Chapter 1 Idaho Food, Drug and Cosmetic Act 37-113 – 37-134
Chapter 3 Dairies and Dairy Products 37-301 – 37-319
Chapter 4 Sanitary Inspection of Dairy Products 37-401 – 37-413
Chapter 5 Inspection and Licensing of Dairy Product Dealers and Establishments — Milk Components and Quality Testing 37-502 – 37-516
Chapter 6 Dairy Environmental Control Act 37-601 – 37-609
Chapter 11 Acquisition of Raw Milk 37-1101
Chapter 12 Ice Cream and Frozen Desserts 37-1201 – 37-1205
Chapter 15 Eggs and Egg Products 37-1501 – 37-1530
Chapter 21 Domestic Water and Ice 37-2101 – 37-2103
Chapter 25 Oils 37-2501 – 37-2520
Chapter 27 Uniform Controlled Substances 37-2701 – 37-2751 v2
Chapter 28 Criminal Forfeitures 37-2801 – 37-2815
Chapter 31 Narcotic Drugs — Treatment of Addicts 37-3101 – 37-3105
Chapter 33 Retail Sales of Pseudoephedrine Products 37-3301 – 37-3306
Chapter 34 Syringe and Needle Exchange Act 37-3401 – 37-3406

Terms Used In Idaho Code > Title 37

  • Acquittal:
    1. Judgement that a criminal defendant has not been proved guilty beyond a reasonable doubt.
    2. A verdict of "not guilty."
  • Administer: means the direct application of a controlled substance whether by injection, inhalation, ingestion, or any other means, to the body of a patient or research subject by:
Idaho Code 37-2701
  • Agent: means an authorized person who acts on behalf of or at the direction of a manufacturer, distributor or dispenser. See Idaho Code 37-2701
  • Aggrieved person: means a person who was a party to any illegally intercepted wire, electronic or oral communication or a person against whom the interception was illegally directed. See Idaho Code 18-6701
  • Agricultural stormwater discharge: means a precipitation-related discharge of dairy byproducts from land areas under the control of a dairy farm where the dairy byproducts have been land applied in accordance with an approved nutrient management plan. See Idaho Code 37-604
  • Arrest: Taking physical custody of a person by lawful authority.
  • Aural transfer: means a transfer containing the human voice at any point between and including the point of origin and the point of reception. See Idaho Code 18-6701
  • Bail: Security given for the release of a criminal defendant or witness from legal custody (usually in the form of money) to secure his/her appearance on the day and time appointed.
  • Best management practice: means a practice, technique or measure that is determined to be a reasonable precaution, a cost-effective and practicable means of preventing or reducing the discharge of pollutants from a point source or a nonpoint source to a level compatible with environmental goals, including water quality goals and standards. See Idaho Code 37-604
  • Board: means the state board of pharmacy created in chapter 17, title 54, Idaho Code, or its successor agency. See Idaho Code 37-2701
  • Bureau: means the drug enforcement administration, United States department of justice, or its successor agency. See Idaho Code 37-2701
  • Buyer: means a person who buys or contracts to buy goods. See Idaho Code 28-2-103
  • Certified planner: means a person who has completed nutrient management certification in accordance with the nutrient management standard and is approved by the department. See Idaho Code 37-604
  • Circumstantial evidence: All evidence except eyewitness testimony.
  • Civil forfeiture: The loss of ownership of property used to conduct illegal activity.
  • Contents: when used with respect to any wire, electronic or oral communication includes any information concerning the identity of the parties to such communication or the existence, substance, purport, or meaning of that communication. See Idaho Code 18-6701
  • Controlled substance: means a drug, substance or immediate precursor in schedules I through VI of article II of this chapter. See Idaho Code 37-2701
  • Counterfeit substance: means a controlled substance which, or the container or labeling of which, without authorization, bears the trademark, trade name, or other identifying mark, imprint, number or device, or any likeness thereof, of a manufacturer, distributor or dispenser other than the person who in fact manufactured, distributed or dispensed the substance. See Idaho Code 37-2701
  • Dairy environmental management plan: means a plan for managing a dairy environmental management system. See Idaho Code 37-604
  • Dairy environmental management system: means the areas and structures within a dairy farm where dairy byproducts are collected, stored, treated or applied to land. See Idaho Code 37-604
  • Dairy farm: means land owned or operated by a department-permitted grade A or manufacture grade facility where one (1) or more milking cows, sheep or goats are kept, and from which all or a portion of the milk produced thereon is delivered, sold or offered for sale for human consumption. See Idaho Code 37-604
  • Dairy nutrient management plan: means a plan prepared in conformance with the nutrient management standard for managing the land application of dairy byproducts that is prepared by a certified planner and approved by the department. See Idaho Code 37-604
  • Dairy storage and containment facilities: means the areas and structures within a dairy farm where dairy byproducts are collected, stored or treated in conformance with engineering standards and specifications published by the United States department of agriculture natural resources conservation service or by the American society of agricultural and biological engineers (ASABE), or other equally protective criteria approved by the director. See Idaho Code 37-604
  • delivery: means the actual, constructive, or attempted transfer from one (1) person to another of a controlled substance, whether or not there is an agency relationship. See Idaho Code 37-2701
  • Department: means the Idaho department of agriculture. See Idaho Code 37-604
  • Department: means the state department of health and welfare. See Idaho Code 37-3403
  • Dependent: A person dependent for support upon another.
  • Director: means the director of the Idaho state police. See Idaho Code 37-2701
  • Director: means the director of the Idaho department of agriculture or his designee. See Idaho Code 37-604
  • Director: means the director of the department. See Idaho Code 37-3403
  • Dispense: means to deliver a controlled substance to an ultimate user or research subject by or pursuant to the lawful order of a practitioner, including the packaging, labeling, or compounding necessary to prepare the substance for that delivery. See Idaho Code 37-2701
  • Dispenser: means a practitioner who dispenses. See Idaho Code 37-2701
  • Distribute: means to deliver other than by administering or dispensing a controlled substance. See Idaho Code 37-2701
  • Distributor: means a person who distributes. See Idaho Code 37-2701
  • Drug: means (1) substances recognized as drugs in the official United States Pharmacopoeia, official Homeopathic Pharmacopoeia of the United States, or official National Formulary, or any supplement to any of them; (2) substances intended for use in the diagnosis, cure, mitigation, treatment or prevention of disease in man or animals; (3) substances, other than food, intended to affect the structure or any function of the body of man or animals; and (4) substances intended for use as a component of any article specified in clause (1), (2), or (3) of this subsection. See Idaho Code 37-2701
  • Drug paraphernalia: means all equipment, products and materials of any kind which are used, intended for use, or designed for use, in planting, propagating, cultivating, growing, harvesting, manufacturing, compounding, converting, producing, processing, preparing, testing, analyzing, packaging, repackaging, storing, containing, concealing, injecting, ingesting, inhaling, or otherwise introducing into the human body a controlled substance in violation of this chapter. See Idaho Code 37-2701
  • Electronic communication: means any transfer of signs, signals, writing, images, sounds, data or intelligence of any nature transmitted in whole or in part by a wire, radio, electromagnetic, photoelectronic or photooptical system, but does not include:
  • Idaho Code 18-6701
  • Electronic communication service: means any service that provides to the users thereof the ability to send or receive wire or electronic communications. See Idaho Code 18-6701
  • Electronic storage: means :
  • Idaho Code 18-6701
  • Entity: means :
  • Idaho Code 37-3403
  • Financial transaction card: means :
  • Idaho Code 18-5703
  • Financial transaction card account number: means the account number assigned by an issuer to a financial transaction card to identify and account for transactions involving that financial transaction card. See Idaho Code 18-5703
  • Governmental entity: means :
  • Idaho Code 18-5703
  • Immediate precursor: means a substance which the board has found to be and by rule designates as being the principal compound commonly used or produced primarily for use, and which is an immediate chemical intermediary used or likely to be used in the manufacture of a controlled substance, the control of which is necessary to prevent, curtail or limit manufacture. See Idaho Code 37-2701
  • Intercept: means the aural or other acquisition of the contents of any wire, electronic or oral communication through the use of any electronic, mechanical, or other device. See Idaho Code 18-6701
  • Investigative or law enforcement officer: means any officer of the state of Idaho who is empowered by law to conduct investigations of, or to make arrests for, offenses enumerated in this chapter and any attorney authorized by law to prosecute or participate in the prosecution of such offenses. See Idaho Code 18-6701
  • Isomer: means the optical isomer, except as used in section 37-2705(d), Idaho Code. See Idaho Code 37-2701
  • Judge of competent jurisdiction: means a justice of the supreme court or a judge of a district court. See Idaho Code 18-6701
  • Juror: A person who is on the jury.
  • Land application: means spreading on, or incorporating into the soil mantle, dairy byproducts as a soil amendment for agricultural use of nutrients and for other beneficial purposes. See Idaho Code 37-604
  • Law enforcement agency: means a governmental unit of one (1) or more persons employed full-time or part-time by the state or a political subdivision of the state for the purpose of preventing and detecting crime and enforcing state laws or local ordinances, employees of which unit are authorized to make arrests for crimes while acting within the scope of their authority. See Idaho Code 37-2701
  • Manufacture: means the production, preparation, propagation, compounding, conversion or processing of a controlled substance, and includes extraction, directly or indirectly, from substances of natural origin, or independently by means of chemical synthesis, or by a combination of extraction and chemical synthesis, and includes any packaging or repackaging of the substance or labeling or relabeling of its container, except that this term does not include the preparation or compounding of a controlled substance:
  • Idaho Code 37-2701
  • Marijuana: means all parts of the plant of the genus Cannabis, regardless of species, and whether growing or not; the seeds thereof; the resin extracted from any part of such plant; and every compound, manufacture, salt, derivative, mixture, or preparation of such plant, its seeds or resin. See Idaho Code 37-2701
  • Mortgagee: The person to whom property is mortgaged and who has loaned the money.
  • Narcotic drug: means any of the following, whether produced directly or indirectly by extraction from substances of vegetable origin, or independently by means of chemical synthesis, or by a combination of extraction and chemical synthesis:
  • Idaho Code 37-2701
  • Noncompliance: means a practice or condition that does not meet the requirements of a dairy environmental management plan. See Idaho Code 37-604
  • Nutrient management standard: means criteria for managing the land application of nutrients and soil amendments published in the United States department of agriculture, natural resources conservation service, conservation practice standard, nutrient management code 590, or other equally protective criteria approved by the director. See Idaho Code 37-604
  • Opiate: means any substance having an addiction-forming or addiction-sustaining liability similar to morphine or being capable of conversion into a drug having addiction-forming or addiction-sustaining liability. See Idaho Code 37-2701
  • Opium poppy: means the plant of the species Papaver somniferum L. See Idaho Code 37-2701
  • Oral communication: means any oral communication uttered by a person exhibiting an expectation that such communication is not subject to interception under circumstances justifying such expectation but such term does not include any electronic communication. See Idaho Code 18-6701
  • Peace officer: means any duly appointed officer or agent of a law enforcement agency, as defined herein, including, but not limited to, a duly appointed investigator or agent of the Idaho state police, an officer or employee of the board of pharmacy, who is authorized by the board to enforce this chapter, an officer of the Idaho state police, a sheriff or deputy sheriff of a county, or a marshal or policeman of any city. See Idaho Code 37-2701
  • Person: means individual, corporation, government, or governmental subdivision or agency, business trust, estate, trust, partnership or association, or any other legal entity. See Idaho Code 37-2701
  • Person: means any employee or agent of the state or political subdivision thereof and any individual, partnership, association, joint stock company, trust, cooperative, or corporation. See Idaho Code 18-6701
  • Person: means any individual, association, partnership, firm, joint stock company, joint venture, trust, estate, political subdivision, public or private corporation, state or federal governmental department, agency or instrumentality, or any legal entity that is recognized by law as the subject of rights and duties. See Idaho Code 37-604
  • person: as used in this chapter shall be construed to import both the plural and the singular, as the case demands, and shall include corporations, companies, societies and associations. See Idaho Code 37-2511
  • Poppy straw: means all parts, except the seeds, of the opium poppy, after mowing. See Idaho Code 37-2701
  • Practitioner: means :
  • Idaho Code 37-2701
  • Preliminary hearing: A hearing where the judge decides whether there is enough evidence to make the defendant have a trial.
  • Prescribe: means a direction or authorization permitting an ultimate user to lawfully obtain or be administered controlled substances. See Idaho Code 37-2701
  • Prescriber: means an individual currently licensed, registered or otherwise authorized to prescribe and administer controlled substances in the course of professional practice. See Idaho Code 37-2701
  • Probable cause: A reasonable ground for belief that the offender violated a specific law.
  • Probation: A sentencing alternative to imprisonment in which the court releases convicted defendants under supervision as long as certain conditions are observed.
  • Process water: means water directly or indirectly used or produced in dairy animal rearing, milk production and environmental management processes including, but not limited to: excess milk; spillage or overflow from watering, washing, spraying or cooling dairy animals; water containing dairy manure; water used in washing, cleaning, or flushing barns, manure pits and other areas involved in the milk production and environmental management processes; water used for dust control; and water that comes into contact with any raw materials, products, or byproducts of the dairy production and environmental management processes. See Idaho Code 37-604
  • Production: includes the manufacture, planting, cultivation, growing, or harvesting of a controlled substance. See Idaho Code 37-2701
  • Pseudoephedrine product: means any compound, mixture or preparation containing any detectable quantity of pseudoephedrine, its salts or optical isomers, or salts of optical isomers. See Idaho Code 37-3301
  • Public employee: means any person who is not a public officer and is employed by a governmental entity. See Idaho Code 18-5703
  • Public moneys: includes all bonds and evidences of indebtedness, fees, fines, forfeitures, and all other moneys belonging to or in the charge of a governmental entity or held by a public officer or public employee in his official capacity, and all financial transaction cards, financial transaction card account numbers and credit accounts issued to or for the benefit of the governmental entity. See Idaho Code 18-5703
  • Public officer: means any person holding public office of a governmental entity:
  • Idaho Code 18-5703
  • Readily accessible to the general public: means , with respect to a radio communication, that such communication is not:
  • Idaho Code 18-6701
  • Retailer: means any person, other than a wholesaler, who sells or offers for sale or distributes at retail pseudoephedrine products, irrespective of the quantity or amount or the amount of sales of such pseudoephedrine products. See Idaho Code 37-3301
  • Seller: means a person who sells or contracts to sell goods. See Idaho Code 28-2-103
  • State: when applied to a part of the United States, includes any state, district, commonwealth, territory, insular possession thereof, and any area subject to the legal authority of the United States of America. See Idaho Code 37-2701
  • Ultimate user: means a person who lawfully possesses a controlled substance for his own use or for the use of a member of his household or for administering to an animal owned by him or by a member of his household. See Idaho Code 37-2701
  • Unauthorized discharge: means a discharge of pollutants from a dairy farm to waters of the United States as defined in the federal clean water act that is required to be but is not authorized by an NPDES permit. See Idaho Code 37-604
  • Unauthorized release: means a release of dairy byproducts to ground water or surface waters of the state that are not waters of the United States or beyond land owned or operated by the dairy farm that results from a dairy farm’s failure to comply with its environmental management plan. See Idaho Code 37-604
  • Upset condition: means precipitation, earthquake, vandalism or other occurrence beyond the control of the dairy farm owner or operator that exceeds criteria for storage and containment facilities and nutrient management in an approved environmental management plan. See Idaho Code 37-604
  • User: means any person or entity who:
  • Idaho Code 18-6701
  • Utility: means any person, association, partnership or corporation providing telephone and/or communication services, electricity, natural gas or water to the public. See Idaho Code 37-2701
  • Verdict: The decision of a petit jury or a judge.
  • Wire communication: means any aural transfer made in whole or in part through the use of facilities for the transmission of communications by the aid of wire, cable, or other like connection between the point of origin and the point of reception (including the use of such connection in a switching station), furnished or operated by any person engaged in providing or operating such facilities for the transmission of intrastate, interstate or foreign communications. See Idaho Code 18-6701