§ 12001 As used in this title, “firearm” has the meaning provided in …
§ 12003 If any section, subdivision, paragraph, subparagraph, sentence, …
§ 12021.5 (a) Every person who carries a loaded or unloaded firearm on his …
§ 12021.5 v2 (a) Every person who carries a loaded or unloaded firearm on his …
§ 12022 (a) (1) Except as provided in subdivisions (c) and (d), a …
§ 12022.1 (a) For the purposes of this section only:(1) “Primary …
§ 12022.2 (a) A person who, while armed with a firearm in the commission …
§ 12022.2 v2 (a) Any person who, while armed with a firearm in the commission …
§ 12022.3 For each violation of Section 220 involving a specified sexual …
§ 12022.4 (a) A person who, during the commission or attempted commission …
§ 12022.4 v2 (a) Any person who, during the commission or attempted …
§ 12022.5 (a) Except as provided in subdivision (b), any person who …
§ 12022.53 (a) This section applies to the following …
§ 12022.55 Notwithstanding Section 12022.5, any person who, with the intent to …
§ 12022.7 (a) Any person who personally inflicts great bodily injury on …
§ 12022.75 (a) Except as provided in subdivision (b), any person who, for …
§ 12022.8 Any person who inflicts great bodily injury, as defined in Section …
§ 12022.85 (a) Any person who violates one or more of the offenses listed …
§ 12022.9 Any person who, during the commission of a felony or attempted …
§ 12022.95 Any person convicted of a violation of Section 273a, who under …

Terms Used In California Codes > Penal Code > Part 4 > Title 2

  • Abstract of judgment: In a federal criminal proceeding, A certification from a U.S. District Court clerk that a judgment of restitution was entered against the defendant owing to the victim. If the defendant inherits, owns, or sells real property or holdings, these assets can then be attached at the state and local levels as well.
  • Affinity: signifies the connection existing in consequence of marriage, between each of the married persons and the blood relatives of the other when applied to the marriage relation. See California Education Code 17389
  • Allegation: something that someone says happened.
  • Answer: The formal written statement by a defendant responding to a civil complaint and setting forth the grounds for defense.
  • Appeal: A request made after a trial, asking another court (usually the court of appeals) to decide whether the trial was conducted properly. To make such a request is "to appeal" or "to take an appeal." One who appeals is called the appellant.
  • Appropriation: The provision of funds, through an annual appropriations act or a permanent law, for federal agencies to make payments out of the Treasury for specified purposes. The formal federal spending process consists of two sequential steps: authorization
  • Bail: Security given for the release of a criminal defendant or witness from legal custody (usually in the form of money) to secure his/her appearance on the day and time appointed.
  • City: includes "city and county" and "incorporated town" but does not include "unincorporated town" or "village. See California Education Code 19429
  • Complaint: A written statement by the plaintiff stating the wrongs allegedly committed by the defendant.
  • Corporation: A legal entity owned by the holders of shares of stock that have been issued, and that can own, receive, and transfer property, and carry on business in its own name.
  • County: includes "city and county. See California Education Code 17389
  • County: includes city and county. See California Education Code 19428
  • Defendant: In a civil suit, the person complained against; in a criminal case, the person accused of the crime.
  • Discovery: Lawyers' examination, before trial, of facts and documents in possession of the opponents to help the lawyers prepare for trial.
  • Equitable: Pertaining to civil suits in "equity" rather than in "law." In English legal history, the courts of "law" could order the payment of damages and could afford no other remedy. See damages. A separate court of "equity" could order someone to do something or to cease to do something. See, e.g., injunction. In American jurisprudence, the federal courts have both legal and equitable power, but the distinction is still an important one. For example, a trial by jury is normally available in "law" cases but not in "equity" cases. Source: U.S. Courts
  • Felony: A crime carrying a penalty of more than a year in prison.
  • firearm: has the meaning provided in subdivision (a) of Section 16520. See California Government Code 15050
  • Fiscal year: The fiscal year is the accounting period for the government. For the federal government, this begins on October 1 and ends on September 30. The fiscal year is designated by the calendar year in which it ends; for example, fiscal year 2006 begins on October 1, 2005 and ends on September 30, 2006.
  • Grand jury: agreement providing that a lender will delay exercising its rights (in the case of a mortgage,
  • Guardian: A person legally empowered and charged with the duty of taking care of and managing the property of another person who because of age, intellect, or health, is incapable of managing his (her) own affairs.
  • In forma pauperis: In the manner of a pauper. Permission given to a person to sue without payment of court fees on claim of indigence or poverty.
  • Indictment: The formal charge issued by a grand jury stating that there is enough evidence that the defendant committed the crime to justify having a trial; it is used primarily for felonies.
  • Juror: A person who is on the jury.
  • Lease: A contract transferring the use of property or occupancy of land, space, structures, or equipment in consideration of a payment (e.g., rent). Source: OCC
  • legislative body: means board of trustees, city council, or other governing body of a city. See California Government Code 16367.71
  • Litigation: A case, controversy, or lawsuit. Participants (plaintiffs and defendants) in lawsuits are called litigants.
  • peace officer: signify any one of the officers mentioned in Chapter 4. See California Education Code 1012
  • Person: includes a corporation as well as a natural person. See California Education Code 17389
  • person: includes a corporation as well as a natural person. See California Education Code 1012
  • Person: includes any person, firm, association, organization, partnership, limited liability company, business trust, corporation, or company. See California Education Code 19426
  • Plaintiff: The person who files the complaint in a civil lawsuit.
  • Pleadings: Written statements of the parties in a civil case of their positions. In the federal courts, the principal pleadings are the complaint and the answer.
  • Preliminary hearing: A hearing where the judge decides whether there is enough evidence to make the defendant have a trial.
  • Probation: A sentencing alternative to imprisonment in which the court releases convicted defendants under supervision as long as certain conditions are observed.
  • property: includes both real and personal property. See California Education Code 1012
  • Settlement: Parties to a lawsuit resolve their difference without having a trial. Settlements often involve the payment of compensation by one party in satisfaction of the other party's claims.
  • spouse: includes "registered domestic partner" as required by Section 297. See California Education Code 1012
  • State: includes the District of Columbia and the territories when applied to the different parts of the United States, and the words "United States" may include the district and territories. See California Education Code 17389
  • state: when applied to the different parts of the United States, includes the District of Columbia and the territories, and the words "United States" may include the district and territories. See California Education Code 1012
  • state agency: includes every state office, officer, department, division, bureau, board, and commission. See California Government Code 11000
  • Statute: A law passed by a legislature.
  • Subdivision: means a subdivision of the section in which the term occurs unless some other section is expressly mentioned. See California Education Code 19404
  • Subpoena: A command to a witness to appear and give testimony.
  • Testimony: Evidence presented orally by witnesses during trials or before grand juries.
  • Verdict: The decision of a petit jury or a judge.
  • willfully: when applied to the intent with which an act is done or omitted, implies simply a purpose or willingness to commit the act, or make the omission referred to. See California Education Code 1012
  • Writing: includes printing and typewriting. See California Education Code 17389