Sections
Part I General Provisions 18:401 – 18:403
Part II Election Officials 18:421 – 18:436
Part III Political Parties 18:441 – 18:447
Part IV Candidates 18:451 – 18:513
Part V Voters and Voting 18:521 – 18:567.6
Part VI Election Returns 18:571 – 18:576
Part VII Filling of Vacancies 18:581 – 18:675

Terms Used In Louisiana Revised Statutes > Title 18 > Chapter 5

  • Accident: means an unexpected or unforeseen actual, identifiable, precipitous event happening suddenly or violently, with or without human fault, and directly producing at the time objective findings of an injury which is more than simply a gradual deterioration or progressive degeneration. See Louisiana Revised Statutes 23:1021
  • Adjourn: A motion to adjourn a legislative chamber or a committee, if passed, ends that day's session.
  • Administrator: means the secretary of the Louisiana Workforce Commission. See Louisiana Revised Statutes 23:1472
  • administrator: means the administrator of the fraud section of the office of workers' compensation. See Louisiana Revised Statutes 23:1295
  • Affidavit: A written statement of facts confirmed by the oath of the party making it, before a notary or officer having authority to administer oaths.
  • Affirmed: In the practice of the appellate courts, the decree or order is declared valid and will stand as rendered in the lower court.
  • Allegation: something that someone says happened.
  • Amortization: Paying off a loan by regular installments.
  • Annuity: A periodic (usually annual) payment of a fixed sum of money for either the life of the recipient or for a fixed number of years. A series of payments under a contract from an insurance company, a trust company, or an individual. Annuity payments are made at regular intervals over a period of more than one full year.
  • Answer: The formal written statement by a defendant responding to a civil complaint and setting forth the grounds for defense.
  • Appellate: About appeals; an appellate court has the power to review the judgement of another lower court or tribunal.
  • Appointed official: means a person holding an appointive position or office with any department, board, commission, or agency of the state, or of any political subdivision or municipal corporation, when the office or position is established by the constitution or laws of this state. See Louisiana Revised Statutes 29:403
  • Appropriation: The provision of funds, through an annual appropriations act or a permanent law, for federal agencies to make payments out of the Treasury for specified purposes. The formal federal spending process consists of two sequential steps: authorization
  • Arrest: Taking physical custody of a person by lawful authority.
  • Articles: means the original articles of incorporation and all amendments thereto including those contained in merger agreements or, if restated, the latest restatement thereof except in those instances in which the context refers expressly to the original articles of incorporation only. See Louisiana Revised Statutes 6:201
  • Assets: means all of a state bank's property and rights of every kind. See Louisiana Revised Statutes 6:201
  • Assistant secretary: means the assistant secretary of the office of conservation within the Department of Natural Resources or his authorized representatives. See Louisiana Revised Statutes 30:82
  • Assistant secretary: means the assistant secretary of the office of conservation within the Department of Natural Resources or his authorized representatives. See Louisiana Revised Statutes 30:101.3
  • Attachment: A procedure by which a person's property is seized to pay judgments levied by the court.
  • Bail: Security given for the release of a criminal defendant or witness from legal custody (usually in the form of money) to secure his/her appearance on the day and time appointed.
  • Balanced budget: A budget in which receipts equal outlays.
  • Beneficiary: A person who is entitled to receive the benefits or proceeds of a will, trust, insurance policy, retirement plan, annuity, or other contract. Source: OCC
  • Benefits: means the money payments payable to an individual, as provided in this Chapter, with respect to his unemployment. See Louisiana Revised Statutes 23:1472
  • Bequest: Property gifted by will.
  • Biosciences: means any of the branches of natural science dealing with the structure and behavior of living organisms, including but not limited to research, development, manufacture, testing, marketing and/or distribution of pharmaceuticals, biotechnology products, and medical devices that will eventually be used by healthcare providers to treat, cure, prevent, or mitigate disease or conditions. See Louisiana Revised Statutes 33:9039.65
  • Board: means the State Board of Election Supervisors. See Louisiana Revised Statutes 18:567.1
  • board of supervisors: means the governing board of the district or, if such board has been abolished, the board, body, or commission succeeding to the principal functions thereof or to whom the powers given to the board by this Chapter have been given by law. See Louisiana Revised Statutes 33:9039.13
  • Bond: means the bonds, notes, renewal notes, refunding bonds, interim certificates, certificates of indebtedness, certificates of participation, debentures, warrants, commercial paper, capital leases, revenue bonds, or other obligations or evidences of indebtedness authorized to be issued by the district. See Louisiana Revised Statutes 33:9039.65
  • Bond: means the bonds, notes, renewal notes, refunding bonds, interim certificates, certificates of indebtedness, certificates of participation, debentures, warrants, commercial paper, capital leases, revenue bonds, or other obligations or evidences of indebtedness authorized to be issued by a district. See Louisiana Revised Statutes 33:9039.103
  • Bonds: means any debt obligations issued by any governmental unit, as hereinafter defined, and shall include, but not by way of limitation, the following: bonds, refunding bonds, notes, and certificates payable from and secured by (a) ad valorem and other taxes, (b) other revenues from whatever source derived, and (c) local or special assessments. See Louisiana Revised Statutes 13:5121
  • Bonds: means revenue bonds, notes, certificates, or other evidences of indebtedness issued by an issuer pursuant to R. See Louisiana Revised Statutes 30:82
  • Capital: means the sum of capital stock, surplus, and undivided profits or, as to mutual state banks, as defined by R. See Louisiana Revised Statutes 6:201
  • Capital stock: means the sum of the par value of the shares outstanding plus any amounts in excess of par value transferred from surplus to capital stock in respect of such shares less any part of such amounts transferred from capital stock to surplus as permitted by this Chapter. See Louisiana Revised Statutes 6:201
  • Certificate of stock: means a properly executed instrument evidencing the fact that the person therein named is the registered owner of the shares therein described. See Louisiana Revised Statutes 6:201
  • Charter school: means an independent public school that provides a program of elementary or secondary education, or both, established pursuant to and in accordance with the provisions of this Chapter to provide a learning environment that will improve pupil achievement. See Louisiana Revised Statutes 17:3973
  • Child: means a person who has not reached the age of eighteen years. See Louisiana Revised Statutes 17:407.62
  • Child and Adult Care Food Program: means the federal nutrition reimbursement program as funded by the United States Department of Agriculture through the state Department of Education. See Louisiana Revised Statutes 17:407.62
  • Clerk of court: An officer appointed by the court to work with the chief judge in overseeing the court's administration, especially to assist in managing the flow of cases through the court and to maintain court records.
  • Commission: means the Louisiana Workforce Commission. See Louisiana Revised Statutes 23:1
  • Commission: means the Oilfield Site Restoration Commission. See Louisiana Revised Statutes 30:82
  • Commissioner: means the Commissioner of Conservation of the State of Louisiana. See Louisiana Revised Statutes 30:3
  • Committee membership: Legislators are assigned to specific committees by their party. Seniority, regional balance, and political philosophy are the most prominent factors in the committee assignment process.
  • Common disaster: A sudden and extraordinary misfortune that brings about the simultaneous or near-simultaneous deaths of two or more associated persons, such as husband and wife.
  • Compensation: means normal or regular base pay, but does not include overtime, per diem, differential pay, or any other allowance for other expense. See Louisiana Revised Statutes 29:403
  • Complainant: means the person who files a complaint with the board under this Subpart. See Louisiana Revised Statutes 18:567.1
  • Complaint: A written statement by the plaintiff stating the wrongs allegedly committed by the defendant.
  • Continuance: Putting off of a hearing ot trial until a later time.
  • Contributions: means the money payments to the state unemployment compensation fund, required by this Chapter. See Louisiana Revised Statutes 23:1472
  • Council: means the Louisiana Workforce Investment Council. See Louisiana Revised Statutes 23:1
  • Course provider: means an entity that offers individual courses in person or online, including but not limited to online or virtual education providers, postsecondary education institutions, including any postsecondary institution under the management of the Board of Supervisors of Community and Technical Colleges, and corporations that offer vocational or technical course work in their field, and have been authorized to provide such courses by the state board. See Louisiana Revised Statutes 17:4002.3
  • Coverage area: means the parish, parishes, or other geographical area within the jurisdiction of a local early learning enrollment coordinator. See Louisiana Revised Statutes 17:407.91
  • Damages: Money paid by defendants to successful plaintiffs in civil cases to compensate the plaintiffs for their injuries.
  • Decedent: A deceased person.
  • Deed: The legal instrument used to transfer title in real property from one person to another.
  • Department: means the Department of Natural Resources. See Louisiana Revised Statutes 30:82
  • Department: means the Department of Natural Resources. See Louisiana Revised Statutes 30:101.3
  • Department: means the state Department of Education. See Louisiana Revised Statutes 17:407.62
  • Department: means the state Department of Education. See Louisiana Revised Statutes 17:407.82
  • Department: means the state Department of Education. See Louisiana Revised Statutes 17:407.91
  • Department: means the state department of education. See Louisiana Revised Statutes 17:1962
  • Dependent: means the person or persons to whom, under the provisions of Part II of this Chapter, compensation shall be paid upon the death of the injured employee. See Louisiana Revised Statutes 23:1021
  • Dependent: A person dependent for support upon another.
  • Deposition: An oral statement made before an officer authorized by law to administer oaths. Such statements are often taken to examine potential witnesses, to obtain discovery, or to be used later in trial.
  • Depository: means an institution which contracts with the state librarian to participate in the public document depository system. See Louisiana Revised Statutes 25:121.1
  • Devise: To gift property by will.
  • Disability: means a physical or mental impairment, which substantially limits one or more of the major life activities, or a record of such impairment. See Louisiana Revised Statutes 29:403
  • Discovery: Lawyers' examination, before trial, of facts and documents in possession of the opponents to help the lawyers prepare for trial.
  • Dismissal: The dropping of a case by the judge without further consideration or hearing. Source:
  • district: means a special district as provided in Article VI, Section 19 of the Constitution of Louisiana, which is created pursuant to this Chapter and limited to the performance of those specialized functions authorized by this Chapter; the boundaries of which are contained wholly within a single parish; the governing head of which is a body created, organized, and constituted and authorized to function specifically as prescribed in this Chapter for the delivery of community development services; and the formation, powers, governing body, operation, duration, accountability, requirements for disclosure, and termination of which are as required by general law. See Louisiana Revised Statutes 33:9039.13
  • District: means the BioDistrict New Orleans as further defined in R. See Louisiana Revised Statutes 33:9039.65
  • District: means a local or regional economic development district created pursuant to this Chapter. See Louisiana Revised Statutes 33:9039.103
  • Docket: A log containing brief entries of court proceedings.
  • Donor: The person who makes a gift.
  • Early learning staff: means a person employed as a full-time staff member in a licensed early learning center or a registered family child day care home. See Louisiana Revised Statutes 17:407.82
  • Eligible funded student: means any student who resides in Louisiana and meets the following criteria:

                (a) Is attending a public elementary or secondary school. See Louisiana Revised Statutes 17:4002.3

  • Eligible participating student: means any student who resides in Louisiana and meets one of the following criteria:

                (a) Is a scholarship recipient as defined in R. See Louisiana Revised Statutes 17:4002.3

  • Employee: means any person employed by any private or public employer. See Louisiana Revised Statutes 29:403
  • Employment: means , subject to the other provisions of this Subsection, any services including service in interstate commerce, performed for wages or under any contract of hire, written or oral, express or implied;

                B. See Louisiana Revised Statutes 23:1472

  • Employment: means a position as an employee with any private or public employer. See Louisiana Revised Statutes 29:403
  • Employment security administration fund: means the employment security administration fund established by this Chapter, from which administrative expenses under this Chapter shall be paid. See Louisiana Revised Statutes 23:1472
  • Enrolled bill: The final copy of a bill or joint resolution which has passed both chambers in identical form. It is printed on parchment paper, signed by appropriate officials, and submitted to the President/Governor for signature.
  • Entitlement: A Federal program or provision of law that requires payments to any person or unit of government that meets the eligibility criteria established by law. Entitlements constitute a binding obligation on the part of the Federal Government, and eligible recipients have legal recourse if the obligation is not fulfilled. Social Security and veterans' compensation and pensions are examples of entitlement programs.
  • Equitable: Pertaining to civil suits in "equity" rather than in "law." In English legal history, the courts of "law" could order the payment of damages and could afford no other remedy. See damages. A separate court of "equity" could order someone to do something or to cease to do something. See, e.g., injunction. In American jurisprudence, the federal courts have both legal and equitable power, but the distinction is still an important one. For example, a trial by jury is normally available in "law" cases but not in "equity" cases. Source: U.S. Courts
  • Escheat: Reversion of real or personal property to the state when 1) a person dies without leaving a will and has no heirs, or 2) when the property (such as a bank account) has been inactive for a certain period of time. Source: OCC
  • Escrow: Money given to a third party to be held for payment until certain conditions are met.
  • Ex officio: Literally, by virtue of one's office.
  • Executor: A male person named in a will to carry out the decedent
  • Fair market value: The price at which an asset would change hands in a transaction between a willing, informed buyer and a willing, informed seller.
  • Family child care provider: means an individual who provides child care services for fewer than twenty-four hours per day per child, as the sole caregiver, for six or fewer children, in a private residence. See Louisiana Revised Statutes 17:407.62
  • Federal election: means a general, special, primary, or runoff election for federal office; and a primary election held for the expression of a preference for the nomination of individuals for election to the office of president. See Louisiana Revised Statutes 18:567.1
  • Fee simple: Absolute title to property with no limitations or restrictions regarding the person who may inherit it.
  • Felony: A crime carrying a penalty of more than a year in prison.
  • Fiduciary: means any person, firm, partnership, association, or state bank, including a usufructuary, who or which occupies a position of peculiar confidence toward any person, firm, association, partnership, trust, or estate. See Louisiana Revised Statutes 6:201
  • Field: means the general area which is underlaid or appears to be underlaid by at least one pool. See Louisiana Revised Statutes 30:3
  • Foreclosure: A legal process in which property that is collateral or security for a loan may be sold to help repay the loan when the loan is in default. Source: OCC
  • Fraud: Intentional deception resulting in injury to another.
  • Fund: means the unemployment compensation fund established by this Chapter, to which all contributions required and from which all benefits provided under this Chapter shall be paid. See Louisiana Revised Statutes 23:1472
  • Fund: means the Oilfield Site Restoration Fund. See Louisiana Revised Statutes 30:82
  • Fund: means the Underwater Obstruction Removal Fund. See Louisiana Revised Statutes 30:101.3
  • Garnishment: Generally, garnishment is a court proceeding in which a creditor asks a court to order a third party who owes money to the debtor or otherwise holds assets belonging to the debtor to turn over to the creditor any of the debtor
  • Gas: means all natural gas, including casinghead gas, and all other hydrocarbons not defined as oil in Paragraph (7) of this Section. See Louisiana Revised Statutes 30:3
  • Gift: A voluntary transfer or conveyance of property without consideration, or for less than full and adequate consideration based on fair market value.
  • Governmental entity: means the state or any political subdivision and the federal government as a cost share partner. See Louisiana Revised Statutes 34:3471
  • Guardian: A person legally empowered and charged with the duty of taking care of and managing the property of another person who because of age, intellect, or health, is incapable of managing his (her) own affairs.
  • Health care provider: means a hospital, a person, corporation, facility, or institution licensed by the state to provide health care or professional services as a physician, hospital, dentist, registered or licensed practical nurse, pharmacist, optometrist, podiatrist, chiropractor, physical therapist, occupational therapist, psychologist, graduate social worker or licensed clinical social worker, psychiatrist, or licensed professional counselor, and any officer, employee, or agent thereby acting in the course and scope of his employment. See Louisiana Revised Statutes 23:1021
  • Hearsay: Statements by a witness who did not see or hear the incident in question but heard about it from someone else. Hearsay is usually not admissible as evidence in court.
  • hotel: as used in this Chapter shall mean and include any establishment, either public or private, engaged in the business of furnishing or providing rooms and overnight camping facilities intended or designed for dwelling, lodging, or sleeping purposes to transient guests when such establishment consists of two or more guest rooms and does not encompass any hospital, convalescent or nursing home or sanitarium, or any hotel-like facility operated by or in connection with a hospital or medical clinic providing rooms exclusively for patients and their families. See Louisiana Revised Statutes 33:9039.124
  • Illegal gas: means gas which has been produced within the state from any well in excess of the amount allowed by any rule, regulation, or order of the commissioner, as distinguished from gas produced within the state not in excess of the amount so allowed by any rule, regulation, or order, which is "legal gas. See Louisiana Revised Statutes 30:3
  • Illegal oil: means oil which has been produced within the state from any well in excess of the amount allowed by any rule, regulation, or order of the commissioner, as distinguished from oil produced within the state not in excess of the amount so allowed by any rule, regulation, or order, which is "legal oil. See Louisiana Revised Statutes 30:3
  • Illegal product: means any product of oil or gas, any part of which was processed or derived, in whole or in part, from illegal oil or illegal gas or from any product thereof, as distinguished from "legal product" which is a product processed or derived to no extent from illegal oil or illegal gas. See Louisiana Revised Statutes 30:3
  • In-home provider: means an individual who provides child care services in the child or children's own home. See Louisiana Revised Statutes 17:407.62
  • Independent contractor: means any person who renders service, other than manual labor, for a specified recompense for a specified result either as a unit or as a whole, under the control of his principal as to results of his work only, and not as to the means by which such result is accomplished, and are expressly excluded from the provisions of this Chapter unless a substantial part of the work time of an independent contractor is spent in manual labor by him in carrying out the terms of the contract, in which case the independent contractor is expressly covered by the provisions of this Chapter. See Louisiana Revised Statutes 23:1021
  • Inter vivos: Transfer of property from one living person to another living person.
  • Interrogatories: Written questions asked by one party of an opposing party, who must answer them in writing under oath; a discovery device in a lawsuit.
  • Issued shares: means outstanding shares. See Louisiana Revised Statutes 6:201
  • Joint committee: means the House Committee on Transportation, Highways and Public Works and the Senate Committee on Transportation, Highways and Public Works, functioning as a joint legislative committee. See Louisiana Revised Statutes 34:3471
  • Jurisprudence: The study of law and the structure of the legal system.
  • Juror: A person who is on the jury.
  • Landowner: means the owner of immovable property as it appears in the official records of the parish, including a trustee, a private corporation, and an owner of a condominium unit. See Louisiana Revised Statutes 33:9039.13
  • Lawsuit: A legal action started by a plaintiff against a defendant based on a complaint that the defendant failed to perform a legal duty, resulting in harm to the plaintiff.
  • Legacy: A gift of property made by will.
  • Legatee: A beneficiary of a decedent
  • Lien: A claim against real or personal property in satisfaction of a debt.
  • Lineal descendant: Direct descendant of the same ancestors.
  • Litigation: A case, controversy, or lawsuit. Participants (plaintiffs and defendants) in lawsuits are called litigants.
  • Local early learning enrollment coordinator: means an approved entity that conducts a process for informing families about publicly funded and Type III licensed early childhood care and education programs in the coverage area; collects family preferences; develops and uses a common application process; annually determines demand for publicly funded early childhood care and education within the coverage area; and makes recommendations to the department for the distribution of available publicly funded early childhood care and education slots for children who are economically disadvantaged as defined by the state board within its coverage area. See Louisiana Revised Statutes 17:407.91
  • local governmental entity: shall mean the political subdivision or political corporation authorized to execute a cooperative endeavor agreement under this Chapter. See Louisiana Revised Statutes 33:7633
  • Local governmental subdivision: means a parish or municipality. See Louisiana Revised Statutes 18:581
  • Local school board: means any city, parish, or other local public school board. See Louisiana Revised Statutes 17:3973
  • Misdemeanor: Usually a petty offense, a less serious crime than a felony, punishable by less than a year of confinement.
  • Mortgagee: The person to whom property is mortgaged and who has loaned the money.
  • Mortgagor: The person who pledges property to a creditor as collateral for a loan and who receives the money.
  • National Bank: A bank that is subject to the supervision of the Comptroller of the Currency. The Office of the Comptroller of the Currency is a bureau of the U.S. Treasury Department. A national bank can be recognized because it must have "national" or "national association" in its name. Source: OCC
  • Obligation: means any bond and any cooperative endeavor agreement, financing or loan agreement, lease, sublease, or other agreement creating a duty to repay borrowed money or for another duty to be performed. See Louisiana Revised Statutes 33:9039.65
  • Obligation: means any bond and any cooperative endeavor agreement, financing or loan agreement, lease, sublease, or other agreement creating an obligation to repay borrowed money or for a duty to be performed. See Louisiana Revised Statutes 33:9039.103
  • Office: means the office of workers' compensation administration established pursuant to R. See Louisiana Revised Statutes 23:1021
  • Office: means the office of multimodal commerce within the Department of Transportation and Development. See Louisiana Revised Statutes 34:3471
  • Oil: means crude petroleum oil, and other hydrocarbons, regardless of gravity, which are produced at the well head in liquid form by ordinary production methods. See Louisiana Revised Statutes 30:3
  • Oral argument: An opportunity for lawyers to summarize their position before the court and also to answer the judges' questions.
  • Overhead: means salaries, rent, and other operating expenses of the district exclusive of program or development expenses. See Louisiana Revised Statutes 33:9039.103
  • Oversight: Committee review of the activities of a Federal agency or program.
  • Owner: means the person, including operators and producers acting on behalf of the person, who has or had the right to drill into and to produce from a pool and to appropriate the production either for himself or for others. See Louisiana Revised Statutes 30:3
  • Participating parish or municipality: means any parish or municipal governing authority in the state undertaking to form a district under this Chapter. See Louisiana Revised Statutes 33:9039.103
  • Payor: means the entity responsible, whether by law or contract, for the payment of benefits incurred by a claimant as a result of a work related injury. See Louisiana Revised Statutes 23:1021
  • Person: means any natural person, corporation, association, partnership, receiver, tutor, curator, executor, administrator, fiduciary, or representative of any kind. See Louisiana Revised Statutes 30:3
  • Personal property: All property that is not real property.
  • Plaintiff: The person who files the complaint in a civil lawsuit.
  • Pleadings: Written statements of the parties in a civil case of their positions. In the federal courts, the principal pleadings are the complaint and the answer.
  • Political subdivision: means a parish, municipality, and any other unit of local government, including a school board and a special district, authorized by law to perform governmental functions. See Louisiana Revised Statutes 18:581
  • Pool: means an underground reservoir containing a common accumulation of crude petroleum oil or natural gas or both. See Louisiana Revised Statutes 30:3
  • Power of attorney: A written instrument which authorizes one person to act as another's agent or attorney. The power of attorney may be for a definite, specific act, or it may be general in nature. The terms of the written power of attorney may specify when it will expire. If not, the power of attorney usually expires when the person granting it dies. Source: OCC
  • Precedent: A court decision in an earlier case with facts and law similar to a dispute currently before a court. Precedent will ordinarily govern the decision of a later similar case, unless a party can show that it was wrongly decided or that it differed in some significant way.
  • Preliminary hearing: A hearing where the judge decides whether there is enough evidence to make the defendant have a trial.
  • Presiding officer: A majority-party Senator who presides over the Senate and is charged with maintaining order and decorum, recognizing Members to speak, and interpreting the Senate's rules, practices and precedents.
  • Pretrial conference: A meeting of the judge and lawyers to discuss which matters should be presented to the jury, to review evidence and witnesses, to set a timetable, and to discuss the settlement of the case.
  • Probable cause: A reasonable ground for belief that the offender violated a specific law.
  • Probate: Proving a will
  • Probation: A sentencing alternative to imprisonment in which the court releases convicted defendants under supervision as long as certain conditions are observed.
  • Producer: means the owner of a well capable of producing oil or gas or both. See Louisiana Revised Statutes 30:3
  • Product: means any commodity made from oil or gas. See Louisiana Revised Statutes 30:3
  • Program: means the Underwater Obstruction Removal Program. See Louisiana Revised Statutes 30:101.3
  • Project: means a project as defined in R. See Louisiana Revised Statutes 33:9039.65
  • Project: means a capital improvement project including capital equipment funding as more particularly described in R. See Louisiana Revised Statutes 33:9039.103
  • Prosecute: To charge someone with a crime. A prosecutor tries a criminal case on behalf of the government.
  • Proxy voting: The practice of allowing a legislator to cast a vote in committee for an absent legislator.
  • Public document: means informational matter, for public distribution regardless of format, method of reproduction, source, or copyright, originating in or produced with the imprint of, by the authority of, or at the total or partial expense of, any state agency. See Louisiana Revised Statutes 25:121.1
  • Public entities: means (a) state boards, agencies or commissions, parishes, municipalities, city, parish, and other local school boards and districts, levee boards and districts, port boards and commissions, port, harbor, terminal and industrial districts, drainage and land reclamation districts, all special service districts including but not limited to road, water, sewerage, fire protection, recreation, hospital service, and gas utility districts; (b) all other political subdivisions, special authorities, commissions, public trusts, and boards heretofore or hereafter created by or pursuant to the constitution or statutes of the state, any laws incorporated into or ratified or confirmed by the constitution, or general or special charters of any parish or municipality; and (c) all other units of local government created by or governed by the governing authorities of parishes or municipalities. See Louisiana Revised Statutes 33:9039.103
  • Public law: A public bill or joint resolution that has passed both chambers and been enacted into law. Public laws have general applicability nationwide.
  • Real property: Land, and all immovable fixtures erected on, growing on, or affixed to the land.
  • Recess: A temporary interruption of the legislative business.
  • related: means the child, grandchild, niece, or nephew of the primary child care provider of a family child care provider or in-home provider. See Louisiana Revised Statutes 17:407.62
  • Remainder: An interest in property that takes effect in the future at a specified time or after the occurrence of some event, such as the death of a life tenant.
  • Remand: When an appellate court sends a case back to a lower court for further proceedings.
  • Reporter: Makes a record of court proceedings and prepares a transcript, and also publishes the court's opinions or decisions (in the courts of appeals).
  • Respondent: means any state or local election official whose actions relating to a federal election are asserted, in a complaint under this Subpart, to be in violation of Title III of the Help America Vote Act of 2002. See Louisiana Revised Statutes 18:567.1
  • School: means the Jimmy D. See Louisiana Revised Statutes 17:1962
  • Secretary: means the secretary of the commission. See Louisiana Revised Statutes 23:1
  • Secretary: means the secretary of the Department of Natural Resources. See Louisiana Revised Statutes 30:82
  • Secretary: means the secretary of the Department of Natural Resources or his authorized representatives. See Louisiana Revised Statutes 30:101.3
  • Service in the uniformed services: means the performance of duty on a voluntary or involuntary basis in a uniformed service under competent authority and includes active duty, active duty for training, initial active duty for training, inactive duty training, full-time national guard duty, and a period for which a person is absent from a position of employment for the purpose of an examination to determine the fitness of the person to perform any such duty. See Louisiana Revised Statutes 29:403
  • Service of process: The service of writs or summonses to the appropriate party.
  • Shares: means the units into which the stockholders' rights to participate in the control of the state bank, in its profits, or in the distribution of corporate assets are divided. See Louisiana Revised Statutes 6:201
  • sister: includes step-brothers and step-sisters, and brothers and sisters by adoption. See Louisiana Revised Statutes 23:1021
  • Site restoration: means any and all oilfield site restoration activities required of a responsible party of an oil or gas property by regulations adopted by the office of conservation pursuant to this Subtitle, including without limitation plugging of oil and gas wells, pit closure, site remediation, and removal of oilfield equipment. See Louisiana Revised Statutes 30:82
  • Solution mined cavern: means a cavity created within the salt stock by dissolution with water. See Louisiana Revised Statutes 30:3
  • Solution mining injection well: means a well into which fluids, other than fluids associated with active drilling operations, are injected for extraction of minerals or energy. See Louisiana Revised Statutes 30:3
  • State: includes the states of the United States, the District of Columbia, the Commonwealth of Puerto Rico and the Virgin Islands. See Louisiana Revised Statutes 23:1472
  • State: means the state of Louisiana. See Louisiana Revised Statutes 33:9039.103
  • State agency: means an office, department, board, bureau, commission, council, institution, college or university, division, officer, or other person or group within the executive, judicial, or legislative branch of state government that is authorized to exercise or that exercises any of the functions of the government of the state of Louisiana. See Louisiana Revised Statutes 25:121.1
  • State board: means the State Board of Elementary and Secondary Education. See Louisiana Revised Statutes 17:407.91
  • State Board: means the State Board of Elementary and Secondary Education. See Louisiana Revised Statutes 17:1962
  • State board: means the State Board of Elementary and Secondary Education. See Louisiana Revised Statutes 17:4002.3
  • State board: means the State Board of Elementary and Secondary Education. See Louisiana Revised Statutes 17:3973
  • State superintendent: means the state superintendent of education. See Louisiana Revised Statutes 17:1962
  • Statute: A law passed by a legislature.
  • Stockholder: means the holder of record of one or more shares. See Louisiana Revised Statutes 6:201
  • Subpoena: A command to a witness to appear and give testimony.
  • Subpoena duces tecum: A command to a witness to produce documents.
  • Summons: Another word for subpoena used by the criminal justice system.
  • Surplus: means sums contributed by stockholders in excess of the par value of shares outstanding plus any amounts transferred from undivided profits pursuant to action by the board of directors. See Louisiana Revised Statutes 6:201
  • Temporary restraining order: Prohibits a person from an action that is likely to cause irreparable harm. This differs from an injunction in that it may be granted immediately, without notice to the opposing party, and without a hearing. It is intended to last only until a hearing can be held.
  • Testify: Answer questions in court.
  • Title III: means Title III of the Help America Vote Act of 2002, P. See Louisiana Revised Statutes 18:567.1
  • Tort: A civil wrong or breach of a duty to another person, as outlined by law. A very common tort is negligent operation of a motor vehicle that results in property damage and personal injury in an automobile accident.
  • Total voting power: means the entirety of the voting power. See Louisiana Revised Statutes 6:201
  • Transcript: A written, word-for-word record of what was said, either in a proceeding such as a trial or during some other conversation, as in a transcript of a hearing or oral deposition.
  • Trial: A hearing that takes place when the defendant pleads "not guilty" and witnesses are required to come to court to give evidence.
  • Trust account: A general term that covers all types of accounts in a trust department, such as estates, guardianships, and agencies. Source: OCC
  • Underwater obstruction: means any obstacle, whether natural or manmade, which impedes normal navigation and commercial fishing on the navigable waters of the state. See Louisiana Revised Statutes 30:101.3
  • Uniform Commercial Code: A set of statutes enacted by the various states to provide consistency among the states' commercial laws. It includes negotiable instruments, sales, stock transfers, trust and warehouse receipts, and bills of lading. Source: OCC
  • Uniformed services: means the armed forces of the United States as defined by 10 U. See Louisiana Revised Statutes 29:403
  • United States: when used in a geographical sense, includes the states, the District of Columbia, the Commonwealth of Puerto Rico, and the Virgin Islands. See Louisiana Revised Statutes 23:1472
  • User fees: Fees charged to users of goods or services provided by the government. In levying or authorizing these fees, the legislature determines whether the revenue should go into the treasury or should be available to the agency providing the goods or services.
  • Venue: The geographical location in which a case is tried.
  • Verdict: The decision of a petit jury or a judge.
  • Voting power: means the right vested by law or by the articles or the bylaws in the stockholder or in one or more classes of stockholder to vote in the determination of any particular question or matter coming before meetings of the stockholders. See Louisiana Revised Statutes 6:201
  • Voting power present: means that part of the voting power exercisable by the stockholders present in person or represented by proxy at the meeting at which the stockholders take action on a particular question or matter. See Louisiana Revised Statutes 6:201
  • Wages: means average weekly wage at the time of the accident. See Louisiana Revised Statutes 23:1021
  • Water management and control facilities: means any lakes, canals, ditches, reservoirs, dams, levees, floodways, pumping stations, or any other works, structures, or facilities for the conservation, control, development, utilization, and disposal of water, and any purposes incidental thereto. See Louisiana Revised Statutes 33:9039.13
  • Waterway: means any navigable bayou, canal, channel, or river, or portion thereof. See Louisiana Revised Statutes 34:3471
  • Writ: A formal written command, issued from the court, requiring the performance of a specific act.
  • Writ of certiorari: An order issued by the Supreme Court directing the lower court to transmit records for a case for which it will hear on appeal.