As used in this chapter, the following definitions shall apply:

(a) “Board” means the California Victim Compensation Board.

Terms Used In California Government Code 13951

  • County: includes city and county. See California Education Code 19428
  • Felony: A crime carrying a penalty of more than a year in prison.
  • Misdemeanor: Usually a petty offense, a less serious crime than a felony, punishable by less than a year of confinement.
  • Probation: A sentencing alternative to imprisonment in which the court releases convicted defendants under supervision as long as certain conditions are observed.
  • Prosecute: To charge someone with a crime. A prosecutor tries a criminal case on behalf of the government.
  • State: means the State of California, unless applied to the different parts of the United States. See California Education Code 19427
  • Statute: A law passed by a legislature.
  • Subdivision: means a subdivision of the section in which the term occurs unless some other section is expressly mentioned. See California Education Code 19404

(b) (1) “Crime” means a crime or public offense, wherever it may take place, that would constitute a misdemeanor or a felony if the crime had been committed in California by a competent adult.

(2) “Crime” includes an act of terrorism, as defined in Section 2331 of Title 18 of the United States Code, committed against a resident of the state, whether or not the act occurs within the state.

(c) “Derivative victim” means an individual who sustains pecuniary loss as a result of injury or death to a victim.

(d) “Law enforcement” means every district attorney, municipal police department, sheriff’s department, district attorney’s office, county probation department, and social services agency, the Department of Justice, the Department of Corrections, the Department of the Youth Authority, the Department of the California Highway Patrol, the police department of any campus of the University of California, California State University, or community college, and every agency of the State of California expressly authorized by statute to investigate or prosecute law violators.

(e) “Pecuniary loss” means an economic loss or expense resulting from an injury or death to a victim of crime that has not been and will not be reimbursed from any other source.

(f) “Peer counseling” means counseling offered by a provider of mental health counseling services who has completed a specialized course in rape crisis counseling skills development, participates in continuing education in rape crisis counseling skills development, and provides rape crisis counseling within the State of California.

(g) “Victim” means an individual who sustains injury or death as a direct result of a crime as specified in subdivision (e) of Section 13955.

(h) “Victim center” means a victim and witness assistance center that receives funds pursuant to Section 13835.2 of the Penal Code.

(Amended by Stats. 2016, Ch. 31, Sec. 118. (SB 836) Effective June 27, 2016.)