The defense of justification is not available to the following:
 1. One who is participating in a forcible felony, or riot, or a duel.

Terms Used In Iowa Code 704.6

  • Felony: A crime carrying a penalty of more than a year in prison.
  • following: when used by way of reference to a chapter or other part of a statute mean the next preceding or next following chapter or other part. See Iowa Code 4.1
  • person: means individual, corporation, limited liability company, government or governmental subdivision or agency, business trust, estate, trust, partnership or association, or any other legal entity. See Iowa Code 4.1
 2. One who initially provokes the use of force against oneself, with the intent to use such force as an excuse to inflict injury on the assailant.
 3. One who initially provokes the use of force against oneself by one’s unlawful acts, unless:

 a. Such force is grossly disproportionate to the provocation, and is so great that the person reasonably believes that the person is in imminent danger of death or serious injury or
 b. The person withdraws from physical contact with the other and indicates clearly to the other that the person desires to terminate the conflict but the other continues or resumes the use of force.