A. A public entity or a public employee is not liable for an injury arising out of a plan or design for construction or maintenance of or improvement to transportation facilities, including highways, roads, streets, bridges or rights-of-way, if the plan or design is prepared in conformance with generally accepted engineering or design standards in effect at the time of the preparation of the plan or design and the public entity or public employee gives to the public a reasonably adequate warning of any unreasonably dangerous hazards which would allow the public to take suitable precautions.

Terms Used In Arizona Laws 12-820.03

  • Damages: Money paid by defendants to successful plaintiffs in civil cases to compensate the plaintiffs for their injuries.
  • Employee: includes an officer, director, employee or servant, whether or not compensated or part time, who is authorized to perform any act or service, except that employee does not include an independent contractor. See Arizona Laws 12-820
  • including: means not limited to and is not a term of exclusion. See Arizona Laws 1-215
  • Injury: means death, injury to a person, damage to or loss of property or any other injury that a person may suffer that would be actionable if inflicted by a private person. See Arizona Laws 12-820
  • Maintenance: means the establishment or continuation in existence of facilities, highways, roads, streets, bridges or rights-of-way by a public entity and does not mean or refer to ordinary repair or upkeep. See Arizona Laws 12-820
  • Public employee: means an employee of a public entity. See Arizona Laws 12-820
  • Public entity: includes this state and any political subdivision of this state. See Arizona Laws 12-820
  • Trial: A hearing that takes place when the defendant pleads "not guilty" and witnesses are required to come to court to give evidence.

B. If a genuine issue of material fact exists as to whether the public entity or public employee has met the requirements of subsection A of this section, the issue shall be resolved by a trial before and separate and apart from a trial on damages.