§ 12001 As used in this title, “firearm” has the meaning provided in …
§ 12003 If any section, subdivision, paragraph, subparagraph, sentence, …
§ 12021.5 (a) Every person who carries a loaded or unloaded firearm on his …
§ 12021.5 v2 (a) Every person who carries a loaded or unloaded firearm on his …
§ 12022 (a) (1) Except as provided in subdivisions (c) and (d), a …
§ 12022.1 (a) For the purposes of this section only:(1) “Primary …
§ 12022.2 (a) A person who, while armed with a firearm in the commission …
§ 12022.2 v2 (a) Any person who, while armed with a firearm in the commission …
§ 12022.3 For each violation of Section 220 involving a specified sexual …
§ 12022.4 (a) A person who, during the commission or attempted commission …
§ 12022.4 v2 (a) Any person who, during the commission or attempted …
§ 12022.5 (a) Except as provided in subdivision (b), any person who …
§ 12022.53 (a) This section applies to the following …
§ 12022.55 Notwithstanding Section 12022.5, any person who, with the intent to …
§ 12022.7 (a) Any person who personally inflicts great bodily injury on …
§ 12022.75 (a) Except as provided in subdivision (b), any person who, for …
§ 12022.8 Any person who inflicts great bodily injury, as defined in Section …
§ 12022.85 (a) Any person who violates one or more of the offenses listed …
§ 12022.9 Any person who, during the commission of a felony or attempted …
§ 12022.95 Any person convicted of a violation of Section 273a, who under …

Terms Used In California Codes > Penal Code > Part 4 > Title 2

  • Abstract of judgment: In a federal criminal proceeding, A certification from a U.S. District Court clerk that a judgment of restitution was entered against the defendant owing to the victim. If the defendant inherits, owns, or sells real property or holdings, these assets can then be attached at the state and local levels as well.
  • Adjourn: A motion to adjourn a legislative chamber or a committee, if passed, ends that day's session.
  • Affirmed: In the practice of the appellate courts, the decree or order is declared valid and will stand as rendered in the lower court.
  • Agreement: includes , but is not limited to, agreements providing for valuations, appraisals, and similar proceedings and agreements between employers and employees or between their respective representatives. See California Code of Civil Procedure 1280
  • Answer: The formal written statement by a defendant responding to a civil complaint and setting forth the grounds for defense.
  • Arrest: Taking physical custody of a person by lawful authority.
  • assessed value: means 25 percent of full value to, and including, the 1980-81 fiscal year, and 100 percent of full value for the 1981-82 fiscal year and fiscal years thereafter. See California Government Code 25
  • Authority: means the Capitol Area Development Authority created by the joint powers agreement executed pursuant to Section 8169. See California Government Code 8180
  • Award: includes , but is not limited to, an award made pursuant to an agreement not in writing. See California Code of Civil Procedure 1280
  • Bail: Security given for the release of a criminal defendant or witness from legal custody (usually in the form of money) to secure his/her appearance on the day and time appointed.
  • City: includes "city and county" and "incorporated town" but does not include "unincorporated town" or "village. See California Government Code 20
  • Complaint: A written statement by the plaintiff stating the wrongs allegedly committed by the defendant.
  • Consumer: means an individual who seeks, uses, or acquires, by purchase or lease, any goods or services for personal, family, or household purposes. See California Code of Civil Procedure 1280
  • Continuance: Putting off of a hearing ot trial until a later time.
  • Controversy: means any question arising between parties to an agreement whether the question is one of law or of fact or both. See California Code of Civil Procedure 1280
  • Conviction: A judgement of guilt against a criminal defendant.
  • Counterclaim: A claim that a defendant makes against a plaintiff.
  • County: includes city and county. See California Government Code 19
  • county: includes "city and county". See California Penal Code 7
  • Damages: Money paid by defendants to successful plaintiffs in civil cases to compensate the plaintiffs for their injuries.
  • Defendant: In a civil suit, the person complained against; in a criminal case, the person accused of the crime.
  • Department: means the Department of General Services. See California Government Code 14837
  • Deposition: An oral statement made before an officer authorized by law to administer oaths. Such statements are often taken to examine potential witnesses, to obtain discovery, or to be used later in trial.
  • director: refer to the Department of General Services and the Director of General Services, respectively, unless the context otherwise requires. See California Government Code 14602
  • Director: means the Director of General Services. See California Government Code 14837
  • Disabled veteran business enterprise: means an enterprise that has been certified as meeting the qualifications established by paragraph (7) of subdivision (b) of Section 999 of the Military and Veterans Code. See California Government Code 14837
  • Discovery: Lawyers' examination, before trial, of facts and documents in possession of the opponents to help the lawyers prepare for trial.
  • Dismissal: The dropping of a case by the judge without further consideration or hearing. Source:
  • Drafting party: means the company or business that included a predispute arbitration provision in a contract with a consumer or employee. See California Code of Civil Procedure 1280
  • Employee: means any current employee, former employee, or applicant for employment. See California Code of Civil Procedure 1280
  • Equitable: Pertaining to civil suits in "equity" rather than in "law." In English legal history, the courts of "law" could order the payment of damages and could afford no other remedy. See damages. A separate court of "equity" could order someone to do something or to cease to do something. See, e.g., injunction. In American jurisprudence, the federal courts have both legal and equitable power, but the distinction is still an important one. For example, a trial by jury is normally available in "law" cases but not in "equity" cases. Source: U.S. Courts
  • firearm: has the meaning provided in subdivision (a) of Section 16520. See California Penal Code 12001
  • Grand jury: agreement providing that a lender will delay exercising its rights (in the case of a mortgage,
  • Indictment: The formal charge issued by a grand jury stating that there is enough evidence that the defendant committed the crime to justify having a trial; it is used primarily for felonies.
  • Liabilities: The aggregate of all debts and other legal obligations of a particular person or legal entity.
  • Manufacturer: means a business that meets both of the following requirements:

    California Government Code 14837

  • Microbusiness: is a small business which, together with affiliates, has average annual gross receipts of two million five hundred thousand dollars ($2,500,000) or less over the previous three years, or is a manufacturer, as defined in subdivision (c), with 25 or fewer employees. See California Government Code 14837
  • Neutral arbitrator: means an arbitrator who is (1) . See California Code of Civil Procedure 1280
  • Party to the arbitration: means a party to the arbitration agreement, including any of the following:

    California Code of Civil Procedure 1280

  • peace officer: signify any one of the officers mentioned in Chapter 4. See California Penal Code 7
  • Person: includes any person, firm, association, organization, partnership, limited liability company, business trust, corporation, or company. See California Government Code 17
  • Person: includes a corporation as well as a natural person. See California Code of Civil Procedure 17
  • person: includes a corporation as well as a natural person. See California Penal Code 7
  • Pleadings: Written statements of the parties in a civil case of their positions. In the federal courts, the principal pleadings are the complaint and the answer.
  • Preliminary hearing: A hearing where the judge decides whether there is enough evidence to make the defendant have a trial.
  • Probation: A sentencing alternative to imprisonment in which the court releases convicted defendants under supervision as long as certain conditions are observed.
  • Process: includes a writ or summons issued in the course of judicial proceedings of either a civil or criminal nature. See California Government Code 22
  • Project area: includes both of the following:

    California Government Code 8180

  • Property: includes both personal and real property. See California Code of Civil Procedure 17
  • property: includes both real and personal property. See California Penal Code 7
  • records: means all papers, maps, exhibits, magnetic or paper tapes, photographic films and prints, punched cards, and other documents produced, received, owned or used by an agency, regardless of physical form or characteristics. See California Government Code 14741
  • Redevelopment plan: means the Capitol Area Plan approved by the Director of General Services on March 15, 1977, and referred to in Section 8160, and the plan prepared pursuant to Section 8182. See California Government Code 8180
  • Reporter: Makes a record of court proceedings and prepares a transcript, and also publishes the court's opinions or decisions (in the courts of appeals).
  • Settlement: Parties to a lawsuit resolve their difference without having a trial. Settlements often involve the payment of compensation by one party in satisfaction of the other party's claims.
  • Small business: means an independently owned and operated business that is not dominant in its field of operation, the principal office of which is located in California, the officers of which are domiciled in California, and which, together with affiliates, has 100 or fewer employees, and average annual gross receipts of ten million dollars ($10,000,000) or less over the previous three years, or is a manufacturer, as defined in subdivision (c), with 100 or fewer employees. See California Government Code 14837
  • Spouse: includes "registered domestic partner" as required by Section 297. See California Code of Civil Procedure 17
  • spouse: includes "registered domestic partner" as required by Section 297. See California Penal Code 7
  • State: includes the District of Columbia and the territories when applied to the different parts of the United States, and the words "United States" may include the district and territories. See California Code of Civil Procedure 17
  • state: when applied to the different parts of the United States, includes the District of Columbia and the territories, and the words "United States" may include the district and territories. See California Penal Code 7
  • state agency: includes every state office, officer, department, division, bureau, board, and commission. See California Government Code 11000
  • Statute of limitations: A law that sets the time within which parties must take action to enforce their rights.
  • Subpoena duces tecum: A command to a witness to produce documents.
  • Testimony: Evidence presented orally by witnesses during trials or before grand juries.
  • Transcript: A written, word-for-word record of what was said, either in a proceeding such as a trial or during some other conversation, as in a transcript of a hearing or oral deposition.
  • Trial: A hearing that takes place when the defendant pleads "not guilty" and witnesses are required to come to court to give evidence.
  • will: includes codicil. See California Penal Code 7
  • Will: includes codicil. See California Code of Civil Procedure 17
  • willfully: when applied to the intent with which an act is done or omitted, implies simply a purpose or willingness to commit the act, or make the omission referred to. See California Penal Code 7
  • Writing: includes printing and typewriting. See California Code of Civil Procedure 17