SYSTEM: Land, plants, systems, facilities, buildings, garages, vehicles of all types, rails, lines, and any combination of any of the following, used or useful or capable of future use in furnishing public transportation service, and all other property deemed necessary or desirable by an authority for use in furnishing public transportation service. See Alabama Code 11-32-2
  • transporter: Any person transporting sand, clay, silt, loam, dirt, gravel, rock, sand-gravel, clay-gravel, sand-clay, graphite, or any combination thereof from the place where it is severed or from any other place to any other place, within or without Coosa County. See Alabama Code 45-19-244
  • TRUST INCOME: The net income received by the state, subsequent to the transfer of the initial trust capital by the State Treasurer to the board of trustees of the trust fund, from the investment and reinvestment of all assets of the trust fund, determined in accordance with the provisions of Amendment Number 450 of the Constitution of Alabama of 1901. See Alabama Code 11-29-3
  • trustee: A person who serves as a trustee of a trust, including a real estate investment trust. See Alabama Code 10A-1-1.03
  • Trustee: A person or institution holding and administering property in trust.
  • undertaking: Such term shall include all of the following revenue-producing undertakings or any combination of two or more of such undertakings, whether now existing or hereafter acquired or constructed:

    a. See Alabama Code 11-81-140

  • unit: Any public corporation organized in this state pursuant to authorization or determination by any municipality or municipalities or county or counties or a municipality and a county or by any combination of municipalities and counties or by the governing body of any one or more thereof and shall include also any county board of education and any city board of education. See Alabama Code 11-81-220
  • United States: when used in a geographical sense, means the several states, the District of Columbia, Puerto Rico, Guam, American Samoa, the American Virgin Islands, the Trust Territory of the Pacific Islands, and any other territory of the United States; and, when used in a political sense, means the federal government of the United States. See Alabama Code 5-13B-41
  • Uphold: The decision of an appellate court not to reverse a lower court decision.
  • User fees: Fees charged to users of goods or services provided by the government. In levying or authorizing these fees, the legislature determines whether the revenue should go into the treasury or should be available to the agency providing the goods or services.
  • Usury: Charging an illegally high interest rate on a loan. Source: OCC
  • Variable Rate: Having a "variable" rate means that the APR changes from time to time based on fluctuations in an external rate, normally the Prime Rate. This external rate is known as the "index." If the index changes, the variable rate normally changes. Also see Fixed Rate.
  • vehicle: Every device in, upon, or by which any person or property is or may be transported or drawn upon a highway, excepting devices moved by human power or used exclusively upon stationary rails or tracks or electric personal assistive mobility devices; provided, that for the purposes of this title, a bicycle or a ridden animal shall be deemed a vehicle, except those provisions of this title, which by their very nature can have no application. See Alabama Code 32-1-1.1
  • Venue: The geographical location in which a case is tried.
  • Veto: The procedure established under the Constitution by which the President/Governor refuses to approve a bill or joint resolution and thus prevents its enactment into law. A regular veto occurs when the President/Governor returns the legislation to the house in which it originated. The President/Governor usually returns a vetoed bill with a message indicating his reasons for rejecting the measure. In Congress, the veto can be overridden only by a two-thirds vote in both the Senate and the House.
  • VIOLENT OFFENSE OR CHARGE: As defined in Section 12-25-32(13). See Alabama Code 12-23A-2
  • Voting group: means all shares of one or more classes or series that under the articles of incorporation or this chapter are entitled to vote and be counted together collectively on a matter at a meeting of shareholders. See Alabama Code 10A-2-1.40
  • WATERWORKS SYSTEM: Facilities for the gathering, collecting, impounding, treatment, transmission and distribution, or any of them, of water for domestic use or for industrial use or both, together with all appurtenances to any such facilities. See Alabama Code 11-81-160
  • Writ: A formal written command, issued from the court, requiring the performance of a specific act.