Terms Used In Louisiana Revised Statutes 15:622
- Arrest: Taking physical custody of a person by lawful authority.
- Evidence: Information presented in testimony or in documents that is used to persuade the fact finder (judge or jury) to decide the case for one side or the other.
A. As used in this Section:
(1) “Criminal justice agency” means any government agency or subunit thereof, or private agency that, through statutory authorization or a legal formal agreement with a governmental unit or agency, has the power of investigation, arrest, detention, prosecution, adjudication, treatment, supervision, rehabilitation or release of persons suspected, charged, or convicted of a crime; or that collects, stores, processes, transmits, or disseminates criminal history record or crime information.
(2) “Forensic medical examination” means an examination provided to the victim of a sexually-oriented criminal offense by a health care provider for the purpose of gathering and preserving evidence of a sexual assault for use in a court of law. A forensic medical examination shall include the following:
(a) Examination of physical trauma.
(b) Patient interview, including medical history, triage, and consultation.
(c) Collection and evaluation of evidence, including but not limited to the following:
(i) Photographic documentation.
(ii) Preservation and maintenance of chain of custody.
(iii) Medical specimen collection.
(iv) When determined necessary by the healthcare provider, an alcohol- and drug-facilitated sexual assault assessment and toxicology screening.
(3) “Sexual assault collection kit” means a human biological specimen or specimens collected by a health care provider during a forensic medical examination from the victim of a sexually-oriented criminal offense.
(4) “Sexually-oriented criminal offense” shall have the same meaning as sex offense as defined in R.S. 15:541(24).
(5) “Untested sexual assault collection kit” means a sexual assault collection kit that has not been submitted to the Louisiana State Police Crime Laboratory or a similar qualified laboratory for either a serology or deoxyribonucleic acid (DNA) test.
B. By January 1, 2015, all criminal justice agencies charged with the maintenance, storage, and preservation of sexual assault collection kits shall conduct a physical inventory of all such kits being stored by the agency and shall compile, in writing, a report containing the number of untested sexual assault collection kits in the possession of the agency and the date the sexual assault kit was collected. Each criminal justice agency shall also provide written notification if it does not have any untested sexual assault collection kits in its possession. The report shall be transmitted to the director of the Louisiana State Police Crime Laboratory.
C. By March 1, 2015, the Louisiana State Police Crime Laboratory shall prepare and transmit a report to the chairman of the Senate Committee on Judiciary B and the chairman of the House of Representatives Committee on Judiciary containing the number of untested sexual assault collection kits being stored by each parish, by each criminal justice agency, and the date the untested kit was collected. The report shall also include the name and contact information of each criminal justice agency that failed to submit the report required by Subsection B of this Section.
Acts 2014, No. 124, §1; Acts 2015, No. 229, §2, eff. June 23, 2015.