Terms Used In Hawaii Revised Statutes > Chapter 489P
- Affidavit: A written statement of facts confirmed by the oath of the party making it, before a notary or officer having authority to administer oaths.
- Appropriation: The provision of funds, through an annual appropriations act or a permanent law, for federal agencies to make payments out of the Treasury for specified purposes. The formal federal spending process consists of two sequential steps: authorization
- Child: means an unmarried person who is under eighteen years of age and includes a stepchild or an adopted child. See Hawaii Revised Statutes 351-2
- Commission: means the crime victim compensation commission established by this chapter. See Hawaii Revised Statutes 351-2
- Common law: The legal system that originated in England and is now in use in the United States. It is based on judicial decisions rather than legislative action.
- consumer reporting agency: means any person who, for monetary fees or dues or on a cooperative nonprofit basis, regularly engages in whole or in part in the practice of assembling or evaluating consumer credit information or other information on consumers for the purpose of furnishing credit reports to third parties, but does not include any governmental agency whose records are maintained primarily for law enforcement or licensing purposes. See Hawaii Revised Statutes 489P-2
- Contract: A legal written agreement that becomes binding when signed.
- Conviction: A judgement of guilt against a criminal defendant.
- county: includes the city and county of Honolulu. See Hawaii Revised Statutes 1-22
- Credit report: means any written, oral, or other communication of any credit information by a consumer reporting agency, as defined in the federal Fair Credit Reporting Act, which operates or maintains a database of consumer credit information bearing on a consumer's credit worthiness, credit standing, or credit capacity. See Hawaii Revised Statutes 489P-2
- Crime: means those under section 351-32, and shall include an act of terrorism occurring outside the United States as defined in title 18 United States Code section 2331, against a resident of this State. See Hawaii Revised Statutes 351-2
- Damages: Money paid by defendants to successful plaintiffs in civil cases to compensate the plaintiffs for their injuries.
- Equitable: Pertaining to civil suits in "equity" rather than in "law." In English legal history, the courts of "law" could order the payment of damages and could afford no other remedy. See damages. A separate court of "equity" could order someone to do something or to cease to do something. See, e.g., injunction. In American jurisprudence, the federal courts have both legal and equitable power, but the distinction is still an important one. For example, a trial by jury is normally available in "law" cases but not in "equity" cases. Source: U.S. Courts
- Fair Credit Reporting Act: A federal law, established in 1971 and revised in 1997, that gives consumers the right to see their credit records and correct any mistakes. Source: OCC
- Fraud: Intentional deception resulting in injury to another.
- Guardian: A person legally empowered and charged with the duty of taking care of and managing the property of another person who because of age, intellect, or health, is incapable of managing his (her) own affairs.
- Injury: means actual bodily harm and, in respect of a victim, includes pregnancy and mental or nervous shock; and "injured" has a corresponding meaning. See Hawaii Revised Statutes 351-2
- Jurisdiction: (1) The legal authority of a court to hear and decide a case. Concurrent jurisdiction exists when two courts have simultaneous responsibility for the same case. (2) The geographic area over which the court has authority to decide cases.
- Mass casualty incident: means an incident with multiple victims killed during a continuous course of criminal conduct. See Hawaii Revised Statutes 351-2
- Obligation: An order placed, contract awarded, service received, or similar transaction during a given period that will require payments during the same or a future period.
- Power of attorney: A written instrument which authorizes one person to act as another's agent or attorney. The power of attorney may be for a definite, specific act, or it may be general in nature. The terms of the written power of attorney may specify when it will expire. If not, the power of attorney usually expires when the person granting it dies. Source: OCC
- Private citizen: means any natural person other than a police officer who is actively engaged in the performance of the police officer's official duties. See Hawaii Revised Statutes 351-2
- Security freeze: means a notice placed in a credit report at the request of the consumer or the protected consumer's representative. See Hawaii Revised Statutes 489P-2
- Statute of limitations: A law that sets the time within which parties must take action to enforce their rights.
- Subpoena: A command to a witness to appear and give testimony.
- Victim: means :
(1) A person who is injured or killed by any act or omission of any other person coming within the criminal jurisdiction of the State;
(2) Any resident of the State who is injured or killed in another state by an act or omission of another person, which act or omission is within the description of any of the crimes specified in section 351-32; or
(3) A person who is a resident of this State who is injured or killed by an act of terrorism occurring outside the United States, as defined in title 18 United States Code section 2331. See Hawaii Revised Statutes 351-2