§ 1001 Necessary Joinder of Parties
§ 1002 Permissive Joinder of Parties
§ 1003 Nonjoinder and Misjoinder of Parties
§ 1004 When Joinder Unnecessary
§ 1006 Interpleader
§ 1007 When Third-Party Practice Allowed
§ 1008 Answer of Third-Party Defendant; Defenses
§ R1009 Claim by Plaintiff Against Third-Party Defendant
§ R1010 Dismissal or Separate Trial of Third-Party Complaint
§ R1011 Successive Third-Party Proceedings; Counterclaims
§ 1012 Intervention as of Right; Notice to Attorney-General, City, County, Town or Village Where Constitutionality in Issue
§ 1013 Intervention by Permission
§ 1014 Proposed Intervention Pleading
§ 1015 Substitution Upon Death
§ 1016 Substitution of Committee or Conservator
§ 1017 Substitution in Case of Receivership or Dissolution of a Corporation
§ 1018 Substitution Upon Transfer of Interest
§ 1019 Substitution of Public Officers
§ 1020 Substitution of Indemnitors for Executing or Attaching Officer
§ 1021 Substitution Procedure; Dismissal for Failure to Substitute; Presentation of Appeal
§ 1022 Substitution: Extension of Time for Taking Procedural Steps
§ 1023 Public Body or Officer Described by Official Title
§ 1024 Unknown Parties
§ 1025 Partnerships and Unincorporated Associations
§ 1026 Review of Determinations by Administrative Officers of the Unified Court System

Terms Used In New York Laws > Civil Practice Law and Rules > Article 10 - Parties Generally

  • Affidavit: A written statement of facts confirmed by the oath of the party making it, before a notary or officer having authority to administer oaths.
  • Answer: The formal written statement by a defendant responding to a civil complaint and setting forth the grounds for defense.
  • Appeal: A request made after a trial, asking another court (usually the court of appeals) to decide whether the trial was conducted properly. To make such a request is "to appeal" or "to take an appeal." One who appeals is called the appellant.
  • Chief judge: The judge who has primary responsibility for the administration of a court but also decides cases; chief judges are determined by seniority.
  • Counterclaim: A claim that a defendant makes against a plaintiff.
  • Decedent: A deceased person.
  • Defendant: In a civil suit, the person complained against; in a criminal case, the person accused of the crime.
  • Discovery: Lawyers' examination, before trial, of facts and documents in possession of the opponents to help the lawyers prepare for trial.
  • Dismissal: The dropping of a case by the judge without further consideration or hearing. Source:
  • Executor: A male person named in a will to carry out the decedent
  • Guardian: A person legally empowered and charged with the duty of taking care of and managing the property of another person who because of age, intellect, or health, is incapable of managing his (her) own affairs.
  • Injunction: An order of the court prohibiting (or compelling) the performance of a specific act to prevent irreparable damage or injury.
  • Liabilities: The aggregate of all debts and other legal obligations of a particular person or legal entity.
  • Misdemeanor: Usually a petty offense, a less serious crime than a felony, punishable by less than a year of confinement.
  • Partnership: A voluntary contract between two or more persons to pool some or all of their assets into a business, with the agreement that there will be a proportional sharing of profits and losses.
  • Plaintiff: The person who files the complaint in a civil lawsuit.
  • Pleadings: Written statements of the parties in a civil case of their positions. In the federal courts, the principal pleadings are the complaint and the answer.
  • Service of process: The service of writs or summonses to the appropriate party.
  • Summons: Another word for subpoena used by the criminal justice system.
  • Testify: Answer questions in court.
  • Testimony: Evidence presented orally by witnesses during trials or before grand juries.
  • Transcript: A written, word-for-word record of what was said, either in a proceeding such as a trial or during some other conversation, as in a transcript of a hearing or oral deposition.
  • Trial: A hearing that takes place when the defendant pleads "not guilty" and witnesses are required to come to court to give evidence.