Terms Used In Louisiana Revised Statutes 12:224

  • Amendment: A proposal to alter the text of a pending bill or other measure by striking out some of it, by inserting new language, or both. Before an amendment becomes part of the measure, thelegislature must agree to it.
  • Articles: means the original articles of incorporation, and all amendments thereto including those contained in merger agreements, or if restated, the latest restatement thereof, except in those instances in which the context expressly refers to the original articles of incorporation only. See Louisiana Revised Statutes 12:201
  • Corporation: A legal entity owned by the holders of shares of stock that have been issued, and that can own, receive, and transfer property, and carry on business in its own name.
  • Court: means any court of competent jurisdiction where the registered office of the corporation is located. See Louisiana Revised Statutes 12:201
  • Directors: means persons designated in the articles as such, and persons designated, elected or appointed by any other name or title to act as directors, and their successors. See Louisiana Revised Statutes 12:201
  • Member: means each natural or artificial person admitted to membership in a corporation, and, unless the context indicates otherwise, includes shareholders. See Louisiana Revised Statutes 12:201
  • person: includes a body of persons, whether incorporated or not. See Louisiana Revised Statutes 1:10
  • Quorum: The number of legislators that must be present to do business.

A.  The directors may be given any title deemed appropriate, but shall be subject to all the provisions relating to directors.

B.  Subject to any limitations, restrictions, or reservations in the articles, the bylaws, or this Chapter, the affairs of the corporation shall be managed by a board of directors of not less than three natural persons, except that if there are fewer than three members, there need be only as many directors as there are members.  The number of directors shall be fixed by or in the manner provided in the articles of incorporation or if not so fixed shall be the number fixed by, or in the manner provided in the bylaws.  If not so fixed by or in the manner provided in the articles or the bylaws, the number of directors shall be the number of directors elected from time to time by the members.  No amendment to the articles or the bylaws reducing the number of directors shall have the effect of shortening the term of any incumbent director.  Unless the articles or the bylaws provide otherwise, the directors shall hold office for one year and until their successors are chosen and have qualified.  No director shall be elected for a longer single term than five years.  The directors need not be residents of this state or members of the corporation unless the articles or the bylaws so require.

C.  Each director shall hold office for the term for which he was named or elected, and until his successor is elected and qualified.  Directors, other than those constituting the first board, shall be elected by the voting members, unless some other method is expressly provided in the articles and except as hereinafter provided in the case of vacancies.

D.  A corporation may allow reasonable compensation to its directors for their services, and a director may also be a salaried officer of the corporation.

E.  The number, classification, qualifications, compensation, terms of office, manner of election, time and place of meeting, and powers and duties of the directors, may, subject to the provisions of this Chapter, be prescribed by the articles or the bylaws.  Except as otherwise prescribed in the articles or bylaws:

(1)  The office of a director shall become vacant if he dies or resigns;

(2)  The board of directors may declare vacant the office of a director:

(a)  If he is interdicted or adjudicated an incompetent;

(b)  If he is adjudicated a bankrupt;

(c)  If he becomes incapacitated by illness or other infirmity to perform his duties for a period of six months or longer;

(d)  If he ceases at any time to have the qualifications required by the articles or by-laws;

(e)  If, within sixty days, or such other time as the articles or by-laws may specify, after notice of his election, he does not accept office either in writing or by attending a meeting of the board of directors, or if he fails to fulfill any other requirement or qualifications which the articles or the by-laws specify.

(3)  The remaining directors, even though not constituting a quorum, may, by a majority vote, fill any vacancy on the board (including any vacancy resulting from an increase in the authorized number of directors, or from failure of the members to elect the full number of authorized directors) for an unexpired term, provided that the members shall have the right to fill the vacancy at any special meeting called for the purpose prior to such action by the board.

(4)  The members, by vote of a majority in interest of all of the voting members, may, at any special meeting called for the purpose, remove from office any one or more of the directors, notwithstanding that his or their terms of office may not have expired, and may forthwith at such meeting proceed to elect a successor for the unexpired term.  Whenever the members of any class or series are entitled to elect one or more directors, the provisions of this subsection shall apply, in respect of the removal of a director or directors so elected, and the election of a successor or successors, to the vote of the members of that class or series, and not to the vote of all of the members.  If a director has been elected by the exercise of the privilege of cumulative voting, such director may not be removed if the votes cast against his removal would be sufficient to elect him if then cumulatively voted at an election of the entire board of directors, or, if there be classes of directors, at an election of the class of directors of which he is a part;

(5)  The meetings of the board of directors may be held at such place, whether in this state or elsewhere, as a majority of the directors may from time to time appoint, or as may be fixed in the call of the meeting;

(6)  Such notice of meetings of the board shall be given as provided in the by-laws.  Directors present at a meeting shall be deemed to have received due, or to have waived, notice thereof.  Notice of a meeting may be waived in writing at any time and the waiver need not specify the purpose of or the business to be transacted at the meeting.  Notice need not be given to any director, or member of a committee of the board of directors, with whom communication is made unlawful by any law of the United States of America, or by any rule, regulation, proclamation or executive order issued under any such law, and any action or meeting taken or held without notice to any such director or committee member shall have the same force and effect as if notice had been given to him as otherwise required;

(7)  A majority of the board of directors shall be necessary to constitute a quorum for the transaction of business, and the acts of a majority of the directors present at a meeting at which a quorum is present shall be the acts of the board of directors.  If a quorum is present when the meeting is convened, the directors present may continue to do business, taking action by vote of a majority of a quorum as fixed above, until adjournment, notwithstanding the withdrawal of enough directors to leave less than a quorum as fixed above, or the refusal of any director present to vote;

(8)  The board of directors may designate one or more committees, each committee to consist of two or more of the directors (and one or more directors may be named as alternate members to replace any absent or disqualified regular members) which, to the extent provided by resolution of the board or in the articles or by-laws, shall have and may exercise the powers of the board of directors in the management of the business and affairs of the corporation, and may have power to authorize the seal of the corporation to be affixed to documents.  Such committee or committees shall have such name or names as may be stated in the articles or by-laws, or as may be determined, from time to time, by the board of directors.  Any vacancy occurring in any such committee shall be filled by the board of directors but the president may designate another director to serve on the committee pending action by the board.  Each such committee shall hold office during the term of the board constituting it, unless otherwise ordered by the board.  The designation of and delegation of authority to a committee shall not relieve the directors of any responsibility imposed on them by law;

(9)  Any action which may be taken at a meeting of the board of directors, or of any committee thereof, may be taken by a consent in writing signed by all of the directors or by all members of the committee, as the case may be, and filed with the records of proceedings of the board or committee.

(10)  The board of directors, or any committee of the board, may hold a meeting by means of conference telephone, facsimile, or similar communications equipment provided that all persons participating in the meeting can communicate with each other.  Participation in a meeting pursuant to this Paragraph shall constitute presence in person at such meeting, except where a person participates in the meeting for the express purpose of objecting to the transaction of any business on the ground that the meeting is not lawfully called or convened.  The provisions of this Paragraph shall not apply to any public body or any other entity provided for in La. Rev. Stat. 42:13.

F.  The articles may provide that a particular class or series of members may elect all or a certain number or proportion of the directors, or the directors of a certain class.

G.  The articles may provide that any director absent from a meeting of the board or any committee thereof, may be represented by any other director or member, who may cast the vote of the absent director according to the written instructions, general or special, of the absent director.  In the absence of such a provision in the articles, no director shall have the right to vote by proxy.

H.  Unless the articles or by-laws provide otherwise, the court may, at the suit of five or more voting members, remove from office any director in case of fraudulent or dishonest acts, or gross abuse of authority or discretion, with reference to the corporation.  The court may bar from reelection any director so removed, for a period prescribed by the court.  The corporation shall be made a party to such action.

Acts 1968, No. 105, §1; Acts 1997, No. 947, §1; Acts 2004, No. 523, §1.