|486M-2||Record of transactions|
|486M-3||Transactions by minors prohibited|
|486M-4||Minimum retention of items|
Terms Used In Hawaii Revised Statutes > Chapter 486M
- Administrator: means the administrator of forestry and wildlife. See Hawaii Revised Statutes 185-1
- Affidavit: A written statement of facts confirmed by the oath of the party making it, before a notary or officer having authority to administer oaths.
- Agency: means any state or county department, commission, board, bureau, office, or other establishment of the state or county government or semi-autonomous part thereof. See Hawaii Revised Statutes 269E-2
- Annuity: A periodic (usually annual) payment of a fixed sum of money for either the life of the recipient or for a fixed number of years. A series of payments under a contract from an insurance company, a trust company, or an individual. Annuity payments are made at regular intervals over a period of more than one full year.
- Answer: The formal written statement by a defendant responding to a civil complaint and setting forth the grounds for defense.
- Appeal: A request made after a trial, asking another court (usually the court of appeals) to decide whether the trial was conducted properly. To make such a request is "to appeal" or "to take an appeal." One who appeals is called the appellant.
- Appellate: About appeals; an appellate court has the power to review the judgement of another lower court or tribunal.
- Appropriation: The provision of funds, through an annual appropriations act or a permanent law, for federal agencies to make payments out of the Treasury for specified purposes. The formal federal spending process consists of two sequential steps: authorization
- Arrest: Taking physical custody of a person by lawful authority.
- Article: means any previously owned good or chattel, including, but not limited to, precious or semiprecious metals or precious or semiprecious gems. See Hawaii Revised Statutes 486M-1
- Assets: (1) The property comprising the estate of a deceased person, or (2) the property in a trust account.
- Attachment: A procedure by which a person's property is seized to pay judgments levied by the court.
- Attorney-in-fact: A person who, acting as an agent, is given written authorization by another person to transact business for him (her) out of court.
- Authorized shares: means the shares of all classes a domestic corporation is authorized to issue. See Hawaii Revised Statutes 414-3
- Bail: Security given for the release of a criminal defendant or witness from legal custody (usually in the form of money) to secure his/her appearance on the day and time appointed.
- Beneficiary: A person who is entitled to receive the benefits or proceeds of a will, trust, insurance policy, retirement plan, annuity, or other contract. Source: OCC
- Board: means the board of land and natural resources. See Hawaii Revised Statutes 181-1
- Board: means the board of land and natural resources. See Hawaii Revised Statutes 183C-2
- Board: means the board of land and natural resources. See Hawaii Revised Statutes 185-1
- Branch: means an area comprising a county of the State. See Hawaii Revised Statutes 185-1
- Branch: means the insurance fraud investigations branch of the insurance division of the department of commerce and consumer affairs. See Hawaii Revised Statutes 431:2-401
- Center: means the one call center. See Hawaii Revised Statutes 269E-2
- Certificate: means a certificate of public convenience and necessity issued under this chapter to common carriers by motor vehicle. See Hawaii Revised Statutes 271-4
- Chairperson: means the chairperson of the board of land and natural resources. See Hawaii Revised Statutes 183C-2
- Chapter: means the Motor Carrier Law. See Hawaii Revised Statutes 271-4
- Charity: An agency, institution, or organization in existence and operating for the benefit of an indefinite number of persons and conducted for educational, religious, scientific, medical, or other beneficent purposes.
- Commission: means the public utilities commission. See Hawaii Revised Statutes 269E-2
- Commission: means the public utilities commission. See Hawaii Revised Statutes 271-4
- Committee: means the one call center advisory committee. See Hawaii Revised Statutes 269E-2
- Common carrier by motor vehicle: means any person that holds itself out to the general public to engage in the transportation by motor vehicle of passengers or property or any class or classes thereof for compensation. See Hawaii Revised Statutes 271-4
- Common law: The legal system that originated in England and is now in use in the United States. It is based on judicial decisions rather than legislative action.
- Complaint: A written statement by the plaintiff stating the wrongs allegedly committed by the defendant.
- Conservation district: means those lands within the various counties of the State bounded by the conservation district line, as established under provisions of Act 187, Session Laws of Hawaii 1961, and Act 205, Session Laws of Hawaii 1963, or future amendments thereto. See Hawaii Revised Statutes 183C-2
- Continuance: Putting off of a hearing ot trial until a later time.
- Contract: A legal written agreement that becomes binding when signed.
- Contract carrier by motor vehicle: means any person that engages in transportation by motor vehicle of passengers or property for compensation (other than transportation referred to in paragraph (11)) under continuing contracts with one person or a limited number of persons either: for the furnishing of transportation services through the assignment of motor vehicles for a continuing period of time to the exclusive use of each person served; or for the furnishing of transportation services designed to meet the distinct need of each individual customer. See Hawaii Revised Statutes 271-4
- Corporation: A legal entity owned by the holders of shares of stock that have been issued, and that can own, receive, and transfer property, and carry on business in its own name.
- county: includes the city and county of Honolulu. See Hawaii Revised Statutes 1-22
- Damage: means :
(1) The substantial weakening of the structural or lateral support of a subsurface installation;
(2) The penetration or destruction of any protective coating, housing, or other protective device of a subsurface installation; or
(3) The partial or complete severance of a subsurface installation. See Hawaii Revised Statutes 269E-2
- Damages: Money paid by defendants to successful plaintiffs in civil cases to compensate the plaintiffs for their injuries.
- Dealer: means any person, firm, partnership, corporation, or other entity who engages in a business which includes the buying of previously owned [articles,] and includes any pawnbroker or secondhand dealer. See Hawaii Revised Statutes 486M-1
- Defendant: In a civil suit, the person complained against; in a criminal case, the person accused of the crime.
- Deliver: includes mail. See Hawaii Revised Statutes 414-3
- Demolition: means the wrecking, razing, rendering, movement, or removal of a structure or mass of material by means of tools, equipment, or the placement and discharge of explosives. See Hawaii Revised Statutes 269E-2
- Department: means the department of land and natural resources. See Hawaii Revised Statutes 183C-2
- Department: means the department of land and natural resources. See Hawaii Revised Statutes 185-1
- Department: means the department of land and natural resources. See Hawaii Revised Statutes 188F-1
- Department director: means the director of commerce and consumer affairs, unless the context otherwise requires. See Hawaii Revised Statutes 414-3
- Deposition: An oral statement made before an officer authorized by law to administer oaths. Such statements are often taken to examine potential witnesses, to obtain discovery, or to be used later in trial.
- Director: means a member of the governing body of a district. See Hawaii Revised Statutes 180-1
- Discovery: Lawyers' examination, before trial, of facts and documents in possession of the opponents to help the lawyers prepare for trial.
- Docket: A log containing brief entries of court proceedings.
- Donor: The person who makes a gift.
- Due notice: means notice given during a ten-day period by publication or if no means of publication is available by posting at a reasonable number of conspicuous places within the affected area. See Hawaii Revised Statutes 180-1
- Emergency: means a sudden, unexpected occurrence involving a clear and imminent danger, demanding immediate action to prevent or mitigate loss of or damage to life, health, property, or essential public services. See Hawaii Revised Statutes 269E-2
- Enforcement officer: means any person employed and authorized by the commission to investigate any matter on behalf of the commission. See Hawaii Revised Statutes 271-4
- Evidence: Information presented in testimony or in documents that is used to persuade the fact finder (judge or jury) to decide the case for one side or the other.
- Ex officio: Literally, by virtue of one's office.
- Excavation: means any operation in which earth, rock, or other material in the ground is moved, removed, or otherwise displaced by means of tools, equipment, or explosives, including but not limited to the following: grading, trenching, digging, ditching, boring, drilling, auguring, tunneling, scraping cable or pipe plowing and driving, demolition, and dredging. See Hawaii Revised Statutes 269E-2
- Excavator: means any person, including an operator, who performs any excavation, other than an operator whose employees are performing maintenance work on the operator's subsurface installation. See Hawaii Revised Statutes 269E-2
- Felony: A crime carrying a penalty of more than a year in prison.
- Fiduciary: A trustee, executor, or administrator.
- Fiscal year: The fiscal year is the accounting period for the government. For the federal government, this begins on October 1 and ends on September 30. The fiscal year is designated by the calendar year in which it ends; for example, fiscal year 2006 begins on October 1, 2005 and ends on September 30, 2006.
- Foreign corporation: means a corporation for profit incorporated under a law other than the law of this State. See Hawaii Revised Statutes 414-3
- Forgery: The fraudulent signing or alteration of another's name to an instrument such as a deed, mortgage, or check. The intent of the forgery is to deceive or defraud. Source: OCC
- Fraud: Intentional deception resulting in injury to another.
- Gift: A voluntary transfer or conveyance of property without consideration, or for less than full and adequate consideration based on fair market value.
- Government issued identification: means :
(1) A passport issued by the United States of America;
(2) A [driver's] license issued pursuant to any state or District of Columbia law;
(3) An identification card issued by any state or local government or the Bureau of Indian Affairs; or
(4) An identification card issued by any branch of the Armed Forces of the United States of America. See Hawaii Revised Statutes 486M-1
- Grantor: The person who establishes a trust and places property into it.
- Guarantor: A party who agrees to be responsible for the payment of another party's debts should that party default. Source: OCC
- Guardian: A person legally empowered and charged with the duty of taking care of and managing the property of another person who because of age, intellect, or health, is incapable of managing his (her) own affairs.
- Hawaiian fishponds: means the unique, traditional system and methodology of aquaculture practiced by the aboriginal people of Hawaii, and found nowhere else in the world. See Hawaii Revised Statutes 183B-1
- Highway: means the public roads, highways, streets, and ways in this State. See Hawaii Revised Statutes 271-4
- Injunction: An order of the court prohibiting (or compelling) the performance of a specific act to prevent irreparable damage or injury.
- Inquiry identification number: means the number issued by the center to every excavator who contacts the center for the purpose of excavating. See Hawaii Revised Statutes 269E-2
- Insurance policy: means a contract issued by an insurer or other licensee. See Hawaii Revised Statutes 431:2-401
- Jurisdiction: (1) The legal authority of a court to hear and decide a case. Concurrent jurisdiction exists when two courts have simultaneous responsibility for the same case. (2) The geographic area over which the court has authority to decide cases.
- Kuleana: means those lands granted to native tenants pursuant to L. See Hawaii Revised Statutes 183C-2
- Land: means all real property, fast or submerged, and all interests therein, including fauna, flora, minerals, and all such natural resources, unless otherwise expressly provided. See Hawaii Revised Statutes 183C-2
- Land use: means :
(1) The placement or erection of any solid material on land;
(2) The grading, removing, harvesting, dredging, mining, or extraction of any material or natural resource on land;
(3) The subdivision of land; or
(4) The construction, reconstruction, demolition, or alteration of any structure, building, or facility on land. See Hawaii Revised Statutes 183C-2
- Landowner: means an owner of land or any estate or interest in that land. See Hawaii Revised Statutes 183C-2
- Lease: A contract transferring the use of property or occupancy of land, space, structures, or equipment in consideration of a payment (e.g., rent). Source: OCC
- Liabilities: The aggregate of all debts and other legal obligations of a particular person or legal entity.
- Licensee: means an entity licensed under and governed by title 24, including an insurer governed by chapter 431, a mutual benefit society governed by article 1 of chapter 432, a fraternal benefit society governed by article 2 of chapter 432, or a health maintenance organization governed by chapter 432D, and their respective agents and employees engaged in the business of the licensee. See Hawaii Revised Statutes 431:2-401
- Lien: A claim against real or personal property in satisfaction of a debt.
- Management area: means the West Hawaii regional fishery management area established in section 188F-2. See Hawaii Revised Statutes 188F-1
- Manager: means the forestry and wildlife manager of a designated branch. See Hawaii Revised Statutes 185-1
- Misdemeanor: Usually a petty offense, a less serious crime than a felony, punishable by less than a year of confinement.
- month: means a calendar month; and the word "year" a calendar year. See Hawaii Revised Statutes 1-20
- Mortgage: The written agreement pledging property to a creditor as collateral for a loan.
- Motor carrier: includes both a common carrier by motor vehicle and a contract carrier by motor vehicle. See Hawaii Revised Statutes 271-4
- Motor vehicle: means any vehicle, machine, tractor, trailer, or semitrailer propelled or drawn by mechanical power and used upon the highways in the transportation of passengers or property, or any combination thereof determined by the commission, but does not include any vehicle, locomotive, or car operated exclusively on a rail or rails or a trolley bus operated by electric power derived from a fixed overhead wire, furnishing local passenger transportation similar to street-railway service. See Hawaii Revised Statutes 271-4
- oath: includes a solemn affirmation. See Hawaii Revised Statutes 1-21
- Obligation: An order placed, contract awarded, service received, or similar transaction during a given period that will require payments during the same or a future period.
- One call center: means a private provider selected by the commission pursuant to section 269E-5 that provides advance warning to excavators of the location of subsurface installations in the area of an excavation for the purpose of protecting those installations from damage. See Hawaii Revised Statutes 269E-2
- Operator: means any person who owns, operates, or maintains a subsurface installation. See Hawaii Revised Statutes 269E-2
- Operator: means an individual, firm, or corporation engaged in strip mining operations. See Hawaii Revised Statutes 181-1
- Partnership: A voluntary contract between two or more persons to pool some or all of their assets into a business, with the agreement that there will be a proportional sharing of profits and losses.
- Pawnbroker: means any person, firm, partnership, corporation, or other entity who advances for interest or for or in expectation of profit, gain, or reward any sum of money upon security of any goods or chattels taken by such person by way of pawn or pledge, and includes any person subject to part V of chapter 445. See Hawaii Revised Statutes 486M-1
- Permit: means a permit issued under this chapter to contract carriers by motor vehicle. See Hawaii Revised Statutes 271-4
- Person: means any individual, firm, joint venture, partnership, corporation, association, agency, cooperative or joint stock association, contractor, subcontractor, operator, or other entity. See Hawaii Revised Statutes 269E-2
- Person: includes individual and entity. See Hawaii Revised Statutes 414-3
- Person: means any individual, company, association, organization, group, partnership, business, trust, or corporation; but shall exclude:
(1) Insurers, as defined in section 431:1-202, and other licensees, as defined in this part; and
(2) Licensed attorneys acting in their capacity as attorneys for a claimant other than the licensed attorney. See Hawaii Revised Statutes 431:2-401
- Personal property: All property that is not real property.
- persons: means any individual, firm, copartnership, corporation, company, association, or joint stock association; and includes any trustee, receiver, assignee, or personal representative thereof. See Hawaii Revised Statutes 271-4
- Pit: means a tract of land of which the surface soil has been removed or is being removed or is proposed to be removed for mining. See Hawaii Revised Statutes 181-1
- Plaintiff: The person who files the complaint in a civil lawsuit.
- Plan: means the West Hawaii regional fishery management area plan established in section 188F-4. See Hawaii Revised Statutes 188F-1
- Pleadings: Written statements of the parties in a civil case of their positions. In the federal courts, the principal pleadings are the complaint and the answer.
- Precedent: A court decision in an earlier case with facts and law similar to a dispute currently before a court. Precedent will ordinarily govern the decision of a later similar case, unless a party can show that it was wrongly decided or that it differed in some significant way.
- Principal office: means the office (in or out of this State) so designated in the annual report where the principal executive offices of a domestic or foreign corporation are located. See Hawaii Revised Statutes 414-3
- Probable cause: A reasonable ground for belief that the offender violated a specific law.
- Probation: A sentencing alternative to imprisonment in which the court releases convicted defendants under supervision as long as certain conditions are observed.
- Prosecute: To charge someone with a crime. A prosecutor tries a criminal case on behalf of the government.
- Quorum: The number of legislators that must be present to do business.
- Rates: includes rates, fares, tolls, rentals, and charges of whatever kind and nature unless the context indicates otherwise; provided that for transportation by motor vehicle of passengers, where the provision of transportation is part of a package that may include air fare, meals, attractions, and other services, "rates" shall only include the charges for the provision of transportation by motor vehicle. See Hawaii Revised Statutes 271-4
- Real property: Land, and all immovable fixtures erected on, growing on, or affixed to the land.
- Remainder: An interest in property that takes effect in the future at a specified time or after the occurrence of some event, such as the death of a life tenant.
- Reporter: Makes a record of court proceedings and prepares a transcript, and also publishes the court's opinions or decisions (in the courts of appeals).
- Restitution: The court-ordered payment of money by the defendant to the victim for damages caused by the criminal action.
- Secretary: means the corporate officer to whom the board of directors has delegated responsibility under section 414-231(c) for preparation and custody of the minutes of the meetings of the board of directors and of the shareholders and for authenticating records of the corporation. See Hawaii Revised Statutes 414-3
- Service of process: The service of writs or summonses to the appropriate party.
- Settlement: Parties to a lawsuit resolve their difference without having a trial. Settlements often involve the payment of compensation by one party in satisfaction of the other party's claims.
- Shareholder: means the person in whose name shares are registered in the records of a corporation or the beneficial owner of shares to the extent of the rights granted by a nominee certificate on file with a corporation. See Hawaii Revised Statutes 414-3
- Shares: means the units into which the proprietary interests in a corporation are divided. See Hawaii Revised Statutes 414-3
- soil and water conservation district: means a governmental subdivision of this State, and a public body corporate and politic, organized in accordance with this chapter. See Hawaii Revised Statutes 180-1
- Statute: A law passed by a legislature.
- Strip mining: means mining of mineral by uncovering therefrom the surface soil above mineral deposits and mining directly from the mineral exposed for the purpose of carrying on a business of mining or selling mineral removed by the process. See Hawaii Revised Statutes 181-1
- Subpoena: A command to a witness to appear and give testimony.
- Subsurface installation: means any pipeline, conduit, cable, duct, wire, sewer line, storm drain, vault, or other structure that is located underground. See Hawaii Revised Statutes 269E-2
- Summons: Another word for subpoena used by the criminal justice system.
- Testify: Answer questions in court.
- Testimony: Evidence presented orally by witnesses during trials or before grand juries.
- Tort: A civil wrong or breach of a duty to another person, as outlined by law. A very common tort is negligent operation of a motor vehicle that results in property damage and personal injury in an automobile accident.
- Transcript: A written, word-for-word record of what was said, either in a proceeding such as a trial or during some other conversation, as in a transcript of a hearing or oral deposition.
- Transportation of persons: includes every service in connection with or incidental to the safety, comfort, or convenience of persons transported and the receipt, carriage, and delivery of these persons and their baggage. See Hawaii Revised Statutes 271-4
- Transportation of property: includes every service in connection with or incidental to the transportation of property, including in particular its receipt, delivery, elevation, transfer, carriage, ventilation, refrigeration, icing, dunnage, storage in transit, handling, and its consolidation for the purposes of forwarding within the State. See Hawaii Revised Statutes 271-4
- Trustee: A person or institution holding and administering property in trust.
- Venue: The geographical location in which a case is tried.