§ 4-101 Short title
§ 4-102 Applicability
§ 4-103 Variation by agreement; measure of damages; action constituting ordinary care
§ 4-104 Definitions and index of definitions
§ 4-105 “Depositary bank”; “bank”; “payor bank”; “intermediary bank”; “collecting bank”; “presenting bank”
§ 4-105-A Payable through or payable at bank; collecting bank
§ 4-106 Separate office of a bank
§ 4-107 Time of receipt of items
§ 4-108 Delays
§ 4-110 Electronic presentment
§ 4-111 Statute of limitations
§ 4-201 Status of collecting bank as agent and provisional status of credits; applicability of Article; item indorsed “pay any bank”
§ 4-202 Responsibility for collection or return; when action timely
§ 4-203 Effect of instructions
§ 4-204 Methods of sending and presenting; sending directly to payor bank
§ 4-205 Depositary bank holder of unindorsed item
§ 4-206 Transfer between banks
§ 4-207-A Transfer warranties
§ 4-207-B Presentment warranties
§ 4-207-C Encoding and retention warranties
§ 4-208 Security interest of collecting bank in items, accompanying documents and proceeds
§ 4-209 When bank gives value for purposes of holder in due course
§ 4-210 Presentment by notice of item not payable by, through or at a bank; liability of drawer or indorser
§ 4-211-A Medium and time of settlement by bank
§ 4-212 Right of charge-back or refund; liability of collecting bank; return of item
§ 4-213 Final payment of item by payor bank; when provisional debits and credits become final; when certain credits become available for withdrawal
§ 4-214 Insolvency and preference
§ 4-301 Deferred posting; recovery of payment by return of items; time of dishonor; return of items by payor bank
§ 4-302 Payor bank’s responsibility for late return of item
§ 4-303 When items subject to notice, stop-payment order, legal process or setoff; order in which items may be charged or certified
§ 4-401 When bank may charge customer’s account
§ 4-402 Bank’s liability to customer for wrongful dishonor; time of determining insufficiency of account
§ 4-403 Customer’s right to stop payment; burden of proof of loss
§ 4-404 Bank not obligated to pay check more than 6 months old
§ 4-405 Death or incompetence of customer
§ 4-406 Customer’s duty to discover and report unauthorized signature or alteration
§ 4-407 Payor bank’s right to subrogation on improper payment
§ 4-501 Handling of documentary drafts; duty to send for presentment and to notify customer of dishonor
§ 4-502 Presentment of “on arrival” drafts
§ 4-503 Responsibility of presenting bank for documents and goods; report of reasons for dishonor; referee in case of need
§ 4-504 Privilege of presenting bank to deal with goods; security interest for expenses

Terms Used In Maine Revised Statutes > Title 11 > Article 4

  • Absentee voter: means a person who qualifies under section 751 to cast an absentee ballot. See Maine Revised Statutes Title 21-A Sec. 1
  • Accessible voting system: means a voting system that is accessible for individuals with disabilities, including nonvisual accessibility for the blind and visually impaired, in a manner that provides the same opportunity for access and participation, including privacy and independence, as for other voters. See Maine Revised Statutes Title 21-A Sec. 808
  • Advice and consent: Under the Constitution, presidential nominations for executive and judicial posts take effect only when confirmed by the Senate, and international treaties become effective only when the Senate approves them by a two-thirds vote.
  • Affidavit: A written statement of facts confirmed by the oath of the party making it, before a notary or officer having authority to administer oaths.
  • Any election: means primary and general elections and referenda, whether regular or special. See Maine Revised Statutes Title 21-A Sec. 1
  • Arrest: Taking physical custody of a person by lawful authority.
  • Assets: (1) The property comprising the estate of a deceased person, or (2) the property in a trust account.
  • Attachment: A procedure by which a person's property is seized to pay judgments levied by the court.
  • Bail: Security given for the release of a criminal defendant or witness from legal custody (usually in the form of money) to secure his/her appearance on the day and time appointed.
  • Ballot label: means that portion of the cardboard, paper or other material to be placed within the ballot frames of a voting machine containing the items required of a paper ballot. See Maine Revised Statutes Title 21-A Sec. 1
  • Ballot labels: means the pages, cards or other material containing the names of offices and candidates and the referendum questions to be voted on that are placed on the voting device to conform with the voting system in use. See Maine Revised Statutes Title 21-A Sec. 808
  • Beneficiary: A person who is entitled to receive the benefits or proceeds of a will, trust, insurance policy, retirement plan, annuity, or other contract. Source: OCC
  • Candidate: means any person who has filed a petition under either sections 335 and 336 or sections 354 and 355 and has qualified as a candidate by either procedure, or any person who has received contributions or made expenditures or has given his consent for any other person to receive contributions or make expenditures with the intent of qualifying as a candidate. See Maine Revised Statutes Title 21-A Sec. 1
  • Central voter registration system: means a single electronic information system and database for voter registration information maintained by the Secretary of State and used by all municipal jurisdictions in the State. See Maine Revised Statutes Title 21-A Sec. 1
  • Charitable purpose: means the relief of poverty, the advancement of education or religion, the promotion of health, the promotion of a governmental purpose or any other purpose the achievement of which is beneficial to the community. See Maine Revised Statutes Title 13 Sec. 5102
  • Common law: The legal system that originated in England and is now in use in the United States. It is based on judicial decisions rather than legislative action.
  • Continuance: Putting off of a hearing ot trial until a later time.
  • Contract: A legal written agreement that becomes binding when signed.
  • Counterclaim: A claim that a defendant makes against a plaintiff.
  • Damages: Money paid by defendants to successful plaintiffs in civil cases to compensate the plaintiffs for their injuries.
  • Declared write-in candidate: means a write-in candidate who has filed a declaration to be a write-in candidate pursuant to section 722-A. See Maine Revised Statutes Title 21-A Sec. 1
  • Defendant: In a civil suit, the person complained against; in a criminal case, the person accused of the crime.
  • Direct recording electronic voting machine: means a system that records votes by means of a ballot display provided with mechanical, electro-optical or electro-audio components that can be activated by the voter, that processes data by means of a computer program and that records voting data in memory components. See Maine Revised Statutes Title 21-A Sec. 808
  • Discovery: Lawyers' examination, before trial, of facts and documents in possession of the opponents to help the lawyers prepare for trial.
  • Dismissal: The dropping of a case by the judge without further consideration or hearing. Source:
  • Electronic tabulating system: includes all the software and firmware required to program and control the equipment in the respective system. See Maine Revised Statutes Title 21-A Sec. 808
  • Endowment fund: means an institutional fund or part thereof that, under the terms of a gift instrument, is not wholly expendable by the institution on a current basis. See Maine Revised Statutes Title 13 Sec. 5102
  • Engineered disposal system: means a subsurface wastewater disposal system designed, installed and operated as a single unit to treat and dispose of at least 2,000 gallons of wastewater per day or a system designed to be capable of treating wastewater with significantly high 5-day biochemical oxygen demand and total suspended solid concentrations. See Maine Revised Statutes Title 12 Sec. 4807
  • Enroll: means to enlist as a member of a political party. See Maine Revised Statutes Title 21-A Sec. 1
  • Equitable: Pertaining to civil suits in "equity" rather than in "law." In English legal history, the courts of "law" could order the payment of damages and could afford no other remedy. See damages. A separate court of "equity" could order someone to do something or to cease to do something. See, e.g., injunction. In American jurisprudence, the federal courts have both legal and equitable power, but the distinction is still an important one. For example, a trial by jury is normally available in "law" cases but not in "equity" cases. Source: U.S. Courts
  • Evidence: Information presented in testimony or in documents that is used to persuade the fact finder (judge or jury) to decide the case for one side or the other.
  • Federal office: means the office of the United States Senator or Representative to Congress. See Maine Revised Statutes Title 21-A Sec. 1
  • Fiscal year: The fiscal year is the accounting period for the government. For the federal government, this begins on October 1 and ends on September 30. The fiscal year is designated by the calendar year in which it ends; for example, fiscal year 2006 begins on October 1, 2005 and ends on September 30, 2006.
  • General election: means the regular election of state and county officials occurring biennially in November. See Maine Revised Statutes Title 21-A Sec. 1
  • Gift: A voluntary transfer or conveyance of property without consideration, or for less than full and adequate consideration based on fair market value.
  • Gift instrument: means a record or records, including an institutional solicitation, under which property is granted to, transferred to or held by an institution as an institutional fund. See Maine Revised Statutes Title 13 Sec. 5102
  • Historic dollar value: means the aggregate value in dollars of:  
A. See Maine Revised Statutes Title 13 Sec. 5102
  • Incoming voting list: means the printed list of all of the voters in a municipality that is used by election officials at a voting place to record which voters have been issued a ballot at an election. See Maine Revised Statutes Title 21-A Sec. 1
  • Injunction: An order of the court prohibiting (or compelling) the performance of a specific act to prevent irreparable damage or injury.
  • Institution: means :  
  • A. See Maine Revised Statutes Title 13 Sec. 5102
  • Institutional fund: means a fund held by an institution exclusively for charitable purposes. See Maine Revised Statutes Title 13 Sec. 5102
  • Inter vivos: Transfer of property from one living person to another living person.
  • lands: includes lands and all tenements and hereditaments connected therewith, and all rights thereto and interests therein. See Maine Revised Statutes Title 1 Sec. 72
  • Lease: A contract transferring the use of property or occupancy of land, space, structures, or equipment in consideration of a payment (e.g., rent). Source: OCC
  • Liabilities: The aggregate of all debts and other legal obligations of a particular person or legal entity.
  • Lien: A claim against real or personal property in satisfaction of a debt.
  • Litigation: A case, controversy, or lawsuit. Participants (plaintiffs and defendants) in lawsuits are called litigants.
  • Majority: when used in reference to age shall mean the age of 18 and over. See Maine Revised Statutes Title 1 Sec. 72
  • may: when used in this Title, is used in a permissive sense to grant authority or permission, but not to create duty, to act in the manner specified by the context. See Maine Revised Statutes Title 21-A Sec. 7
  • Mortgage: The written agreement pledging property to a creditor as collateral for a loan.
  • Multiple unit housing: shall mean a structure or structures located on a single lot, which structures are designed or used to house 2 or more families. See Maine Revised Statutes Title 12 Sec. 4807
  • municipal clerk: means the clerk, deputy clerk or assistant clerk, where directed by the clerk to carry out duties under this Title, of a municipality. See Maine Revised Statutes Title 21-A Sec. 1
  • Municipal officers: means the mayor and aldermen or councillors of a city, the selectmen or councillors of a town and the assessors of a plantation. See Maine Revised Statutes Title 21-A Sec. 1
  • Municipality: means a city, town or plantation. See Maine Revised Statutes Title 21-A Sec. 1
  • Municipality: includes cities, towns and plantations, except that "municipality" does not include plantations in Title 10, chapter 110, subchapter IV; or Title 30-A, Part 2. See Maine Revised Statutes Title 1 Sec. 72
  • Other land use activity: includes any commercial or industrial uses or combination of such uses. See Maine Revised Statutes Title 12 Sec. 4807
  • Overseas voter: means :  
  • A. See Maine Revised Statutes Title 21-A Sec. 1
  • paper ballot: means the printed paper ballot on which votes may be recorded in the layout and format required to conform to the electronic voting system in use. See Maine Revised Statutes Title 21-A Sec. 808
  • Partnership: A voluntary contract between two or more persons to pool some or all of their assets into a business, with the agreement that there will be a proportional sharing of profits and losses.
  • Party: means a political organization which has qualified to participate in a primary or general election under chapter 5. See Maine Revised Statutes Title 21-A Sec. 1
  • Person: means any individual, corporation, firm, partnership, municipality, quasi-municipal corporation, state or federal agency or any other legal entity. See Maine Revised Statutes Title 12 Sec. 4807
  • Person: means an individual, corporation, business trust, estate, trust, partnership, limited liability company, association, joint venture, public corporation, government or governmental subdivision, agency or instrumentality or any other legal or commercial entity. See Maine Revised Statutes Title 13 Sec. 5102
  • Personal property: All property that is not real property.
  • Primary election: means the regular election for the election of nominees of a party for the general election. See Maine Revised Statutes Title 21-A Sec. 1
  • Program-related asset: means an asset held by an institution primarily to accomplish a charitable purpose of the institution and not primarily for investment. See Maine Revised Statutes Title 13 Sec. 5102
  • Public counter: means a separate counter built into a voting device that records the total number of ballots cast or tabulated on the voting device for an election. See Maine Revised Statutes Title 21-A Sec. 1
  • Public law: A public bill or joint resolution that has passed both chambers and been enacted into law. Public laws have general applicability nationwide.
  • Question: means any proposition submitted to the voters. See Maine Revised Statutes Title 21-A Sec. 1
  • Real property: Land, and all immovable fixtures erected on, growing on, or affixed to the land.
  • Record: means information that is inscribed on a tangible medium or that is stored in an electronic or other medium and is retrievable in perceivable form. See Maine Revised Statutes Title 13 Sec. 5102
  • Referendum: means an election for the determination of a question. See Maine Revised Statutes Title 21-A Sec. 1
  • Register: means to enlist as a voter. See Maine Revised Statutes Title 21-A Sec. 1
  • Registrar: means the registrar or deputy registrar of voters of a municipality. See Maine Revised Statutes Title 21-A Sec. 1
  • Residence: means that place where the person has established a fixed and principal home to which the person, whenever temporarily absent, intends to return. See Maine Revised Statutes Title 21-A Sec. 1
  • Restitution: The court-ordered payment of money by the defendant to the victim for damages caused by the criminal action.
  • Settlement: Parties to a lawsuit resolve their difference without having a trial. Settlements often involve the payment of compensation by one party in satisfaction of the other party's claims.
  • Signature: includes a signature stamp and a signature written by another registered voter on behalf of an individual in accordance with the procedure set forth in section 153-A and, for an individual who is unable to sign that individual's own name, a mark. See Maine Revised Statutes Title 21-A Sec. 1
  • Single family residential unit: means any structure of any kind, including mobile homes, used or designed to house a single family, and shall include those structures used permanently and seasonally. See Maine Revised Statutes Title 12 Sec. 4807
  • Statute: A law passed by a legislature.
  • Subsurface waste disposal: means any system for disposing of wastes or waste waters on or beneath the surface of the earth including, but not limited to, holding ponds, surface spraying, septic tanks, drainage fields and wells, but shall not include any discharge or the waste treatment system related thereto licensed underTitle 38, section 413 or any discharge into a municipal or quasi-municipal sewer system. See Maine Revised Statutes Title 12 Sec. 4807
  • Town: includes cities and plantations, unless otherwise expressed or implied. See Maine Revised Statutes Title 1 Sec. 72
  • Trial: A hearing that takes place when the defendant pleads "not guilty" and witnesses are required to come to court to give evidence.
  • Trustee: A person or institution holding and administering property in trust.
  • Uniformed service: means the United States Army, Navy, Air Force, Marine Corps and Coast Guard, the commissioned corps of the United States Public Health Service and the commissioned corps of the National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration. See Maine Revised Statutes Title 21-A Sec. 1
  • Uniformed service voter: means :  
  • A. See Maine Revised Statutes Title 21-A Sec. 1
  • Voter: means a person registered to vote. See Maine Revised Statutes Title 21-A Sec. 1
  • Voting district: means an area set off from another in the same municipality for voting purposes. See Maine Revised Statutes Title 21-A Sec. 1
  • Voting machine: means an apparatus on which voters cast their votes that records each vote by means of mechanical or electronic counters and furnishes a total of the number of votes cast for each candidate and for and against each referendum measure. See Maine Revised Statutes Title 21-A Sec. 808
  • Voting place: means the building in which ballots are cast at an election. See Maine Revised Statutes Title 21-A Sec. 1
  • Voting system: means the total combination of mechanical, electromechanical or electronic equipment, including the software, firmware and documentation required to program, control and support the equipment, that is used to define or produce ballots, to cast and count votes, to report or display election results and to maintain and produce any audit trail information. See Maine Revised Statutes Title 21-A Sec. 808
  • Warden: means the presiding officer at a voting place. See Maine Revised Statutes Title 21-A Sec. 1
  • Waste: means any liquefied sewage, garbage, sewage sludge, chemical, biological or radiological materials, human body wastes, or any other refuse or effluent in a liquid form generated from domestic, commercial or industrial activities, except any wastes containing insufficient liquid to be free flowing and wastes generated from agricultural activities or animal husbandry. See Maine Revised Statutes Title 12 Sec. 4807
  • Writ: A formal written command, issued from the court, requiring the performance of a specific act.
  • Write-in candidate: means a person whose name does not appear on the ballot under the office designation to which a voter may wish to elect the candidate. See Maine Revised Statutes Title 21-A Sec. 1
  • Year: means a calendar year, unless otherwise expressed. See Maine Revised Statutes Title 1 Sec. 72