Part I Short Title, Construction, Application, and Subject Matter 671.101 – 671.109
Part II General Definitions and Principles of Interpretation 671.201 – 671.213
Part III Effective Date and Repealer 671.301 – 671.311

Terms Used In Florida Statutes > Chapter 671 - Uniform Commercial Code: General Provisions

  • Acquittal:
    1. Judgement that a criminal defendant has not been proved guilty beyond a reasonable doubt.
    2. A verdict of "not guilty."
  • Affidavit: A written statement of facts confirmed by the oath of the party making it, before a notary or officer having authority to administer oaths.
  • Amendment: A proposal to alter the text of a pending bill or other measure by striking out some of it, by inserting new language, or both. Before an amendment becomes part of the measure, thelegislature must agree to it.
  • Amortization: Paying off a loan by regular installments.
  • Answer: The formal written statement by a defendant responding to a civil complaint and setting forth the grounds for defense.
  • Appeal: A request made after a trial, asking another court (usually the court of appeals) to decide whether the trial was conducted properly. To make such a request is "to appeal" or "to take an appeal." One who appeals is called the appellant.
  • Appraisal: A determination of property value.
  • Assets: (1) The property comprising the estate of a deceased person, or (2) the property in a trust account.
  • Association: means a capital stock association subject to the provisions of this chapter. See Florida Statutes 665.012
  • Authorized representative: means an officer or director of a family trust company, licensed family trust company, or foreign licensed family trust company, if organized as a corporation; or a manager, officer, or member of a family trust company, licensed family trust company, or foreign licensed family trust company, if organized as a limited liability company. See Florida Statutes 662.111
  • Banking business: means receiving deposits, paying of checks or other instruments, making loans, or any other activity authorized in this chapter for an international banking corporation or its offices. See Florida Statutes 663.01
  • Bankruptcy: Refers to statutes and judicial proceedings involving persons or businesses that cannot pay their debts and seek the assistance of the court in getting a fresh start. Under the protection of the bankruptcy court, debtors may discharge their debts, perhaps by paying a portion of each debt. Bankruptcy judges preside over these proceedings.
  • Beneficiary: A person who is entitled to receive the benefits or proceeds of a will, trust, insurance policy, retirement plan, annuity, or other contract. Source: OCC
  • Bequest: Property gifted by will.
  • Buyer: means a person who buys or contracts to buy goods. See Florida Statutes 672.103
  • Capital: means shares, deposits, and equity. See Florida Statutes 657.002
  • Capital stock: means the aggregate of shares of nonwithdrawable capital issued by a capital stock association, but does not include nonwithdrawable capital represented by capital certificates. See Florida Statutes 665.012
  • Commission: means the Financial Services Commission. See Florida Statutes 662.111
  • Common law: The legal system that originated in England and is now in use in the United States. It is based on judicial decisions rather than legislative action.
  • Complaint: A written statement by the plaintiff stating the wrongs allegedly committed by the defendant.
  • Continuance: Putting off of a hearing ot trial until a later time.
  • Contract: A legal written agreement that becomes binding when signed.
  • Corporate credit union: means any credit union organized pursuant to any state or federal act for the purpose of serving other credit unions. See Florida Statutes 657.002
  • Corporation: A legal entity owned by the holders of shares of stock that have been issued, and that can own, receive, and transfer property, and carry on business in its own name.
  • Counterclaim: A claim that a defendant makes against a plaintiff.
  • Credit balance: means any uninsured balance on one or more accounts of a nonresident or resident person or entity derived from the overseas transfer of funds and from the permissible activities of an international agency or international branch. See Florida Statutes 663.01
  • Credit report: A detailed report of an individual's credit history prepared by a credit bureau and used by a lender in determining a loan applicant's creditworthiness. Source: OCC
  • Credit union: means any cooperative society organized pursuant to this chapter. See Florida Statutes 657.002
  • Damages: Money paid by defendants to successful plaintiffs in civil cases to compensate the plaintiffs for their injuries.
  • Deed: The legal instrument used to transfer title in real property from one person to another.
  • Defendant: In a civil suit, the person complained against; in a criminal case, the person accused of the crime.
  • Deposits: means that portion of the money placed into the credit union by members on which interest may be paid. See Florida Statutes 657.002
  • Devise: To gift property by will.
  • Discovery: Lawyers' examination, before trial, of facts and documents in possession of the opponents to help the lawyers prepare for trial.
  • Dismissal: The dropping of a case by the judge without further consideration or hearing. Source:
  • Docket: A log containing brief entries of court proceedings.
  • Dwelling unit: means a single, unified combination of rooms which is designed for residential use by one family in a multiple dwelling unit structure and which is not "home property. See Florida Statutes 665.012
  • Earnings: means that part of the sources available for payment of earnings of an association which is declared payable on savings accounts from time to time by the board of directors, and is the cost of savings money to the association. See Florida Statutes 665.012
  • Electronic funds transfer: The transfer of money between accounts by consumer electronic systems-such as automated teller machines (ATMs) and electronic payment of bills-rather than by check or cash. (Wire transfers, checks, drafts, and paper instruments do not fall into this category.) Source: OCC
  • Embezzlement: In most states, embezzlement is defined as theft/larceny of assets (money or property) by a person in a position of trust or responsibility over those assets. Embezzlement typically occurs in the employment and corporate settings. Source: OCC
  • Entitlement: A Federal program or provision of law that requires payments to any person or unit of government that meets the eligibility criteria established by law. Entitlements constitute a binding obligation on the part of the Federal Government, and eligible recipients have legal recourse if the obligation is not fulfilled. Social Security and veterans' compensation and pensions are examples of entitlement programs.
  • Equity: means undivided earnings, regular reserves, and other reserves. See Florida Statutes 657.002
  • Escrow: Money given to a third party to be held for payment until certain conditions are met.
  • Evidence: Information presented in testimony or in documents that is used to persuade the fact finder (judge or jury) to decide the case for one side or the other.
  • Executor: A male person named in a will to carry out the decedent
  • Fair market value: The price at which an asset would change hands in a transaction between a willing, informed buyer and a willing, informed seller.
  • Family member: means :
    (a) A designated relative. See Florida Statutes 662.111
  • Family trust company: means a corporation or limited liability company that:
    (a) Is exclusively owned by one or more family members. See Florida Statutes 662.111
  • Family trust company-affiliated party: means :
    (a) A director, officer, manager, employee, or controlling stockholder or member of a family trust company, licensed family trust company, or foreign licensed family trust company; or
    (b) A stockholder, a member, or any other person as determined by the office who participates in the affairs of a family trust company, licensed family trust company, or foreign licensed family trust company. See Florida Statutes 662.111
  • Federal Deposit Insurance Corporation: A government corporation that insures the deposits of all national and state banks that are members of the Federal Reserve System. Source: OCC
  • Federal Reserve System: The central bank of the United States. The Fed, as it is commonly called, regulates the U.S. monetary and financial system. The Federal Reserve System is composed of a central governmental agency in Washington, D.C. (the Board of Governors) and twelve regional Federal Reserve Banks in major cities throughout the United States. Source: OCC
  • Fiduciary: A trustee, executor, or administrator.
  • Finance charge: The total cost of credit a customer must pay on a consumer loan, including interest. The Truth in Lending Act requires disclosure of the finance charge. Source: OCC
  • Fiscal year: The fiscal year is the accounting period for the government. For the federal government, this begins on October 1 and ends on September 30. The fiscal year is designated by the calendar year in which it ends; for example, fiscal year 2006 begins on October 1, 2005 and ends on September 30, 2006.
  • Fixed Rate: Having a "fixed" rate means that the APR doesn't change based on fluctuations of some external rate (such as the "Prime Rate"). In other words, a fixed rate is a rate that is not a variable rate. A fixed APR can change over time, in several circumstances:
    • You are late making a payment or commit some other default, triggering an increase to a penalty rate
    • The bank changes the terms of your account and you do not reject the change.
    • The rate expires (if the rate was fixed for only a certain period of time).
  • Foreclosure: A legal process in which property that is collateral or security for a loan may be sold to help repay the loan when the loan is in default. Source: OCC
  • Foreign country: means a country other than the United States and includes any colony, dependency, or possession of such country notwithstanding any definitions in chapter 658, and any territory of the United States, including Guam, American Samoa, the Virgin Islands, and the Commonwealth of Puerto Rico. See Florida Statutes 663.01
  • Foreign credit union: means a credit union organized and operating under the laws of another state. See Florida Statutes 657.002
  • Foreign licensed family trust company: means a family trust company that:
    (a) Is licensed by a state in the United States other than this state or the District of Columbia. See Florida Statutes 662.111
  • Forgery: The fraudulent signing or alteration of another's name to an instrument such as a deed, mortgage, or check. The intent of the forgery is to deceive or defraud. Source: OCC
  • Fraud: Intentional deception resulting in injury to another.
  • Gift: A voluntary transfer or conveyance of property without consideration, or for less than full and adequate consideration based on fair market value.
  • Grand jury: agreement providing that a lender will delay exercising its rights (in the case of a mortgage,
  • Guarantor: A party who agrees to be responsible for the payment of another party's debts should that party default. Source: OCC
  • Guardian: A person legally empowered and charged with the duty of taking care of and managing the property of another person who because of age, intellect, or health, is incapable of managing his (her) own affairs.
  • Home property: means real estate on which there is located, or will be located pursuant to a real estate loan, either a structure designed for residential use by one family or a single condominium unit, including common elements pertinent thereto, designed for residential use by one family in a multiple-dwelling-unit structure or complex and includes fixtures and home furnishings and equipment. See Florida Statutes 665.012
  • Immediate family: means parents, children, spouse, or surviving spouse of the member, or any other relative by blood, marriage, or adoption. See Florida Statutes 657.002
  • Impeachment: (1) The process of calling something into question, as in "impeaching the testimony of a witness." (2) The constitutional process whereby the House of Representatives may "impeach" (accuse of misconduct) high officers of the federal government for trial in the Senate.
  • Injunction: An order of the court prohibiting (or compelling) the performance of a specific act to prevent irreparable damage or injury.
  • Interest rate: The amount paid by a borrower to a lender in exchange for the use of the lender's money for a certain period of time. Interest is paid on loans or on debt instruments, such as notes or bonds, either at regular intervals or as part of a lump sum payment when the issue matures. Source: OCC
  • International administrative office: means an office of an international banking corporation established in this state for the purpose of engaging in the activities described in…. See Florida Statutes 663.01
  • International bank agency: means an office of an international banking corporation established in this state for the purpose of engaging in the activities described in…. See Florida Statutes 663.01
  • International banking corporation: means a banking corporation organized and licensed under the laws of a foreign country. See Florida Statutes 663.01
  • International branch: means any office of an international banking corporation established in this state under…. See Florida Statutes 663.01
  • International development bank: means a corporation established for the purpose of promoting development in foreign countries by directly or indirectly making funding available to foreign business enterprises or foreign governments or by providing financing in connection with import-export transactions. See Florida Statutes 663.301
  • International representative office: means an office of an international banking corporation organized and licensed under the laws of a foreign country that is established or maintained in this state for the purpose of engaging in the activities described in…. See Florida Statutes 663.01
  • Jurisdiction: (1) The legal authority of a court to hear and decide a case. Concurrent jurisdiction exists when two courts have simultaneous responsibility for the same case. (2) The geographic area over which the court has authority to decide cases.
  • Lease: A contract transferring the use of property or occupancy of land, space, structures, or equipment in consideration of a payment (e.g., rent). Source: OCC
  • Liabilities: The aggregate of all debts and other legal obligations of a particular person or legal entity.
  • Licensed family trust company: means a family trust company that operates in accordance with this chapter and has been issued a license that has not been revoked or suspended by the office. See Florida Statutes 662.111
  • Lien: A claim against real or personal property in satisfaction of a debt.
  • Limited field of membership: means the defined group of persons designated as eligible for membership in the credit union who:
    (a) Have a similar profession, occupation, or formal association with an identifiable purpose;
    (b) Live or work within an identifiable neighborhood, community, rural district, or county;
    (c) Are employed by a common employer; or
    (d) Are employed by the credit union; and

    members of the immediate family of persons within such group. See Florida Statutes 657.002

  • Liquid assets: means :
    (a) Cash on hand;
    (b) Cash on deposit in federal home loan banks, federal reserve banks, state banks performing similar reserve functions, or financial depository institutions, which is withdrawable upon not more than 30 days' notice and which is not pledged as security for indebtedness, except that any deposits in a financial depository institution under the control or in the possession of any supervisory authority shall not be considered as liquid assets;
    (c) Obligations of, or obligations which are fully guaranteed as to principal and interest by, the United States or this state; and
    (d) Such other assets as may be approved by the office which are accepted as liquid assets for federally insured associations by the appropriate federal regulatory agency. See Florida Statutes 665.012
  • Mortgage: The written agreement pledging property to a creditor as collateral for a loan.
  • National Bank: A bank that is subject to the supervision of the Comptroller of the Currency. The Office of the Comptroller of the Currency is a bureau of the U.S. Treasury Department. A national bank can be recognized because it must have "national" or "national association" in its name. Source: OCC
  • National Credit Union Administration: The federal regulatory agency that charters and supervises federal credit unions. (NCUA also administers the National Credit Union Share Insurance Fund, which insures the deposits of federal credit unions.) Source: OCC
  • Net income: means gross revenues for an accounting period less all expenses paid or incurred, taxes, and losses sustained as shall not have been charged to reserves pursuant to the provisions of this chapter. See Florida Statutes 665.012
  • Nolo contendere: No contest-has the same effect as a plea of guilty, as far as the criminal sentence is concerned, but may not be considered as an admission of guilt for any other purpose.
  • Nonresident: means :
    (a) An individual who resides in the United States for less than 183 days during a calendar year. See Florida Statutes 663.01
  • Obligation: An order placed, contract awarded, service received, or similar transaction during a given period that will require payments during the same or a future period.
  • Office: means the Office of Financial Regulation. See Florida Statutes 662.111
  • Oversight: Committee review of the activities of a Federal agency or program.
  • Partnership: A voluntary contract between two or more persons to pool some or all of their assets into a business, with the agreement that there will be a proportional sharing of profits and losses.
  • person: includes individuals, children, firms, associations, joint adventures, partnerships, estates, trusts, business trusts, syndicates, fiduciaries, corporations, and all other groups or combinations. See Florida Statutes 1.01
  • Personal property: All property that is not real property.
  • Plaintiff: The person who files the complaint in a civil lawsuit.
  • political subdivision: include counties, cities, towns, villages, special tax school districts, special road and bridge districts, bridge districts, and all other districts in this state. See Florida Statutes 1.01
  • Presiding officer: A majority-party Senator who presides over the Senate and is charged with maintaining order and decorum, recognizing Members to speak, and interpreting the Senate's rules, practices and precedents.
  • Primarily residential property: means real estate on which there is located, or will be located pursuant to a real estate loan, any of the following:
    (a) A structure or structures designed or used primarily for residential rather than nonresidential purposes and consisting of more than one dwelling unit. See Florida Statutes 665.012
  • Probate: Proving a will
  • Prosecute: To charge someone with a crime. A prosecutor tries a criminal case on behalf of the government.
  • Quorum: The number of legislators that must be present to do business.
  • Real estate loan: means any loan or other obligation secured by a lien on real estate in any state held in fee or in a leasehold extending or renewable automatically for a period of at least 15 years beyond the date scheduled for the final principal payment of such loan or obligation, or any transaction out of which a lien or claim is created against such real estate, including among other things the purchase of such real estate in fee by an association and the concurrent or immediate sale thereof on installment contract. See Florida Statutes 665.012
  • Real property: Land, and all immovable fixtures erected on, growing on, or affixed to the land.
  • Recourse: An arrangement in which a bank retains, in form or in substance, any credit risk directly or indirectly associated with an asset it has sold (in accordance with generally accepted accounting principles) that exceeds a pro rata share of the bank's claim on the asset. If a bank has no claim on an asset it has sold, then the retention of any credit risk is recourse. Source: FDIC
  • Regional development bank: means a for-profit banking institution:
  • registered mail: include certified mail with return receipt requested. See Florida Statutes 1.01
  • Remainder: An interest in property that takes effect in the future at a specified time or after the occurrence of some event, such as the death of a life tenant.
  • Savings account: means that part of the savings liability of the association which is credited to the account of the holder thereof. See Florida Statutes 665.012
  • Savings bank: means a capital stock or mutual savings bank subject to the provisions of this chapter. See Florida Statutes 667.002
  • Savings liability: means the aggregate amount of savings accounts of depositors, including earnings credited to such accounts, less redemptions and withdrawals. See Florida Statutes 665.012
  • Seller: means a person who sells or contracts to sell goods. See Florida Statutes 672.103
  • Service of process: The service of writs or summonses to the appropriate party.
  • Shares: means the money placed into the credit union by members on which dividends may be paid. See Florida Statutes 657.002
  • State-chartered investment company: means a corporation organized under the laws of this state for the purpose of engaging in the activities described in…. See Florida Statutes 663.01
  • Statute: A law passed by a legislature.
  • Subpoena: A command to a witness to appear and give testimony.
  • Summons: Another word for subpoena used by the criminal justice system.
  • Transcript: A written, word-for-word record of what was said, either in a proceeding such as a trial or during some other conversation, as in a transcript of a hearing or oral deposition.
  • Trial: A hearing that takes place when the defendant pleads "not guilty" and witnesses are required to come to court to give evidence.
  • Trust account: A general term that covers all types of accounts in a trust department, such as estates, guardianships, and agencies. Source: OCC
  • Trustee: A person or institution holding and administering property in trust.
  • Truth in Lending Act: The Truth in Lending Act is a federal law that requires lenders to provide standardized information so that borrowers can compare loan terms. In general, lenders must provide information on Source: OCC
  • Uniform Commercial Code: A set of statutes enacted by the various states to provide consistency among the states' commercial laws. It includes negotiable instruments, sales, stock transfers, trust and warehouse receipts, and bills of lading. Source: OCC
  • Usury: Charging an illegally high interest rate on a loan. Source: OCC
  • writing: includes handwriting, printing, typewriting, and all other methods and means of forming letters and characters upon paper, stone, wood, or other materials. See Florida Statutes 1.01