Terms Used In Louisiana Children's Code 804

  • Child: means any person under the age of twenty-one, including an emancipated minor, who commits a delinquent act before attaining seventeen years of age. See Louisiana Children's Code 804
  • Delinquent act: means an act committed by a child of ten years of age or older which if committed by an adult is designated an offense under the statutes or ordinances of this state, or of another state if the offense occurred there, or under federal law, except traffic violations. See Louisiana Children's Code 804
  • Felony: A crime carrying a penalty of more than a year in prison.
  • Jurisdiction: (1) The legal authority of a court to hear and decide a case. Concurrent jurisdiction exists when two courts have simultaneous responsibility for the same case. (2) The geographic area over which the court has authority to decide cases.

            As used in this Title:

            (1)(a) “Child” means any person under the age of twenty-one, including an emancipated minor, who commits a delinquent act before attaining seventeen years of age.

            (b) Beginning March 1, 2019, “child” means any person under the age of twenty-one, including an emancipated minor, who commits a delinquent act on or after March 1, 2019, when the act is not a crime of violence as defined in R.S. 14:2, and occurs before the person attains eighteen years of age.

            (c)(i) After June 30, 2020, “child” means any person under the age of twenty-one, including an emancipated minor, who commits a delinquent act on or after July 1, 2020, and before the person attains eighteen years of age.

            (ii) Notwithstanding Item (i) of this Subparagraph, a child who has attained the age of seventeen shall be subject to criminal jurisdiction pursuant to Article 305 or 857.

            (2) “Child care institution” means a nonprofit, licensed private or public institution which accommodates no more than twenty-five children and which is not a detention facility, a forestry camp, a training school, or any other facility operated primarily for the detention of children who are determined to be delinquent.

            (3) “Delinquent act” means an act committed by a child of ten years of age or older which if committed by an adult is designated an offense under the statutes or ordinances of this state, or of another state if the offense occurred there, or under federal law, except traffic violations. It includes an act constituting an offense under R.S. 14:95.8, an act constituting an offense under R.S. 14:81.1.1(A)(2), and a direct contempt of court committed by a child. “Delinquent act” shall not include a violation of R.S. 14:82, 83.3, 83.4, 89, or 89.2 for a child who, during the time of the alleged commission of the offense, was a victim of trafficking of children for sexual purposes pursuant to R.S. 14:46.3(E).

            (4) “Delinquent child” means a child who has committed a delinquent act.

            (5) “Felony-grade delinquent act” means an offense that if committed by an adult, may be punished by death or by imprisonment at hard labor. “Felony-grade delinquent act” shall not include a violation of R.S. 14:82, 83.3, 83.4, 89, or 89.2 for a child who, during the time of the alleged commission of the offense, was a victim of trafficking of children for sexual purposes pursuant to R.S. 14:46.3(E).

            (6) “Insanity” means a mental disease or mental illness which renders the child incapable of distinguishing between right and wrong with reference to the conduct in question, as a result of which the child is exempt from criminal responsibility.

            (7) “Mental incapacity to proceed” means that, as a result of mental illness or developmental disability, a child presently lacks the capacity to understand the nature of the proceedings against him or to assist in his defense.

            (8) “Misdemeanor-grade delinquent act” means any offense which if committed by an adult is other than a felony and includes the violation of an ordinance providing a penal sanction.

            (9) “Sexually exploited child” means any person under the age of eighteen who has been subject to sexual exploitation because the person:

            (a) Is a victim of trafficking of children for sexual purposes under R.S. 14:46.3.

            (b) Is a victim of child sex trafficking under 18 U.S.C. 1591.

            Acts 1991, No. 235, §8, eff. Jan. 1, 1992; Acts 2004, No. 485, §1, eff. Jan. 1, 2005; Acts 2010, No. 594, §1; Acts 2010, No. 993, §1; Acts 2012, No. 446, §6; Acts 2013, No. 429, §3, eff. June 24, 2013; Acts 2016, No. 501, §2, eff. June 14, 2016; Acts 2018, No. 654, §1, eff. June 1, 2018.