Subchapter I Purposes, Construction and Definitions 4301 – 4302
Subchapter II Probation and Parole Services 4321 – 4322
Subchapter III Probation and Sentencing Procedures 4331 – 4336
Subchapter IV Parole 4341 – 4354
Subchapter V Interstate Compact For The Supervision Of Adult Offenders 4358 – 4359A
Subchapter VI Clemency 4361 – 4364
Subchapter VII Expungement of Criminal Records 4371 – 4377
Subchapter VIII Diminution of Confinement 4381 – 4383
Subchapter IX House Arrest 4391 – 4394

Terms Used In Delaware Code > Title 11 > Chapter 43

  • Abandoned: means left without provision for reasonable and necessary care or supervision. See Delaware Code Title 13 Sec. 1902
  • adult person: means a person of the age of 18 years or older. See Delaware Code Title 6 Sec. 4307
  • Alcohol: means ethyl alcohol produced by the distillation of any fermented liquid, whether rectified or diluted with water or not, whatever may be the origin thereof, and includes synthetic ethyl alcohol, but it does not mean ethyl alcohol, diluted or not, that has been denatured or otherwise rendered unfit for beverage purposes. See Delaware Code Title 7 Sec. 6059
  • alcoholic liquors: include the 5 varieties of liquor defined in this section (alcohol, spirits, wine, beer and alcoholic cider) as well as every liquid or solid, patented or not, containing alcohol, spirits, wine, beer or alcoholic cider and capable of being consumed by a human being, and any liquid or solid containing more than 1 of the 5 varieties defined in this section is considered as belonging to that variety which usually has the higher percentage of alcohol. See Delaware Code Title 7 Sec. 6059
  • Allegation: something that someone says happened.
  • Amendment: A proposal to alter the text of a pending bill or other measure by striking out some of it, by inserting new language, or both. Before an amendment becomes part of the measure, thelegislature must agree to it.
  • Answer: The formal written statement by a defendant responding to a civil complaint and setting forth the grounds for defense.
  • Appellate: About appeals; an appellate court has the power to review the judgement of another lower court or tribunal.
  • Appropriation: The provision of funds, through an annual appropriations act or a permanent law, for federal agencies to make payments out of the Treasury for specified purposes. The formal federal spending process consists of two sequential steps: authorization
  • Arrest: Taking physical custody of a person by lawful authority.
  • Assets: (1) The property comprising the estate of a deceased person, or (2) the property in a trust account.
  • Attachment: A procedure by which a person's property is seized to pay judgments levied by the court.
  • Bail: Security given for the release of a criminal defendant or witness from legal custody (usually in the form of money) to secure his/her appearance on the day and time appointed.
  • Bank: means a bank or trust company created under this title or a national banking association created under the National Bank Act (12 U. See Delaware Code Title 5 Sec. 801
  • Bank: means a bank or trust company existing under the laws of the State, or a national banking association existing under the National Bank Act, as amended (12 U. See Delaware Code Title 5 Sec. 821
  • Beer: means any beverage containing more than 1/2 of 1% of ethyl alcohol by volume, obtained by the alcoholic fermentation of any infusion or decoction of barley malt and hops in water and includes, among other things, ale, porter, stout and other malt or brewed liquors. See Delaware Code Title 7 Sec. 6059
  • Bottle: means any vessel that is corked, capped or stopped or arranged so to be and intended to contain or to convey liquids. See Delaware Code Title 7 Sec. 6059
  • Child: means an individual who has not attained 18 years of age. See Delaware Code Title 13 Sec. 1902
  • Child custody determination: means a judgment, decree or other order of a court providing for the legal custody, physical custody or visitation with respect to a child. See Delaware Code Title 13 Sec. 1902
  • Child custody proceeding: means a proceeding in which legal custody, physical custody or visitation with respect to a child is an issue. See Delaware Code Title 13 Sec. 1902
  • Club: means a corporation or association created by competent authority, which is the owner, lessee or occupant of premises operated solely for objects of national, social, patriotic, political or athletic nature, or the like, whether or not for pecuniary gain, and the property as well as the advantages of which belong to or are enjoyed by the stockholders or by the members of such corporation or association. See Delaware Code Title 7 Sec. 6059
  • Commencement: means the filing of the first pleading in a proceeding. See Delaware Code Title 13 Sec. 1902
  • Commissioner: means the State Bank Commissioner of the State of Delaware. See Delaware Code Title 5 Sec. 801
  • Commissioner: means the person appointed by the Governor and confirmed by the Senate who serves as the Alcoholic Beverage Control Commissioner for the State. See Delaware Code Title 7 Sec. 6059
  • Common law: The legal system that originated in England and is now in use in the United States. It is based on judicial decisions rather than legislative action.
  • Complaint: A written statement by the plaintiff stating the wrongs allegedly committed by the defendant.
  • Contract: A legal written agreement that becomes binding when signed.
  • Conviction: A judgement of guilt against a criminal defendant.
  • Counterclaim: A claim that a defendant makes against a plaintiff.
  • Court: means the Family Court of the State. See Delaware Code Title 13 Sec. 1902
  • Damages: Money paid by defendants to successful plaintiffs in civil cases to compensate the plaintiffs for their injuries.
  • Decedent: A deceased person.
  • Defendant: In a civil suit, the person complained against; in a criminal case, the person accused of the crime.
  • Dependent: A person dependent for support upon another.
  • Deposition: An oral statement made before an officer authorized by law to administer oaths. Such statements are often taken to examine potential witnesses, to obtain discovery, or to be used later in trial.
  • Divest: means to transfer all interest, legal or equitable, to a person or other entity in which the transferor has no interest, direct or indirect, or which has no interest, direct or indirect, in the transferor. See Delaware Code Title 5 Sec. 801
  • Docket: A log containing brief entries of court proceedings.
  • Embezzlement: In most states, embezzlement is defined as theft/larceny of assets (money or property) by a person in a position of trust or responsibility over those assets. Embezzlement typically occurs in the employment and corporate settings. Source: OCC
  • Entitlement: A Federal program or provision of law that requires payments to any person or unit of government that meets the eligibility criteria established by law. Entitlements constitute a binding obligation on the part of the Federal Government, and eligible recipients have legal recourse if the obligation is not fulfilled. Social Security and veterans' compensation and pensions are examples of entitlement programs.
  • Equitable: Pertaining to civil suits in "equity" rather than in "law." In English legal history, the courts of "law" could order the payment of damages and could afford no other remedy. See damages. A separate court of "equity" could order someone to do something or to cease to do something. See, e.g., injunction. In American jurisprudence, the federal courts have both legal and equitable power, but the distinction is still an important one. For example, a trial by jury is normally available in "law" cases but not in "equity" cases. Source: U.S. Courts
  • Establishment: means any place located physically in this State where alcoholic liquor of 1 or more varieties is stored, sold or used by authority of any law of this State, including a hotel, restaurant, tavern, beer garden, or club as defined in this section, or where alcoholic liquor of 1 or more varieties is manufactured by virtue of any law of this State. See Delaware Code Title 7 Sec. 6059
  • Ex officio: Literally, by virtue of one's office.
  • Executor: A male person named in a will to carry out the decedent
  • Fair market value: The price at which an asset would change hands in a transaction between a willing, informed buyer and a willing, informed seller.
  • Federal Deposit Insurance Corporation: A government corporation that insures the deposits of all national and state banks that are members of the Federal Reserve System. Source: OCC
  • Felony: A crime carrying a penalty of more than a year in prison.
  • Gift: A voluntary transfer or conveyance of property without consideration, or for less than full and adequate consideration based on fair market value.
  • Home State: means the state in which a child lived with a parent or a person acting as a parent for at least 6 consecutive months immediately before the commencement of a child custody proceeding. See Delaware Code Title 13 Sec. 1902
  • Hotel: means any establishment, provided with special space and accommodation, where, in consideration of payment, food and lodging are habitually furnished to travelers. See Delaware Code Title 7 Sec. 6059
  • Indemnification: In general, a collateral contract or assurance under which one person agrees to secure another person against either anticipated financial losses or potential adverse legal consequences. Source: FDIC
  • Indictment: The formal charge issued by a grand jury stating that there is enough evidence that the defendant committed the crime to justify having a trial; it is used primarily for felonies.
  • Infancy: means an age of less than 18 years. See Delaware Code Title 6 Sec. 4307
  • Initial determination: means the first child custody determination concerning a particular child. See Delaware Code Title 13 Sec. 1902
  • Issuing court: means the court that makes a child custody determination for which enforcement is sought under this chapter. See Delaware Code Title 13 Sec. 1902
  • Jurisdiction: (1) The legal authority of a court to hear and decide a case. Concurrent jurisdiction exists when two courts have simultaneous responsibility for the same case. (2) The geographic area over which the court has authority to decide cases.
  • Liabilities: The aggregate of all debts and other legal obligations of a particular person or legal entity.
  • License: means any license or permit to manufacture, to sell, to purchase, to transport, to import or to possess alcoholic liquor authorized or issued by the Commissioner under the provisions of Chapter 5 of this title. See Delaware Code Title 7 Sec. 6059
  • Litigation: A case, controversy, or lawsuit. Participants (plaintiffs and defendants) in lawsuits are called litigants.
  • Located in this State: means , with respect to state-chartered banks, banks created under the law of this State and, with respect to national banking associations, banks whose organization certificate identifies an address in this State as the place at which its discount and deposit operations are to be carried out. See Delaware Code Title 5 Sec. 801
  • minor child: means a person who has not reached the age of 18 years. See Delaware Code Title 6 Sec. 4307
  • Misdemeanor: Usually a petty offense, a less serious crime than a felony, punishable by less than a year of confinement.
  • Modification: means a child custody determination that changes, replaces, supersedes or is otherwise made after a previous determination concerning the same child, whether or not it is made by the court that made the previous determination. See Delaware Code Title 13 Sec. 1902
  • Month: means a calendar month, unless otherwise expressed. See Delaware Code Title 6 Sec. 4307
  • Mortgage: The written agreement pledging property to a creditor as collateral for a loan.
  • Multiple activity club: is a club as to which, in the determination of the Commissioner, the service of spirits, wine or beer is not the principal activity in the premises of the club as established by the following:

    a. See Delaware Code Title 7 Sec. 6059

  • National Bank: A bank that is subject to the supervision of the Comptroller of the Currency. The Office of the Comptroller of the Currency is a bureau of the U.S. Treasury Department. A national bank can be recognized because it must have "national" or "national association" in its name. Source: OCC
  • Obligation: An order placed, contract awarded, service received, or similar transaction during a given period that will require payments during the same or a future period.
  • Out-of-state bank holding company: has the meaning specified in the Bank Holding Company Act of 1956, as amended (12 U. See Delaware Code Title 5 Sec. 801
  • Out-of-state bank holding company: means an out-of-state bank holding company as defined in § 801(2) of this title. See Delaware Code Title 5 Sec. 821
  • Oversight: Committee review of the activities of a Federal agency or program.
  • Person: means an individual, corporation, business trust, estate, trust, partnership, limited liability company, association, joint venture, government, governmental subdivision, agency or instrumentality, public corporation, or any other legal or commercial entity. See Delaware Code Title 13 Sec. 1902
  • Person: includes an individual, a partnership, a corporation, a club or any other association of individuals. See Delaware Code Title 7 Sec. 6059
  • Person acting as a parent: means a person, other than a parent, who:

    a. See Delaware Code Title 13 Sec. 1902

  • Physical custody: means the physical care and supervision of a child. See Delaware Code Title 13 Sec. 1902
  • Plaintiff: The person who files the complaint in a civil lawsuit.
  • Plea: In a criminal case, the defendant's statement pleading "guilty" or "not guilty" in answer to the charges, a declaration made in open court.
  • Pleadings: Written statements of the parties in a civil case of their positions. In the federal courts, the principal pleadings are the complaint and the answer.
  • Precedent: A court decision in an earlier case with facts and law similar to a dispute currently before a court. Precedent will ordinarily govern the decision of a later similar case, unless a party can show that it was wrongly decided or that it differed in some significant way.
  • Presentence report: A report prepared by a court's probation officer, after a person has been convicted of an offense, summarizing for the court the background information needed to determine the appropriate sentence. Source: U.S. Courts
  • President pro tempore: A constitutionally recognized officer of the Senate who presides over the chamber in the absence of the Vice President. The President Pro Tempore (or, "president for a time") is elected by the Senate and is, by custom, the Senator of the majority party with the longest record of continuous service.
  • Probation: A sentencing alternative to imprisonment in which the court releases convicted defendants under supervision as long as certain conditions are observed.
  • Probation officers: Screen applicants for pretrial release and monitor convicted offenders released under court supervision.
  • Quorum: The number of legislators that must be present to do business.
  • Remainder: An interest in property that takes effect in the future at a specified time or after the occurrence of some event, such as the death of a life tenant.
  • Rescission: The cancellation of budget authority previously provided by Congress. The Impoundment Control Act of 1974 specifies that the President may propose to Congress that funds be rescinded. If both Houses have not approved a rescission proposal (by passing legislation) within 45 days of continuous session, any funds being withheld must be made available for obligation.
  • Residence: means the place occupied by a person as a domicile or otherwise, either permanently or temporarily, and includes not only the premises occupied, but also every annex or dependency thereof held under the same title as the premises occupied. See Delaware Code Title 7 Sec. 6059
  • Restaurant: means any establishment which is regularly used and kept open principally for the purpose of serving complete meals to persons for consideration and which has seating at tables for 12 or more persons and suitable kitchen facilities connected therewith for cooking an assortment of foods under the charge of a chef or cook. See Delaware Code Title 7 Sec. 6059
  • Restitution: The court-ordered payment of money by the defendant to the victim for damages caused by the criminal action.
  • Roll call vote : A vote in which each legislator votes "yea" or "nay" as his or her name is called by the Clerk, so that the names of legislators voting on each side are recorded.
  • Sale: means every act of selling as defined in this section. See Delaware Code Title 7 Sec. 6059
  • Sell: means : solicit or receive an order for; keep or expose for sale; deliver for value or in any other way than purely gratuitously; keep with intent to sell; keep or transport in contravention of this title; traffic in; or for any valuable consideration, promised or obtained, directly or indirectly, or under any pretext or by any means whatsoever, procure or allow to be procured for any other person, to carry alcoholic liquors on one's person or to transport with one and with intent to sell the same, but not in any establishment where the sale thereof is allowed. See Delaware Code Title 7 Sec. 6059
  • Service of process: The service of writs or summonses to the appropriate party.
  • Settlement: Parties to a lawsuit resolve their difference without having a trial. Settlements often involve the payment of compensation by one party in satisfaction of the other party's claims.
  • Spirits: means any beverage containing more than 1/2 of 1% of ethyl alcohol by volume mixed with water and other substances in solution, and includes, among other things, brandy, rum, whiskey and gin. See Delaware Code Title 7 Sec. 6059
  • State: means a State of the United States, the District of Columbia, Puerto Rico, the United State Virgin Islands or any territory or insular possession subject to the jurisdiction of the United States. See Delaware Code Title 13 Sec. 1902
  • State assisted bank: means a bank which the State has, in order to relieve financial distress determined to exist by the State Bank Commissioner, assisted by means of a grant, loan, asset purchase or deposit made pursuant to a plan or agreement if:

    a. See Delaware Code Title 5 Sec. 821

  • State Board: consists of 9 members who are citizens of this State and appointed as follows:

    (1) The Governor shall appoint, with Senate confirmation, 7 voting members. See Delaware Code Title 14 Sec. 104

  • Statute: A law passed by a legislature.
  • Statute of limitations: A law that sets the time within which parties must take action to enforce their rights.
  • Subpoena: A command to a witness to appear and give testimony.
  • Subsidiary: means , with respect to an out-of-state bank holding company:

    a. See Delaware Code Title 5 Sec. 801

  • Subsidiary: means a subsidiary as defined in § 801(6) of this title. See Delaware Code Title 5 Sec. 821
  • Summons: Another word for subpoena used by the criminal justice system.
  • Taproom: means an establishment provided with special space and accommodations and operated primarily for the sale by the glass and for consumption on the premises of alcoholic liquors with the sale of food as a secondary object as distinguished from a restaurant where the sale of food is the primary object. See Delaware Code Title 7 Sec. 6059
  • Testify: Answer questions in court.
  • Testimony: Evidence presented orally by witnesses during trials or before grand juries.
  • Tort: A civil wrong or breach of a duty to another person, as outlined by law. A very common tort is negligent operation of a motor vehicle that results in property damage and personal injury in an automobile accident.
  • Transcript: A written, word-for-word record of what was said, either in a proceeding such as a trial or during some other conversation, as in a transcript of a hearing or oral deposition.
  • Trial: A hearing that takes place when the defendant pleads "not guilty" and witnesses are required to come to court to give evidence.
  • Under age: means an age of less than 18 years. See Delaware Code Title 6 Sec. 4307
  • United States: includes its territories and possessions and the District of Columbia. See Delaware Code Title 6 Sec. 4307
  • Verdict: The decision of a petit jury or a judge.
  • Victim Impact Statement: A written or spoken statement by the victim or his or her representative about the physical, emotional, and financial impact of a crime on the victim. The statement is given to the court before sentencing.
  • Vocational rehabilitation: means the rendering of a person with a disability fit to engage in remunerative occupation. See Delaware Code Title 13 Sec. 1934
  • Warrant: means an order issued by a court authorizing law enforcement officers to take physical custody of a child. See Delaware Code Title 13 Sec. 1902
  • Wine: means any beverage containing more than 1/2 of 1% ethyl alcohol by volume obtained by the fermentation of the natural contents of fruits, vegetables or other products and other vinous liquors, and also includes such beverages when fortified by the addition of alcohol or spirits as defined in this section. See Delaware Code Title 7 Sec. 6059
  • Writ: A formal written command, issued from the court, requiring the performance of a specific act.