Article 1 General Provisions 8-14-1
Article 2 Sale of Gold, Silver, Watches, Jewelry, China, etc 8-14-20 – 8-14-24

Terms Used In Alabama Code > Title 8 > Chapter 14

  • AGRICULTURAL LIMING MATERIALS: Those products whose calcium and magnesium compounds are capable of neutralizing soil acidity

    (2) LIMESTONE. See Alabama Code 32-6-461

  • Answer: The formal written statement by a defendant responding to a civil complaint and setting forth the grounds for defense.
  • Appellate: About appeals; an appellate court has the power to review the judgement of another lower court or tribunal.
  • Appropriation: The provision of funds, through an annual appropriations act or a permanent law, for federal agencies to make payments out of the Treasury for specified purposes. The formal federal spending process consists of two sequential steps: authorization
  • Arraignment: A proceeding in which an individual who is accused of committing a crime is brought into court, told of the charges, and asked to plead guilty or not guilty.
  • Assets: (1) The property comprising the estate of a deceased person, or (2) the property in a trust account.
  • Bankruptcy: Refers to statutes and judicial proceedings involving persons or businesses that cannot pay their debts and seek the assistance of the court in getting a fresh start. Under the protection of the bankruptcy court, debtors may discharge their debts, perhaps by paying a portion of each debt. Bankruptcy judges preside over these proceedings.
  • Beneficiary: A person who is entitled to receive the benefits or proceeds of a will, trust, insurance policy, retirement plan, annuity, or other contract. Source: OCC
  • board: The Board of Agriculture and Industries of the State of Alabama. See Alabama Code 32-6-461
  • brand: The trade name or other designation under which a particular petroleum product is sold, offered for sale, or otherwise identified. See Alabama Code 45-17-231.20
  • brand: The term, designation, trademark, product name or the specific designation under which an individual or type of agricultural liming material as defined in this section is offered for sale. See Alabama Code 32-6-461
  • bulk: Nonpackaged form. See Alabama Code 32-6-461
  • BUSINESS ENTITY: A corporation, limited liability company, partnership, limited partnership, registered limited liability partnership, or other entity organized to engage in business, whether for profit or not, created under the laws of the State of Alabama, predecessor law, or law of another jurisdiction. See Alabama Code 45-4-11
  • BUSINESS TRUST: A business trust as defined in Chapter 16. See Alabama Code 45-26-231.06
  • CALCIUM CARBONATE EQUIVALENT: The acid neutralizing capacity of an agricultural liming material expressed as weight percentage of calcium carbonate. See Alabama Code 32-6-461
  • CERTIFICATE OF DISSOLUTION: Any document such as a certificate of dissolution, statement of dissolution, or articles of dissolution, required or permitted to be filed publicly with respect to an entity's dissolution and winding up of its business, activity, activities, not for profit activity, or affairs. See Alabama Code 45-26-231.06
  • commission: The Alabama Public Service Commission;

    (6) FEDERAL SAFETY STANDARDS. See Alabama Code 37-4-90

  • commissioner: The Alabama Commissioner of Agriculture and Industries. See Alabama Code 45-17-231.20
  • commissioner: The Commissioner of Agriculture and Industries of the State of Alabama. See Alabama Code 32-6-461
  • Complaint: A written statement by the plaintiff stating the wrongs allegedly committed by the defendant.
  • Contract: A legal written agreement that becomes binding when signed.
  • cooperative: A cooperative marketing association for marketing of farm products. See Alabama Code 32-6-15
  • Damages: Money paid by defendants to successful plaintiffs in civil cases to compensate the plaintiffs for their injuries.
  • Deed: The legal instrument used to transfer title in real property from one person to another.
  • department: The Alabama State Law Enforcement Agency of this state acting directly or through its duly authorized officers and agents. See Alabama Code 16-36-23
  • Dismissal: The dropping of a case by the judge without further consideration or hearing. Source:
  • distribution: A transfer of property, including cash, from an entity to an owner or member of the entity in the owner's or member's capacity as an owner or member. See Alabama Code 45-26-231.06
  • Entitlement: A Federal program or provision of law that requires payments to any person or unit of government that meets the eligibility criteria established by law. Entitlements constitute a binding obligation on the part of the Federal Government, and eligible recipients have legal recourse if the obligation is not fulfilled. Social Security and veterans' compensation and pensions are examples of entitlement programs.
  • Executor: A male person named in a will to carry out the decedent
  • Federal Deposit Insurance Corporation: A government corporation that insures the deposits of all national and state banks that are members of the Federal Reserve System. Source: OCC
  • Fiduciary: A trustee, executor, or administrator.
  • FINANCIAL RIGHTS: Rights to a. See Alabama Code 45-4-11
  • fineness: The percentage by weight of the material which will pass U. See Alabama Code 32-6-461
  • FOREIGN LIMITED LIABILITY COMPANY: An organization formed under the laws of any jurisdiction other than Alabama that is substantially similar to a limited liability company. See Alabama Code 45-4-11
  • FOREIGN LIMITED PARTNERSHIP: A foreign limited partnership as defined in Chapter 9A. See Alabama Code 45-26-231.06
  • Gift: A voluntary transfer or conveyance of property without consideration, or for less than full and adequate consideration based on fair market value.
  • GOVERNANCE RIGHTS: All a member's rights as a member of a limited liability company except financial rights, including without limitation, the rights to participate in the management of the limited liability company and to bind the limited liability company as provided in Section 10A-5-3. See Alabama Code 45-4-11
  • Grantor: The person who establishes a trust and places property into it.
  • In forma pauperis: In the manner of a pauper. Permission given to a person to sue without payment of court fees on claim of indigence or poverty.
  • Indemnification: In general, a collateral contract or assurance under which one person agrees to secure another person against either anticipated financial losses or potential adverse legal consequences. Source: FDIC
  • Injunction: An order of the court prohibiting (or compelling) the performance of a specific act to prevent irreparable damage or injury.
  • insolvent: A person who is unable to pay the person's debts as they become due in the usual course of business or affairs. See Alabama Code 45-26-231.06
  • Intestate: Dying without leaving a will.
  • label: Any written or printed matter on or attached to the package or delivery ticket which accompanies a bulk shipment. See Alabama Code 32-6-461
  • Lease: A contract transferring the use of property or occupancy of land, space, structures, or equipment in consideration of a payment (e.g., rent). Source: OCC
  • Legacy: A gift of property made by will.
  • Legatee: A beneficiary of a decedent
  • license: A license, certificate of registration, or other legal authorization. See Alabama Code 45-26-231.06
  • LICENSING AUTHORITY: The state court, state regulatory licensing board, or other like agency which has the power to issue a license or other legal authorization to render professional services. See Alabama Code 45-26-231.06
  • LIMITED LIABILITY COMPANY: A limited liability company as defined in Chapter 5A. See Alabama Code 45-26-231.06
  • LIMITED LIABILITY LIMITED PARTNERSHIP: A limited liability limited partnership as defined in Chapter 9A. See Alabama Code 45-26-231.06
  • LIMITED PARTNERSHIP: A limited partnership as defined in Chapter 9A. See Alabama Code 45-26-231.06
  • Litigation: A case, controversy, or lawsuit. Participants (plaintiffs and defendants) in lawsuits are called litigants.
  • LUBRICATING OIL: Those products of petroleum that are commonly used in lubricating or oiling engines and any devices or substitutes for such products of petroleum. See Alabama Code 45-17-231.20
  • member: A person reflected in the required records of a limited liability company as the owner of some governance rights of a membership interest in the limited liability company. See Alabama Code 45-4-11
  • Member: means a person admitted under Section 10A-5A-4. See Alabama Code 45-4-100.01
  • Mortgage: The written agreement pledging property to a creditor as collateral for a loan.
  • motor vehicle: as used in this division , shall include all vehicles propelled by any power other than muscular power. See Alabama Code 45-18-82.55
  • MOTOR VEHICLE: Every vehicle which is self-propelled and every vehicle which is propelled by electric power obtained from overhead trolley wires, but not operated upon rails, except for electric personal assistive mobility devices. See Alabama Code 16-36-23
  • National Credit Union Administration: The federal regulatory agency that charters and supervises federal credit unions. (NCUA also administers the National Credit Union Share Insurance Fund, which insures the deposits of federal credit unions.) Source: OCC
  • NONPROFIT CORPORATION: A domestic or foreign nonprofit corporation as defined in Chapter 3. See Alabama Code 45-26-231.06
  • OPERATING AGREEMENT: A written agreement of the member or members governing the affairs of a limited liability company and the conduct of its business. See Alabama Code 45-4-11
  • Oral argument: An opportunity for lawyers to summarize their position before the court and also to answer the judges' questions.
  • owner: A person, other than a lienholder, having the property in or title to a vehicle. See Alabama Code 16-36-23
  • OWNERSHIP INTEREST: An owner's interest in an entity. See Alabama Code 45-26-231.06
  • PARTNERSHIP AGREEMENT: Any agreement (whether referred to as a partnership agreement or otherwise), written, oral or implied, of the partners as to the activities and affairs of a general partnership or a limited partnership. See Alabama Code 45-26-231.06
  • PARTY TO THE MERGER: A domestic entity or non-code organization that under a plan of merger is combined by a merger. See Alabama Code 45-26-231.06
  • person: Any individual, firm, joint venture, partnership, corporation, association, or joint stock association and includes any trustee, receiver, assignee, or personal representative thereof engaged in the transportation of hazardous liquids. See Alabama Code 37-4-90
  • person: Any natural person, firm, partnership, association, corporation, receiver, trust, estate, or other entity as well as any other group or combination thereof acting as a unit. See Alabama Code 45-17-231.20
  • person: Any individual, partnership, corporation, association or other legal entity or organization. See Alabama Code 32-6-461
  • person: Every natural person, firm, copartnership, association, or corporation. See Alabama Code 16-36-23
  • personal property: includes money, goods, chattels, things in action and evidence of debt, deeds and conveyances. See Alabama Code 30-3D-608
  • PERSONAL PROPERTY INSTRUMENT: Any instrument or document affecting the title to personal property only, as distinguished from real property, that may be now or hereafter required to be filed or titled for record in the probate office, in accordance with the applicable requirements of the laws of this state, including, without limitation, Sections 35-4-50 and 35-4-90. See Alabama Code 45-18-82.51
  • PETROLEUM PRODUCTS: Gasoline, diesel fuel, and lubricating oil. See Alabama Code 45-17-231.20
  • Plaintiff: The person who files the complaint in a civil lawsuit.
  • Pleadings: Written statements of the parties in a civil case of their positions. In the federal courts, the principal pleadings are the complaint and the answer.
  • Precedent: A court decision in an earlier case with facts and law similar to a dispute currently before a court. Precedent will ordinarily govern the decision of a later similar case, unless a party can show that it was wrongly decided or that it differed in some significant way.
  • Pro se: A Latin term meaning "on one's own behalf"; in courts, it refers to persons who present their own cases without lawyers.
  • Probation: A sentencing alternative to imprisonment in which the court releases convicted defendants under supervision as long as certain conditions are observed.
  • PROFESSIONAL CORPORATION: A domestic or foreign professional corporation as defined in Chapter 4. See Alabama Code 45-26-231.06
  • PROFESSIONAL SERVICE: Any type of service that may lawfully be performed only pursuant to a license issued by a state court, state regulatory licensing board, or other like agency pursuant to state laws. See Alabama Code 45-26-231.06
  • property: Includes all property, whether real, personal, or mixed, or tangible or intangible, or any right or interest therein. See Alabama Code 45-26-231.06
  • Prosecute: To charge someone with a crime. A prosecutor tries a criminal case on behalf of the government.
  • Quorum: The number of legislators that must be present to do business.
  • re-refined oil: as used in this division , shall mean any lubricating oil, lubricant or motor lubricating oil which has been previously used, in whole or in part, when such oil has been reprocessed, re-refined or in any manner reclaimed, regardless of the quality of the oil, the method of reprocessing, re-refining or reclaiming of the oil or of the intended use of such oil. See Alabama Code 45-18-81.33
  • real property: includes lands, tenements and hereditaments. See Alabama Code 30-3D-608
  • REAL PROPERTY INSTRUMENT: Includes any instrument or document affecting the title to real property that may now or hereafter be filed for record in the probate office pursuant to the applicable requirements of the laws of this state, including, without limitation, Section 12-13-43, and all statutes providing for the filing and recording of notices or statements of liens of any kind, notices of judgments, and plats or maps showing the subdivision of real estate. See Alabama Code 45-18-82.51
  • registration: The registration certificate or certificates and registration plates issued under the laws of this state pertaining to the registration of vehicles. See Alabama Code 16-36-23
  • Restitution: The court-ordered payment of money by the defendant to the victim for damages caused by the criminal action.
  • seafoods: shall include and mean all oysters, saltwater fish, saltwater shrimp, diamond back terrapin, sea turtle, crabs and all other species of marine or saltwater animal life existing or living in the water within the territorial jurisdiction of the State of Alabama. See Alabama Code 35-4-73
  • state: The State of Alabama. See Alabama Code 45-17-231.20
  • state: A state, territory, or possession of the United States, the District of Columbia, the Commonwealth of Puerto Rico, or a province of Canada. See Alabama Code 16-36-23
  • Subpoena: A command to a witness to appear and give testimony.
  • Temporary restraining order: Prohibits a person from an action that is likely to cause irreparable harm. This differs from an injunction in that it may be granted immediately, without notice to the opposing party, and without a hearing. It is intended to last only until a hearing can be held.
  • Testator: A male person who leaves a will at death.
  • Testimony: Evidence presented orally by witnesses during trials or before grand juries.
  • ton: Two thousand pounds avoirdupois. See Alabama Code 32-6-461
  • Trial: A hearing that takes place when the defendant pleads "not guilty" and witnesses are required to come to court to give evidence.
  • Trust account: A general term that covers all types of accounts in a trust department, such as estates, guardianships, and agencies. Source: OCC
  • Uniform Commercial Code: A set of statutes enacted by the various states to provide consistency among the states' commercial laws. It includes negotiable instruments, sales, stock transfers, trust and warehouse receipts, and bills of lading. Source: OCC
  • vehicle: Every device in, upon, or by which any person or property is or may be transported or drawn upon a highway, excepting devices moved by human power or used exclusively upon stationary rails or tracks or electric personal assistive mobility devices; provided, that for the purposes of this title, a bicycle or a ridden animal shall be deemed a vehicle, except those provisions of this title, which by their very nature can have no application. See Alabama Code 16-36-23
  • Venue: The geographical location in which a case is tried.
  • Writ: A formal written command, issued from the court, requiring the performance of a specific act.
  • Writ of certiorari: An order issued by the Supreme Court directing the lower court to transmit records for a case for which it will hear on appeal.