19-2501 Time for Judgment
19-2502 Determination of Degree of Crime
19-2503 Presence of Defendant
19-2504 Defendant to Be Brought Before Court
19-2505 Bench Warrant to Enforce Attendance
19-2506 Clerk to Issue Warrant
19-2507 Form of Warrant
19-2508 Service of Warrant
19-2509 Arrest of Defendant
19-2510 Arraignment for Sentence
19-2511 Grounds for Withholding Judgment
19-2512 Pronouncement of Judgment
19-2513 Unified Sentence
19-2514 Persistent Violator — Sentence On Third Conviction for Felony
19-2515 Sentence in Capital Cases — Special Sentencing Proceeding — Statutory Aggravating Circumstances — Special Verdict or Written Findings
19-2515A Imposition of Death Penalty Upon Mentally Retarded Person Prohibited
19-2516 Cost of Presentence Investigation
19-2517 Presentence Investigation Report to Include Recidivism Rates
19-2518 Lien of Judgment for Fine
19-2519 Entry of Judgment — Record
19-2520 Extended Sentence for Use of Firearm or Deadly Weapon
19-2520B Infliction of Great Bodily Injury — Attempted Felony or Conspiracy — Extension of Prison Term
19-2520C Extension of Prison Terms for Repeated Sex Offenses, Extortion and Kidnapping
19-2520D Prior Foreign Conviction
19-2520E Multiple Enhanced Penalties Prohibited
19-2520F Consecutive Sentences for Felonies Committed in Correctional Facilities
19-2520G Mandatory Minimum Sentencing
19-2521 Criteria for Placing Defendant On Probation or Imposing Imprisonment
19-2522 Examination of Defendant for Evidence of Mental Condition — Appointment of Psychiatrists or Licensed Psychologists — Hospitalization — Reports
19-2523 Consideration of Mental Illness in Sentencing
19-2524 Consideration of Community-Based Treatment to Meet Behavioral Health Needs in Sentencing and Post-Sentencing Proceedings

Terms Used In Idaho Code > Title 19 > Chapter 25

  • Acquittal:
    1. Judgement that a criminal defendant has not been proved guilty beyond a reasonable doubt.
    2. A verdict of "not guilty."
     
  • Appellate: About appeals; an appellate court has the power to review the judgement of another lower court or tribunal.
  • Appropriation: The provision of funds, through an annual appropriations act or a permanent law, for federal agencies to make payments out of the Treasury for specified purposes. The formal federal spending process consists of two sequential steps: authorization
  • Arrest: Taking physical custody of a person by lawful authority.
  • Bail: Security given for the release of a criminal defendant or witness from legal custody (usually in the form of money) to secure his/her appearance on the day and time appointed.
  • Contract: A legal written agreement that becomes binding when signed.
  • Conviction: A judgement of guilt against a criminal defendant.
  • Court reporter: A person who makes a word-for-word record of what is said in court and produces a transcript of the proceedings upon request.
  • Defendant: In a civil suit, the person complained against; in a criminal case, the person accused of the crime.
  • Evidence: Information presented in testimony or in documents that is used to persuade the fact finder (judge or jury) to decide the case for one side or the other.
  • Felony: A crime carrying a penalty of more than a year in prison.
  • Grand jury: agreement providing that a lender will delay exercising its rights (in the case of a mortgage,
  • Habeas corpus: A writ that is usually used to bring a prisoner before the court to determine the legality of his imprisonment. It may also be used to bring a person in custody before the court to give testimony, or to be prosecuted.
  • Indictment: The formal charge issued by a grand jury stating that there is enough evidence that the defendant committed the crime to justify having a trial; it is used primarily for felonies.
  • Jurisdiction: (1) The legal authority of a court to hear and decide a case. Concurrent jurisdiction exists when two courts have simultaneous responsibility for the same case. (2) The geographic area over which the court has authority to decide cases.
  • Juror: A person who is on the jury.
  • Lien: A claim against real or personal property in satisfaction of a debt.
  • Misdemeanor: Usually a petty offense, a less serious crime than a felony, punishable by less than a year of confinement.
  • Mistrial: An invalid trial, caused by fundamental error. When a mistrial is declared, the trial must start again from the selection of the jury.
  • person: includes a corporation as well as a natural person;
Idaho Code 73-114
  • Plea: In a criminal case, the defendant's statement pleading "guilty" or "not guilty" in answer to the charges, a declaration made in open court.
  • Presentence report: A report prepared by a court's probation officer, after a person has been convicted of an offense, summarizing for the court the background information needed to determine the appropriate sentence. Source: U.S. Courts
  • Probation: A sentencing alternative to imprisonment in which the court releases convicted defendants under supervision as long as certain conditions are observed.
  • Property: includes both real and personal property. See Idaho Code 73-114
  • Remand: When an appellate court sends a case back to a lower court for further proceedings.
  • Reporter: Makes a record of court proceedings and prepares a transcript, and also publishes the court's opinions or decisions (in the courts of appeals).
  • Restitution: The court-ordered payment of money by the defendant to the victim for damages caused by the criminal action.
  • seal: includes an impression of such seal upon the paper, alone, as well as upon wax or a wafer affixed thereto; or, alternatively, the seal may be the mark of a rubber stamp providing substantially the same information as the impression. See Idaho Code 73-111
  • State: when applied to the different parts of the United States, includes the District of Columbia and the territories; and the words "United States" may include the District of Columbia and territories. See Idaho Code 73-114
  • Statute: A law passed by a legislature.
  • Testify: Answer questions in court.
  • Testimony: Evidence presented orally by witnesses during trials or before grand juries.
  • Trial: A hearing that takes place when the defendant pleads "not guilty" and witnesses are required to come to court to give evidence.
  • Trial jury: A group of citizens who hear the evidence presented by both sides at trial and determine the facts in dispute. Federal criminal juries consist of 12 persons. Federal civil juries consist of six persons.
  • Verdict: The decision of a petit jury or a judge.