|Division 1||GENERAL PROVISIONS|
Terms Used In California Codes > Penal Code > Part 6 > Title 1
- abuse: means any of the following:
California Revenue and Taxation Code 41130
- Account: when used to mean a contract of deposit of funds between a depositor and a financial institution, includes a checking account, savings account, certificate of deposit, share account, mutual capital certificate, and other like arrangements. See California Government Code 21254
- air gauge knife: means a device that appears to be an air gauge but has concealed within it a pointed, metallic shaft that is designed to be a stabbing instrument which is exposed by mechanical action or gravity which locks into place when extended. See California Revenue and Taxation Code 41132
- ammunition: includes , but is not limited to, any bullet, cartridge, magazine, clip, speed loader, autoloader, or projectile capable of being fired from a firearm with a deadly consequence. See California Revenue and Taxation Code 41133
- Amortization: Paying off a loan by regular installments.
- antique cannon: means any cannon manufactured before January 1, 1899, which has been rendered incapable of firing or for which ammunition is no longer manufactured in the United States and is not readily available in the ordinary channels of commercial trade. See California Revenue and Taxation Code 41133.3
- antique rifle: means a firearm conforming to the definition of an "antique firearm" in Section 479. See California Revenue and Taxation Code 41135
- Appeal: A request made after a trial, asking another court (usually the court of appeals) to decide whether the trial was conducted properly. To make such a request is "to appeal" or "to take an appeal." One who appeals is called the appellant.
- Appropriation: The provision of funds, through an annual appropriations act or a permanent law, for federal agencies to make payments out of the Treasury for specified purposes. The formal federal spending process consists of two sequential steps: authorization
- ballistic knife: means a device that propels a knifelike blade as a projectile by means of a coil spring, elastic material, or compressed gas. See California Revenue and Taxation Code 41137
- Bankruptcy: Refers to statutes and judicial proceedings involving persons or businesses that cannot pay their debts and seek the assistance of the court in getting a fresh start. Under the protection of the bankruptcy court, debtors may discharge their debts, perhaps by paying a portion of each debt. Bankruptcy judges preside over these proceedings.
- BB device: means any instrument that expels a projectile, such as a BB or a pellet, through the force of air pressure, gas pressure, or spring action, or any spot marker gun. See California Revenue and Taxation Code 41139
- belt buckle knife: is a knife that is made an integral part of a belt buckle and consists of a blade with a length of at least two and one-half inches. See California Revenue and Taxation Code 41140
- Beneficiary: means a person to whom a donative transfer of property is made or that person's successor in interest, and:
California Government Code 21257
- blowgun: means a hollow tube designed and intended to be used as a tube through which a dart is propelled by the force of the breath of the user. See California Revenue and Taxation Code 41141
- board: means the California Department of Tax and Fee Administration. See California Education Code 5301
- body shield: means any bullet-resistant material intended to provide ballistic and trauma protection for the wearer or holder. See California Revenue and Taxation Code 41143.4
- camouflaging firearm container: means a container that meets all of the following criteria:
California Revenue and Taxation Code 41150
- cane gun: means any firearm mounted or enclosed in a stick, staff, rod, crutch, or similar device, designed to be, or capable of being used as, an aid in walking, if the firearm may be fired while mounted or enclosed therein. See California Revenue and Taxation Code 41152
- cane sword: means a cane, swagger stick, stick, staff, rod, pole, umbrella, or similar device, having concealed within it a blade that may be used as a sword or stiletto. See California Revenue and Taxation Code 41160
- City: includes incorporated city, city and county, municipal corporation, municipality, town, and incorporated town. See California Education Code 5227
- City: includes "city and county. See California Education Code 25018.6
- Commissioner: means the Insurance Commissioner of this State. See California Education Code 25022.5
- Complaint: A written statement by the plaintiff stating the wrongs allegedly committed by the defendant.
- Controller: means the State Controller. See California Education Code 5303
- Conviction: A judgement of guilt against a criminal defendant.
- county: includes "city and county". See California Education Code 1012
- County: includes city and county. See California Education Code 5228
- County: includes "city and county. See California Education Code 25018.5
- dagger: means a knife or other instrument with or without a handguard that is capable of ready use as a stabbing weapon that may inflict great bodily injury or death. See California Revenue and Taxation Code 41171.5 v2
- Damages: Money paid by defendants to successful plaintiffs in civil cases to compensate the plaintiffs for their injuries.
- Decedent: A deceased person.
- Deed: The legal instrument used to transfer title in real property from one person to another.
- Dismissal: The dropping of a case by the judge without further consideration or hearing. Source:
- domestic violence: means abuse perpetrated against any of the following persons:
California Revenue and Taxation Code 41172.5
- Electronic funds transfer: The transfer of money between accounts by consumer electronic systems-such as automated teller machines (ATMs) and electronic payment of bills-rather than by check or cash. (Wire transfers, checks, drafts, and paper instruments do not fall into this category.) Source: OCC
- Equitable: Pertaining to civil suits in "equity" rather than in "law." In English legal history, the courts of "law" could order the payment of damages and could afford no other remedy. See damages. A separate court of "equity" could order someone to do something or to cease to do something. See, e.g., injunction. In American jurisprudence, the federal courts have both legal and equitable power, but the distinction is still an important one. For example, a trial by jury is normally available in "law" cases but not in "equity" cases. Source: U.S. Courts
- executive officer of the board: means the director of the California Department of Tax and Fee Administration for those duties, powers, and responsibilities transferred to the California Department of Tax and Fee Administration pursuant to Section 15570. See California Education Code 5302
- Executor: A male person named in a will to carry out the decedent
- Felony: A crime carrying a penalty of more than a year in prison.
- Fiduciary: A trustee, executor, or administrator.
- firearm: includes the frame or receiver of the weapon:
California Revenue and Taxation Code 41176
- flechette dart: means a dart, capable of being fired from a firearm, that measures approximately one inch in length, with tail fins that take up approximately five-sixteenths of an inch of the body. See California Revenue and Taxation Code 43057
- gun safe: means a locking container that fully contains and secures one or more firearms, and that meets the standards for gun safes adopted pursuant to Section 23650. See California Revenue and Taxation Code 43152.7
- gunsmith: means any person who is licensed as a dealer pursuant to Chapter 44 (commencing with Section 921) of Title 18 of the United States Code and the regulations issued pursuant thereto, who is engaged primarily in the business of repairing firearms, or making or fitting special barrels, stocks, or trigger mechanisms to firearms, or the agent or employee of that person. See California Revenue and Taxation Code 43152.9
- handgun: means any pistol, revolver, or firearm capable of being concealed upon the person. See California Revenue and Taxation Code 43152.10
- Injunction: An order of the court prohibiting (or compelling) the performance of a specific act to prevent irreparable damage or injury.
- large-capacity magazine: means any ammunition feeding device with the capacity to accept more than 10 rounds, but shall not be construed to include any of the following:
California Revenue and Taxation Code 43155
- leaded cane: means a staff, crutch, stick, rod, pole, or similar device, unnaturally weighted with lead. See California Revenue and Taxation Code 43157
- Lease: A contract transferring the use of property or occupancy of land, space, structures, or equipment in consideration of a payment (e.g., rent). Source: OCC
- Less lethal weapon: means any device that is designed to or that has been converted to expel or propel less lethal ammunition by any action, mechanism, or process for the purpose of incapacitating, immobilizing, or stunning a human being through the infliction of any less than lethal impairment of physical condition, function, or senses, including physical pain or discomfort. See California Revenue and Taxation Code 43158.5
- Liabilities: The aggregate of all debts and other legal obligations of a particular person or legal entity.
- license: shall include a permit or a certificate issued by a state agency. See California Education Code 1097
- Lien: A claim against real or personal property in satisfaction of a debt.
- lipstick case knife: means a knife enclosed within and made an integral part of a lipstick case. See California Revenue and Taxation Code 43172
- Litigation: A case, controversy, or lawsuit. Participants (plaintiffs and defendants) in lawsuits are called litigants.
- machinegun: means any weapon that shoots, is designed to shoot, or can readily be restored to shoot, automatically more than one shot, without manual reloading, by a single function of the trigger. See California Revenue and Taxation Code 43301
- metal knuckles: means any device or instrument made wholly or partially of metal that is worn for purposes of offense or defense in or on the hand and that either protects the wearer's hand while striking a blow or increases the force of impact from the blow or injury to the individual receiving the blow. See California Revenue and Taxation Code 43304
- Misdemeanor: Usually a petty offense, a less serious crime than a felony, punishable by less than a year of confinement.
- Multiburst trigger activator: includes , but is not limited to, any of the following devices:
California Revenue and Taxation Code 43305
- newspaper: means a newspaper of general circulation. See California Education Code 5344
- nunchaku: means an instrument consisting of two or more sticks, clubs, bars, or rods to be used as handles, connected by a rope, cord, wire, or chain, in the design of a weapon used in connection with the practice of a system of self-defense such as karate. See California Revenue and Taxation Code 43306
- Obligation: An order placed, contract awarded, service received, or similar transaction during a given period that will require payments during the same or a future period.
- partnership: shall include limited liability company, registered limited liability partnership, and foreign limited liability partnership, except where the context or the specific provisions of this division otherwise require. See California Education Code 5325
- peace officer: signify any one of the officers mentioned in Chapter 4. See California Education Code 1012
- person: includes a corporation as well as a natural person. See California Education Code 1012
- Person: includes any person, firm, partnership, general partner of a partnership, limited liability company, registered limited liability partnership, foreign limited liability partnership, association, corporation, company, syndicate, estate, trust, business trust, or organization of any kind. See California Education Code 5300
- Person: means an individual, corporation, government or governmental subdivision or agency, business trust, estate, trust, partnership, limited liability company, association, or other entity. See California Government Code 21298
- Personal property: All property that is not real property.
- Plaintiff: The person who files the complaint in a civil lawsuit.
- Pleadings: Written statements of the parties in a civil case of their positions. In the federal courts, the principal pleadings are the complaint and the answer.
- Probate: Proving a will
- property: includes both real and personal property. See California Education Code 1012
- Property: means anything that may be the subject of ownership and includes both real and personal property and any interest therein. See California Government Code 21313
- Real property: Land, and all immovable fixtures erected on, growing on, or affixed to the land.
- safety: is a utomatically applied by the pistol, this feature shall not be defeated. See California Penal Code 31900
- Security: includes any note, stock, treasury stock, bond, debenture, evidence of indebtedness, certificate of interest or participation in an oil, gas, or mining title or lease or in payments out of production under such a title or lease, collateral trust certificate, transferable share, voting trust certificate or, in general, any interest or instrument commonly known as a security, or any certificate of interest or participation, any temporary or interim certificate, receipt, or certificate of deposit for, or any warrant or right to subscribe to or purchase, any of the foregoing. See California Government Code 21320
- Settlement: Parties to a lawsuit resolve their difference without having a trial. Settlements often involve the payment of compensation by one party in satisfaction of the other party's claims.
- shobi-zue: means a staff, crutch, stick, rod, or pole concealing a knife or blade within it, which may be exposed by a flip of the wrist or by a mechanical action. See California Revenue and Taxation Code 43444.2
- short-barreled rifle: means any of the following:
California Revenue and Taxation Code 43444.3
- short-barreled shotgun: means any of the following:
California Revenue and Taxation Code 43445
- shuriken: means any instrument, without handles, consisting of a metal plate having three or more radiating points with one or more sharp edges and designed in the shape of a polygon, trefoil, cross, star, diamond, or other geometric shape, for use as a weapon for throwing. See California Revenue and Taxation Code 43447
- spouse: includes "registered domestic partner" as required by Section 297. See California Education Code 1012
- Spouse: includes "registered domestic partner" as required by Section 297. See California Education Code 5223
- State: means the State of California, unless applied to the different parts of the United States. See California Education Code 32033
- state: when applied to the different parts of the United States, includes the District of Columbia and the territories, and the words "United States" may include the district and territories. See California Education Code 1012
- State Board of Equalization meeting as a public body: means the California Department of Tax and Fee Administration for those duties, powers, and responsibilities transferred to the California Department of Tax and Fee Administration pursuant to Section 15570. See California Education Code 5302
- Statute: A law passed by a legislature.
- Statute of limitations: A law that sets the time within which parties must take action to enforce their rights.
- Subpoena: A command to a witness to appear and give testimony.
- Summons: Another word for subpoena used by the criminal justice system.
- Transferor: means the testator, settlor, grantor, owner, or other person who executes an instrument. See California Government Code 21329
- Trial: A hearing that takes place when the defendant pleads "not guilty" and witnesses are required to come to court to give evidence.
- Trust: includes the following:
California Government Code 21331
- Trustee: includes an original, additional, or successor trustee, whether or not appointed or confirmed by a court. See California Government Code 21337
- Trustee: A person or institution holding and administering property in trust.
- unconventional pistol: means a firearm with both of the following characteristics:
California Revenue and Taxation Code 43452.1
- undetectable firearm: means any weapon that meets either of the following requirements:
California Revenue and Taxation Code 43452.2
- wallet gun: means any firearm mounted or enclosed in a case, resembling a wallet, designed to be or capable of being carried in a pocket or purse, if the firearm may be fired while mounted or enclosed in the case. See California Revenue and Taxation Code 43472
- Writ: A formal written command, issued from the court, requiring the performance of a specific act.
- writing pen knife: means a device that appears to be a writing pen but has concealed within it a pointed, metallic shaft that is designed to be a stabbing instrument which is exposed by mechanical action or gravity which locks into place when extended or the pointed, metallic shaft is exposed by the removal of the cap or cover on the device. See California Revenue and Taxation Code 43474
- zip gun: means any weapon or device that meets all of the following criteria:
California Revenue and Taxation Code 43475