Article 1 Contempt 09.50.010 – 09.50.060
Article 2 Abatement of Illegal Uses of Premises 09.50.170 – 09.50.240
Article 3 Claims Against the State or State Employees 09.50.250 – 09.50.300
Article 4 Usurpation 09.50.310 – 09.50.380
Article 6 Pleadings 09.50.390

Terms Used In Alaska Statutes > Chapter 50

  • advance health care directive: means an individual instruction or a durable power of attorney for health care. See Alaska Statutes 13.52.390
  • Affidavit: A written statement of facts confirmed by the oath of the party making it, before a notary or officer having authority to administer oaths.
  • agent: means an individual designated in a durable power of attorney for health care to make a health care decision for the individual granting the power. See Alaska Statutes 13.52.390
  • Amendment: A proposal to alter the text of a pending bill or other measure by striking out some of it, by inserting new language, or both. Before an amendment becomes part of the measure, thelegislature must agree to it.
  • anatomical gift: means a donation of all or a part of a human body to take effect after the donor?s death for the purpose of transplantation, therapy, research, or education. See Alaska Statutes 13.52.390
  • Appropriation: The provision of funds, through an annual appropriations act or a permanent law, for federal agencies to make payments out of the Treasury for specified purposes. The formal federal spending process consists of two sequential steps: authorization
  • Arrest: Taking physical custody of a person by lawful authority.
  • artificial nutrition and hydration: means medically appropriate nutrition and hydration delivered

    (A) through an intravenous needle placed directly in a vein. See Alaska Statutes 13.52.390

  • Assets: (1) The property comprising the estate of a deceased person, or (2) the property in a trust account.
  • Attachment: A procedure by which a person's property is seized to pay judgments levied by the court.
  • available: means , when referring to a person, that the

    (A) person?s existence is known. See Alaska Statutes 13.52.390

  • Bail: Security given for the release of a criminal defendant or witness from legal custody (usually in the form of money) to secure his/her appearance on the day and time appointed.
  • Bankruptcy: Refers to statutes and judicial proceedings involving persons or businesses that cannot pay their debts and seek the assistance of the court in getting a fresh start. Under the protection of the bankruptcy court, debtors may discharge their debts, perhaps by paying a portion of each debt. Bankruptcy judges preside over these proceedings.
  • Beneficiary: A person who is entitled to receive the benefits or proceeds of a will, trust, insurance policy, retirement plan, annuity, or other contract. Source: OCC
  • best interest: means that the benefits to the individual resulting from a treatment outweigh the burdens to the individual resulting from that treatment after assessing

    (A) the effect of the treatment on the physical, emotional, and cognitive functions of the patient. See Alaska Statutes 13.52.390

  • cardiopulmonary resuscitation: means an attempt to restore spontaneous circulation. See Alaska Statutes 13.52.390
  • Codicil: An addition, change, or supplement to a will executed with the same formalities required for the will itself.
  • competent: means that an individual has the capacity

    (A) to assimilate relevant facts and to appreciate and understand the individual?s situation with regard to those facts. See Alaska Statutes 13.52.390

  • Complaint: A written statement by the plaintiff stating the wrongs allegedly committed by the defendant.
  • Continuance: Putting off of a hearing ot trial until a later time.
  • Contract: A legal written agreement that becomes binding when signed.
  • Corporation: A legal entity owned by the holders of shares of stock that have been issued, and that can own, receive, and transfer property, and carry on business in its own name.
  • Damages: Money paid by defendants to successful plaintiffs in civil cases to compensate the plaintiffs for their injuries.
  • Decedent: A deceased person.
  • Deed: The legal instrument used to transfer title in real property from one person to another.
  • Defendant: In a civil suit, the person complained against; in a criminal case, the person accused of the crime.
  • department: means the Department of Health and Social Services. See Alaska Statutes 13.52.390
  • Discovery: Lawyers' examination, before trial, of facts and documents in possession of the opponents to help the lawyers prepare for trial.
  • do not resuscitate identification: means an identification card, form, necklace, or bracelet that carries the standardized design or symbol developed by the department under AS 13. See Alaska Statutes 13.52.390
  • do not resuscitate order: means a directive from a licensed physician that emergency cardiopulmonary resuscitation should not be administered to a qualified patient. See Alaska Statutes 13.52.390
  • Donor: The person who makes a gift.
  • durable power of attorney for health care: means a power of attorney that remains in effect when the principal lacks capacity. See Alaska Statutes 13.52.390
  • emancipated minor: means a minor whose disabilities have been removed for general purposes under AS 09. See Alaska Statutes 13.55.100
  • Entitlement: A Federal program or provision of law that requires payments to any person or unit of government that meets the eligibility criteria established by law. Entitlements constitute a binding obligation on the part of the Federal Government, and eligible recipients have legal recourse if the obligation is not fulfilled. Social Security and veterans' compensation and pensions are examples of entitlement programs.
  • Evidence: Information presented in testimony or in documents that is used to persuade the fact finder (judge or jury) to decide the case for one side or the other.
  • Executor: A male person named in a will to carry out the decedent
  • Fair market value: The price at which an asset would change hands in a transaction between a willing, informed buyer and a willing, informed seller.
  • Fiscal year: The fiscal year is the accounting period for the government. For the federal government, this begins on October 1 and ends on September 30. The fiscal year is designated by the calendar year in which it ends; for example, fiscal year 2006 begins on October 1, 2005 and ends on September 30, 2006.
  • Foreclosure: A legal process in which property that is collateral or security for a loan may be sold to help repay the loan when the loan is in default. Source: OCC
  • Gift: A voluntary transfer or conveyance of property without consideration, or for less than full and adequate consideration based on fair market value.
  • Grantor: The person who establishes a trust and places property into it.
  • Guarantor: A party who agrees to be responsible for the payment of another party's debts should that party default. Source: OCC
  • Guardian: A person legally empowered and charged with the duty of taking care of and managing the property of another person who because of age, intellect, or health, is incapable of managing his (her) own affairs.
  • guardian: means a judicially appointed person having authority to make a health care decision for an individual. See Alaska Statutes 13.52.390
  • health care: means any care, treatment, service, or procedure to maintain, diagnose, or otherwise affect an individual?s physical or mental condition. See Alaska Statutes 13.52.390
  • health care decision: means a decision made by an individual or the individual?s agent, guardian, or surrogate regarding the individual?s health care, including

    (A) selection and discharge of health care providers and institutions. See Alaska Statutes 13.52.390

  • health care facility: means a nursing home, a rehabilitation center, a long-term care facility, and any other health care institution that administers health care and that provides overnight stays in the ordinary course of the facility?s business. See Alaska Statutes 13.52.390
  • health care institution: means an institution, facility, or agency licensed, certified, or otherwise authorized or permitted by law to provide health care in the ordinary course of business. See Alaska Statutes 13.52.390
  • health care provider: means an individual licensed, certified, or otherwise authorized or permitted by law to provide health care in the ordinary course of business or practice of a profession. See Alaska Statutes 13.52.390
  • health care provider: has the meaning given in AS 09. See Alaska Statutes 13.55.100
  • hospital: means a facility

    (A) licensed, accredited, or approved as a hospital under the laws of this state. See Alaska Statutes 13.52.390

  • hospital: has the meaning given in AS 13. See Alaska Statutes 13.55.100
  • individual instruction: means an individual?s direction concerning a health care decision for the individual. See Alaska Statutes 13.52.390
  • Injunction: An order of the court prohibiting (or compelling) the performance of a specific act to prevent irreparable damage or injury.
  • Inter vivos: Transfer of property from one living person to another living person.
  • Interest rate: The amount paid by a borrower to a lender in exchange for the use of the lender's money for a certain period of time. Interest is paid on loans or on debt instruments, such as notes or bonds, either at regular intervals or as part of a lump sum payment when the issue matures. Source: OCC
  • Juror: A person who is on the jury.
  • Lease: A contract transferring the use of property or occupancy of land, space, structures, or equipment in consideration of a payment (e.g., rent). Source: OCC
  • Legislative session: That part of a chamber's daily session in which it considers legislative business (bills, resolutions, and actions related thereto).
  • Liabilities: The aggregate of all debts and other legal obligations of a particular person or legal entity.
  • Lien: A claim against real or personal property in satisfaction of a debt.
  • life-sustaining procedures: means any medical treatment, procedure, or intervention that, in the judgment of the primary physician, when applied to a patient with a qualifying condition, would not be effective to remove the qualifying condition, would serve only to prolong the dying process, or, when administered to a patient with a condition of permanent unconsciousness, may keep the patient alive but is not expected to restore consciousness. See Alaska Statutes 13.52.390
  • mental health facility: has the meaning given to "designated treatment facility" in AS 47. See Alaska Statutes 13.52.390
  • mental health treatment: means electroconvulsive treatment, treatment with psychotropic medication, or admission to and retention in a health care institution for mental health treatment. See Alaska Statutes 13.52.390
  • minor: means an individual under 18 years of age who is not an emancipated minor. See Alaska Statutes 13.55.100
  • Mortgage: The written agreement pledging property to a creditor as collateral for a loan.
  • Obligation: An order placed, contract awarded, service received, or similar transaction during a given period that will require payments during the same or a future period.
  • opioid: includes the opium and opiate substances and opium and opiate derivatives listed in AS 11. See Alaska Statutes 13.55.100
  • part: means an organ, tissue, or an eye of a human being, except fetal tissue. See Alaska Statutes 13.52.390
  • Partnership: A voluntary contract between two or more persons to pool some or all of their assets into a business, with the agreement that there will be a proportional sharing of profits and losses.
  • peace officer: means

    (A) an officer of the state troopers. See Alaska Statutes 01.10.060

  • permanent unconsciousness: means a condition

    (A) that, to a high degree of medical certainty, will last permanently without improvement. See Alaska Statutes 13.52.390

  • person: means an individual, corporation, business trust, estate, trust, partnership, joint venture, association, government, governmental subdivision, governmental agency, or another legal or commercial entity. See Alaska Statutes 13.52.390
  • personal property: includes money, goods, chattels, things in action, and evidences of debt. See Alaska Statutes 01.10.060
  • Plaintiff: The person who files the complaint in a civil lawsuit.
  • power of attorney: means the designation of an agent to make health care decisions for the individual granting the power. See Alaska Statutes 13.52.390
  • primary physician: means a physician designated by an individual, or by the individual?s agent, guardian, or surrogate, to have primary responsibility for the individual?s health care or, in the absence of a designation or if the designated physician is not reasonably available, a physician who undertakes the responsibility. See Alaska Statutes 13.52.390
  • qualified patient: means a patient with a qualifying condition who is eligible for do not resuscitate identification. See Alaska Statutes 13.52.390
  • qualifying condition: means a terminal condition or permanent unconsciousness in a patient. See Alaska Statutes 13.52.390
  • Real property: Land, and all immovable fixtures erected on, growing on, or affixed to the land.
  • reasonably available: means available using a level of diligence appropriate to the seriousness and urgency of an individual?s health care needs. See Alaska Statutes 13.52.390
  • Remainder: An interest in property that takes effect in the future at a specified time or after the occurrence of some event, such as the death of a life tenant.
  • Reporter: Makes a record of court proceedings and prepares a transcript, and also publishes the court's opinions or decisions (in the courts of appeals).
  • Right of survivorship: The ownership rights that result in the acquisition of title to property by reason of having survived other co-owners.
  • state: means a state, territory, or possession of the United States, the District of Columbia, or the Commonwealth of Puerto Rico. See Alaska Statutes 13.52.390
  • Statute: A law passed by a legislature.
  • Subpoena: A command to a witness to appear and give testimony.
  • supervising health care provider: means the primary physician or the physician?s designee, or the health care provider or the provider?s designee who has undertaken primary responsibility for an individual?s health care. See Alaska Statutes 13.52.390
  • surrogate: means an individual, other than a patient?s agent or guardian, authorized under this chapter to make a health care decision for the patient. See Alaska Statutes 13.52.390
  • terminal condition: means an incurable or irreversible illness or injury

    (A) that without administration of life-sustaining procedures will result in death in a short period of time. See Alaska Statutes 13.52.390

  • Testator: A male person who leaves a will at death.
  • Testify: Answer questions in court.
  • Testimony: Evidence presented orally by witnesses during trials or before grand juries.
  • Tort: A civil wrong or breach of a duty to another person, as outlined by law. A very common tort is negligent operation of a motor vehicle that results in property damage and personal injury in an automobile accident.
  • Trial: A hearing that takes place when the defendant pleads "not guilty" and witnesses are required to come to court to give evidence.
  • Trustee: A person or institution holding and administering property in trust.
  • Verdict: The decision of a petit jury or a judge.
  • writing: includes printing. See Alaska Statutes 01.10.060