Involuntary dismissal based upon certain defects or defenses. (a) Defendant may, within the time for pleading, file a motion for dismissal of the action or for other appropriate relief upon any of the following grounds. If the grounds do not appear on the face of the pleading attacked the motion shall be supported by affidavit:
     (1) That the court does not have jurisdiction of the subject matter of the action, provided the defect cannot be removed by a transfer of the case to a court having jurisdiction.

Terms Used In Illinois Compiled Statutes 735 ILCS 5/2-619

  • affidavit: A written statement of facts confirmed by the oath of the party making it, before a notary or officer having authority to administer oaths.
  • answer: The formal written statement by a defendant responding to a civil complaint and setting forth the grounds for defense.
  • bankruptcy: Refers to statutes and judicial proceedings involving persons or businesses that cannot pay their debts and seek the assistance of the court in getting a fresh start. Under the protection of the bankruptcy court, debtors may discharge their debts, perhaps by paying a portion of each debt. Bankruptcy judges preside over these proceedings.
  • defendant: In a civil suit, the person complained against; in a criminal case, the person accused of the crime.
  • dismissal: The dropping of a case by the judge without further consideration or hearing. Source:
  • evidence: Information presented in testimony or in documents that is used to persuade the fact finder (judge or jury) to decide the case for one side or the other.
  • jurisdiction: (1) The legal authority of a court to hear and decide a case. Concurrent jurisdiction exists when two courts have simultaneous responsibility for the same case. (2) The geographic area over which the court has authority to decide cases.
  • plaintiff: The person who files the complaint in a civil lawsuit.
  • statute: A law passed by a legislature.
  • trial: A hearing that takes place when the defendant pleads "not guilty" and witnesses are required to come to court to give evidence.

     (2) That the in a civil lawsuitplaintiff does not have legal capacity to sue or that the defendant does not have legal capacity to be sued.
     (3) That there is another action pending between the same parties for the same cause.
     (4) That the cause of action is barred by a prior judgment.
     (5) That the action was not commenced within the time limited by law.
     (6) That the claim set forth in the plaintiff‘s pleading has been released, satisfied of record, or discharged in bankruptcy.
     (7) That the claim asserted is unenforceable under the provisions of the Statute of Frauds.
     (8) That the claim asserted against defendant is unenforceable because of his or her minority or other disability.
     (9) That the claim asserted against defendant is barred by other affirmative matter avoiding the legal effect of or defeating the claim.
     (b) A similar motion may be made by any other party against whom a claim is asserted.
     (c) If, upon the hearing of the motion, the opposite party presents affidavits or other proof denying the facts alleged or establishing facts obviating the grounds of defect, the court may hear and determine the same and may grant or deny the motion. If a material and genuine disputed question of fact is raised the court may decide the motion upon the affidavits and evidence offered by the parties, or may deny the motion without prejudice to the right to raise the subject matter of the motion by answer and shall so deny it if the action is one in which a party is entitled to a trial by jury and a jury demand has been filed by the opposite party in apt time.
     (d) The raising of any of the foregoing matters by motion under this Section does not preclude the raising of them subsequently by answer unless the court has disposed of the motion on its merits; and a failure to raise any of them by motion does not preclude raising them by answer.
     (e) Pleading over after denial by the court of a motion under this Section is not a waiver of any error in the decision denying the motion.
     (f) The form and contents of and procedure relating to affidavits under this Section shall be as provided by rule.