(a) Wherever used in this chapter, unless otherwise provided, “state collection agency” includes the Treasurer, the Commissioner of Revenue Services and any other state official, board or commission authorized by law to collect taxes payable to the state and any duly appointed deputy of any such official, board or commission; “tax” includes not only the principal of any tax but also all interest, penalties, fees and other charges added thereto by law; and “serving officer” includes any state marshal, constable or employee of such state collection agency designated for such purpose by a state collection agency and any person so designated by the Labor Commissioner. Upon the failure of any person to pay any tax, except any tax under chapter 216, due the state within thirty days from its due date, the state collection agency charged by law with its collection shall add thereto such penalty or interest or both as are prescribed by law, provided, if any statutory penalty is not specified, there may be added a penalty in the amount of ten per cent of the whole or such part of the principal of the tax as is unpaid or fifty dollars, whichever amount is greater, and provided, if any statutory interest is not specified, there shall be added interest at the rate of one per cent of the whole or such part of the principal of the tax as is unpaid for each month or fraction thereof, from the due date of such tax to the date of payment. Upon the failure of any person to pay any tax, except any tax under chapter 216, due within thirty days of its due date, the state collection agency charged by law with the collection of such tax may make out and sign a warrant directed to any serving officer for distraint upon any property of such person found within the state, whether real or personal. An itemized bill shall be attached thereto, certified by the state collection agency issuing such warrant as a true statement of the amount due from such person. Such warrant shall have the same force and effect as an execution issued pursuant to chapter 906. Such warrant may be levied on any real property or tangible or intangible personal property of such person, and sale made pursuant to such warrant in the same manner and with the same force and effect as a levy of sale pursuant to an execution. In addition thereto, if such warrant has been issued by the Commissioner of Revenue Services, his deputy, the Labor Commissioner, the executive director of the Employment Security Division or any person in the Employment Security Division in a position equivalent to or higher than the position presently held by a revenue examiner four, said serving officer shall be authorized to place a keeper in any place of business and it shall be such keeper’s duty to secure the income of such business for the state and, when it is in the best interest of the state, to force cessation of such business operation. In addition, the Attorney General may collect any such tax by civil action. Each serving officer so receiving a warrant shall make a return with respect to such warrant to the appropriate collection agency within a period of ten days following receipt of such warrant. Each serving officer shall collect from such person, in addition to the amount shown on such warrant, his fees and charges, which shall be twice those authorized by statute for serving officers, provided the minimum charge shall be five dollars and money collected pursuant to such warrant shall be first applied to the amount of any fees and charges of the serving officer. In the case of an employee of the state acting as a serving officer the fees and charges collected by such employee shall inure to the benefit of the state. For the purposes of this section, “keeper” means a person who has been given authority by an officer authorized to serve a tax warrant to act in the state’s interest to secure the income of a business for the state and, when it is in the best interest of the state, to force the cessation of such business’s operation, upon the failure of such business to pay taxes owed to the state.

Terms Used In Connecticut General Statutes 12-35

  • Commissioner of Revenue Services: means the Commissioner of Revenue Services or his authorized agent. See Connecticut General Statutes 12-1
  • keeper: means a person who has been given authority by an officer authorized to serve a tax warrant to act in the state's interest to secure the income of a business for the state and, when it is in the best interest of the state, to force the cessation of such business's operation, upon the failure of such business to pay taxes owed to the state. See Connecticut General Statutes 12-35
  • month: means a calendar month, and the word "year" means a calendar year, unless otherwise expressed. See Connecticut General Statutes 1-1
  • person: means any individual, partnership, company, limited liability company, public or private corporation, society, association, trustee, executor, administrator or other fiduciary or custodian. See Connecticut General Statutes 12-1
  • Personal property: All property that is not real property.
  • Real property: Land, and all immovable fixtures erected on, growing on, or affixed to the land.
  • serving officer: includes any state marshal, constable or employee of such state collection agency designated for such purpose by a state collection agency and any person so designated by the Labor Commissioner. See Connecticut General Statutes 12-35
  • state collection agency: includes the Treasurer, the Commissioner of Revenue Services and any other state official, board or commission authorized by law to collect taxes payable to the state and any duly appointed deputy of any such official, board or commission. See Connecticut General Statutes 12-35
  • Statute: A law passed by a legislature.
  • tax: includes not only the principal of any tax but also all interest, penalties, fees and other charges added thereto by law. See Connecticut General Statutes 12-35

(b) (1) Any such warrant on any intangible personal property of any person may be served by mailing a certified copy of such warrant by certified mail, return receipt requested, to any third person in possession of, or obligated with respect to, receivables, bank accounts, evidences of debt, securities, salaries, wages, commissions, compensation or other intangible personal property subject to such warrant, ordering such third person to forthwith deliver such property or pay the amount due or payable to the state collection agency that has made out such warrant, provided such warrant may be issued only after the state collection agency making out such warrant has notified the person owning such property, in writing, of its intention to issue such warrant. The notice of intent shall be: (A) Given in person; (B) left at the dwelling or usual place of business of such person; or (C) sent by certified mail, return receipt requested, to such person’s last known address, not less than thirty days before the day the warrant is to be issued.

(2) Any such warrant on any intangible personal property of any person may be served by electronic mail, facsimile machine or other electronic means on any third person in possession of, or obligated with respect to, receivables, bank accounts, evidences of debt, securities, salaries, wages, commissions, compensation or other intangible personal property subject to such warrant, ordering such third person to forthwith deliver such property or pay the amount due or payable to the state collection agency that has made out such warrant, provided such warrant may be issued only after the state collection agency making out such warrant has notified the person owning such property, in writing, of its intention to issue such warrant. The notice of intent shall be: (A) Given in person; (B) left at the dwelling or usual place of business of such person; or (C) sent by certified mail, return receipt requested, to such person’s last-known address, not less than thirty days before the day the warrant is to be issued. Any such warrant for tax due may further include an order to such third person to continually deliver, during the one hundred eighty days immediately following the date of issuance of the warrant or until the tax is fully paid, whichever occurs earlier, all intangible personal property that is due and that becomes due to the person owing the tax. Except as otherwise provided in this subdivision, such warrant shall have the same force and effect as an execution issued pursuant to chapter 906.