805 ILCS 5 Business Corporation Act of 1983
805 ILCS 8 Franchise Tax and License Fee Amnesty Act of 2007
805 ILCS 10 Professional Service Corporation Act
805 ILCS 15 Medical Corporation Act
805 ILCS 20 Dissolution of Corporations Act
805 ILCS 25 Corporation Canal Construction Act
805 ILCS 30 Gas Company Property Act
805 ILCS 35 Illinois Development Credit Corporation Act
805 ILCS 40 Benefit Corporation Act

Terms Used In Illinois Compiled Statutes > Chapter 805 > Corporations

  • Acquittal:
    1. Judgement that a criminal defendant has not been proved guilty beyond a reasonable doubt.
    2. A verdict of "not guilty."
     
  • Affirmed: In the practice of the appellate courts, the decree or order is declared valid and will stand as rendered in the lower court.
  • Allegation: something that someone says happened.
  • Amendment: A proposal to alter the text of a pending bill or other measure by striking out some of it, by inserting new language, or both. Before an amendment becomes part of the measure, thelegislature must agree to it.
  • Amortization: Paying off a loan by regular installments.
  • Appraisal: A determination of property value.
  • Arrest: Taking physical custody of a person by lawful authority.
  • Attachment: A procedure by which a person's property is seized to pay judgments levied by the court.
  • Attorney-in-fact: A person who, acting as an agent, is given written authorization by another person to transact business for him (her) out of court.
  • Authority: means the Sheldon Metropolitan Exposition, Auditorium and Office Building Authority. See Illinois Compiled Statutes 70 ILCS 200/250-5
  • Authority: means the Springfield Metropolitan Exposition and Auditorium Authority. See Illinois Compiled Statutes 70 ILCS 200/255-5
  • Authority: means the Sterling Metropolitan Exposition, Auditorium and Office Building Authority. See Illinois Compiled Statutes 70 ILCS 200/260-5
  • Authority: means the Waukegan Civic Center Authority. See Illinois Compiled Statutes 70 ILCS 200/270-5
  • Authority: means the West Frankfort Civic Center Authority. See Illinois Compiled Statutes 70 ILCS 200/275-5
  • Authority: means the Will County Metropolitan Exposition and Auditorium Authority. See Illinois Compiled Statutes 70 ILCS 200/280-5
  • Authority: means a School Finance Authority created under this Article. See Illinois Compiled Statutes 105 ILCS 5/1E-10
  • Authority: means a School Finance Authority created under this Article. See Illinois Compiled Statutes 105 ILCS 5/1F-10
  • Bankruptcy: Refers to statutes and judicial proceedings involving persons or businesses that cannot pay their debts and seek the assistance of the court in getting a fresh start. Under the protection of the bankruptcy court, debtors may discharge their debts, perhaps by paying a portion of each debt. Bankruptcy judges preside over these proceedings.
  • Board: means the governing and administrative body of the Sheldon Metropolitan Exposition, Auditorium and Office Building Authority. See Illinois Compiled Statutes 70 ILCS 200/250-5
  • Board: means the governing and administrative body of the Springfield Metropolitan Exposition and Auditorium Authority. See Illinois Compiled Statutes 70 ILCS 200/255-5
  • Board: means the governing and administrative body of the Sterling Metropolitan Exposition, Auditorium and Office Building Authority. See Illinois Compiled Statutes 70 ILCS 200/260-5
  • Board: means the governing and administrative body of the Waukegan Civic Center Authority. See Illinois Compiled Statutes 70 ILCS 200/270-5
  • Board: means the governing and administrative body of the West Frankfort Civic Center Authority. See Illinois Compiled Statutes 70 ILCS 200/275-5
  • Board: means the governing and administrative body of the Will County Metropolitan Exposition and Auditorium Authority. See Illinois Compiled Statutes 70 ILCS 200/280-5
  • Bonds: means bonds authorized to be issued by the Authority under Section 1E-65 of this Code. See Illinois Compiled Statutes 105 ILCS 5/1E-10
  • Bonds: means bonds authorized to be issued by the Authority under Section 1F-65 of this Code. See Illinois Compiled Statutes 105 ILCS 5/1F-10
  • Budget: means the annual budget of the district required under Section 17-1 of this Code, as in effect from time to time. See Illinois Compiled Statutes 105 ILCS 5/1E-10
  • Budget: means the annual budget of the district required under Section 17-1 of this Code, as in effect from time to time. See Illinois Compiled Statutes 105 ILCS 5/1F-10
  • Carrier: means any motor carrier or rail carrier other than a private carrier. See Illinois Compiled Statutes 625 ILCS 5/18c-1104
  • Case law: The law as laid down in cases that have been decided in the decisions of the courts.
  • Certificate: means a certificate of public convenience and necessity issued under this Chapter to common carriers of household goods. See Illinois Compiled Statutes 625 ILCS 5/18c-1104
  • Chairperson: means the Chairperson of the Authority. See Illinois Compiled Statutes 105 ILCS 5/1E-10
  • Chairperson: means the Chairperson of the Authority. See Illinois Compiled Statutes 105 ILCS 5/1F-10
  • Charity: An agency, institution, or organization in existence and operating for the benefit of an indefinite number of persons and conducted for educational, religious, scientific, medical, or other beneficent purposes.
  • Circuit clerk: means clerk of the circuit court. See Illinois Compiled Statutes 5 ILCS 70/1.26
  • Commission: means the Illinois Commerce Commission. See Illinois Compiled Statutes 625 ILCS 5/18c-1104
  • Commission regulations and orders: means rules and regulations adopted and orders or decisions issued by the Commission pursuant to this Chapter; any certificate, permit, broker's license or other license or registration issued pursuant to such rules, regulations, orders and decisions; and all terms, conditions, or limitations thereof. See Illinois Compiled Statutes 625 ILCS 5/18c-1104
  • Common law: The legal system that originated in England and is now in use in the United States. It is based on judicial decisions rather than legislative action.
  • Community Reinvestment Act: The Act is intended to encourage depository institutions to help meet the credit needs of the communities in which they operate, including low- and moderate-income neighborhoods. It was enacted by the Congress in 1977. Source: OCC
  • Concurrent resolution: A legislative measure, designated "S. Con. Res." and numbered consecutively upon introduction, generally employed to address the sentiments of both chambers, to deal with issues or matters affecting both houses, such as a concurrent budget resolution, or to create a temporary joint committee. Concurrent resolutions are not submitted to the President/Governor and thus do not have the force of law.
  • Continuance: Putting off of a hearing ot trial until a later time.
  • County board: means the board of county commissioners in counties not under township organization, and the board of supervisors in counties under township organization, and the board of commissioners of Cook County. See Illinois Compiled Statutes 5 ILCS 70/1.07
  • Credit report: A detailed report of an individual's credit history prepared by a credit bureau and used by a lender in determining a loan applicant's creditworthiness. Source: OCC
  • Decedent: A deceased person.
  • decree: is synonymous with the word "judgment". See Illinois Compiled Statutes 5 ILCS 70/1.24
  • Deed: The legal instrument used to transfer title in real property from one person to another.
  • Defendant: In a civil suit, the person complained against; in a criminal case, the person accused of the crime.
  • Discrimination: means undue discrimination in the context of the particular mode of transportation involved. See Illinois Compiled Statutes 625 ILCS 5/18c-1104
  • Dismissal: The dropping of a case by the judge without further consideration or hearing. Source:
  • District: means any school district having a population of not more than 500,000 that prior to the effective date of this amendatory Act of the 92nd General Assembly has had a Financial Oversight Panel established for the district under Section 1B-4 of this Code following the district's petitioning of the State Board of Education for the creation of the Financial Oversight Panel and for which the Financial Oversight Panel has been in existence for at least one year. See Illinois Compiled Statutes 105 ILCS 5/1E-10
  • District: means any elementary school district having a population of not more than 500,000 that prior to December 1, 2002 has had a Financial Oversight Panel established for the district under Section 1B-4 of this Code following the district's petitioning of the State Board of Education for the creation of the Financial Oversight Panel. See Illinois Compiled Statutes 105 ILCS 5/1F-10
  • Docket: A log containing brief entries of court proceedings.
  • Donor: The person who makes a gift.
  • Electronic funds transfer: The transfer of money between accounts by consumer electronic systems-such as automated teller machines (ATMs) and electronic payment of bills-rather than by check or cash. (Wire transfers, checks, drafts, and paper instruments do not fall into this category.) Source: OCC
  • Entitlement: A Federal program or provision of law that requires payments to any person or unit of government that meets the eligibility criteria established by law. Entitlements constitute a binding obligation on the part of the Federal Government, and eligible recipients have legal recourse if the obligation is not fulfilled. Social Security and veterans' compensation and pensions are examples of entitlement programs.
  • Executor: A male person named in a will to carry out the decedent
  • Extradition: The formal process of delivering an accused or convicted person from authorities in one state to authorities in another state.
  • Fair Credit Reporting Act: A federal law, established in 1971 and revised in 1997, that gives consumers the right to see their credit records and correct any mistakes. Source: OCC
  • Fair market value: The price at which an asset would change hands in a transaction between a willing, informed buyer and a willing, informed seller.
  • Federal Deposit Insurance Corporation: A government corporation that insures the deposits of all national and state banks that are members of the Federal Reserve System. Source: OCC
  • Fee simple: Absolute title to property with no limitations or restrictions regarding the person who may inherit it.
  • Felony: A crime carrying a penalty of more than a year in prison.
  • Fiduciary: A trustee, executor, or administrator.
  • Financial plan: means the financial plan of the district to be developed pursuant to this Article, as in effect from time to time. See Illinois Compiled Statutes 105 ILCS 5/1E-10
  • Financial plan: means the financial plan of the district to be developed pursuant to this Article, as in effect from time to time. See Illinois Compiled Statutes 105 ILCS 5/1F-10
  • General Revenue Law of Illinois: or any equivalent expression, when used with reference to revenue, shall be deemed to refer to the Property Tax Code and all existing and future amendments thereto and modifications thereof, and all rules now or hereafter adopted pursuant thereto. See Illinois Compiled Statutes 5 ILCS 70/1.23
  • Governor: means the Governor of the State of Illinois. See Illinois Compiled Statutes 70 ILCS 200/255-5
  • Governor: means the Governor of the State of Illinois. See Illinois Compiled Statutes 70 ILCS 200/280-5
  • Grand jury: agreement providing that a lender will delay exercising its rights (in the case of a mortgage,
  • Grantor: The person who establishes a trust and places property into it.
  • Habeas corpus: A writ that is usually used to bring a prisoner before the court to determine the legality of his imprisonment. It may also be used to bring a person in custody before the court to give testimony, or to be prosecuted.
  • Hearsay: Statements by a witness who did not see or hear the incident in question but heard about it from someone else. Hearsay is usually not admissible as evidence in court.
  • Household goods: means :
            (A) Personal effects and property used or to be used
    
in a dwelling when a part of the equipment or supply of such dwelling; except that this subdivision (13. See Illinois Compiled Statutes 625 ILCS 5/18c-1104
  • Household goods carrier: means a motor carrier of property authorized to transport household goods. See Illinois Compiled Statutes 625 ILCS 5/18c-1104
  • Household goods common carrier: means any household goods carrier engaged in transportation for the general public over regular or irregular routes. See Illinois Compiled Statutes 625 ILCS 5/18c-1104
  • Household goods contract carrier: means any household goods carrier engaged in transportation under contract with a limited number of shippers (that shall not be freight forwarders, shippers' agents or brokers) that either (a) assigns motor vehicles for a continuing period of time to the exclusive use of the shipper or shippers served, or (b) furnishes transportation service designed to meet the distinct need of the shipper or shippers served. See Illinois Compiled Statutes 625 ILCS 5/18c-1104
  • Indictment: The formal charge issued by a grand jury stating that there is enough evidence that the defendant committed the crime to justify having a trial; it is used primarily for felonies.
  • Intangible property: Property that has no intrinsic value, but is merely the evidence of value such as stock certificates, bonds, and promissory notes.
  • Interest rate: The amount paid by a borrower to a lender in exchange for the use of the lender's money for a certain period of time. Interest is paid on loans or on debt instruments, such as notes or bonds, either at regular intervals or as part of a lump sum payment when the issue matures. Source: OCC
  • Interrogatories: Written questions asked by one party of an opposing party, who must answer them in writing under oath; a discovery device in a lawsuit.
  • Joint tenancy: A form of property ownership in which two or more parties hold an undivided interest in the same property that was conveyed under the same instrument at the same time. A joint tenant can sell his (her) interest but not dispose of it by will. Upon the death of a joint tenant, his (her) undivided interest is distributed among the surviving joint tenants.
  • Lawsuit: A legal action started by a plaintiff against a defendant based on a complaint that the defendant failed to perform a legal duty, resulting in harm to the plaintiff.
  • Legacy: A gift of property made by will.
  • Legatee: A beneficiary of a decedent
  • License: means any certificate, permit, broker's license, or other license issued under this Chapter. See Illinois Compiled Statutes 625 ILCS 5/18c-1104
  • Marital deduction: The deduction(s) that can be taken in the determination of gift and estate tax liabilities because of the existence of a marriage or marital relationship.
  • Metropolitan area: means all that territory which lies within the corporate boundaries of the Village of Sheldon. See Illinois Compiled Statutes 70 ILCS 200/250-5
  • Metropolitan area: means all that territory in the State of Illinois lying within the corporate boundaries of the Townships of Springfield, Woodside and Capital in the County of Sangamon. See Illinois Compiled Statutes 70 ILCS 200/255-5
  • Metropolitan area: means all that territory in the State of Illinois lying within the corporate boundaries of the City of Sterling. See Illinois Compiled Statutes 70 ILCS 200/260-5
  • Metropolitan area: means all that territory in the State of Illinois lying within the corporate boundaries of the City of Waukegan. See Illinois Compiled Statutes 70 ILCS 200/270-5
  • Metropolitan area: means all that territory in the State of Illinois lying within the corporate boundaries of the City of West Frankfort. See Illinois Compiled Statutes 70 ILCS 200/275-5
  • Metropolitan area: means all that territory in the State of Illinois lying within the corporate boundaries of the County of Will. See Illinois Compiled Statutes 70 ILCS 200/280-5
  • Misdemeanor: Usually a petty offense, a less serious crime than a felony, punishable by less than a year of confinement.
  • Mortgagee: The person to whom property is mortgaged and who has loaned the money.
  • Motor carrier: means any person engaged in the transportation of property or passengers, or both, for hire, over the public roads of this State, by motor vehicle. See Illinois Compiled Statutes 625 ILCS 5/18c-1104
  • Motor vehicle: means any vehicle, truck, trucktractor, trailer or semitrailer propelled or drawn by mechanical power and used upon the highways of the State in the transportation of property or passengers. See Illinois Compiled Statutes 625 ILCS 5/18c-1104
  • National Bank: A bank that is subject to the supervision of the Comptroller of the Currency. The Office of the Comptroller of the Currency is a bureau of the U.S. Treasury Department. A national bank can be recognized because it must have "national" or "national association" in its name. Source: OCC
  • National Credit Union Administration: The federal regulatory agency that charters and supervises federal credit unions. (NCUA also administers the National Credit Union Share Insurance Fund, which insures the deposits of federal credit unions.) Source: OCC
  • Nolo contendere: No contest-has the same effect as a plea of guilty, as far as the criminal sentence is concerned, but may not be considered as an admission of guilt for any other purpose.
  • Notice: means with regard to all proceedings except enforcement proceedings instituted on the motion of the Commission, and except for interstate motor carrier registrations, public notice by publication in the official state newspaper, unless otherwise provided in this Chapter. See Illinois Compiled Statutes 625 ILCS 5/18c-1104
  • oath: shall be deemed to include an affirmation, and the word "sworn" shall be construed to include the word "affirmed. See Illinois Compiled Statutes 5 ILCS 70/1.12
  • Oath: A promise to tell the truth.
  • Obligations: means bonds and notes of the Authority. See Illinois Compiled Statutes 105 ILCS 5/1E-10
  • Obligations: means bonds and notes of the Authority. See Illinois Compiled Statutes 105 ILCS 5/1F-10
  • Panel: means the Financial Oversight Panel created under Section 1B-4;
         (b) "Board" means a local board of education;
         (c) "Budget" means the annual budget of the board required under Section 17-1 and is subject to the authority of the Panel as provided in this Article;
         (d) "Chairman" means the chairman of the Panel appointed pursuant to Section 1B-5 of this Article;
         (e) "District" means any school district of this State not subject to the provisions of Article 34;
         (f) "Financial plan" means the financial plan of the board required to be developed pursuant to this Article;
         (g) "Fiscal year" means the fiscal year of the board;
         (h) "School year" means the school year of the board;
         (i) "State Board" means the Illinois State Board of Education;
         (j) "State Superintendent" means the State Superintendent of Education. See Illinois Compiled Statutes 105 ILCS 5/1B-3
  • Party: means any person admitted as a party to a Commission proceeding or seeking and entitled as a matter of right to admission as a party to a Commission proceeding. See Illinois Compiled Statutes 625 ILCS 5/18c-1104
  • Permit: means a permit issued under this Chapter to contract carriers of property by motor vehicle. See Illinois Compiled Statutes 625 ILCS 5/18c-1104
  • Person: means any natural person or legal entity, whether such entity is a proprietorship, partnership, corporation, association, or other entity, and, where a provision concerns the acts or omissions of a person, includes the partners, officers, employees, and agents of the person, as well as any trustees, assignees, receivers, or personal representatives of the person. See Illinois Compiled Statutes 625 ILCS 5/18c-1104
  • Person under legal disability: means a person 18 years or older who (a) because of mental deterioration or physical incapacity is not fully able to manage his or her person or estate, or (b) is a person with mental illness or is a person with developmental disabilities and who because of his or her mental illness or developmental disability is not fully able to manage his or her person or estate, or (c) because of gambling, idleness, debauchery or excessive use of intoxicants or drugs, so spends or wastes his or her estate as to expose himself or herself or his or her family to want or suffering. See Illinois Compiled Statutes 5 ILCS 70/1.06
  • Plaintiff: The person who files the complaint in a civil lawsuit.
  • Plea: In a criminal case, the defendant's statement pleading "guilty" or "not guilty" in answer to the charges, a declaration made in open court.
  • Pleadings: Written statements of the parties in a civil case of their positions. In the federal courts, the principal pleadings are the complaint and the answer.
  • Power of attorney: A written instrument which authorizes one person to act as another's agent or attorney. The power of attorney may be for a definite, specific act, or it may be general in nature. The terms of the written power of attorney may specify when it will expire. If not, the power of attorney usually expires when the person granting it dies. Source: OCC
  • Preliminary hearing: A hearing where the judge decides whether there is enough evidence to make the defendant have a trial.
  • Presentence report: A report prepared by a court's probation officer, after a person has been convicted of an offense, summarizing for the court the background information needed to determine the appropriate sentence. Source: U.S. Courts
  • Presiding officer: A majority-party Senator who presides over the Senate and is charged with maintaining order and decorum, recognizing Members to speak, and interpreting the Senate's rules, practices and precedents.
  • Pro se: A Latin term meaning "on one's own behalf"; in courts, it refers to persons who present their own cases without lawyers.
  • Probation: A sentencing alternative to imprisonment in which the court releases convicted defendants under supervision as long as certain conditions are observed.
  • Probation officers: Screen applicants for pretrial release and monitor convicted offenders released under court supervision.
  • Prosecute: To charge someone with a crime. A prosecutor tries a criminal case on behalf of the government.
  • Public carrier: means a motor carrier of property, other than a household goods carrier. See Illinois Compiled Statutes 625 ILCS 5/18c-1104
  • Public convenience and necessity: shall be construed to have the same meaning under this Chapter as it was construed by the courts to have under the Illinois Motor Carrier of Property Law, with respect to motor carriers of property, and the Public Utilities Act with respect to motor carriers of passengers and rail carriers. See Illinois Compiled Statutes 625 ILCS 5/18c-1104
  • Public interest: shall be construed to have the same meaning under this Chapter as it was construed by the courts to have under the Illinois Motor Carrier of Property Law. See Illinois Compiled Statutes 625 ILCS 5/18c-1104
  • Public law: A public bill or joint resolution that has passed both chambers and been enacted into law. Public laws have general applicability nationwide.
  • Rate: means every individual or joint rate, fare, toll, or charge of any carrier or carriers, any provisions relating to application thereof, and any tariff or schedule containing rates and provisions. See Illinois Compiled Statutes 625 ILCS 5/18c-1104
  • Real property: Land, and all immovable fixtures erected on, growing on, or affixed to the land.
  • Recess: A temporary interruption of the legislative business.
  • Registration: means a registration issued to an interstate carrier. See Illinois Compiled Statutes 625 ILCS 5/18c-1104
  • Remainderman: One entitled to the remainder of an estate after a particular reserved right or interest, such as a life tenancy, has expired.
  • Rescission: The cancellation of budget authority previously provided by Congress. The Impoundment Control Act of 1974 specifies that the President may propose to Congress that funds be rescinded. If both Houses have not approved a rescission proposal (by passing legislation) within 45 days of continuous session, any funds being withheld must be made available for obligation.
  • Restitution: The court-ordered payment of money by the defendant to the victim for damages caused by the criminal action.
  • Sequester: To separate. Sometimes juries are sequestered from outside influences during their deliberations.
  • Service of process: The service of writs or summonses to the appropriate party.
  • Shipper: means the consignor or consignee. See Illinois Compiled Statutes 625 ILCS 5/18c-1104
  • Special Service Area: means a contiguous area within a municipality or county in which special governmental services are provided in addition to those services provided generally throughout the municipality or county, the cost of the special services to be paid from revenues collected from taxes levied or imposed upon property within that area. See Illinois Compiled Statutes 35 ILCS 200/27-5
  • Special Services: means all forms of services pertaining to the government and affairs of the municipality or county, including but not limited to weather modification and improvements permissible under Article 9 of the Illinois Municipal Code, and contracts for the supply of water as described in Section 11-124-1 of the Illinois Municipal Code which may be entered into by the municipality or by the county on behalf of a county service area. See Illinois Compiled Statutes 35 ILCS 200/27-5
  • State Board: means the State Board of Education. See Illinois Compiled Statutes 105 ILCS 5/1E-10
  • State Board: means the State Board of Education. See Illinois Compiled Statutes 105 ILCS 5/1F-10
  • State Superintendent: means the State Superintendent of Education. See Illinois Compiled Statutes 105 ILCS 5/1E-10
  • State Superintendent: means the State Superintendent of Education. See Illinois Compiled Statutes 105 ILCS 5/1F-10
  • Statute of limitations: A law that sets the time within which parties must take action to enforce their rights.
  • Subpoena duces tecum: A command to a witness to produce documents.
  • Surviving spouse: means "widow" or "widower" as the case may be. See Illinois Compiled Statutes 5 ILCS 70/1.32
  • Temporary restraining order: Prohibits a person from an action that is likely to cause irreparable harm. This differs from an injunction in that it may be granted immediately, without notice to the opposing party, and without a hearing. It is intended to last only until a hearing can be held.
  • Tenancy by the entirety: A type of joint tenancy between husband and wife that is recognized in some States. Neither party can sever the joint tenancy relationship; when a spouse dies, the survivor acquires full title to the property.
  • Testator: A male person who leaves a will at death.
  • Tort: A civil wrong or breach of a duty to another person, as outlined by law. A very common tort is negligent operation of a motor vehicle that results in property damage and personal injury in an automobile accident.
  • Towing: means the pushing, towing, or drawing of wheeled property by means of a crane, hoist, towbar, towline, or auxiliary axle. See Illinois Compiled Statutes 625 ILCS 5/18c-1104
  • Transcript: A written, word-for-word record of what was said, either in a proceeding such as a trial or during some other conversation, as in a transcript of a hearing or oral deposition.
  • Transfer: means the sale, lease, consolidation, merger, acquisition or change of control, or other transfer of a license, in whole or in part. See Illinois Compiled Statutes 625 ILCS 5/18c-1104
  • Transportation: means the actual movement of property or passengers by motor vehicle (without regard to ownership of vehicles or equipment used in providing transportation service) or rail together with loading, unloading, and any other accessorial or ancillary service provided by the carrier in connection with movement by motor vehicle or rail, which is performed by or on behalf of the carriers, its employees or agents, or under the authority or direction of the carrier or under the apparent authority or direction and with the knowledge of the carrier. See Illinois Compiled Statutes 625 ILCS 5/18c-1104
  • Units of local government: has the meaning established in Section 1 of Article VII of the Constitution of the State of Illinois of 1970. See Illinois Compiled Statutes 5 ILCS 70/1.28
  • Usury: Charging an illegally high interest rate on a loan. Source: OCC
  • Variable Rate: Having a "variable" rate means that the APR changes from time to time based on fluctuations in an external rate, normally the Prime Rate. This external rate is known as the "index." If the index changes, the variable rate normally changes. Also see Fixed Rate.
  • Venue: The geographical location in which a case is tried.
  • Verdict: The decision of a petit jury or a judge.
  • Veto: The procedure established under the Constitution by which the President/Governor refuses to approve a bill or joint resolution and thus prevents its enactment into law. A regular veto occurs when the President/Governor returns the legislation to the house in which it originated. The President/Governor usually returns a vetoed bill with a message indicating his reasons for rejecting the measure. In Congress, the veto can be overridden only by a two-thirds vote in both the Senate and the House.
  • Writ: A formal written command, issued from the court, requiring the performance of a specific act.
  • Writ of certiorari: An order issued by the Supreme Court directing the lower court to transmit records for a case for which it will hear on appeal.
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