§ 700 Findings and Policy
§ 701 Definitions
§ 702 Special Mediators
§ 702-A Settlement of Labor Disputes
§ 702-B Impasse Resolution Procedures for Agricultural Employers and Farm Laborers
§ 703 Rights of Employees
§ 704 Unfair Labor Practices
§ 704-A Unfair Practices; Performing Arts
§ 704-B Unfair Labor Practices
§ 705 Representatives and Elections
§ 706 Prevention of Unfair Labor Practices
§ 707 Judicial Review
§ 708 Investigatory Powers
§ 709 Punitive Provision
§ 710 Public Records and Proceedings
§ 711 Cooperation
§ 712 Repeal of Inconsistent Provisions
§ 713 Limitations
§ 714 Separability
§ 715 Application of Article
§ 716 Grievances and Disputes in Non-Profitmaking Hospitals and Residential Care Centers
§ 717 State Mediation Board, State Labor Relations Board, and State Employment Relations Board Abolished
§ 718 Short Title

Terms Used In New York Laws > Labor > Article 20 - New York State Labor Relations Act

  • Adjourn: A motion to adjourn a legislative chamber or a committee, if passed, ends that day's session.
  • Affidavit: A written statement of facts confirmed by the oath of the party making it, before a notary or officer having authority to administer oaths.
  • Affirmed: In the practice of the appellate courts, the decree or order is declared valid and will stand as rendered in the lower court.
  • agricultural employer: shall mean any employer engaged in cultivating the soil or in raising or harvesting any agricultural or horticultural commodity including custom harvesting operators, and employers engaged in the business of crops, livestock and livestock products as defined in § 301 of the agriculture and markets law, or other similar agricultural enterprises. See N.Y. Labor Law 701
  • Amendment: A proposal to alter the text of a pending bill or other measure by striking out some of it, by inserting new language, or both. Before an amendment becomes part of the measure, thelegislature must agree to it.
  • Answer: The formal written statement by a defendant responding to a civil complaint and setting forth the grounds for defense.
  • Appeal: A request made after a trial, asking another court (usually the court of appeals) to decide whether the trial was conducted properly. To make such a request is "to appeal" or "to take an appeal." One who appeals is called the appellant.
  • Appellate: About appeals; an appellate court has the power to review the judgement of another lower court or tribunal.
  • Bankruptcy: Refers to statutes and judicial proceedings involving persons or businesses that cannot pay their debts and seek the assistance of the court in getting a fresh start. Under the protection of the bankruptcy court, debtors may discharge their debts, perhaps by paying a portion of each debt. Bankruptcy judges preside over these proceedings.
  • board: means the public employment relations board created by section two hundred five of the civil service law, in carrying out its functions under this article. See N.Y. Labor Law 701
  • Complaint: A written statement by the plaintiff stating the wrongs allegedly committed by the defendant.
  • Contract: A legal written agreement that becomes binding when signed.
  • Corporation: A legal entity owned by the holders of shares of stock that have been issued, and that can own, receive, and transfer property, and carry on business in its own name.
  • Dependent: A person dependent for support upon another.
  • Deposition: An oral statement made before an officer authorized by law to administer oaths. Such statements are often taken to examine potential witnesses, to obtain discovery, or to be used later in trial.
  • employees: includes but is not restricted to any individual employed by a labor organization; any individual whose employment has ceased as a consequence of, or in connection with, any current labor dispute or because of any unfair labor practice, and who has not obtained any other regular and substantially equivalent employment; and shall not be limited to the employees of a particular employer, unless the article explicitly states otherwise, but shall not include any individual employed by his parent or spouse or in the domestic service of and directly employed, controlled and paid by any person in his home, any individual whose primary responsibility is the care of a minor child or children and/or someone who lives in the home of a person for the purpose of serving as a companion to a sick, convalescing or elderly person or any individuals employed only for the duration of a labor dispute, or any individual who participates in and receives rehabilitative or therapeutic services in a charitable non-profit rehabilitation facility or sheltered workshop or any individual employed in a charitable non-profit rehabilitation facility or sheltered workshop who has received rehabilitative or therapeutic services and whose capacity to perform the work for which he is engaged is substantially impaired by physical or mental deficiency or injury. See N.Y. Labor Law 701
  • employer: includes any person acting on behalf of or in the interest of an employer, directly or indirectly, with or without his knowledge, and shall include any person who is the purchaser of services performed by a person described in paragraph (b) of subdivision three of this section, but a labor organization or any officer or agent thereof shall only be considered an employer with respect to individuals employed by such organization. See N.Y. Labor Law 701
  • Engaged in the performing arts: shall mean performing services in connection with production of or performance in any artistic endeavor which requires artistic or technical skill or expertise. See N.Y. Labor Law 701
  • Equitable: Pertaining to civil suits in "equity" rather than in "law." In English legal history, the courts of "law" could order the payment of damages and could afford no other remedy. See damages. A separate court of "equity" could order someone to do something or to cease to do something. See, e.g., injunction. In American jurisprudence, the federal courts have both legal and equitable power, but the distinction is still an important one. For example, a trial by jury is normally available in "law" cases but not in "equity" cases. Source: U.S. Courts
  • Evidence: Information presented in testimony or in documents that is used to persuade the fact finder (judge or jury) to decide the case for one side or the other.
  • Farm laborers: shall mean any individual engaged or permitted by an employer to work on a farm. See N.Y. Labor Law 701
  • Fiduciary: A trustee, executor, or administrator.
  • Fraud: Intentional deception resulting in injury to another.
  • Injunction: An order of the court prohibiting (or compelling) the performance of a specific act to prevent irreparable damage or injury.
  • Instrument: means a negotiable instrument. See N.Y. Uniform Commercial Code 3-102
  • Issue: means the first delivery of an instrument to a holder

    or a remitter. See N.Y. Uniform Commercial Code 3-102

  • labor dispute: includes , but is not restricted to, any controversy between employers and employees or their representatives as defined in this section concerning terms, tenure or conditions of employment or concerning the association or representation of persons in negotiating, fixing, maintaining, changing, or seeking to negotiate, fix, maintain or change terms or conditions of employment, or concerning the violation of any of the rights granted or affirmed by this article, regardless of whether the disputants stand in the proximate relation of employer and employee. See N.Y. Labor Law 701
  • labor organization: means any organization which exists and is constituted for the purpose, in whole or in part, of collective bargaining, or of dealing with employers concerning grievances, terms or conditions of employment, or of other mutual aid or protection and which is not a company union as defined herein. See N.Y. Labor Law 701
  • non-profitmaking hospital or residential care center: means an organized residential facility for the medical diagnosis, treatment and care of illness, disease, injury, infirmity or deformity, or a residential facility providing nursing care or care of the aged or dependent children, or a facility for the prevention of cruelty to children or animals, which is located anywhere in the state and which is maintained and operated by an association or corporation, no part of the net earnings of which inures to the benefit of any private shareholder or individual. See N.Y. Labor Law 701
  • Obligation: An order placed, contract awarded, service received, or similar transaction during a given period that will require payments during the same or a future period.
  • order: is a direction to pay and must be more than an

    authorization or request. See N.Y. Uniform Commercial Code 3-102

  • Partnership: A voluntary contract between two or more persons to pool some or all of their assets into a business, with the agreement that there will be a proportional sharing of profits and losses.
  • person: includes one or more individuals, partnerships, associations, corporations, legal representatives, trustees, trustees in bankruptcy, or receivers. See N.Y. Labor Law 701
  • Pleadings: Written statements of the parties in a civil case of their positions. In the federal courts, the principal pleadings are the complaint and the answer.
  • policies of this article: means the policies set forth in section seven hundred. See N.Y. Labor Law 701
  • promise: is a n undertaking to pay and must be more than an

    acknowledgment of an obligation. See N.Y. Uniform Commercial Code 3-102

  • Recess: A temporary interruption of the legislative business.
  • representatives: includes a labor organization or an individual whether or not employed by the employer of those whom he represents. See N.Y. Labor Law 701
  • Rescission: The cancellation of budget authority previously provided by Congress. The Impoundment Control Act of 1974 specifies that the President may propose to Congress that funds be rescinded. If both Houses have not approved a rescission proposal (by passing legislation) within 45 days of continuous session, any funds being withheld must be made available for obligation.
  • Settlement: Parties to a lawsuit resolve their difference without having a trial. Settlements often involve the payment of compensation by one party in satisfaction of the other party's claims.
  • Subpoena: A command to a witness to appear and give testimony.
  • Testify: Answer questions in court.
  • Testimony: Evidence presented orally by witnesses during trials or before grand juries.
  • Transcript: A written, word-for-word record of what was said, either in a proceeding such as a trial or during some other conversation, as in a transcript of a hearing or oral deposition.
  • Trial: A hearing that takes place when the defendant pleads "not guilty" and witnesses are required to come to court to give evidence.
  • unfair labor practice: means only those unfair labor practices listed in section seven hundred four. See N.Y. Labor Law 701