Article 1 Conservation and Regulation of Production 9-17-1 – 9-17-35
Article 2 Leases 9-17-50 – 9-17-69
Article 3 Unit Operations 9-17-80 – 9-17-88
Article 4 Liquefied Petroleum Gas 9-17-100 – 9-17-110
Article 4A LP-Gas Room Heaters 9-17-120 – 9-17-125
Article 5 Coalbed Methane Gas Well Plugging Fund 9-17-130 – 9-17-139
Article 6 Underground Gas Storage 9-17-150 – 9-17-157
Article 7 Alabama Propane Education and Research Act of 2009 9-17-170 – 9-17-179

Terms Used In Alabama Code > Title 9 > Chapter 17

  • ABLE PROGRAM: The Achieving a Better Life Experience Program established pursuant to this chapter and defined in Section 529A of the Internal Revenue Code of 1986, as amended, or other applicable federal law, to assist individuals and families to save private funds to support individuals with disabilities to maintain health, independence, and quality of life. See Alabama Code 45-23-70.01
  • ABLE SAVINGS ACCOUNT: An individual ABLE trust fund account established by a contributor pursuant to this chapter to apply distributions from the account toward qualified disability expenses for an eligible designated beneficiary, both terms as defined in Section 529A of the Internal Revenue Code of 1986, as amended, or other applicable federal law. See Alabama Code 45-23-70.01
  • ABLE TRUST FUND: The fiduciary trust fund established pursuant to this chapter comprised of separate and segregated ABLE savings accounts as established by savings agreements. See Alabama Code 45-23-70.01
  • ACES ADMINISTRATIVE FUND: The ACES Administrative Fund created in Section 16-33C-10. See Alabama Code 45-23-70.01
  • ACES PROGRAM: The Alabama College Education Savings Program, a qualified program established pursuant to this chapter and as defined in Section 529 of the Internal Revenue Code of 1986, as amended, or other applicable federal law, to assist individuals and families to save funds for the purpose of meeting the qualified higher education expenses of the designated beneficiary. See Alabama Code 45-23-70.01
  • ACES SAVINGS ACCOUNT: An individual ACES account held in the ACES Trust Fund established by a contributor pursuant to this chapter in order to apply distributions from the account toward qualified higher education expenses at eligible educational institutions for an eligible designated beneficiary, with terms as defined in Section 529 of the Internal Revenue Code of 1986, as amended, or other applicable federal law. See Alabama Code 45-23-70.01
  • ACES TRUST FUND: The fiduciary trust fund created in Section 16-33C-10. See Alabama Code 45-23-70.01
  • ache: The Alabama Commission on Higher Education. See Alabama Code 45-22-234
  • ache: The Alabama Commission on Higher Education. See Alabama Code 45-22-242.08
  • AD VALOREM TAX: Those real and personal property ad valorem taxes collected by the county tax collector, the director of revenue of the county, or revenue commissioner, if any, for the county, but shall exclude all ad valorem taxes collected for the State of Alabama and all boards of education, municipalities, fire districts, or other entities located in the county. See Alabama Code 45-22-242.04
  • administrator: The person designated by a provider to be responsible for the administration of service contracts or the service contracts plan or to make the filings required by this chapter. See Alabama Code 41-7A-40
  • administrator: A third party other than the warrantor who is designated by the warrantor to be responsible for the administration of vehicle protection product warranties. See Alabama Code 41-9-63
  • Affidavit: A written statement of facts confirmed by the oath of the party making it, before a notary or officer having authority to administer oaths.
  • agriculture: The art or science of cultivating the ground and raising and harvesting crops, including also feeding, breeding, and management of livestock and poultry; tillage; husbandry; or farming. See Alabama Code 41-9-242
  • Answer: The formal written statement by a defendant responding to a civil complaint and setting forth the grounds for defense.
  • Appeal: A request made after a trial, asking another court (usually the court of appeals) to decide whether the trial was conducted properly. To make such a request is "to appeal" or "to take an appeal." One who appeals is called the appellant.
  • Appellate: About appeals; an appellate court has the power to review the judgement of another lower court or tribunal.
  • Appraisal: A determination of property value.
  • appropriate municipal official: as used in this article shall mean any municipal building official or deputy and any other municipal official or municipal employee designated by the mayor or other chief executive officer of the municipality as the person to exercise the authority and perform the duties delegated by this article. See Alabama Code 45-37-170
  • APPROVED INSTITUTION: Any independent nonprofit postsecondary institution of higher learning located in the State of Alabama which is accredited by the Commission on Colleges of the Southern Association of Colleges and Schools, any independent nonprofit postsecondary institution of higher learning whose credits are accepted by at least three other institutions which are accredited by the Commission on Colleges of the Southern Association of Colleges and Schools, or any independent postsecondary institution of higher learning with a permanent facility offering classroom instruction located in Montgomery County, Alabama, which has been incorporated and in continuous operation for over 50 years and which has been accredited for over 10 years by the Commission on Colleges of the Southern Association of Colleges and Schools, prior to July 1, 2010. See Alabama Code 45-22-234
  • APPROVED LENDER: Any eligible institution, or any bank, trust company, savings and loan association, credit union, pension fund, or insurance company, whose primary consumer credit function is not the making of insured student loans and which is examined and supervised by the appropriate state or federal regulatory agency or any other institution or agency defined as an eligible lender in accordance with the Federal Student Loan Law. See Alabama Code 45-22-242.08
  • Arraignment: A proceeding in which an individual who is accused of committing a crime is brought into court, told of the charges, and asked to plead guilty or not guilty.
  • Arrest: Taking physical custody of a person by lawful authority.
  • Attachment: A procedure by which a person's property is seized to pay judgments levied by the court.
  • ATTENDING PHYSICIAN: The physician selected by, or assigned to, the patient and who has primary responsibility for the treatment and care of the patient. See Alabama Code 22-19-141
  • authority: The public corporation organized pursuant to this chapter, which shall be an agency of the state but shall not be a political subdivision of the state. See Alabama Code 45-22-242.04
  • authority: Any public corporation organized pursuant to the provisions of this chapter. See Alabama Code 45-28-243.01
  • AUTHORIZING COUNTY: Any county the governing body of which shall have adopted an authorizing resolution, even if the population of the county should fall below 600,000. See Alabama Code 45-22-242.04
  • AUTHORIZING MUNICIPALITY: Any municipality the governing body of which shall have adopted an authorizing resolution. See Alabama Code 45-22-242.04
  • AUTHORIZING RESOLUTION: A resolution, adopted by the governing body of any county to which this chapter applies or by a municipality in the county, all in accordance with Section 11-32-3. See Alabama Code 45-22-242.04
  • Bailiff: a court officer who enforces the rules of behavior in courtrooms.
  • Bankruptcy: Refers to statutes and judicial proceedings involving persons or businesses that cannot pay their debts and seek the assistance of the court in getting a fresh start. Under the protection of the bankruptcy court, debtors may discharge their debts, perhaps by paying a portion of each debt. Bankruptcy judges preside over these proceedings.
  • Beneficiary: A person who is entitled to receive the benefits or proceeds of a will, trust, insurance policy, retirement plan, annuity, or other contract. Source: OCC
  • Bequest: Property gifted by will.
  • blind person: means a natural person who has no vision or whose vision with correcting glasses is so defective as to prevent the performance of ordinary activities for which eyesight is essential, or who has central visual acuity of 20/200 or less in the better eye with correcting glasses, or whose central visual acuity is more than 20/200 in the better eye with correcting glasses but whose peripheral field has contracted to such an extent that the widest diameter of the visual field subtends an angular distance no greater than 20 degrees. See Alabama Code 30-3D-610
  • board: The Alabama Liquefied Petroleum Gas Board. See Alabama Code 41-9-63
  • board: The Board of Directors of an authority. See Alabama Code 45-22-242.04
  • board: The board of directors of an authority. See Alabama Code 45-28-243.01
  • bonds: Those bonds, including the refunding bonds, issued under and pursuant to the provisions of this article. See Alabama Code 45-37-232.20
  • bonds: Bonds, notes, warrants, certificates, and other obligations representing an obligation to pay money. See Alabama Code 45-22-242.04
  • bonds: Bonds, notes, or other obligations representing an obligation to pay money. See Alabama Code 45-28-243.01
  • branch: A local unit of an LP-gas business that is one or more of the following:

    a. See Alabama Code 41-9-63

  • BUSINESS CORPORATION: A corporation or foreign corporation as defined in Chapter 2. See Alabama Code 45-26-231.06
  • Buyer: means a person who buys or contracts to buy goods. See Alabama Code 22-14-8
  • chairman: The Chairman of the Department of Surgery, School of Medicine, at the University of Alabama at Birmingham. See Alabama Code 22-19-121
  • code: The state building code to be adopted by the state Building Commission. See Alabama Code 41-9-170
  • commission: The state Building Commission. See Alabama Code 41-9-170
  • commissioner: The Commissioner of Insurance of this state. See Alabama Code 41-7A-40
  • commissioner: The Commissioner of the Department of Insurance. See Alabama Code 41-9-63
  • commissioner: The Commissioner of Agriculture and Industries. See Alabama Code 32-6-15
  • commodity: Any goods, services, materials, merchandise, supplies, equipment, resources, or other articles of commerce, and includes, without limitation, all services offered or provided or work performed or offered to be performed as an occupation or business to consumers and food, water, ice, chemicals, petroleum products, and lumber necessary for consumption or use as a direct result of the emergency. See Alabama Code 41-4-390
  • Common law: The legal system that originated in England and is now in use in the United States. It is based on judicial decisions rather than legislative action.
  • Complaint: A written statement by the plaintiff stating the wrongs allegedly committed by the defendant.
  • consumer: A natural person residing in this state. See Alabama Code 41-9-140
  • CONSUMER CREDIT REPORT: A consumer report, as defined in 15 U. See Alabama Code 41-9-140
  • CONSUMER CREDIT REPORTING AGENCY: Any person who, for monetary fees, dues, or on a cooperative nonprofit basis, regularly engages in whole or in part in the practice of assembling or evaluating consumer credit information or other information on consumers for the purpose of furnishing consumer credit reports to third parties. See Alabama Code 41-9-140
  • Consumer lease: means a lease that a lessor regularly engaged in the business of leasing or selling makes to a lessee who is an individual and who takes under the lease primarily for a personal, family, or household purpose, if the total payments to be made under the lease contract, excluding payments for options to renew or buy, do not exceed $100,000. See Alabama Code 22-19-162
  • Continuance: Putting off of a hearing ot trial until a later time.
  • Contract for sale: includes both a present sale of goods and a contract to sell goods at a future time. See Alabama Code 22-14-11
  • contributor: Any person who contributes money to an ACES Program savings account or an ABLE Program savings account established pursuant to this chapter on behalf of a designated beneficiary and who is listed as the owner of the savings account. See Alabama Code 45-23-70.01
  • Conviction: A judgement of guilt against a criminal defendant.
  • cooperative: A cooperative marketing association for marketing of farm products. See Alabama Code 32-6-15
  • corporation: Includes a domestic or foreign business corporation as defined in Chapter 2, a domestic or foreign nonprofit corporation as defined in Chapter 3, a domestic or foreign professional corporation as defined in Chapter 4, and those entities specified in Chapter 20 as corporate. See Alabama Code 45-26-231.06
  • council: The Alabama Propane Education and Research Council created pursuant to Section 9-17-175. See Alabama Code 41-9-242
  • county: Any county in the State of Alabama. See Alabama Code 45-22-100.01
  • county: Any county in the state. See Alabama Code 45-22-242.04
  • county: Any county in the state. See Alabama Code 45-28-243.01
  • court: Every court and judge having jurisdiction in a case. See Alabama Code 45-26-231.06
  • Credit report: A detailed report of an individual's credit history prepared by a credit bureau and used by a lender in determining a loan applicant's creditworthiness. Source: OCC
  • Credit Score: A number, roughly between 300 and 800, that measures an individual's credit worthiness. The most well-known type of credit score is the FICO score. This score represents the answer from a mathematical formula that assigns numerical values to various pieces of information in your credit report. Source: OCC
  • customer: Any person who causes a molder to make a form or to use a form to make a product. See Alabama Code 41-4-154
  • day: When used in the computation of time excludes the first day and includes the last day of the period so computed, unless the last day is a Saturday, Sunday, or legal holiday, in which event the period runs until the end of the next day that is not a Saturday, a Sunday, or a legal holiday. See Alabama Code 45-26-231.06
  • dealer: Any person, corporation, or partnership that engages in the business of purchasing precious items for the purpose of reselling such items in any form. See Alabama Code 41-9-80
  • Decedent: A deceased person.
  • Deed: The legal instrument used to transfer title in real property from one person to another.
  • Defendant: In a civil suit, the person complained against; in a criminal case, the person accused of the crime.
  • department: The Department of Insurance. See Alabama Code 41-9-63
  • Dependent: A person dependent for support upon another.
  • Deposition: An oral statement made before an officer authorized by law to administer oaths. Such statements are often taken to examine potential witnesses, to obtain discovery, or to be used later in trial.
  • DESIGNATED BENEFICIARY: The eligible individual named as the beneficiary of an ABLE savings account, ACES savings account, or PACT contract established pursuant to this chapter. See Alabama Code 45-23-70.01
  • DETERMINING SUBDIVISION: With respect to an authority, any determining county or determining municipality. See Alabama Code 45-28-243.01
  • Devise: To gift property by will.
  • director: The Director of the Technical Staff of the state Building Commission. See Alabama Code 41-9-170
  • director: A member of the board. See Alabama Code 45-22-242.04
  • director: An individual who serves on the board of directors, by whatever name known, of a foreign or domestic corporation. See Alabama Code 45-26-231.06
  • Discovery: Lawyers' examination, before trial, of facts and documents in possession of the opponents to help the lawyers prepare for trial.
  • Dismissal: The dropping of a case by the judge without further consideration or hearing. Source:
  • Docket: A log containing brief entries of court proceedings.
  • domestic: With respect to an entity, that the entity is formed and exists under this title. See Alabama Code 45-26-231.06
  • DOMESTIC ENTITY: An organization formed and existing under this title. See Alabama Code 45-26-231.06
  • Donee: The recipient of a gift.
  • Donor: The person who makes a gift.
  • education: Any action to provide information regarding propane and the use of propane to consumers and members of the propane gas industry. See Alabama Code 41-9-242
  • electronic: Relating to technology having electrical, digital, magnetic, wireless, optical, electromagnetic, or similar capabilities. See Alabama Code 45-26-231.06
  • ELIGIBLE INSTITUTION: Any postsecondary educational institution which is approved by the Alabama Commission on Higher Education for the purposes of this program. See Alabama Code 45-22-242.08
  • ELIGIBLE STUDENT: Any applicant for a grant under the Alabama Student Grant Program who:

    a. See Alabama Code 45-22-234

  • Entitlement: A Federal program or provision of law that requires payments to any person or unit of government that meets the eligibility criteria established by law. Entitlements constitute a binding obligation on the part of the Federal Government, and eligible recipients have legal recourse if the obligation is not fulfilled. Social Security and veterans' compensation and pensions are examples of entitlement programs.
  • entity: A domestic entity or foreign entity. See Alabama Code 45-26-231.06
  • Escheat: Reversion of real or personal property to the state when 1) a person dies without leaving a will and has no heirs, or 2) when the property (such as a bank account) has been inactive for a certain period of time. Source: OCC
  • Escrow: Money given to a third party to be held for payment until certain conditions are met.
  • Evidence: Information presented in testimony or in documents that is used to persuade the fact finder (judge or jury) to decide the case for one side or the other.
  • Ex officio: Literally, by virtue of one's office.
  • Executive session: A portion of the Senate's daily session in which it considers executive business.
  • Executor: A male person named in a will to carry out the decedent
  • facility: All or any part of either or both of (i) a solid waste disposal facility, and (ii) a resource recovery facility, including all land, rights-of-way, property rights, franchise rights, machinery, equipment, vehicles, furniture, fixtures, and all other property, rights, easements, and interests necessary or desirable in connection therewith. See Alabama Code 45-28-243.01
  • Fair Credit Reporting Act: A federal law, established in 1971 and revised in 1997, that gives consumers the right to see their credit records and correct any mistakes. Source: OCC
  • Federal Deposit Insurance Corporation: A government corporation that insures the deposits of all national and state banks that are members of the Federal Reserve System. Source: OCC
  • FEDERAL STUDENT LOAN LAW: Title IV of the Federal Higher Education Act of 1965, as amended (enacted by the Congress of the United States of America as Public Law 89-239) providing for a student loan insurance or guaranty program, as said Title IV (presently codified as 20 U. See Alabama Code 45-22-242.08
  • Fee simple: Absolute title to property with no limitations or restrictions regarding the person who may inherit it.
  • Felony: A crime carrying a penalty of more than a year in prison.
  • Fiduciary: A trustee, executor, or administrator.
  • FILING ENTITY: A domestic entity that is a corporation, limited partnership, including a limited liability partnership, limited liability company, professional association, employee cooperative corporation, or real estate investment trust. See Alabama Code 45-26-231.06
  • FILING OFFICER: The officer with whom a filing instrument is required or permitted to be filed under Article 4 or under any other provision of this title. See Alabama Code 45-26-231.06
  • Finance charge: The total cost of credit a customer must pay on a consumer loan, including interest. The Truth in Lending Act requires disclosure of the finance charge. Source: OCC
  • Finance lease: means a lease with respect to which:

    (i) the lessor does not select, manufacture, or supply the goods;

    (ii) the lessor acquires the goods or the right to possession and use of the goods in connection with the lease; and

    (iii) one of the following occurs:

    (A) the lessee receives a copy of the contract by which the lessor acquired the goods or the right to possession and use of the goods before signing the lease contract;

    (B) the lessee's approval of the contract by which the lessor acquired the goods or the right to possession and use of the goods is a condition to effectiveness of the lease contract;

    (C) the lease contract or a separate accurate and complete statement delivered to the lessee discloses in writing (a) all express warranties and other rights provided to the lessee by the lessor and the supplier in connection with the lease contract (b) that there are no other express warranties or rights provided to the lessee by the lessor or the supplier in connection with the lease contract, and (c) in a consumer lease, any waiver, disclaimer, or other negation of express or implied warranties and any limitation or modification of remedy or liquidation of damages for breach of those warranties or other rights of the lessee in a manner as provided in this article or in Article 2, as applicable; or

    (D) the lessor, before the lessee signs the lease contract, informs the lessee in writing (a) of the identity of the supplier, unless the lessee has selected the supplier and directed the lessor to purchase the goods from the supplier, (b) that the lessee is entitled under this article to all warranties and other rights provided to the lessee by the supplier in connection with the lease contract, and (c) to contact the supplier to receive an accurate and complete statement from the supplier of any such express warranties and other rights and any disclaimers or limitations of them or of remedies. See Alabama Code 22-19-162

  • FISCAL YEAR: The fiscal year of the state as may from time to time be provided by law. See Alabama Code 45-22-161
  • FISCAL YEAR: The 12-month period provided for in subsection (c) of Section 11-32-7. See Alabama Code 45-22-242.04
  • Forbearance: A means of handling a delinquent loan. A
  • Foreclosure: A legal process in which property that is collateral or security for a loan may be sold to help repay the loan when the loan is in default. Source: OCC
  • foreign: With respect to an entity, that the entity is formed and existing under the laws of a jurisdiction other than this state. See Alabama Code 45-26-231.06
  • FOREIGN ENTITY: An organization formed and existing under the laws of a jurisdiction other than this state. See Alabama Code 45-26-231.06
  • FOREIGN FILING ENTITY: A foreign entity that registers or is required to register as a foreign entity under Article 7. See Alabama Code 45-26-231.06
  • FOREIGN LIMITED LIABILITY PARTNERSHIP: A foreign limited liability partnership as defined in Chapter 8A. See Alabama Code 45-26-231.06
  • FOREIGN LIMITED PARTNERSHIP: A foreign limited partnership as defined in Chapter 9A. See Alabama Code 45-26-231.06
  • form: An object in or around which material is placed to make a mold for pouring plastic or casting metal, and includes a mold, die or pattern. See Alabama Code 41-4-154
  • Fraud: Intentional deception resulting in injury to another.
  • fund: The "County Government Capital Improvement Fund. See Alabama Code 45-22-161
  • FUND CAPITAL: All assets of the "fund. See Alabama Code 45-22-161
  • Garnishment: Generally, garnishment is a court proceeding in which a creditor asks a court to order a third party who owes money to the debtor or otherwise holds assets belonging to the debtor to turn over to the creditor any of the debtor
  • GENERAL PARTNERSHIP: A partnership as defined in Chapter 8A. See Alabama Code 45-26-231.06
  • Gift: A voluntary transfer or conveyance of property without consideration, or for less than full and adequate consideration based on fair market value.
  • Goods: means all things that are movable at the time of identification to the lease contract, or are fixtures (Section 7-2A-309), but the term does not include money, documents, instruments, accounts, chattel paper, general intangibles, or minerals or the like, including oil and gas, before extraction. See Alabama Code 22-19-162
  • GOVERNING AUTHORITY: A person or group of persons who are entitled to manage and direct the affairs of an entity under this title and the governing documents of the entity, except that if the governing documents of the entity or this title divide the authority to manage and direct the affairs of the entity among different persons or groups of persons according to different matters, governing authority means the person or group of persons entitled to manage and direct the affairs of the entity with respect to a matter under the governing documents of the entity or this title. See Alabama Code 45-26-231.06
  • GOVERNING BODY: The governing body of a county or municipality in the state which is now or may hereafter be specifically designated in 40 C. See Alabama Code 45-29-71.05
  • GOVERNING BODY: With respect to a county, its county commissioners, board of revenue, or other like governing body and with respect to a municipality, its city or town council, board of commissioners, or other like governing body. See Alabama Code 45-22-242.04
  • GOVERNING PERSON: A person serving as part of the governing authority of an entity. See Alabama Code 45-26-231.06
  • GOVERNMENT SECURITIES: Any bonds or other obligations which as to principal and interest constitute direct obligations of, or are unconditionally guaranteed by, the United States of America, including obligations of any federal agency to the extent such obligations are unconditionally guaranteed by the United States of America and any certificates or any other evidences of an ownership interest in such obligations of, or unconditionally guaranteed by, the United States of America or in specified portions thereof, which may consist of the principal thereof or the interest thereon. See Alabama Code 45-37-232.20
  • Grand jury: agreement providing that a lender will delay exercising its rights (in the case of a mortgage,
  • grant: A monetary award under the Alabama Student Grant Program to an approved institution on behalf of and to the credit of an eligible student pursuant to this chapter. See Alabama Code 45-22-234
  • Grantor: The person who establishes a trust and places property into it.
  • Guardian: A person legally empowered and charged with the duty of taking care of and managing the property of another person who because of age, intellect, or health, is incapable of managing his (her) own affairs.
  • hotel: Any public inn or lodging house of 15 or more bedrooms, in which transient guests are lodged for pay. See Alabama Code 41-9-160
  • Impeachment: (1) The process of calling something into question, as in "impeaching the testimony of a witness." (2) The constitutional process whereby the House of Representatives may "impeach" (accuse of misconduct) high officers of the federal government for trial in the Senate.
  • IMPROPER MEANS: "Improper means" are means such as:

    a. See Alabama Code 41-4-149

  • In forma pauperis: In the manner of a pauper. Permission given to a person to sue without payment of court fees on claim of indigence or poverty.
  • INCIDENTAL COSTS: Expenses specified in the warranty incurred by the warranty holder related to the failure of the vehicle protection product to perform as provided in the warranty. See Alabama Code 41-9-63
  • incorporators: The persons forming a public corporation organized pursuant to this chapter. See Alabama Code 45-22-242.04
  • Indemnification: In general, a collateral contract or assurance under which one person agrees to secure another person against either anticipated financial losses or potential adverse legal consequences. Source: FDIC
  • Indictment: The formal charge issued by a grand jury stating that there is enough evidence that the defendant committed the crime to justify having a trial; it is used primarily for felonies.
  • individual: A natural person and the estate of an incompetent or deceased natural person. See Alabama Code 45-26-231.06
  • Injunction: An order of the court prohibiting (or compelling) the performance of a specific act to prevent irreparable damage or injury.
  • INSTITUTIONAL RELATED EXPENSES: Nonsectarian educational expenses, including, but not limited to, tuition, mandatory fees, room and board, transportation, books and supplies, and other incidental nonsectarian education expenses anticipated by an eligible student. See Alabama Code 45-22-234
  • Interest rate: The amount paid by a borrower to a lender in exchange for the use of the lender's money for a certain period of time. Interest is paid on loans or on debt instruments, such as notes or bonds, either at regular intervals or as part of a lump sum payment when the issue matures. Source: OCC
  • INTERESTED PARTY: Includes the following parties:

    a. See Alabama Code 45-37-171.01

  • Judgement: The official decision of a court finally determining the respective rights and claims of the parties to a suit.
  • juries: include courts or judges in all cases when a jury trial is waived, or when the court or judge is authorized to ascertain and determine the facts as well as the law. See Alabama Code 30-3D-608
  • Juror: A person who is on the jury.
  • LABOR UNION: An organization in which employees participate for the purpose of dealing with one or more employers concerning grievances, labor disputes, wages, rates of pay, hours of employment, or conditions of work. See Alabama Code 45-22-242.04
  • law: Unless the context requires otherwise, both statutory and common law. See Alabama Code 45-26-231.06
  • Lease: means a transfer of the right to possession and use of goods for a term in return for consideration, but a sale, including a sale on approval or a sale or return, or retention or creation of a security interest is not a lease. See Alabama Code 22-19-162
  • Lease agreement: means the bargain, with respect to the lease, of the lessor and the lessee in fact as found in their language or by implication from other circumstances including course of dealing or usage of trade or course of performance as provided in this article. See Alabama Code 22-19-162
  • Lease contract: means the total legal obligation that results from the lease agreement as affected by this article and any other applicable rules of law. See Alabama Code 22-19-162
  • Leasehold interest: means the interest of the lessor or the lessee under a lease contract. See Alabama Code 22-19-162
  • Legislative session: That part of a chamber's daily session in which it considers legislative business (bills, resolutions, and actions related thereto).
  • legislature: The Legislature of Alabama. See Alabama Code 45-23-70.01
  • Lessee: means a person who acquires the right to possession and use of goods under a lease. See Alabama Code 22-19-162
  • Lessor: means a person who transfers the right to possession and use of goods under a lease. See Alabama Code 22-19-162
  • LICENSING AUTHORITY: The state court, state regulatory licensing board, or other like agency which has the power to issue a license or other legal authorization to render professional services. See Alabama Code 45-26-231.06
  • Lien: A claim against real or personal property in satisfaction of a debt.
  • LIMITED LIABILITY COMPANY: A limited liability company as defined in Chapter 5A. See Alabama Code 45-26-231.06
  • LIMITED LIABILITY LIMITED PARTNERSHIP: A limited liability limited partnership as defined in Chapter 9A. See Alabama Code 45-26-231.06
  • LIMITED LIABILITY PARTNERSHIP: A limited liability partnership as defined in Chapter 8A. See Alabama Code 45-26-231.06
  • LIMITED PARTNERSHIP: A limited partnership as defined in Chapter 9A. See Alabama Code 45-26-231.06
  • LIQUEFIED PETROLEUM GAS: Any material having vapor pressure not exceeding that allowed for commercial propane composed predominantly of the following hydrocarbons, either by themselves or as mixtures: propane, propylene, butanes (normal butane or isobutane), and butylenes. See Alabama Code 41-9-63
  • LIQUEFIED PETROLEUM GAS RESEARCH AND EDUCATION FUND: A fund created to finance activities relating to research, development, and the implementation of marketing, advertising, and informational programs relating to LP-gas directed toward the consumer as well as for the education of industrial members and employees. See Alabama Code 41-9-63
  • LIQUEFIED PETROLEUM GAS SYSTEM: Any assembly consisting of one or more containers with a means for conveying LP-gas from the container(s) to dispensing or consuming devices (either continuously or intermittently) and which incorporates components intended to achieve control of quality, flow, pressure, or state (either liquid or vapor). See Alabama Code 41-9-63
  • Litigation: A case, controversy, or lawsuit. Participants (plaintiffs and defendants) in lawsuits are called litigants.
  • LOCAL LAW ENFORCEMENT AGENCY: The chief of police for businesses located within the jurisdiction of a municipality and the county sheriff for businesses located outside the jurisdiction of a municipality. See Alabama Code 41-9-80
  • LP-GAS: Liquefied petroleum gas. See Alabama Code 41-9-63
  • manufacturer: A person that is one of the following:

    a. See Alabama Code 41-7A-40

  • MEMBER GOVERNING BODY: A governing body that joins a public corporation established pursuant to this chapter. See Alabama Code 45-29-71.05
  • merger: The combination of one or more domestic entities with one or more domestic entities or non-code organizations resulting in:

    (A) one or more surviving domestic entities or non-code organizations;

    (B) the creation of one or more new domestic entities or non-code organizations, or one or more surviving domestic entities or non-code organizations; or

    (C) one or more surviving domestic entities or non-code organizations and the creation of one or more new domestic entities or non-code organizations. See Alabama Code 45-26-231.06

  • METROPOLITAN PLANNING ORGANIZATION: The forum for cooperative transportation decision making for a metropolitan planning area pursuant to 23 U. See Alabama Code 45-22-242.04
  • MINIMUM BID PRICE: The price that equals the Redemption Amount. See Alabama Code 45-37-171.01
  • molder: Any person who makes a form or who uses a form to make a product. See Alabama Code 41-4-154
  • Mortgage: The written agreement pledging property to a creditor as collateral for a loan.
  • Mortgagee: The person to whom property is mortgaged and who has loaned the money.
  • MOVING PICTURE THEATRE: Any building in which moving pictures are featured regularly for charge of admission. See Alabama Code 41-9-160
  • MUNICIPAL CODE LIEN: Any lien that has been levied against real property by a Class 2 municipality that is the result of the non-payment of any fine, penalty, abatement cost, or enforcement cost incurred by a Class 2 municipality related to the enforcement of state or local housing and building codes. See Alabama Code 45-37-171.01
  • MUNICIPAL CODE LIEN PAYOFF: The principal amount of a municipal code lien, interest accrued at the rate of seven and one-half percent per annum from the date the municipal code lien was filed in the office of the judge of the probate, any fees or costs incurred in the collection of such a lien under this article including, without limitations, the cost of title examinations and publication of notices, and any other penalties allowable under either state law or under an ordinance or resolution enacted by the Class 2 municipality. See Alabama Code 45-37-171.01
  • MUNICIPAL SEPARATE STORM SEWER: A conveyance or system of conveyances, including roads with drainage systems, municipal streets, catch basins, curbs, gutters, ditches, manmade channels, or storm drains:

    (i) Owned or operated by a city, town, county, association, or other public body;

    (ii) Designed or used for collecting or conveying storm water;

    (iii) Which is not a combined sewer; and

    (iv) Which is not part of a publicly owned treatment works as defined in 40 C. See Alabama Code 45-29-71.05

  • municipality: An incorporated city or town of this state. See Alabama Code 45-22-242.04
  • Nolo contendere: No contest-has the same effect as a plea of guilty, as far as the criminal sentence is concerned, but may not be considered as an admission of guilt for any other purpose.
  • NONPROFIT CORPORATION: A domestic or foreign nonprofit corporation as defined in Chapter 3. See Alabama Code 45-26-231.06
  • NORMAL BUSINESS HOURS: Any day between the hours of 8:00 A. See Alabama Code 41-9-140
  • oath: includes affirmation. See Alabama Code 30-3D-608
  • Obligation: An order placed, contract awarded, service received, or similar transaction during a given period that will require payments during the same or a future period.
  • ODORIZED PROPANE: Propane which has an odorant added to it. See Alabama Code 41-9-242
  • officer: An individual elected, appointed, or designated as an officer of an entity by the entity's governing authority or under the entity's governing documents. See Alabama Code 45-26-231.06
  • organ: Any human organ, human bone or human tissue, or any other part or portions of the human body, retrieved in Alabama except that the term "organ" shall not include blood, blood products, or eyes or corneas of the eye for the purposes established by this article. See Alabama Code 22-19-121
  • organ: Organs, tissues, eyes, bones, arteries, blood or other fluids and any other part or portions of a human body. See Alabama Code 22-19-141
  • organization: A corporation, limited partnership, general partnership, limited liability company, business trust, real estate investment trust, joint venture, joint stock company, cooperative, association, bank, insurance company, credit union, savings and loan association, or other organization, regardless of whether the organization is for profit, not for profit, nonprofit, domestic, or foreign. See Alabama Code 45-26-231.06
  • Oversight: Committee review of the activities of a Federal agency or program.
  • OWNER OCCUPIED: Real property that is lawfully occupied as a principal residence that is any of the following:

    a. See Alabama Code 45-37-171.01

  • PACT ADMINISTRATIVE FUND: The PACT Administrative Fund created in subsection (c) of Section 16-33C-6. See Alabama Code 45-23-70.01
  • PACT BOARD: The board of directors and trustees of the PACT Trust Fund. See Alabama Code 45-23-70.01
  • PACT CONTRACT: A contract entered into by the board and a participant in the PACT Program. See Alabama Code 45-23-70.01
  • PACT PROGRAM: The Alabama Prepaid Affordable College Tuition Program created in subsection (a) of Section 16-33C-6. See Alabama Code 45-23-70.01
  • PACT TRUST FUND: The fiduciary trust fund created in subsection (b) of Section 16-33C-6. See Alabama Code 45-23-70.01
  • paratransit: Comparable transportation service required by the Americans with Disabilities Act for individuals who are unable to use fixed route transportation systems. See Alabama Code 45-22-242.04
  • PARTICIPATING MUNICIPALITY: A municipality in an authorizing county, other than the principal municipality, which is then providing funds for the authority, pursuant to resolution, contract, or otherwise. See Alabama Code 45-22-242.04
  • partner: A limited partner or general partner. See Alabama Code 45-26-231.06
  • partnership: Includes a general partnership, a limited liability partnership, a foreign limited liability partnership, a limited partnership, a foreign limited partnership, a limited liability limited partnership, and a foreign limited liability limited partnership. See Alabama Code 45-26-231.06
  • Partnership: A voluntary contract between two or more persons to pool some or all of their assets into a business, with the agreement that there will be a proportional sharing of profits and losses.
  • PERMANENT PLACE OF BUSINESS: A fixed premises either owned by the dealer or leased by the dealer for at least one year. See Alabama Code 41-9-80
  • PERMITTED INVESTMENTS: (i) Government securities; (ii) bonds, debentures, notes or other evidences of indebtedness issued by any of the following agencies: bank for cooperatives; federal intermediate credit banks; Federal Financing Bank; federal home loan banks; Federal Farm Credit Bank; Export-Import Bank of the United States; federal land banks; or Farmers Home Administration or any other agency or corporation which has been or may hereafter be created by or pursuant to an act of the Congress of the United States as an agency or instrumentality thereof; (iii) bonds, notes, pass through securities or other evidences of indebtedness of Government National Mortgage Association and participation certificates of Federal Home Loan Mortgage Corporation; (iv) full faith and credit obligations of any state, provided that at the time of purchase such obligations are rated at least "AA" by Standard & Poor's Corporation and at least "Aa" by Moody's Investors Service; (v) public housing bonds issued by public agencies or municipalities and fully secured as to the payment of both principal and interest by contracts with the United States of America, or temporary notes, preliminary notes or project notes issued by public agencies or municipalities, in each case fully secured as to the payment of both principal and interest by a requisition or payment agreement with the United States of America; (vi) time deposits evidenced by certificates of deposit issued by banks or savings and loan associations which are members of the Federal Deposit Insurance Corporation, provided that, to the extent such time deposits are not covered by federal deposit insurance, such time deposits, including interest thereon, are fully secured by a pledge of obligations described in clauses (i), (ii), (iii), and (v) above, which at all times have a market value not less than the amount of such bank time deposits required to be so secured and which meet the greater of 100 percent collateralization or the "AA" collateral levels established by Standard & Poor's Corporation for structured financings; (vii) repurchase agreements for obligations of the type specified in clauses (i), (ii), (iii), and (v) above, provided such repurchase agreements are fully collateralized and secured by such obligations which have a market value at least equal to the purchase price of such repurchase agreements which are held by a depository satisfactory to the State Treasurer in such manner as may be required to provide a prefected security interest in such obligations, and which meet the greater of 100 percent collateralization or the "AA" collateral levels established by Standard & Poor's Corporation for structured financings; and (viii) uncollateralized investment agreements with, or certificates of deposit issued by, banks or bank holding companies, the senior long-term securities of which are rated at least "AA" by Standard & Poor's Corporation and at least "Aa" by Moody's Investors Service. See Alabama Code 45-37-232.20
  • person: An individual, including the estate of an incompetent or deceased individual, or an organization, whether created by the laws of this state or another state or foreign country, including, without limitation, a general partnership, limited liability partnership, limited partnership, limited liability limited partnership, limited liability company, corporation, professional corporation, professional association, trustee, personal representative, fiduciary, as defined in Section 19-3-150 or person performing in any similar capacity, business trust, estate, trust, association, joint venture, government, governmental subdivision, agency, or instrumentality, or any other legal or commercial entity. See Alabama Code 45-26-231.06
  • person: is a natural person, corporation, business trust, estate, trust, partnership, association, joint venture, government, governmental subdivision or agency, or any other legal or commercial entity. See Alabama Code 41-4-149
  • person: Shall include, but not be limited to, natural persons, corporations, trusts, partnerships, incorporated or unincorporated associations, and any other legal entity. See Alabama Code 41-4-390
  • person: Every natural person, firm, copartnership, association, or corporation. See Alabama Code 41-9-63
  • person: An individual, partnership, corporation, incorporated or unincorporated association, joint stock company, reciprocal, syndicate, or any other entity, or combination of persons acting in concert. See Alabama Code 41-7A-40
  • person: Any individual, partnership, corporation, trust, estate, cooperative, association, government or governmental subdivision or agency, or other entity. See Alabama Code 41-9-140
  • person: An individual, a partnership, a corporation or two or more individuals having a joint or common interest. See Alabama Code 32-6-15
  • person: Any person, firm, partnership, association, joint venture, or corporation, and any combination of persons herein specified, but "person" shall not include the United States or any agency or instrumentality thereof, except in the case of voluntary submission to the policies and procedures and standards for quality assurance established by this article and by the "chairman". See Alabama Code 22-19-121
  • person: Unless limited to a natural person by the context in which it is used, includes a public or private corporation, municipality, county, or an agency, department, or instrumentality of the state or of a county or municipality. See Alabama Code 45-22-242.04
  • Plaintiff: The person who files the complaint in a civil lawsuit.
  • plan: The Wallace-Folsom Savings Investment Plan established pursuant to this chapter that consists of the PACT Program, the ACES Program, and the ABLE Program. See Alabama Code 45-23-70.01
  • Plea: In a criminal case, the defendant's statement pleading "guilty" or "not guilty" in answer to the charges, a declaration made in open court.
  • PLEDGED FUNDS: When used with reference to any warrants issued by any county pursuant to the provisions of this chapter, any taxes, revenues, or other funds pledged pursuant to Section 11-28-3 for the payment of the principal of and interest on such warrants, irrespective of whether such warrants constitute general obligations of such county or limited obligations payable solely from the taxes, revenues, or other funds so pledged. See Alabama Code 45-22-100.01
  • preceding: means next before. See Alabama Code 30-3D-608
  • PRECIOUS ITEM: Any of the following:

    a. See Alabama Code 41-9-80

  • premium: The consideration paid to an insurer for a reimbursement insurance policy. See Alabama Code 41-7A-40
  • President pro tempore: A constitutionally recognized officer of the Senate who presides over the chamber in the absence of the Vice President. The President Pro Tempore (or, "president for a time") is elected by the Senate and is, by custom, the Senator of the majority party with the longest record of continuous service.
  • PRINCIPAL MUNICIPALITY: The municipality in an authorizing county having the largest population in the authorizing county according to the last or any subsequent federal decennial census. See Alabama Code 45-22-242.04
  • PRINCIPAL OFFICE: The place at which the certificate of incorporation and amendments to the certificate of incorporation, the bylaws, and the minutes of proceedings of the board are kept. See Alabama Code 45-22-242.04
  • Probation: A sentencing alternative to imprisonment in which the court releases convicted defendants under supervision as long as certain conditions are observed.
  • PROFESSIONAL CORPORATION: A domestic or foreign professional corporation as defined in Chapter 4. See Alabama Code 45-26-231.06
  • PROFESSIONAL ENTITY: A professional association and a professional corporation. See Alabama Code 45-26-231.06
  • PROFESSIONAL SERVICE: Any type of service that may lawfully be performed only pursuant to a license issued by a state court, state regulatory licensing board, or other like agency pursuant to state laws. See Alabama Code 45-26-231.06
  • program: The Alabama Student Grant Program, including the administration thereof. See Alabama Code 45-22-234
  • propane: Hydrocarbon whose chemical composition is predominately C3H8, whether recovered from natural gas or crude oil, and includes liquefied petroleum gases and mixtures thereof. See Alabama Code 41-9-242
  • PROPANE GAS INDUSTRY: Those persons involved in the production, transportation, and sale of propane. See Alabama Code 41-9-242
  • PROPER IDENTIFICATION: Information generally deemed sufficient to identify a person for consumer reporting agency purposes under 15 U. See Alabama Code 41-9-140
  • property: Real and personal property, and any and all interests in the real and personal property. See Alabama Code 45-22-242.04
  • Prosecute: To charge someone with a crime. A prosecutor tries a criminal case on behalf of the government.
  • provider: A person who administers, makes, provides, sells, or offers to sell a service contract, who is contractually obligated to provide service under a service contract. See Alabama Code 41-7A-40
  • PROVIDER FEE: The total purchase price paid for a service contract. See Alabama Code 41-7A-40
  • PUBLIC CORPORATION: Any public corporation created pursuant to this chapter. See Alabama Code 45-29-71.05
  • Public law: A public bill or joint resolution that has passed both chambers and been enacted into law. Public laws have general applicability nationwide.
  • PUBLIC MEMBER: A member of the council, other than a representative of wholesalers or retail marketers, representing significant users of propane, public safety officials, state regulatory officials, or other groups knowledgeable about propane. See Alabama Code 41-9-242
  • PUBLIC TRANSPORTATION SERVICE: All service involved in the transportation of passengers for hire by means of buses, street railway, elevated railway, subway, underground railroad, light rail, mass transit systems, motor vehicles, or other means of conveyance generally associated with or developed for mass surface or sub-surface transportation of the public, but does not include any service involved in transportation by taxicab, airport limousine, or industrial bus; however, public transportation service does not include aircraft or any air service subject to the Air Carrier Access Act of 1986 or managed by an airport authority of the principal municipality. See Alabama Code 45-22-242.04
  • purchase: The acquisition of a precious item or items for a consideration of cash, goods, or another precious item. See Alabama Code 41-9-80
  • purchaser: A person who is obligated to make contract payments in accordance with a PACT contract entered into pursuant to this chapter. See Alabama Code 45-23-70.01
  • QUALIFIED INDUSTRY ORGANIZATION: The Alabama Propane Gas Association or its successor. See Alabama Code 41-9-242
  • QUALITY ASSURANCE: The policies and procedures and standards of quality for the acquisition and/or transportation of donated organs, bones, and tissue retrieved in Alabama. See Alabama Code 22-19-121
  • Quorum: The number of legislators that must be present to do business.
  • Recess: A temporary interruption of the legislative business.
  • RED TAG: A red card or device containing an official printed notice of the condemnation of a liquefied petroleum gas system or any connected or disconnected LP-gas component, LP-gas storage container, LP-gas container appurtenance, or LP-gas motor vehicle, transport, or delivery unit placed as a result of a violation of the liquefied petroleum gas safety code provisions and regulations, or as a result of a mechanical defect found on the LP-gas motor vehicle, transport, or delivery unit that could cause a danger to the public if allowed to continue to operate. See Alabama Code 41-9-63
  • REDEMPTION AMOUNT: The sum of a. See Alabama Code 45-37-171.01
  • REFUNDING BONDS: Those refunding bonds issued under and pursuant to Section 2-5A-35. See Alabama Code 45-37-232.20
  • REGIONAL PLANNING COMMISSION: The regional organization representing governing bodies of local governments under Act 584 of the 1963 Regular Session (Acts 1963, p. See Alabama Code 45-22-242.04
  • REIMBURSEMENT INSURANCE POLICY: A policy of insurance issued to a provider pursuant to which the insurer agrees, for the benefit of the service contract holders, to discharge the obligations of the provider under the terms of the service contracts in the event of non-performance by the provider. See Alabama Code 41-7A-40
  • Remainder: An interest in property that takes effect in the future at a specified time or after the occurrence of some event, such as the death of a life tenant.
  • RENTAL FACILITY: Shall include, but not be limited to, any hotel, motel, boarding house, dwelling house, and self storage facility offered for rent or lease. See Alabama Code 41-4-390
  • Rescission: The cancellation of budget authority previously provided by Congress. The Impoundment Control Act of 1974 specifies that the President may propose to Congress that funds be rescinded. If both Houses have not approved a rescission proposal (by passing legislation) within 45 days of continuous session, any funds being withheld must be made available for obligation.
  • research: Any type of study, investigation, or other activities designed to advance the image, desirability, usage, marketability, and efficient use of propane gas and to further the development and distribution of the information. See Alabama Code 41-9-242
  • RESIDENTIAL REAL ESTATE: A new or existing building constructed for habitation by one to four families, including detached garages. See Alabama Code 41-9-160
  • RESIDENTIAL ROOFING CONTRACTOR: A person or entity in the business of contracting or offering to contract with an owner or possessor of residential real estate to repair or replace roof systems. See Alabama Code 41-9-160
  • Restitution: The court-ordered payment of money by the defendant to the victim for damages caused by the criminal action.
  • RETAIL MARKETER: A person engaged primarily in the sale of odorized propane gas to the end user or to retail propane dispensers. See Alabama Code 41-9-242
  • rule: Any public corporation regulation or standard of general applicability that prescribes or recommends law, procedure or policy for its member governing bodies specifically including all pro forma ordinances, regulations, resolutions, rules, procedures or remedies adopted and recommended by a public corporation. See Alabama Code 45-29-71.05
  • SAVINGS AGREEMENT: An agreement entered into between the Savings Board and a contributor establishing an ACES or ABLE savings account. See Alabama Code 45-23-70.01
  • SAVINGS BOARD: The Board of Directors of the ABLE Program and ACES Program, and trustees of the ABLE Trust Fund and ACES Trust Fund. See Alabama Code 45-23-70.01
  • schoolhouse: Any building or other structure erected or acquired by the public schools of Alabama and also shall mean any private building in which 25 or more persons are congregated regularly for the purpose of instruction in any branch of knowledge. See Alabama Code 41-9-160
  • SECRETARY OF STATE: The Secretary of State of the State of Alabama. See Alabama Code 45-26-231.06
  • SECURITY FREEZE: A restriction placed on a consumer credit report at the request of the consumer that prohibits a consumer credit reporting agency from releasing the consumer's consumer credit report for a purpose relating to the extension of credit without the express authorization of the consumer. See Alabama Code 41-9-140
  • Seller: means a person who sells or contracts to sell goods. See Alabama Code 22-14-8
  • service: Any service pertaining to the acquisition and/or transporting of organs, bones, or tissues retrieved in Alabama. See Alabama Code 22-19-121
  • SERVICE CONTRACT: A contract or agreement for a separately stated consideration for a specific duration to perform the repair, replacement, or maintenance of property or indemnification for repair, replacement, or maintenance, for the operational or structural failure due to a defect in materials or workmanship, or normal wear and tear, with or without additional provision for incidental payment or indemnity under limited circumstances, for related expenses, including, but not limited to, towing, rental, and emergency road service. See Alabama Code 41-7A-40
  • SERVICE CONTRACT: A contract or agreement as defined in subdivision (13) of Section 8-32-2. See Alabama Code 41-9-63
  • Settlement: Parties to a lawsuit resolve their difference without having a trial. Settlements often involve the payment of compensation by one party in satisfaction of the other party's claims.
  • state: The State of Alabama. See Alabama Code 45-28-243.01
  • state: Includes, when referring to a part of the United States, a state or commonwealth, and its agencies and governmental subdivisions, and a territory or possession, and its agencies and governmental subdivisions, of the United States. See Alabama Code 45-26-231.06
  • state: The State of Alabama. See Alabama Code 45-22-161
  • state: The State of Alabama. See Alabama Code 45-22-242.04
  • STATE BUILDING AND CONSTRUCTION: All buildings and other structures erected or acquired by or in behalf of the State of Alabama or any of its agencies or instrumentalities. See Alabama Code 41-9-160
  • STATE TREASURER: The State Treasurer of Alabama. See Alabama Code 45-23-70.01
  • Statute: A law passed by a legislature.
  • Statute of limitations: A law that sets the time within which parties must take action to enforce their rights.
  • STORM WATER LAWS: Those provisions of the Clean Water Act, 33 U. See Alabama Code 45-29-71.05
  • STUDENT LOAN: A loan or extension of credit to an eligible borrower (including without limitation a parent of an eligible borrower) including the promissory note or other written agreement or instrument evidencing such loan or extension of credit in accordance with the applicable requirements of the Federal Student Loan Law. See Alabama Code 45-22-242.08
  • Subpoena: A command to a witness to appear and give testimony.
  • Subpoena duces tecum: A command to a witness to produce documents.
  • subscription: include a mark when the person cannot write, if his name is written near the mark, and witnessed by a person who writes his own name as a witness, and include with respect to corporate securities facsimile signature placed upon any instrument or writing with intent to execute or authenticate such instrument or writing. See Alabama Code 30-3D-608
  • Supplier: means a person from whom a lessor buys or leases goods to be leased under a finance lease. See Alabama Code 22-19-162
  • Supply contract: means a contract under which a lessor buys or leases goods to be leased. See Alabama Code 22-19-162
  • TAX CERTIFICATE HOLDER: Any of the following:

    a. See Alabama Code 45-37-171.01

  • TAX PAYOFF: Any and all amounts necessary to satisfy any claims for delinquent taxes assessed against the real property on which the Class 2 municipality is seeking to foreclosure under this article. See Alabama Code 45-37-171.01
  • taxes: Those taxes assessed against real property by either the State of Alabama, the county in which the real property is situated, or the Class 2 municipality that are delinquent, as defined in Section 40-11-4 or Section 11-51-2, as of the date a proceeding under this article is commenced or at any time before final resolution of the same, and shall also include any taxes assessed against real property that are unpaid from any previous year and any amounts required for redemption under Section 40-10-82, 40-10-120, or Section 11-51-23. See Alabama Code 45-37-171.01
  • tcab: The transit citizens advisory board established herein. See Alabama Code 45-22-242.04
  • Temporary restraining order: Prohibits a person from an action that is likely to cause irreparable harm. This differs from an injunction in that it may be granted immediately, without notice to the opposing party, and without a hearing. It is intended to last only until a hearing can be held.
  • Testator: A male person who leaves a will at death.
  • Testify: Answer questions in court.
  • Testimony: Evidence presented orally by witnesses during trials or before grand juries.
  • Tort: A civil wrong or breach of a duty to another person, as outlined by law. A very common tort is negligent operation of a motor vehicle that results in property damage and personal injury in an automobile accident.
  • TRADE SECRET: A "trade secret" is information that:

    a. See Alabama Code 41-4-149

  • TRANSIT SYSTEM: Land, plants, systems, facilities, buildings, garages, vehicles of all types, rails, lines, and any combination of any of the following, used or useful or capable of future use in furnishing public transportation service, and all other property deemed necessary or desirable by an authority for use in furnishing public transportation service. See Alabama Code 45-22-242.04
  • Trial: A hearing that takes place when the defendant pleads "not guilty" and witnesses are required to come to court to give evidence.
  • TRUST INCOME: The net income received by the state, subsequent to the transfer of the initial trust capital by the State Treasurer to the board of trustees of the trust fund, from the investment and reinvestment of all assets of the trust fund, determined in accordance with the provisions of Amendment Number 450 of the Constitution of Alabama of 1901. See Alabama Code 45-22-161
  • trustee: A person who serves as a trustee of a trust, including a real estate investment trust. See Alabama Code 45-26-231.06
  • Truth in Lending Act: The Truth in Lending Act is a federal law that requires lenders to provide standardized information so that borrowers can compare loan terms. In general, lenders must provide information on Source: OCC
  • Uniform Commercial Code: A set of statutes enacted by the various states to provide consistency among the states' commercial laws. It includes negotiable instruments, sales, stock transfers, trust and warehouse receipts, and bills of lading. Source: OCC
  • United States: includes the territories thereof and the District of Columbia. See Alabama Code 30-3D-608
  • Uphold: The decision of an appellate court not to reverse a lower court decision.
  • User fees: Fees charged to users of goods or services provided by the government. In levying or authorizing these fees, the legislature determines whether the revenue should go into the treasury or should be available to the agency providing the goods or services.
  • Variable Rate: Having a "variable" rate means that the APR changes from time to time based on fluctuations in an external rate, normally the Prime Rate. This external rate is known as the "index." If the index changes, the variable rate normally changes. Also see Fixed Rate.
  • VEHICLE PROTECTION PRODUCT: A vehicle protection device, system, or service that is all of the following:

    a. See Alabama Code 41-9-63
  • Venue: The geographical location in which a case is tried.
  • Verdict: The decision of a petit jury or a judge.
  • Veto: The procedure established under the Constitution by which the President/Governor refuses to approve a bill or joint resolution and thus prevents its enactment into law. A regular veto occurs when the President/Governor returns the legislation to the house in which it originated. The President/Governor usually returns a vetoed bill with a message indicating his reasons for rejecting the measure. In Congress, the veto can be overridden only by a two-thirds vote in both the Senate and the House.
  • Voir dire: The process by which judges and lawyers select a petit jury from among those eligible to serve, by questioning them to determine knowledge of the facts of the case and a willingness to decide the case only on the evidence presented in court. "Voir dire" is a phrase meaning "to speak the truth."
  • WARRANTY HOLDER: The person who purchases a vehicle protection product or who is a permitted transferee. See Alabama Code 41-9-63
  • WARRANTY REIMBURSEMENT INSURANCE POLICY: A policy of insurance that is issued to the vehicle protection product warrantor to provide reimbursement to the warrantor or to pay on behalf of the warrantor all covered contractual obligations incurred by the warrantor under the terms and conditions of the insured vehicle protection product warranties sold by the warrantor. See Alabama Code 41-9-63
  • wholesaler: A company engaged primarily in the sale of odorized propane gas to the retail marketer or to the end user. See Alabama Code 41-9-242
  • Writ: A formal written command, issued from the court, requiring the performance of a specific act.
  • writing: includes typewriting and printing on paper. See Alabama Code 30-3D-608