Terms Used In Louisiana Revised Statutes 10:5-109

  • Applicant: means a person at whose request or for whose account a letter of credit is issued. See Louisiana Revised Statutes 10:5-102
  • Beneficiary: means a person who under the terms of a letter of credit is entitled to have its complying presentation honored. See Louisiana Revised Statutes 10:5-102
  • Confirmor: means a nominated person who undertakes, at the request or with the consent of the issuer, to honor a presentation under a letter of credit issued by another. See Louisiana Revised Statutes 10:5-102
  • Document: means a draft or other demand, document of title, investment security, certificate, invoice, or other record, statement, or representation of fact, law, right, or opinion (i) which is presented in a written or other medium permitted by the letter of credit, or unless prohibited by the letter of credit, by the standard practice referred to in R. See Louisiana Revised Statutes 10:5-102
  • Forgery: The fraudulent signing or alteration of another's name to an instrument such as a deed, mortgage, or check. The intent of the forgery is to deceive or defraud. Source: OCC
  • Fraud: Intentional deception resulting in injury to another.
  • Good faith: means honesty in fact in the conduct or transaction concerned. See Louisiana Revised Statutes 10:5-102
  • Issuer: means a financial institution or other person that issues a letter of credit, but does not include an individual who makes an engagement for personal, family, or household purposes. See Louisiana Revised Statutes 10:5-102
  • Jurisdiction: (1) The legal authority of a court to hear and decide a case. Concurrent jurisdiction exists when two courts have simultaneous responsibility for the same case. (2) The geographic area over which the court has authority to decide cases.
  • Letter of credit: means a definite undertaking that satisfies the requirements of R. See Louisiana Revised Statutes 10:5-102
  • Nominated person: means a person whom the issuer (i) designates or authorizes to pay, accept, negotiate, or otherwise give value under a letter of credit and (ii) undertakes by agreement or custom and practice to reimburse. See Louisiana Revised Statutes 10:5-102
  • Obligation: An order placed, contract awarded, service received, or similar transaction during a given period that will require payments during the same or a future period.
  • person: includes a body of persons, whether incorporated or not. See Louisiana Revised Statutes 1:10
  • Presentation: means delivery of a document to an issuer or nominated person for honor or giving of value under a letter of credit. See Louisiana Revised Statutes 10:5-102

(a)  If a presentation is made that appears on its face strictly to comply with the terms and conditions of the letter of credit, but a required document is forged or materially fraudulent, or honor of the presentation would facilitate a material fraud by the beneficiary on the issuer or applicant:

(1)  the issuer shall honor the presentation, if honor is demanded by (i) a nominated person who has given value in good faith and without notice of forgery or material fraud, (ii) a confirmor who has honored its confirmation in good faith, (iii) a holder in due course of a draft drawn under the letter of credit which was taken after acceptance by the issuer or nominated person, or (iv) an assignee of the issuer’s or nominated person’s deferred obligation that was taken for value and without notice of forgery or material fraud after the obligation was incurred by the issuer or nominated person; and

(2)  the issuer, acting in good faith, may honor or dishonor the presentation in any other case.

(b)  If an applicant claims that a required document is forged or materially fraudulent or that honor of the presentation would facilitate a material fraud by the beneficiary on the issuer or applicant, a court of competent jurisdiction may temporarily or permanently enjoin the issuer from honoring a presentation or grant similar relief against the issuer or other persons only if the court finds that:

(1)  the relief is not prohibited under the law applicable to an accepted draft or deferred obligation incurred by the issuer;

(2)  a beneficiary, issuer, or nominated person who may be adversely affected is adequately protected against loss that it may suffer because the relief is granted;

(3)  all of the conditions to entitle a person to the relief under the law of this state have been met; and

(4)  on the basis of the information submitted to the court, the applicant is more likely than not to succeed under its claim of forgery or material fraud and the person demanding honor does not qualify for protection under Subsection (a)(1).

Added by Acts 1974, No. 92, §1, eff. Jan. 1, 1975; Acts 1999, No. 171, §1, eff. Jan. 1, 2000.