Sections
Article 1 Right to Work 23-1301 – 23-1307
Article 2 Picketing and Secondary Boycotts 23-1321 – 23-1329
Article 3 Contracts of Employment Contrary to Public Policy 23-1341 – 23-1342
Article 4 Blacklisting 23-1361 – 23-1362
Article 5 Agricultural Employment Relations 23-1381 – 23-1395
Article 6 Organizational Rights 23-1411

Terms Used In Arizona Laws > Title 23 > Chapter 8

  • Action: includes any matter or proceeding in a court, civil or criminal. See Arizona Laws 1-215
  • Adult: means a person who is eighteen years of age or older. See Arizona Laws 8-201
  • Agricultural employer: means any employer who is engaged in agriculture and who employed six or more agricultural employees for a period of thirty days during the preceding six month period and includes any person who provides labor and services on one or more farms as an independent contractor if such person, for a period of thirty days during the preceding six month period, employed six or more employees in such work. See Arizona Laws 23-1382
  • Agriculture: means all services performed on a farm as defined in section 23-603, including but not limited to the recruiting, housing and feeding of persons employed or to be employed as agricultural employees by agricultural employers. See Arizona Laws 23-1382
  • Answer: The formal written statement by a defendant responding to a civil complaint and setting forth the grounds for defense.
  • Appellate: About appeals; an appellate court has the power to review the judgement of another lower court or tribunal.
  • Arrest: Taking physical custody of a person by lawful authority.
  • Bankruptcy: Refers to statutes and judicial proceedings involving persons or businesses that cannot pay their debts and seek the assistance of the court in getting a fresh start. Under the protection of the bankruptcy court, debtors may discharge their debts, perhaps by paying a portion of each debt. Bankruptcy judges preside over these proceedings.
  • Board: means the agricultural employment relations board. See Arizona Laws 23-1382
  • Common law: The legal system that originated in England and is now in use in the United States. It is based on judicial decisions rather than legislative action.
  • Complaint: A written statement by the plaintiff stating the wrongs allegedly committed by the defendant.
  • Complaint: means a written statement of the essential facts constituting a public offense that is any of the following:

    (a) Made on an oath before a judge or commissioner of the superior court or an authorized juvenile hearing officer. See Arizona Laws 8-201

  • Concerted interference with lawful exercise of business activity: means to do either of the following by the use of force, intimidation, violence, threats of unlawful activity, destruction of the employer's real or intangible property, unlawful assembly or defamatory statements:

    (a) Prevent or attempt to prevent an employer from:

    (i) Lawfully engaging in any proper and lawful business activity. See Arizona Laws 23-1321

  • Contract: A legal written agreement that becomes binding when signed.
  • Conviction: A judgement of guilt against a criminal defendant.
  • Damages: Money paid by defendants to successful plaintiffs in civil cases to compensate the plaintiffs for their injuries.
  • Delinquent act: means an act by a juvenile that if committed by an adult would be a criminal offense or a petty offense, a violation of any law of this state, or of another state if the act occurred in that state, or a law of the United States, or a violation of any law that can only be violated by a minor and that has been designated as a delinquent offense, or any ordinance of a city, county or political subdivision of this state defining crime. See Arizona Laws 8-201
  • Delinquent juvenile: means a child who is adjudicated to have committed a delinquent act. See Arizona Laws 8-201
  • Department: means the department of child safety. See Arizona Laws 8-201
  • Dependent: A person dependent for support upon another.
  • Detention: means the temporary confinement of a juvenile who requires secure care in a physically restricting facility that is completely surrounded by a locked and physically secure barrier with restricted ingress and egress for the protection of the juvenile or the community pending court disposition or as a condition of probation. See Arizona Laws 8-201
  • Director: means the director of the department. See Arizona Laws 8-201
  • Embezzlement: In most states, embezzlement is defined as theft/larceny of assets (money or property) by a person in a position of trust or responsibility over those assets. Embezzlement typically occurs in the employment and corporate settings. Source: OCC
  • Equitable: Pertaining to civil suits in "equity" rather than in "law." In English legal history, the courts of "law" could order the payment of damages and could afford no other remedy. See damages. A separate court of "equity" could order someone to do something or to cease to do something. See, e.g., injunction. In American jurisprudence, the federal courts have both legal and equitable power, but the distinction is still an important one. For example, a trial by jury is normally available in "law" cases but not in "equity" cases. Source: U.S. Courts
  • Escrow: Money given to a third party to be held for payment until certain conditions are met.
  • Evidence: Information presented in testimony or in documents that is used to persuade the fact finder (judge or jury) to decide the case for one side or the other.
  • Executive session: A portion of the Senate's daily session in which it considers executive business.
  • Farm: means any enterprise that is engaged in agriculture, that is operated from one headquarters where the utilization of labor and equipment is directed and whose tracts of land, if consisting of separate tracts of land, are located within a fifty mile radius of such headquarters. See Arizona Laws 23-1382
  • Fraud: Intentional deception resulting in injury to another.
  • Incorrigible child: means a child who:

    (a) Is adjudicated as a child who refuses to obey the reasonable and proper orders or directions of a parent, guardian or custodian and who is beyond the control of that person. See Arizona Laws 8-201

  • Injunction: An order of the court prohibiting (or compelling) the performance of a specific act to prevent irreparable damage or injury.
  • Intangible property: Property that has no intrinsic value, but is merely the evidence of value such as stock certificates, bonds, and promissory notes.
  • Jurisdiction: (1) The legal authority of a court to hear and decide a case. Concurrent jurisdiction exists when two courts have simultaneous responsibility for the same case. (2) The geographic area over which the court has authority to decide cases.
  • juvenile: means an individual who is under the age of eighteen years. See Arizona Laws 8-201
  • Juvenile court: means the juvenile division of the superior court when exercising its jurisdiction over children in any proceeding relating to delinquency, dependency or incorrigibility. See Arizona Laws 8-201
  • Labor dispute: means any controversy between an agricultural employer and his agricultural employees or their representative concerning terms, tenure or conditions of employment or concerning the association or representation of persons in negotiating, fixing, maintaining, changing or seeking to arrange terms or conditions of employment. See Arizona Laws 23-1382
  • Labor organization: means any organization of any kind, or any agency or employee representation committee or plan, in which employees participate and which exists for the purpose, in whole or in part, of dealing with employers concerning grievances, labor disputes, wages, rates of pay, hours of employment or other conditions of employment. See Arizona Laws 23-1301
  • Labor organization: means an organization of any kind, or an agency or employee representation committee or plan in which employees participate and which exists for the purpose, in whole or in part, of dealing with employers concerning grievances, labor disputes, wages, rates of pay, hours of employment or other conditions of employment. See Arizona Laws 23-1321
  • Labor organization: means any organization or any agency defined in sections 23-1301 and 23-1321. See Arizona Laws 23-1382
  • Lease: A contract transferring the use of property or occupancy of land, space, structures, or equipment in consideration of a payment (e.g., rent). Source: OCC
  • Litigation: A case, controversy, or lawsuit. Participants (plaintiffs and defendants) in lawsuits are called litigants.
  • Misdemeanor: Usually a petty offense, a less serious crime than a felony, punishable by less than a year of confinement.
  • Month: means a calendar month unless otherwise expressed. See Arizona Laws 1-215
  • Mortgage: The written agreement pledging property to a creditor as collateral for a loan.
  • negligently: import a want of such attention to the nature or probable consequence of the act or omission as a prudent man ordinarily bestows in acting in his own concerns. See Arizona Laws 1-215
  • Oath: includes an affirmation or declaration. See Arizona Laws 1-215
  • Obligation: An order placed, contract awarded, service received, or similar transaction during a given period that will require payments during the same or a future period.
  • Partnership: A voluntary contract between two or more persons to pool some or all of their assets into a business, with the agreement that there will be a proportional sharing of profits and losses.
  • Person: includes a natural person, a corporation, association, company, firm or labor organization. See Arizona Laws 23-1301
  • Person: includes a natural person, a corporation, association, company, firm or labor organization. See Arizona Laws 23-1321
  • Person: means one or more individuals, labor organizations, partnerships, associations, corporations, legal representatives, trustees, trustees in bankruptcy or receivers. See Arizona Laws 23-1382
  • Person: includes a corporation, company, partnership, firm, association or society, as well as a natural person. See Arizona Laws 1-215
  • Personal property: includes money, goods, chattels, things in action and evidences of debt. See Arizona Laws 1-215
  • Petition: means a written statement of the essential facts that allege delinquency, incorrigibility or dependency. See Arizona Laws 8-201
  • Pleadings: Written statements of the parties in a civil case of their positions. In the federal courts, the principal pleadings are the complaint and the answer.
  • Probation: A sentencing alternative to imprisonment in which the court releases convicted defendants under supervision as long as certain conditions are observed.
  • Probation officers: Screen applicants for pretrial release and monitor convicted offenders released under court supervision.
  • Process: means a citation, writ or summons issued in the course of judicial proceedings. See Arizona Laws 1-215
  • Prosecute: To charge someone with a crime. A prosecutor tries a criminal case on behalf of the government.
  • Quorum: The number of legislators that must be present to do business.
  • Referral: means a report that is submitted to the juvenile court and that alleges that a child is dependent or incorrigible or that a juvenile has committed a delinquent or criminal act. See Arizona Laws 8-201
  • Representative: means any individual or labor organization. See Arizona Laws 23-1382
  • Secondary boycott: means :

    (a) A combination or conspiracy by two or more persons, by a strike, threat to strike, picketing, threat to picket, violence, threat of violence, or by concerted refusal or threat of concerted refusal, to process, install, service, handle, transport or otherwise deal with specified articles, materials or services, to force or require a person to cease or partially to cease processing, installing, servicing, selling, handling or transporting the products of or selling to or otherwise dealing with any other person for the purpose of forcing or requiring such other person to recognize, bargain with or comply with the demands of a labor organization, or for the reason that such other person has in his employ persons who are not members of a labor organization or is not himself a member of a labor organization, or for the reason that such other person uses goods, materials or services considered objectionable by a labor organization. See Arizona Laws 23-1321

  • Subpoena: A command to a witness to appear and give testimony.
  • Summons: Another word for subpoena used by the criminal justice system.
  • Supervisor: means any individual who has authority to hire, transfer, suspend, lay off, recall, promote, discharge, assign, reward or discipline other employees, or responsibility to direct them, or to adjust their grievances, or effectively to recommend such action, if such authority requires the use of independent judgment. See Arizona Laws 23-1382
  • Temporary restraining order: Prohibits a person from an action that is likely to cause irreparable harm. This differs from an injunction in that it may be granted immediately, without notice to the opposing party, and without a hearing. It is intended to last only until a hearing can be held.
  • Testimony: Evidence presented orally by witnesses during trials or before grand juries.
  • Transcript: A written, word-for-word record of what was said, either in a proceeding such as a trial or during some other conversation, as in a transcript of a hearing or oral deposition.
  • Trespassory assembly: means knowingly entering or unlawfully remaining on any property in violation of section 13-1502, 13-1503 or 13-1504. See Arizona Laws 23-1321
  • Trial: A hearing that takes place when the defendant pleads "not guilty" and witnesses are required to come to court to give evidence.
  • Ultimate consumer: means the person who purchases an agricultural product for consumption. See Arizona Laws 23-1382
  • Unfair labor practice: means any unfair labor practice listed in section 23-1385. See Arizona Laws 23-1382
  • Unlawful mass assembly: means a violation of section 23-1327. See Arizona Laws 23-1321
  • Unlawful picketing: means a violation of section 23-1322. See Arizona Laws 23-1321
  • Venue: The geographical location in which a case is tried.
  • Writing: includes printing. See Arizona Laws 1-215