Terms Used In California Codes > Education Code > Title 1 > Division 1 > Part 6 > Chapter 2 > Article 10
- Affidavit: A written statement of facts confirmed by the oath of the party making it, before a notary or officer having authority to administer oaths.
- All-terrain vehicle: means a motor vehicle subject to subdivision (a) of Section 38010 that is all of the following:
California Education Code 8258
- all-terrain vehicle safety training organization: is a ny organization which is approved to offer a program of instruction in all-terrain vehicle safety, including all-terrain vehicle safety instruction training, by the Off-Highway Vehicle Safety Education Committee and which has been issued a license by the department pursuant to Section 11105. See California Education Code 8261
- Allegation: something that someone says happened.
- Alternative payment program: means a local government agency or nonprofit organization that has contracted with the department pursuant to Section 8220. See California Education Code 8208
- Amendment: A proposal to alter the text of a pending bill or other measure by striking out some of it, by inserting new language, or both. Before an amendment becomes part of the measure, thelegislature must agree to it.
- Answer: The formal written statement by a defendant responding to a civil complaint and setting forth the grounds for defense.
- Appeal: A request made after a trial, asking another court (usually the court of appeals) to decide whether the trial was conducted properly. To make such a request is "to appeal" or "to take an appeal." One who appeals is called the appellant.
- Appraisal: A determination of property value.
- bike path: is a Class I bikeway, as defined in subdivision (a) of Section 890. See California Education Code 8264.5
- Brokering: is a n arrangement under which a dealer, for a fee or other consideration, regardless of the form or time of payment, provides or offers to provide the service of arranging, negotiating, assisting, or effectuating the purchase of a new or used motor vehicle, not owned by the dealer, for another or others. See California Education Code 8264.8
- business: includes a proprietorship, partnership, corporation, and any other form of commercial enterprise. See California Education Code 8265.1
- California state preschool program: means part-day and full-day educational programs for low-income or otherwise disadvantaged three- and four-year-old children. See California Education Code 8208
- Child care and development facility: means a residence or building or part thereof in which child care and development services are provided. See California Education Code 8208
- Child care and development programs: means those programs that offer a full range of services for children from infancy to 13 years of age, for any part of a day, by a public or private agency, in centers and family child care homes. See California Education Code 8208
- Child care and development services: means those services designed to meet a wide variety of needs of children and their families, while their parents or guardians are working, in training, seeking employment, incapacitated, or in need of respite. See California Education Code 8208
- Children with exceptional needs: means either of the following:
California Education Code 8208
- City: includes every city and city and county within this State. See California Education Code 8270
- Complaint: A written statement by the plaintiff stating the wrongs allegedly committed by the defendant.
- Contract: A legal written agreement that becomes binding when signed.
- Cost: includes , but is not limited to, expenditures that are related to the operation of child care and development programs. See California Education Code 8208
- County: includes "city and county. See California Education Code 17389
- County: includes every county and city and county within this State. See California Education Code 8275
- Damages: Money paid by defendants to successful plaintiffs in civil cases to compensate the plaintiffs for their injuries.
- Dealer: is a person not otherwise expressly excluded by Section 286 who:
California Education Code 8276.5
- Defendant: In a civil suit, the person complained against; in a criminal case, the person accused of the crime.
- Department: means the Department of Motor Vehicles except, when used in Chapter 2 (commencing with Section 2100) of Division 2 and in Divisions 11 (commencing with Section 21000), 12 (commencing with Section 24000), 13 (commencing with Section 29000), 14 (commencing with Section 31600), 14. See California Education Code 8277.2
- Dismissal: The dropping of a case by the judge without further consideration or hearing. Source:
- driver: is a person who drives or is in actual physical control of a vehicle. See California Education Code 8278.3
- Electronic funds transfer: The transfer of money between accounts by consumer electronic systems-such as automated teller machines (ATMs) and electronic payment of bills-rather than by check or cash. (Wire transfers, checks, drafts, and paper instruments do not fall into this category.) Source: OCC
- Entitlement: A Federal program or provision of law that requires payments to any person or unit of government that meets the eligibility criteria established by law. Entitlements constitute a binding obligation on the part of the Federal Government, and eligible recipients have legal recourse if the obligation is not fulfilled. Social Security and veterans' compensation and pensions are examples of entitlement programs.
- Equitable: Pertaining to civil suits in "equity" rather than in "law." In English legal history, the courts of "law" could order the payment of damages and could afford no other remedy. See damages. A separate court of "equity" could order someone to do something or to cease to do something. See, e.g., injunction. In American jurisprudence, the federal courts have both legal and equitable power, but the distinction is still an important one. For example, a trial by jury is normally available in "law" cases but not in "equity" cases. Source: U.S. Courts
- Evidence: Information presented in testimony or in documents that is used to persuade the fact finder (judge or jury) to decide the case for one side or the other.
- Fiscal year: The fiscal year is the accounting period for the government. For the federal government, this begins on October 1 and ends on September 30. The fiscal year is designated by the calendar year in which it ends; for example, fiscal year 2006 begins on October 1, 2005 and ends on September 30, 2006.
- Four-year-old children: means children who will have their fourth birthday on or before the date specified of the fiscal year in which they are enrolled in a California state preschool program, as follows:
California Education Code 8208
- Fraud: Intentional deception resulting in injury to another.
- Guardian: A person legally empowered and charged with the duty of taking care of and managing the property of another person who because of age, intellect, or health, is incapable of managing his (her) own affairs.
- Health services: include , but are not limited to, all of the following:
California Education Code 8208
- Highway: is a way or place of whatever nature, publicly maintained and open to the use of the public for purposes of vehicular travel. See California Education Code 8332.7
- Impeachment: (1) The process of calling something into question, as in "impeaching the testimony of a witness." (2) The constitutional process whereby the House of Representatives may "impeach" (accuse of misconduct) high officers of the federal government for trial in the Senate.
- instruction: includes classroom driver education, in-vehicle driver training, and correspondence study. See California Education Code 8279.2
- Lien: A claim against real or personal property in satisfaction of a debt.
- Litigation: A case, controversy, or lawsuit. Participants (plaintiffs and defendants) in lawsuits are called litigants.
- Local authorities: means the legislative body of every county or municipality having authority to adopt local police regulations. See California Education Code 8347.3
- Local educational agency: means a school district, a county office of education, a community college district, or a school district acting on behalf of one or more schools within the school district. See California Education Code 8208
- motor vehicle: includes a recreational vehicle as that term is defined in subdivision (a) of Section 18010 of the Health and Safety Code, but does not include a truck camper. See California Education Code 8360
- official traffic control signal: is a ny device, whether manually, electrically or mechanically operated, by which traffic is alternately directed to stop and proceed and which is erected by authority of a public body or official having jurisdiction. See California Education Code 8365.5
- owner: is a person having all the incidents of ownership, including the legal title of a vehicle whether or not such person lends, rents, or creates a security interest in the vehicle. See California Education Code 8368
- Parent: means a biological parent, stepparent, adoptive parent, foster parent, caretaker relative, or any other adult living with a child who has responsibility for the care and welfare of the child. See California Education Code 8208
- Person: includes a corporation as well as a natural person. See California Education Code 17389
- Person: includes a natural person, firm, copartnership, association, limited liability company, or corporation. See California Education Code 8404
- Plaintiff: The person who files the complaint in a civil lawsuit.
- Property: includes both personal and real property. See California Education Code 17389
- Real property: Land, and all immovable fixtures erected on, growing on, or affixed to the land.
- Recreational off-highway vehicle: means a motor vehicle meeting all of the following criteria:
California Education Code 8420
- Remainder: An interest in property that takes effect in the future at a specified time or after the occurrence of some event, such as the death of a life tenant.
- semitrailer: is a vehicle designed for carrying persons or property, used in conjunction with a motor vehicle, and so constructed that some part of its weight and that of its load rests upon, or is carried by, another vehicle. See California Education Code 8448
- State: includes the District of Columbia and the territories when applied to the different parts of the United States, and the words "United States" may include the district and territories. See California Education Code 17389
- Statute: A law passed by a legislature.
- Summons: Another word for subpoena used by the criminal justice system.
- Teacher: means a person with the appropriate permit issued by the Commission on Teacher Credentialing who provides program supervision and instruction that includes supervision of a number of aides, volunteers, and groups of children. See California Education Code 8208
- traffic: includes pedestrians, ridden animals, vehicles, street cars, and other conveyances, either singly or together, while using any highway for purposes of travel. See California Education Code 8483.3
- transporter: is a person engaged in the business of moving any owned or lawfully possessed vehicle by lawful methods over the highways for the purpose of delivery of such vehicles to dealers, sales agents of a manufacturer, purchasers, or to a new location as requested by the owner. See California Education Code 8484.1
- Trial: A hearing that takes place when the defendant pleads "not guilty" and witnesses are required to come to court to give evidence.
- Utility-terrain vehicle: means a motor vehicle subject to subdivision (a) of Section 38010 that is all of the following:
California Education Code 8215
- vehicle: is a device by which any person or property may be propelled, moved, or drawn upon a highway, excepting a device moved exclusively by human power or used exclusively upon stationary rails or tracks. See California Education Code 8486
- Verdict: The decision of a petit jury or a judge.
- Writing: includes printing and typewriting. See California Education Code 17389