75 ILCS 5 Illinois Local Library Act
75 ILCS 10 Illinois Library System Act
75 ILCS 16 Public Library District Act of 1991
75 ILCS 20 Chicago Public Library Act
75 ILCS 23 Maywood Public Library District Tax Levy Validation (2002) Law
75 ILCS 25 Township Library Bond Validation (1963) Act
75 ILCS 30 Township Library Bond Validation (1969) Act
75 ILCS 35 Township Library Bond Act
75 ILCS 40 Village Library Act
75 ILCS 45 Village Library Conversion Act
75 ILCS 50 Village Library and Gymnasium Tax Act
75 ILCS 55 Library Property Sale Act
75 ILCS 60 Library Incorporation Act
75 ILCS 65 Libraries in Parks Act
75 ILCS 70 Library Records Confidentiality Act

Terms Used In Illinois Compiled Statutes > Chapter 75

  • Acquittal:
    1. Judgement that a criminal defendant has not been proved guilty beyond a reasonable doubt.
    2. A verdict of "not guilty."
     
  • act of terrorism: means : (1) any act that is intended to cause or create a risk and does cause or create a risk of death or great bodily harm to one or more persons; (2) any act that disables or destroys the usefulness or operation of any communications system; (3) any act or any series of 2 or more acts committed in furtherance of a single intention, scheme, or design that disables or destroys the usefulness or operation of a computer network, computers, computer programs, or data used by any industry, by any class of business, or by 5 or more businesses or by the federal government, State government, any unit of local government, a public utility, a manufacturer of pharmaceuticals, a national defense contractor, or a manufacturer of chemical or biological products used in or in connection with agricultural production; (4) any act that disables or causes substantial damage to or destruction of any structure or facility used in or used in connection with ground, air, or water transportation; the production or distribution of electricity, gas, oil, or other fuel (except for acts that occur inadvertently and as the result of operation of the facility that produces or distributes electricity, gas, oil, or other fuel); the treatment of sewage or the treatment or distribution of water; or controlling the flow of any body of water; (5) any act that causes substantial damage to or destruction of livestock or to crops or a series of 2 or more acts committed in furtherance of a single intention, scheme, or design which, in the aggregate, causes substantial damage to or destruction of livestock or crops; (6) any act that causes substantial damage to or destruction of any hospital or any building or facility used by the federal government, State government, any unit of local government or by a national defense contractor or by a public utility, a manufacturer of pharmaceuticals, a manufacturer of chemical or biological products used in or in connection with agricultural production or the storage or processing of agricultural products or the preparation of agricultural products for food or food products intended for resale or for feed for livestock; (7) any act that causes substantial damage to any building containing 5 or more businesses of any type or to any building in which 10 or more people reside; (8) endangering the food supply; or (9) endangering the water supply. See Illinois Compiled Statutes 720 ILCS 5/29D-10
  • Advice and consent: Under the Constitution, presidential nominations for executive and judicial posts take effect only when confirmed by the Senate, and international treaties become effective only when the Senate approves them by a two-thirds vote.
  • Aftercare release: means the conditional and
    
revocable release of an adjudicated delinquent juvenile committed to the Department of Juvenile Justice under the supervision of the Department of Juvenile Justice. See Illinois Compiled Statutes 705 ILCS 405/5-105
  • Aggregate levy: means the annual corporate levy of the taxing district and those special purpose levies which are made annually (other than debt service levies and levies made for the purpose of paying amounts due under public building commission leases). See Illinois Compiled Statutes 35 ILCS 200/18-55
  • Agricultural production: means the breeding and growing of livestock and crops. See Illinois Compiled Statutes 720 ILCS 5/29D-10
  • Agricultural products: means crops and livestock. See Illinois Compiled Statutes 720 ILCS 5/29D-10
  • Air rifle: means and includes any air gun, air pistol, spring gun, spring pistol, B-B gun, paint ball gun, pellet gun or any implement that is not a firearm which impels a breakable paint ball containing washable marking colors or, a pellet constructed of hard plastic, steel, lead or other hard materials with a force that reasonably is expected to cause bodily harm. See Illinois Compiled Statutes 720 ILCS 5/24.8-0.1
  • Allegation: something that someone says happened.
  • Annual percentage rate: The cost of credit at a yearly rate. It is calculated in a standard way, taking the average compound interest rate over the term of the loan so borrowers can compare loans. Lenders are required by law to disclose a card account's APR. Source: FDIC
  • Annuity: A periodic (usually annual) payment of a fixed sum of money for either the life of the recipient or for a fixed number of years. A series of payments under a contract from an insurance company, a trust company, or an individual. Annuity payments are made at regular intervals over a period of more than one full year.
  • Approved electronic monitoring device: means a device approved by the supervising authority that is primarily intended to record or transmit information as to the minor's presence or nonpresence in the home. See Illinois Compiled Statutes 705 ILCS 405/5-7A-105
  • Arraignment: A proceeding in which an individual who is accused of committing a crime is brought into court, told of the charges, and asked to plead guilty or not guilty.
  • artificially made or reclaimed land: as used in this Division 123, includes all land which formerly was submerged under the public waters of the state, the title to which is in the state, and which has been artificially made or reclaimed in whole or in part contrary to law. See Illinois Compiled Statutes 65 ILCS 5/11-123-1
  • Ashes: means residue from fires used for cooking and for heating buildings. See Illinois Compiled Statutes 65 ILCS 5/11-19-2
  • Attorney-in-fact: A person who, acting as an agent, is given written authorization by another person to transact business for him (her) out of court.
  • Authority: means any Municipal Zoo Authority, as provided in this Division. See Illinois Compiled Statutes 65 ILCS 5/11-48.3-2
  • Bail: Security given for the release of a criminal defendant or witness from legal custody (usually in the form of money) to secure his/her appearance on the day and time appointed.
  • Bailee: means a person that by a warehouse
  •     
    receipt, bill of lading, or other document of title acknowledges possession of goods and contracts to deliver them. See Illinois Compiled Statutes 810 ILCS 5/7-102
  • Bailiff: a court officer who enforces the rules of behavior in courtrooms.
  • Baseline: Projection of the receipts, outlays, and other budget amounts that would ensue in the future without any change in existing policy. Baseline projections are used to gauge the extent to which proposed legislation, if enacted into law, would alter current spending and revenue levels.
  • Bench trial: Trial without a jury in which a judge decides the facts.
  • Bequeath: To gift property by will.
  • Bequest: Property gifted by will.
  • Biological products used in or in connection with agricultural production: includes , but is not limited to, seeds, plants, and DNA of plants or animals altered for use in crop or livestock breeding or production or which are sold, intended, designed, or produced for use in crop production or livestock breeding or production. See Illinois Compiled Statutes 720 ILCS 5/29D-10
  • blood bank: has the meaning ascribed to the term in Section 2-124 of the Illinois Clinical Laboratory and Blood Bank Act. See Illinois Compiled Statutes 705 ILCS 405/5-105
  • Board: includes a board, commission, authority, task force, or other similar body to which one or more members are appointed by the Governor with the advice and consent of the Senate, but does not include any subcommittee thereof, and where the member receives any form of compensation on a per meeting basis; this does not include reimbursement for actual travel or other expenses necessarily incurred in discharging the duties of the office. See Illinois Compiled Statutes 5 ILCS 420/3B-5
  • Board: means the governing and administrative body of any Municipal Zoo Authority, as provided in this Division. See Illinois Compiled Statutes 65 ILCS 5/11-48.3-2
  • Broker: means any person other than a motor carrier of property, that arranges, offers to arrange, or holds itself out, by solicitation, advertisement, or otherwise, as arranging or offering to arrange for-hire transportation of property or other service in connection therewith by a motor carrier of property which holds or is required to hold a license issued by the Commission. See Illinois Compiled Statutes 625 ILCS 5/18c-1104
  • Buyer: means a person who buys or contracts to
  •     
    buy goods. See Illinois Compiled Statutes 810 ILCS 5/2-103
  • Carrier: means any motor carrier or rail carrier other than a private carrier. See Illinois Compiled Statutes 625 ILCS 5/18c-1104
  • Carrier: means a person that issues a bill of
  •     
    lading. See Illinois Compiled Statutes 810 ILCS 5/7-102
  • Case law: The law as laid down in cases that have been decided in the decisions of the courts.
  • Caucus: From the Algonquian Indian language, a caucus meant "to meet together." An informal organization of members of the legislature that exists to discuss issues of mutual concern and possibly to perform legislative research and policy planning for its members. There are regional, political or ideological, ethnic, and economic-based caucuses.
  • Certificate: means a certificate of public convenience and necessity issued under this Chapter to common carriers of household goods. See Illinois Compiled Statutes 625 ILCS 5/18c-1104
  • Chambers: A judge's office.
  • Chief judge: The judge who has primary responsibility for the administration of a court but also decides cases; chief judges are determined by seniority.
  • Circuit clerk: means clerk of the circuit court. See Illinois Compiled Statutes 5 ILCS 70/1.26
  • Circumstantial evidence: All evidence except eyewitness testimony.
  • Civil forfeiture: The loss of ownership of property used to conduct illegal activity.
  • Clerk of court: An officer appointed by the court to work with the chief judge in overseeing the court's administration, especially to assist in managing the flow of cases through the court and to maintain court records.
  • Code: means any municipal ordinance that pertains to or regulates: sanitation practices; forestry practices; the attachment of bills or notices to public property; the definition, identification and abatement of public nuisances; and the accumulation, disposal and transportation of garbage, refuse and other forms of solid waste in a municipality. See Illinois Compiled Statutes 65 ILCS 5/11-19.2-1
  • Combined waterworks and sewerage system: means and includes a waterworks and sewerage system, which the municipality determines by ordinance to operate in combination. See Illinois Compiled Statutes 65 ILCS 5/11-139-1
  • Commercial unit: means such a unit of goods as
  •     
    by commercial usage is a single whole for purposes of lease and division of which materially impairs its character or value on the market or in use. See Illinois Compiled Statutes 810 ILCS 5/2A-103
  • Commission: means the Illinois Commerce Commission. See Illinois Compiled Statutes 625 ILCS 5/18c-1104
  • Commission regulations and orders: means rules and regulations adopted and orders or decisions issued by the Commission pursuant to this Chapter; any certificate, permit, broker's license or other license or registration issued pursuant to such rules, regulations, orders and decisions; and all terms, conditions, or limitations thereof. See Illinois Compiled Statutes 625 ILCS 5/18c-1104
  • Community service: means uncompensated labor for
  •     
    a community service agency as hereinafter defined. See Illinois Compiled Statutes 705 ILCS 405/5-105
  • Computer: means a device that accepts, processes, stores, retrieves, or outputs data, and includes, but is not limited to, auxiliary storage and telecommunications devices. See Illinois Compiled Statutes 720 ILCS 5/29D-10
  • Computer network: means a set of related, remotely connected devices and any communications facilities including more than one computer with the capability to transmit data among them through communication facilities. See Illinois Compiled Statutes 720 ILCS 5/29D-10
  • Conservation management plan: means a plan approved by the Department of Natural Resources that specifies conservation and management practices, including uses that will be conducted to preserve and restore unimproved land. See Illinois Compiled Statutes 35 ILCS 200/10-405
  • Consignee: means a person named in a bill of
  •     
    lading to which or to whose order the bill promises delivery. See Illinois Compiled Statutes 810 ILCS 5/7-102
  • Consignor: means a person named in a bill of
  •     
    lading as the person from which the goods have been received for shipment. See Illinois Compiled Statutes 810 ILCS 5/7-102
  • Consumer lease: means a lease that a lessor
  •     
    regularly engaged in the business of leasing or selling makes to a lessee who is an individual and who takes under the lease primarily for a personal, family, or household purpose, if the total payments to be made under the lease contract, excluding payments for options to renew or buy, do not exceed $40,000. See Illinois Compiled Statutes 810 ILCS 5/2A-103
  • Contagious or infectious disease: means a specific disease designated by the Illinois Department of Agriculture as contagious or infectious under rules pertaining to the Illinois Diseased Animals Act. See Illinois Compiled Statutes 720 ILCS 5/29D-10
  • Contract for sale: includes both a present sale of goods and a contract to sell goods at a future time. See Illinois Compiled Statutes 810 ILCS 5/2-106
  • control or management: when used in this Article, shall be construed to include the power to exercise control or management. See Illinois Compiled Statutes 625 ILCS 5/18c-4307
  • Counterclaim: A claim that a defendant makes against a plaintiff.
  • Court: means the circuit court in a session or
  •     
    division assigned to hear proceedings under this Act, and includes the term Juvenile Court. See Illinois Compiled Statutes 705 ILCS 405/5-105
  • Crops: means plants raised for: (1) human consumption, (2) fruits that are intended for human consumption, (3) consumption by livestock, and (4) fruits that are intended for consumption by livestock. See Illinois Compiled Statutes 720 ILCS 5/29D-10
  • Cross examine: Questioning of a witness by the attorney for the other side.
  • Data: means representations of information, knowledge, facts, concepts or instructions, including program documentation, that are prepared in a formalized manner and are stored or processed in or transmitted by a computer. See Illinois Compiled Statutes 720 ILCS 5/29D-10
  • Dealer: means any person, copartnership, association or corporation engaged in the business of selling at retail or renting any of the articles included in the definition of "air rifle". See Illinois Compiled Statutes 720 ILCS 5/24.8-0.1
  • Debt service: means levies made by any taxing district pursuant to home rule authority, statute, referendum, ordinance, resolution, indenture, agreement, or contract to retire the principal or pay interest on bonds, notes, debentures or other financial instruments which evidence indebtedness. See Illinois Compiled Statutes 35 ILCS 200/18-55
  • decree: is synonymous with the word "judgment". See Illinois Compiled Statutes 5 ILCS 70/1.24
  • Delinquent minor: means any minor who prior to
  •     
    his or her 18th birthday has violated or attempted to violate, regardless of where the act occurred, any federal, State, county or municipal law or ordinance. See Illinois Compiled Statutes 705 ILCS 405/5-105
  • Delivery order: means a record that contains an
  •     
    order to deliver goods directed to a warehouse, carrier, or other person that in the ordinary course of business issues warehouse receipts or bills of lading. See Illinois Compiled Statutes 810 ILCS 5/7-102
  • Department: means the Illinois Department of Revenue. See Illinois Compiled Statutes 20 ILCS 2510/2510-5
  • Department: means the Department of Human
  •     
    Services unless specifically referenced as another department. See Illinois Compiled Statutes 705 ILCS 405/5-105
  • Department: means the Department of Agriculture. See Illinois Compiled Statutes 65 ILCS 5/11-15.4-5
  • Departments: means for the purposes of this Act, the Department of Human Services, the Department on Aging, Department of Healthcare and Family Services and Department of Public Health, unless otherwise noted. See Illinois Compiled Statutes 20 ILCS 2407/52
  • Deposition: An oral statement made before an officer authorized by law to administer oaths. Such statements are often taken to examine potential witnesses, to obtain discovery, or to be used later in trial.
  • detention: includes the court ordered care of an alleged or adjudicated delinquent minor who requires secure custody pursuant to Section 5-125 of this Act. See Illinois Compiled Statutes 705 ILCS 405/5-105
  • Devise: To gift property by will.
  • Discrimination: means undue discrimination in the context of the particular mode of transportation involved. See Illinois Compiled Statutes 625 ILCS 5/18c-1104
  • Diversion: means the referral of a juvenile,
  •     
    without court intervention, into a program that provides services designed to educate the juvenile and develop a productive and responsible approach to living in the community. See Illinois Compiled Statutes 705 ILCS 405/5-105
  • Donor: The person who makes a gift.
  • electrical equipment: as used in this Division 37 means conductors and other equipment installed for the utilization of electricity for light, heat, or power. See Illinois Compiled Statutes 65 ILCS 5/11-37-1
  • Electronic communication: includes transmissions through an electronic device including, but not limited to, a telephone, cellular phone, computer, or pager, which communication includes, but is not limited to, e-mail, instant message, text message, or voice mail. See Illinois Compiled Statutes 720 ILCS 5/26.5-0.1
  • Embezzlement: In most states, embezzlement is defined as theft/larceny of assets (money or property) by a person in a position of trust or responsibility over those assets. Embezzlement typically occurs in the employment and corporate settings. Source: OCC
  • Endangering the food supply: means to knowingly:
             (1) bring into this State any domestic animal that
  •     
    is affected with any contagious or infectious disease or any animal that has been exposed to any contagious or infectious disease;
            (2) expose any animal in this State to any contagious
        
    or infectious disease;
            (3) deliver any poultry that is infected with any
        
    contagious or infectious disease to any poultry producer pursuant to a production contract;
            (4) except as permitted under the Insect Pest and
        
    Plant Disease Act, bring or release into this State any insect pest or expose any plant to an insect pest; or
            (5) expose any raw agricultural commodity, animal
        
    feed, or processed food to any contaminant or contagious or infectious disease. See Illinois Compiled Statutes 720 ILCS 5/29D-10
  • Endangering the water supply: means to knowingly contaminate a public or private water well or water reservoir or any water supply of a public utility or tamper with the production of bottled or packaged water or tamper with bottled or packaged water at a retail or wholesale mercantile establishment. See Illinois Compiled Statutes 720 ILCS 5/29D-10
  • Enterprise: includes :
             (1) any partnership, corporation, association,
  •     
    business or charitable trust, or other legal entity; and
            (2) any group of individuals or other legal entities,
        
    or any combination thereof, associated in fact although not itself a legal entity. See Illinois Compiled Statutes 720 ILCS 5/33G-3
  • Entitlement: A Federal program or provision of law that requires payments to any person or unit of government that meets the eligibility criteria established by law. Entitlements constitute a binding obligation on the part of the Federal Government, and eligible recipients have legal recourse if the obligation is not fulfilled. Social Security and veterans' compensation and pensions are examples of entitlement programs.
  • Ex officio: Literally, by virtue of one's office.
  • Extradition: The formal process of delivering an accused or convicted person from authorities in one state to authorities in another state.
  • Family or household member: includes spouses, former spouses, parents, children, stepchildren and other persons related by blood or by present or prior marriage, persons who share or formerly shared a common dwelling, persons who have or allegedly share a blood relationship through a child, persons who have or have had a dating or engagement relationship, and persons with disabilities and their personal assistants. See Illinois Compiled Statutes 720 ILCS 5/26.5-0.1
  • Farm crossing: means a crossing used for agricultural and livestock purposes only. See Illinois Compiled Statutes 625 ILCS 5/18c-1104
  • Fault: means wrongful act, omission, breach, or
  •     
    default. See Illinois Compiled Statutes 810 ILCS 5/2A-103
  • Federal Reserve System: The central bank of the United States. The Fed, as it is commonly called, regulates the U.S. monetary and financial system. The Federal Reserve System is composed of a central governmental agency in Washington, D.C. (the Board of Governors) and twelve regional Federal Reserve Banks in major cities throughout the United States. Source: OCC
  • Finance charge: The total cost of credit a customer must pay on a consumer loan, including interest. The Truth in Lending Act requires disclosure of the finance charge. Source: OCC
  • Finance lease: means a lease with respect to
  •     
    which:
                (i) the lessor does not select, manufacture, or
            
    supply the goods;
                (ii) the lessor acquires the goods or the right
            
    to possession and use of the goods in connection with the lease; and
                (iii) one of the following occurs:
                     (A) the lessee receives a copy of the
                
    contract by which the lessor acquired the goods or the right to possession and use of the goods before signing the lease contract;
                    (B) the lessee's approval of the contract by
                
    which the lessor acquired the goods or the right to possession and use of the goods is a condition to effectiveness of the lease contract;
                    (C) the lessee, before signing the lease
                
    contract, receives an accurate and complete statement designating the promises and warranties, and any disclaimers of warranties, limitations or modifications of remedies, or liquidated damages, including those of a third party, such as the manufacturer of the goods, provided to the lessor by the person supplying the goods in connection with or as part of the contract by which the lessor acquired the goods or the right to possession and use of the goods; or
                    (D) if the lease is not a consumer lease, the
                
    lessor, before the lessee signs the lease contract, informs the lessee in writing (a) of the identity of the person supplying the goods to the lessor, unless the lessee has selected that person and directed the lessor to acquire the goods or the right to possession and use of the goods from that person, (b) that the lessee is entitled under this Article to the promises and warranties, including those of any third party, provided to the lessor by the person supplying the goods in connection with or as part of the contract by which the lessor acquired the goods or the right to possession and use of the goods, and (c) that the lessee may communicate with the person supplying the goods to the lessor and receive an accurate and complete statement of those promises and warranties, including any disclaimers and limitations of them or of remedies. See Illinois Compiled Statutes 810 ILCS 5/2A-103
  • For-hire: means for compensation or hire, regardless of the form of compensation and whether compensation is direct or indirect. See Illinois Compiled Statutes 625 ILCS 5/18c-1104
  • Forgery: The fraudulent signing or alteration of another's name to an instrument such as a deed, mortgage, or check. The intent of the forgery is to deceive or defraud. Source: OCC
  • Freedom of Information Act: A federal law that mandates that all the records created and kept by federal agencies in the executive branch of government must be open for public inspection and copying. The only exceptions are those records that fall into one of nine exempted categories listed in the statute. Source: OCC
  • Garbage: means wastes resulting from the handling, preparation, cooking and consumption of food; wastes from the handling, storage and sale of produce. See Illinois Compiled Statutes 65 ILCS 5/11-19-2
  • Garnishment: Generally, garnishment is a court proceeding in which a creditor asks a court to order a third party who owes money to the debtor or otherwise holds assets belonging to the debtor to turn over to the creditor any of the debtor
  • General construction or demolition debris: has the meaning given to that term in Section 3. See Illinois Compiled Statutes 65 ILCS 5/11-19-2
  • Germane: On the subject of the pending bill or other business; a strict standard of relevance.
  • Gift: A voluntary transfer or conveyance of property without consideration, or for less than full and adequate consideration based on fair market value.
  • Good faith: means honesty in fact and the
  •     
    observance of reasonable commercial standards of fair dealing. See Illinois Compiled Statutes 810 ILCS 5/7-102
  • Goods: means all things that are movable at the
  •     
    time of identification to the lease contract, or are fixtures (Section 2A-309), but the term does not include money, documents, instruments, accounts, chattel paper, general intangibles, or minerals or the like, including oil and gas, before extraction. See Illinois Compiled Statutes 810 ILCS 5/2A-103
  • Goods: means all things that are treated as
  •     
    movable for the purposes of a contract for storage or transportation. See Illinois Compiled Statutes 810 ILCS 5/7-102
  • governmental property: means funds or other property owned by the State, a unit of local government, or a school district. See Illinois Compiled Statutes 720 ILCS 5/15-10
  • Grace period: The number of days you'll have to pay your bill for purchases in full without triggering a finance charge. Source: Federal Reserve
  • Grand jury: agreement providing that a lender will delay exercising its rights (in the case of a mortgage,
  • Grantor: The person who establishes a trust and places property into it.
  • Guarantor: A party who agrees to be responsible for the payment of another party's debts should that party default. Source: OCC
  • Habeas corpus: A writ that is usually used to bring a prisoner before the court to determine the legality of his imprisonment. It may also be used to bring a person in custody before the court to give testimony, or to be prosecuted.
  • harassing: means knowing conduct which is not necessary to accomplish a purpose that is reasonable under the circumstances, that would cause a reasonable person emotional distress and does cause emotional distress to another. See Illinois Compiled Statutes 720 ILCS 5/26.5-0.1
  • Hazardous material: means any substance or material in a quantity and form determined by the federal Office of Hazardous Materials and the Federal Railroad Administration to be capable of posing an unreasonable risk to health, safety, or property when transported in commerce. See Illinois Compiled Statutes 625 ILCS 5/18c-1104
  • Hearing officer: means a person other than a sanitation inspector or law enforcement officer having the following powers and duties:
            (1) to preside at an administrative hearing called to
  •     
    determine whether or not a code violation exists;
            (2) to hear testimony and accept evidence from the
        
    sanitation inspector, the respondent and all interested parties relevant to the existence of a code violation;
            (3) to preserve and authenticate the record of the
        
    hearing and all exhibits and evidence introduced at the hearing;
            (4) to issue and sign a written finding, decision and
        
    order stating whether a code violation exists; and
            (5) to impose penalties consistent with applicable
        
    code provisions and to assess costs reasonably related to instituting the proceeding upon finding the respondent liable for the charged violation, provided, however, that in no event shall the hearing officer have the authority to impose a penalty of incarceration. See Illinois Compiled Statutes 65 ILCS 5/11-19.2-1
  • Hearsay: Statements by a witness who did not see or hear the incident in question but heard about it from someone else. Hearsay is usually not admissible as evidence in court.
  • home and community-based long-term care services: means , with respect to the State Medicaid program, a service aid, or benefit, home and community-based services, including, but not limited to, home health and personal care services, that are provided to a person with a disability, and are voluntarily accepted, as part of his or her long-term care that: (i) is provided under the State's qualified home and community-based program or that could be provided under such a program but is otherwise provided under the Medicaid program; (ii) is delivered in a qualified residence; and (iii) is necessary for the person with a disability to live in the community. See Illinois Compiled Statutes 20 ILCS 2407/52
  • Home detention: means the confinement of a minor adjudicated delinquent or subject to an adjudicatory hearing under Article V for an act that if committed by an adult would be an offense to his or her place of residence under the terms and conditions established by the supervising authority. See Illinois Compiled Statutes 705 ILCS 405/5-7A-105
  • Household goods: means :
            (A) Personal effects and property used or to be used
  •     
    in a dwelling when a part of the equipment or supply of such dwelling; except that this subdivision (13. See Illinois Compiled Statutes 625 ILCS 5/18c-1104
  • Household goods carrier: means a motor carrier of property authorized to transport household goods. See Illinois Compiled Statutes 625 ILCS 5/18c-1104
  • Household goods common carrier: means any household goods carrier engaged in transportation for the general public over regular or irregular routes. See Illinois Compiled Statutes 625 ILCS 5/18c-1104
  • Household goods contract carrier: means any household goods carrier engaged in transportation under contract with a limited number of shippers (that shall not be freight forwarders, shippers' agents or brokers) that either (a) assigns motor vehicles for a continuing period of time to the exclusive use of the shipper or shippers served, or (b) furnishes transportation service designed to meet the distinct need of the shipper or shippers served. See Illinois Compiled Statutes 625 ILCS 5/18c-1104
  • Impeachment: (1) The process of calling something into question, as in "impeaching the testimony of a witness." (2) The constitutional process whereby the House of Representatives may "impeach" (accuse of misconduct) high officers of the federal government for trial in the Senate.
  • Indictment: The formal charge issued by a grand jury stating that there is enough evidence that the defendant committed the crime to justify having a trial; it is used primarily for felonies.
  • Intangible property: Property that has no intrinsic value, but is merely the evidence of value such as stock certificates, bonds, and promissory notes.
  • Interrogatories: Written questions asked by one party of an opposing party, who must answer them in writing under oath; a discovery device in a lawsuit.
  • Interstate carrier: means any person engaged in the for-hire transportation of persons or property in interstate or foreign commerce in this State, whether or not such transportation is pursuant to authority issued to it by the Interstate Commerce Commission. See Illinois Compiled Statutes 625 ILCS 5/18c-1104
  • interstate carrier: includes any private carrier that is required to register under federal law. See Illinois Compiled Statutes 625 ILCS 5/18c-4401
  • Interstate commerce: means commerce between a point in the State of Illinois and a point outside the State of Illinois, or between points outside the State of Illinois when such commerce moves through Illinois, or between points in Illinois moving through another state in a bona fide operation that is either exempt from federal regulation or moves under a certificate or permit issued by the Interstate Commerce Commission authorizing interstate transportation, whether such commerce moves wholly by motor vehicle or partly by motor vehicle and partly by any other regulated means of transportation where the commodity does not come to rest or change its identity during the movement, and includes commerce originating or terminating in a foreign country moving through the State of Illinois. See Illinois Compiled Statutes 625 ILCS 5/18c-1104
  • Intestate: Dying without leaving a will.
  • Intrastate carrier: means any person engaged in the for-hire transportation of persons or property in intrastate commerce in this State. See Illinois Compiled Statutes 625 ILCS 5/18c-1104
  • Intrastate commerce: means commerce moving wholly between points within the State of Illinois, whether such commerce moves wholly by one transportation mode or partly by one mode and partly by any other mode of transportation. See Illinois Compiled Statutes 625 ILCS 5/18c-1104
  • Issuer: means a bailee that issues a document of
  •     
    title or, in the case of an unaccepted delivery order, the person that orders the possessor of goods to deliver. See Illinois Compiled Statutes 810 ILCS 5/7-102
  • Joint committee: Committees including membership from both houses of teh legislature. Joint committees are usually established with narrow jurisdictions and normally lack authority to report legislation.
  • Joint tenancy: A form of property ownership in which two or more parties hold an undivided interest in the same property that was conveyed under the same instrument at the same time. A joint tenant can sell his (her) interest but not dispose of it by will. Upon the death of a joint tenant, his (her) undivided interest is distributed among the surviving joint tenants.
  • Judgement: The official decision of a court finally determining the respective rights and claims of the parties to a suit.
  • Juror: A person who is on the jury.
  • Jury instructions: A judge's directions to the jury before it begins deliberations regarding the factual questions it must answer and the legal rules that it must apply. Source: U.S. Courts
  • Juvenile police officer: means a sworn police
  •     
    officer who has completed a Basic Recruit Training Course, has been assigned to the position of juvenile police officer by his or her chief law enforcement officer and has completed the necessary juvenile officers training as prescribed by the Illinois Law Enforcement Training Standards Board, or in the case of a State police officer, juvenile officer training approved by the Director of State Police. See Illinois Compiled Statutes 705 ILCS 405/5-105
  • Labor organization: includes any organization, labor union, craft union, or any voluntary unincorporated association designed to further the cause of the rights of union labor that is constituted for the purpose, in whole or in part, of collective bargaining or of dealing with employers concerning grievances, terms or conditions of employment, or apprenticeships or applications for apprenticeships, or of other mutual aid or protection in connection with employment, including apprenticeships or applications for apprenticeships. See Illinois Compiled Statutes 720 ILCS 5/33G-3
  • Late term appointee: means a person who is appointed to an office by a Governor who does not succeed himself or herself as Governor, whose appointment requires the advice and consent of the Senate, and whose appointment is confirmed by the Senate 90 or fewer days before the end of the appointing Governor's term. See Illinois Compiled Statutes 5 ILCS 420/3A-5
  • Lawsuit: A legal action started by a plaintiff against a defendant based on a complaint that the defendant failed to perform a legal duty, resulting in harm to the plaintiff.
  • Lease: means a transfer of the right to
  •     
    possession and use of goods for a term in return for consideration, but a sale, including a sale on approval or a sale or return, or retention or creation of a security interest is not a lease. See Illinois Compiled Statutes 810 ILCS 5/2A-103
  • Lease agreement: means the bargain, with respect
  •     
    to the lease, of the lessor and the lessee in fact as found in their language or by implication from other circumstances including course of dealing or usage of trade or course of performance as provided in this Article. See Illinois Compiled Statutes 810 ILCS 5/2A-103
  • Lease contract: means the total legal obligation
  •     
    that results from the lease agreement as affected by this Article and any other applicable rules of law. See Illinois Compiled Statutes 810 ILCS 5/2A-103
  • Leasehold interest: means the interest of the
  •     
    lessor or the lessee under a lease contract. See Illinois Compiled Statutes 810 ILCS 5/2A-103
  • Legal tender: coins, dollar bills, or other currency issued by a government as official money. Source: U.S. Mint
  • Legatee: A beneficiary of a decedent
  • Lessee: means a person who acquires the right to
  •     
    possession and use of goods under a lease. See Illinois Compiled Statutes 810 ILCS 5/2A-103
  • Lessor: means a person who transfers the right
  •     
    to possession and use of goods under a lease. See Illinois Compiled Statutes 810 ILCS 5/2A-103
  • License: means any certificate, permit, broker's license, or other license issued under this Chapter. See Illinois Compiled Statutes 625 ILCS 5/18c-1104
  • Lien: means a charge against or interest in
  •     
    goods to secure payment of a debt or performance of an obligation, but the term does not include a security interest. See Illinois Compiled Statutes 810 ILCS 5/2A-103
  • Litigation: A case, controversy, or lawsuit. Participants (plaintiffs and defendants) in lawsuits are called litigants.
  • Livestock: means cattle; calves; sheep; swine; ratite birds, including, but not limited to, ostrich and emu; aquatic products obtained through aquaculture; llamas; alpaca; buffalo; elk documented as obtained from a legal source and not from the wild; goats; horses and other equines; or rabbits raised in confinement for human consumption. See Illinois Compiled Statutes 65 ILCS 5/11-15.4-5
  • Livestock: means animals bred or raised for human consumption. See Illinois Compiled Statutes 720 ILCS 5/29D-10
  • Managed land: means unimproved land of 5 contiguous acres or more that is subject to a conservation management plan. See Illinois Compiled Statutes 35 ILCS 200/10-405
  • Material support or resources: means currency or other financial securities, financial services, lodging, training, safe houses, false documentation or identification, communications equipment, facilities, weapons, lethal substances, explosives, personnel, transportation, any other kind of physical assets or intangible property, and expert services or expert assistance. See Illinois Compiled Statutes 720 ILCS 5/29D-10
  • Metropolitan Area: means all that territory in the State of Illinois lying within the corporate boundaries of the municipality or municipalities establishing an authority as provided in this Division. See Illinois Compiled Statutes 65 ILCS 5/11-48.3-2
  • Minor: means a person under the age of 21 years
  •     
    subject to this Act. See Illinois Compiled Statutes 705 ILCS 405/5-105
  • Mistrial: An invalid trial, caused by fundamental error. When a mistrial is declared, the trial must start again from the selection of the jury.
  • Mortgage loan: A loan made by a lender to a borrower for the financing of real property. Source: OCC
  • Motor carrier: means any person engaged in the transportation of property or passengers, or both, for hire, over the public roads of this State, by motor vehicle. See Illinois Compiled Statutes 625 ILCS 5/18c-1104
  • Motor vehicle: means any vehicle, truck, trucktractor, trailer or semitrailer propelled or drawn by mechanical power and used upon the highways of the State in the transportation of property or passengers. See Illinois Compiled Statutes 625 ILCS 5/18c-1104
  • National Bank: A bank that is subject to the supervision of the Comptroller of the Currency. The Office of the Comptroller of the Currency is a bureau of the U.S. Treasury Department. A national bank can be recognized because it must have "national" or "national association" in its name. Source: OCC
  • Nolo contendere: No contest-has the same effect as a plea of guilty, as far as the criminal sentence is concerned, but may not be considered as an admission of guilt for any other purpose.
  • Non-relocation towing: means the:
            (a) For-hire transportation of vehicles by use of
  •     
    wrecker or towing equipment, other than the removal of trespassing vehicles from private property subject to the provisions of Chapter 18a of this Code, and other than transportation exempted by Section 18c-4102; and
            (b) For-hire towing of wheeled property other than
        
    vehicles. See Illinois Compiled Statutes 625 ILCS 5/18c-1104
  • Non-secure custody: means confinement where the
  •     
    minor is not physically restricted by being placed in a locked cell or room, by being handcuffed to a rail or other stationary object, or by other means. See Illinois Compiled Statutes 705 ILCS 405/5-105
  • Notice: means with regard to all proceedings except enforcement proceedings instituted on the motion of the Commission, and except for interstate motor carrier registrations, public notice by publication in the official state newspaper, unless otherwise provided in this Chapter. See Illinois Compiled Statutes 625 ILCS 5/18c-1104
  • officer: means an elected or appointed official; regardless of whether the official is compensated, and (ii) an "employee" means a full-time, part-time, or contractual employee. See Illinois Compiled Statutes 5 ILCS 430/70-5
  • Official state newspaper: means the newspaper designated and certified to the Commission annually by the Director of Central Management Services of the State of Illinois, or, if said Director fails to certify to the Commission the name and address of the official newspaper selected by the Director prior to expiration of the previous certification, the newspaper designated in the most recent certification. See Illinois Compiled Statutes 625 ILCS 5/18c-1104
  • Operation or management: means directing or carrying out the enterprise's affairs and is limited to any person who knowingly serves as a leader, organizer, operator, manager, director, supervisor, financier, advisor, recruiter, supplier, or enforcer of an enterprise in violation of this Article. See Illinois Compiled Statutes 720 ILCS 5/33G-3
  • Oral argument: An opportunity for lawyers to summarize their position before the court and also to answer the judges' questions.
  • Participant: means a minor placed into an electronic monitoring program. See Illinois Compiled Statutes 705 ILCS 405/5-7A-105
  • Partner organization: means a nonprofit organization that meets standards set forth by Section 501(c)(3) of the Internal Revenue Code and whose mission includes supporting small, beginning, limited resource, or socially-disadvantaged farmers within municipalities. See Illinois Compiled Statutes 65 ILCS 5/11-15.4-5
  • Party: means any person admitted as a party to a Commission proceeding or seeking and entitled as a matter of right to admission as a party to a Commission proceeding. See Illinois Compiled Statutes 625 ILCS 5/18c-1104
  • Pattern of predicate activity: means :
             (1) at least 3 occurrences of predicate activity that
  •     
    are in some way related to each other and that have continuity between them, and that are separate acts. See Illinois Compiled Statutes 720 ILCS 5/33G-3
  • Per stirpes: The legal means by which the children of a decedent, upon the death of an ancestor at a level above that of the decedent, receive by right of representation the share of the ancestor
  • Permit: means a permit issued under this Chapter to contract carriers of property by motor vehicle. See Illinois Compiled Statutes 625 ILCS 5/18c-1104
  • Person: means any natural person or legal entity, whether such entity is a proprietorship, partnership, corporation, association, or other entity, and, where a provision concerns the acts or omissions of a person, includes the partners, officers, employees, and agents of the person, as well as any trustees, assignees, receivers, or personal representatives of the person. See Illinois Compiled Statutes 625 ILCS 5/18c-1104
  • Person: means any individual, firm, partnership, corporation, both domestic and foreign, company, association or joint stock association; and includes any trustee, receiver, assignee or personal representative thereof. See Illinois Compiled Statutes 65 ILCS 5/11-48.3-2
  • Person: has the meaning given in Section 2-15 of this Code and, in addition to that meaning, includes, without limitation, any charitable organization, whether incorporated or unincorporated, any professional fund raiser, professional solicitor, limited liability company, association, joint stock company, association, trust, trustee, or any group of people formally or informally affiliated or associated for a common purpose, and any officer, director, partner, member, or agent of any person. See Illinois Compiled Statutes 720 ILCS 5/29D-10
  • Petit jury: A group of citizens who hear the evidence presented by both sides at trial and determine the facts in dispute. Federal criminal juries consist of 12 persons. Federal civil juries consist of six persons.
  • Plea: In a criminal case, the defendant's statement pleading "guilty" or "not guilty" in answer to the charges, a declaration made in open court.
  • Plea agreement: An arrangement between the prosecutor, the defense attorney, and the defendant in which the defendant agrees to plead guilty in exchange for special considerations. Source:
  • police force: shall be construed to include such persons in the employ of a municipality as members of the department of police, who are or shall hereafter be appointed and sworn as policemen. See Illinois Compiled Statutes 5 ILCS 70/1.20
  • Poultry: means any domesticated bird intended for human consumption. See Illinois Compiled Statutes 65 ILCS 5/11-15.4-5
  • Power of attorney: A written instrument which authorizes one person to act as another's agent or attorney. The power of attorney may be for a definite, specific act, or it may be general in nature. The terms of the written power of attorney may specify when it will expire. If not, the power of attorney usually expires when the person granting it dies. Source: OCC
  • Precedent: A court decision in an earlier case with facts and law similar to a dispute currently before a court. Precedent will ordinarily govern the decision of a later similar case, unless a party can show that it was wrongly decided or that it differed in some significant way.
  • Predicate activity: means any act that is a Class 2 felony or higher and constitutes a violation or violations of any of the following provisions of the laws of the State of Illinois (as amended or revised as of the date the activity occurred or, in the instance of a continuing offense, the date that charges under this Article are filed in a particular matter in the State of Illinois) or any act under the law of another jurisdiction for an offense that could be charged as a Class 2 felony or higher in this State:
             (1) under the Criminal Code of 1961 or the Criminal
  •     
    Code of 2012: 8-1. See Illinois Compiled Statutes 720 ILCS 5/33G-3
  • Preliminary hearing: A hearing where the judge decides whether there is enough evidence to make the defendant have a trial.
  • present sale: means a sale which is accomplished by the making of the contract. See Illinois Compiled Statutes 810 ILCS 5/2-106
  • Probation officers: Screen applicants for pretrial release and monitor convicted offenders released under court supervision.
  • Processed food: means any food other than a raw agricultural commodity and includes any raw agricultural commodity that has been subject to processing, such as canning, cooking, freezing, dehydration, or milling. See Illinois Compiled Statutes 720 ILCS 5/29D-10
  • Property owner: means the legal or beneficial owner of an improved or unimproved parcel of real estate. See Illinois Compiled Statutes 65 ILCS 5/11-19.2-1
  • Public carrier: means a motor carrier of property, other than a household goods carrier. See Illinois Compiled Statutes 625 ILCS 5/18c-1104
  • Public convenience and necessity: shall be construed to have the same meaning under this Chapter as it was construed by the courts to have under the Illinois Motor Carrier of Property Law, with respect to motor carriers of property, and the Public Utilities Act with respect to motor carriers of passengers and rail carriers. See Illinois Compiled Statutes 625 ILCS 5/18c-1104
  • Public defender: Represent defendants who can't afford an attorney in criminal matters.
  • Public interest: shall be construed to have the same meaning under this Chapter as it was construed by the courts to have under the Illinois Motor Carrier of Property Law. See Illinois Compiled Statutes 625 ILCS 5/18c-1104
  • Public law: A public bill or joint resolution that has passed both chambers and been enacted into law. Public laws have general applicability nationwide.
  • Public or community service: means
  •     
    uncompensated labor for a not-for-profit organization or public body whose purpose is to enhance physical or mental stability of the offender, environmental quality or the social welfare and which agrees to accept public or community service from offenders and to report on the progress of the offender and the public or community service to the court or to the authorized diversion program that has referred the offender for public or community service. See Illinois Compiled Statutes 705 ILCS 405/5-105
  • public utility: when used in this Division 117, means and includes any plant, equipment, or property, and any franchise, license, or permit, used or to be used (1) for or in connection with the transportation of persons or property, or the conveyance of telegraph or telephone messages; or (2) for the production, storage, transmission, sale, delivery, or furnishing of cold, heat, light, power, water, or for the conveyance of oil or gas by pipe lines; or (3) for the storage or warehousing of goods; or (4) for the conduct of the business of a wharfinger. See Illinois Compiled Statutes 65 ILCS 5/11-117-2
  • Purchase: includes taking by sale, lease,
  •     
    mortgage, security interest, pledge, gift, or any other voluntary transaction creating an interest in goods. See Illinois Compiled Statutes 810 ILCS 5/2A-103
  • qualified residence: means , with respect to an eligible individual: (i) a home owned or leased by the individual or the individual's authorized representative (as defined by P. See Illinois Compiled Statutes 20 ILCS 2407/52
  • Qualifying farmer: means an individual or entity that meets at least one of the following:
             (1) is a small or medium sized farmer;
             (2) is a beginning farmer;
             (3) is a limited resource farmer; or
             (4) is a socially-disadvantaged farmer. See Illinois Compiled Statutes 65 ILCS 5/11-15.4-5
  • Quorum: The number of legislators that must be present to do business.
  • Rail carrier: means any person engaged in the transportation of property or passengers for hire by railroad, together with all employees or agents of such person or entity, and all property used, controlled, or owned by such person or entity. See Illinois Compiled Statutes 625 ILCS 5/18c-1104
  • Rail yard: means a system of parallel tracks, cross-overs and switches where cars are switched and made up into trains, and where cars, locomotives, and other rolling stock are kept when not in use or awaiting repairs. See Illinois Compiled Statutes 625 ILCS 5/18c-1104
  • Railroad: means track and associated structures, including bridges, tunnels, switches, spurs, terminals and other facilities, and equipment, including engines, freight cars, passenger cars, cabooses, and other equipment, used in the transportation of property or passengers by rail. See Illinois Compiled Statutes 625 ILCS 5/18c-1104
  • Rate: means every individual or joint rate, fare, toll, or charge of any carrier or carriers, any provisions relating to application thereof, and any tariff or schedule containing rates and provisions. See Illinois Compiled Statutes 625 ILCS 5/18c-1104
  • Raw agricultural commodity: means any food in its raw or natural state, including all fruits that are washed, colored, or otherwise treated in their unpeeled natural form prior to marketing and honey that is in the comb or that is removed from the comb and in an unadulterated condition. See Illinois Compiled Statutes 720 ILCS 5/29D-10
  • Recess: A temporary interruption of the legislative business.
  • Record: means information that is inscribed on
  •     
    a tangible medium or that is stored in an electronic or other medium and is retrievable in perceivable form. See Illinois Compiled Statutes 810 ILCS 5/7-102
  • Recourse: An arrangement in which a bank retains, in form or in substance, any credit risk directly or indirectly associated with an asset it has sold (in accordance with generally accepted accounting principles) that exceeds a pro rata share of the bank's claim on the asset. If a bank has no claim on an asset it has sold, then the retention of any credit risk is recourse. Source: FDIC
  • Refuse: means combustible trash, including, but not limited to, paper, cartons, boxes, barrels, wood, excelsior, tree branches, yard trimmings, wood furniture, bedding; noncombustible trash, including, but not limited to, metals, tin cans, metal furniture, dirt, small quantities of rock and pieces of concrete, glass, crockery, other mineral waste; street rubbish, including, but not limited to, street sweepings, dirt, leaves, catch-basin dirt, contents of litter receptacles, but refuse does not mean earth and wastes from building operations, nor shall it include solid wastes resulting from industrial processes and manufacturing operations such as food processing wastes, boiler-house cinders, lumber, scraps and shavings. See Illinois Compiled Statutes 65 ILCS 5/11-19-2
  • Registration: means a registration issued to an interstate carrier. See Illinois Compiled Statutes 625 ILCS 5/18c-1104
  • Remand: When an appellate court sends a case back to a lower court for further proceedings.
  • Rescission: The cancellation of budget authority previously provided by Congress. The Impoundment Control Act of 1974 specifies that the President may propose to Congress that funds be rescinded. If both Houses have not approved a rescission proposal (by passing legislation) within 45 days of continuous session, any funds being withheld must be made available for obligation.
  • Respondent: means a property owner, waste hauler or other person charged with liability for an alleged code violation and the person to whom the notice of violation is directed. See Illinois Compiled Statutes 65 ILCS 5/11-19.2-1
  • Revolving credit: A credit agreement (typically a credit card) that allows a customer to borrow against a preapproved credit line when purchasing goods and services. The borrower is only billed for the amount that is actually borrowed plus any interest due. (Also called a charge account or open-end credit.) Source: OCC
  • Sanitation inspector: means a municipal employee authorized to issue citations for code violations and to conduct inspections of public or private real property in a municipality to determine if code violations exist. See Illinois Compiled Statutes 65 ILCS 5/11-19.2-1
  • schedule: refers to a publication or document containing motor contract carrier rates and provisions. See Illinois Compiled Statutes 625 ILCS 5/18c-1104
  • Seller: means a person who sells or contracts to
  •     
    sell goods. See Illinois Compiled Statutes 810 ILCS 5/2-103
  • Sentencing hearing: means a hearing to
  •     
    determine whether a minor should be adjudged a ward of the court, and to determine what sentence should be imposed on the minor. See Illinois Compiled Statutes 705 ILCS 405/5-105
  • Sewerage system: means and includes any or all of the following: a sewerage treatment plant or plants, collecting, intercepting and outlet sewers, lateral sewers, and drains, including combined and separate storm water and sanitary drains, force mains, conduits, pumping stations, ejector stations and all other appurtenances, extensions and improvements necessary, useful, or convenient for the collection, treatment, and disposal in a sanitary manner of sewage and industrial wastes. See Illinois Compiled Statutes 65 ILCS 5/11-139-1
  • Shelter: means the temporary care of a minor in
  •     
    physically unrestricting facilities pending court disposition or execution of court order for placement. See Illinois Compiled Statutes 705 ILCS 405/5-105
  • Shipper: means the consignor or consignee. See Illinois Compiled Statutes 625 ILCS 5/18c-1104
  • Shipper: means a person that enters into a
  •     
    contract of transportation with a carrier. See Illinois Compiled Statutes 810 ILCS 5/7-102
  • Site: means a not-for-profit organization,
  •     
    public body, church, charitable organization, or individual agreeing to accept community service from offenders and to report on the progress of ordered or required public or community service to the court or to the authorized diversion program that has referred the offender for public or community service. See Illinois Compiled Statutes 705 ILCS 405/5-105
  • Solid waste: means demolition materials, food and industrial processing wastes, garden trash, land cleaning wastes, mixed refuse, non-combustible refuse, rubbish, and trash as those terms are defined in the Solid Waste Disposal District Act. See Illinois Compiled Statutes 65 ILCS 5/11-19.2-1
  • Special purpose levies: include , but are not limited to, levies made on an annual basis for contributions to pension plans, unemployment and worker's compensation, or self-insurance. See Illinois Compiled Statutes 35 ILCS 200/18-55
  • Station adjustment: means the informal or
  •     
    formal handling of an alleged offender by a juvenile police officer. See Illinois Compiled Statutes 705 ILCS 405/5-105
  • Statute of limitations: A law that sets the time within which parties must take action to enforce their rights.
  • Sublease: means a lease of goods the right to
  •     
    possession and use of which was acquired by the lessor as a lessee under an existing lease. See Illinois Compiled Statutes 810 ILCS 5/2A-103
  • Substantial damage: means monetary damage greater than $100,000. See Illinois Compiled Statutes 720 ILCS 5/29D-10
  • subways: as used in this Division 121, includes all tunnels, entrances, exits, passageways, connections, approaches, inclines, elevators, stations, and other structures, equipment, appliances, or appurtenant property, appropriate to a system of such subways. See Illinois Compiled Statutes 65 ILCS 5/11-121-1
  • Summons: Another word for subpoena used by the criminal justice system.
  • Supervising authority: means the Department of Juvenile Justice, probation supervisory authority, sheriff, superintendent of a juvenile detention center, or any other officer or agency charged with authorizing and supervising home detention. See Illinois Compiled Statutes 705 ILCS 405/5-7A-105
  • Supplemental appropriation: Budget authority provided in an appropriations act in addition to regular or continuing appropriations already provided. Supplemental appropriations generally are made to cover emergencies, such as disaster relief, or other needs deemed too urgent to be postponed until the enactment of next year's regular appropriations act.
  • Supplier: means a person from whom a lessor buys
  •     
    or leases goods to be leased under a finance lease. See Illinois Compiled Statutes 810 ILCS 5/2A-103
  • Supply contract: means a contract under which a
  •     
    lessor buys or leases goods to be leased. See Illinois Compiled Statutes 810 ILCS 5/2A-103
  • Surviving spouse: means "widow" or "widower" as the case may be. See Illinois Compiled Statutes 5 ILCS 70/1.32
  • tariff: refers to a publication or document containing motor common carrier rates and provisions or rates and provisions applicable via rail carrier under contracts established pursuant to 49 U. See Illinois Compiled Statutes 625 ILCS 5/18c-1104
  • Taxing district: has the meaning specified in Section 1-150 and includes home rule units, but from January 1, 2000 through December 31, 2002 does not include taxing districts that have territory in Cook County. See Illinois Compiled Statutes 35 ILCS 200/18-55
  • Temporary restraining order: Prohibits a person from an action that is likely to cause irreparable harm. This differs from an injunction in that it may be granted immediately, without notice to the opposing party, and without a hearing. It is intended to last only until a hearing can be held.
  • Tenancy in common: A type of property ownership in which two or more individuals have an undivided interest in property. At the death of one tenant in common, his (her) fractional percentage of ownership in the property passes to the decedent
  • Terminal area: means , in addition to the area within the corporate boundary of an incorporated city, village, municipality, or community center, the area (whether incorporated or unincorporated) within 10 air miles of the corporate limits of the base city, village, municipality, or community center, including all of any city, village or municipality which lies within such area. See Illinois Compiled Statutes 625 ILCS 5/18c-1104
  • Testator: A male person who leaves a will at death.
  • Tort: A civil wrong or breach of a duty to another person, as outlined by law. A very common tort is negligent operation of a motor vehicle that results in property damage and personal injury in an automobile accident.
  • Towing: means the pushing, towing, or drawing of wheeled property by means of a crane, hoist, towbar, towline, or auxiliary axle. See Illinois Compiled Statutes 625 ILCS 5/18c-1104
  • Town trustees: means the members of the township board required by Section 80-5 of the Township Code. See Illinois Compiled Statutes 5 ILCS 70/1.30
  • Transfer: means the sale, lease, consolidation, merger, acquisition or change of control, or other transfer of a license, in whole or in part. See Illinois Compiled Statutes 625 ILCS 5/18c-1104
  • Transportation: means the actual movement of property or passengers by motor vehicle (without regard to ownership of vehicles or equipment used in providing transportation service) or rail together with loading, unloading, and any other accessorial or ancillary service provided by the carrier in connection with movement by motor vehicle or rail, which is performed by or on behalf of the carriers, its employees or agents, or under the authority or direction of the carrier or under the apparent authority or direction and with the knowledge of the carrier. See Illinois Compiled Statutes 625 ILCS 5/18c-1104
  • Trial: means a hearing to determine whether the
  •     
    allegations of a petition under Section 5-520 that a minor is delinquent are proved beyond a reasonable doubt. See Illinois Compiled Statutes 705 ILCS 405/5-105
  • Truth in Lending Act: The Truth in Lending Act is a federal law that requires lenders to provide standardized information so that borrowers can compare loan terms. In general, lenders must provide information on Source: OCC
  • Unimproved land: means woodlands, prairie, wetlands, or other vacant and undeveloped land that is not used for any residential or commercial purpose that materially disturbs the land. See Illinois Compiled Statutes 35 ILCS 200/10-405
  • Unlawful death: includes the following offenses: under the Code of 1961 or the Criminal Code of 2012: Sections 9-1 (first degree murder) or 9-2 (second degree murder). See Illinois Compiled Statutes 720 ILCS 5/33G-3
  • Uphold: The decision of an appellate court not to reverse a lower court decision.
  • Urban agricultural area: means an area defined by a municipality and entirely within that municipality's boundaries within which one or more qualifying farmers are processing, growing, raising, or otherwise producing locally-grown agricultural products. See Illinois Compiled Statutes 65 ILCS 5/11-15.4-5
  • User fees: Fees charged to users of goods or services provided by the government. In levying or authorizing these fees, the legislature determines whether the revenue should go into the treasury or should be available to the agency providing the goods or services.
  • utility: as used in this Division 123 means and includes: (1) harbors, canals, slips, wharves, docks, levees, piers, quay walls, breakwaters, and all appropriate harbor structures, facilities, connections, and improvements; and (2) such elevators, vaults, warehouses, including cold storage warehouses which may be acquired, owned, maintained, or operated in connection therewith, as necessary adjuncts or incidental to transportation or railroad terminals; and (3) all other necessary or appropriate terminal facilities. See Illinois Compiled Statutes 65 ILCS 5/11-123-1
  • Variable Rate: Having a "variable" rate means that the APR changes from time to time based on fluctuations in an external rate, normally the Prime Rate. This external rate is known as the "index." If the index changes, the variable rate normally changes. Also see Fixed Rate.
  • Venue: The geographical location in which a case is tried.
  • Verdict: The decision of a petit jury or a judge.
  • Veto: The procedure established under the Constitution by which the President/Governor refuses to approve a bill or joint resolution and thus prevents its enactment into law. A regular veto occurs when the President/Governor returns the legislation to the house in which it originated. The President/Governor usually returns a vetoed bill with a message indicating his reasons for rejecting the measure. In Congress, the veto can be overridden only by a two-thirds vote in both the Senate and the House.
  • Victim Impact Statement: A written or spoken statement by the victim or his or her representative about the physical, emotional, and financial impact of a crime on the victim. The statement is given to the court before sentencing.
  • Warehouse: means a person engaged in the
  •     
    business of storing goods for hire. See Illinois Compiled Statutes 810 ILCS 5/7-102
  • Waste hauler: means any person owning or controlling any vehicle used to carry or transport garbage, refuse or other forms of solid waste. See Illinois Compiled Statutes 65 ILCS 5/11-19.2-1
  • waterworks: as used in this Division 130, means and includes a waterworks system in its entirety or any integral part thereof, including mains, hydrants, meters, valves, standpipes, storage tanks, pumping tanks, intakes, wells, impounding reservoirs, or purification plants. See Illinois Compiled Statutes 65 ILCS 5/11-130-2
  • waterworks: means and includes a waterworks system in its entirety or any integral part thereof, including mains, hydrants, meters, values, standpipes, storage tanks, pump tanks, intakes, wells, impounding reservoirs, pumps, machinery, purification plants, softening apparatus, and all other elements, useful in connection with a water supply or water distribution system. See Illinois Compiled Statutes 65 ILCS 5/11-139-1
  • Wills: includes codicils. See Illinois Compiled Statutes 5 ILCS 70/1.13
  • Wrecker or towing equipment: means tow trucks or auxiliary axles, when used in relation to towing accidentally wrecked or disabled vehicles; and roll-back carriers or trailers, when used in relation to transporting accidentally wrecked or disabled vehicles. See Illinois Compiled Statutes 625 ILCS 5/18c-1104
  • Writ: A formal written command, issued from the court, requiring the performance of a specific act.