§ 18.401 Definitions
§ 18.402 Commission on criminal justice; appointment, qualifications, and terms of members; cessation of membership; vacancy; removal; chairperson and vice-chairperson; frequency of meetings; conducting busine
§ 18.403 Office of criminal justice; creation; management functions; director; contractual agreements; duties of office
§ 18.405 Committee on juvenile justice; appointment, qualifications, and terms of members; chairperson; vacancy; quorum; duties of committee; conducting business at public meeting; notice; availability of writ
§ 18.406 Act inapplicable after March 30, 1987
§ 18.407 Effective date

Terms Used In Michigan Laws > Chapter 18 > Act 541 of 1978

  • Added fat: means the addition of fat tissue originating from portions consisting of less than 12% muscle tissue in each portion. See Michigan Laws 700.3404
  • Added water: means greater moisture content than normally found in meat and, except for poultry, is determined by total moisture minus 4 times the percentage of protein. See Michigan Laws 700.3404
  • Adulterated: means food to which any of the following apply:

    (i) It bears or contains any poisonous or deleterious substance that may render it injurious to health unless the substance is not an added substance and the quantity of that substance in the food does not ordinarily render it injurious to health. See Michigan Laws 700.2504

  • Advance: means a transfer of funds made by a municipality to an authority or to another person on behalf of the authority in anticipation of repayment by the authority. See Michigan Laws 700.3206
  • Advance: means a transfer of funds made by a municipality to an authority or to another person on behalf of the authority in anticipation of repayment by the authority. See Michigan Laws 700.3413
  • Advertisement: means a representation disseminated in any manner or by any means, other than by labeling, for the purpose of inducing, or which is likely to induce, directly or indirectly, the purchase of food. See Michigan Laws 700.2504
  • Advice and consent: Under the Constitution, presidential nominations for executive and judicial posts take effect only when confirmed by the Senate, and international treaties become effective only when the Senate approves them by a two-thirds vote.
  • Affidavit: A written statement of facts confirmed by the oath of the party making it, before a notary or officer having authority to administer oaths.
  • Agent: includes , but is not limited to, an attorney-in-fact under a durable or nondurable power of attorney and an individual authorized to make decisions as a patient advocate concerning another's health care. See Michigan Laws 700.1103
  • Agricultural lien: means an interest, other than a security interest, in farm products that meets all of the following requirements:

    (i) The interest secures payment or performance of an obligation for 1 or more of the following:

    (A) Goods or services furnished in connection with a debtor's farming operation. See Michigan Laws 440.9102

  • Alternate valuation date: The earlier of the date six months after the decedent
  • Amendment: A proposal to alter the text of a pending bill or other measure by striking out some of it, by inserting new language, or both. Before an amendment becomes part of the measure, thelegislature must agree to it.
  • Appeal: A request made after a trial, asking another court (usually the court of appeals) to decide whether the trial was conducted properly. To make such a request is "to appeal" or "to take an appeal." One who appeals is called the appellant.
  • Application: means a written request to the probate register for an order of informal probate or informal appointment under part 3 of article III. See Michigan Laws 700.1103
  • Appraisal: A determination of property value.
  • Appropriation: The provision of funds, through an annual appropriations act or a permanent law, for federal agencies to make payments out of the Treasury for specified purposes. The formal federal spending process consists of two sequential steps: authorization
  • Artificial flavoring: means any flavoring containing any sapid or aromatic constituent manufactured by synthesis or similar process. See Michigan Laws 700.3404
  • As-extracted collateral: means 1 or more of the following:

    (i) Oil, gas, or other minerals that are subject to a security interest that is created by a debtor having an interest in the minerals before extraction and attaches to the minerals as extracted. See Michigan Laws 440.9102

  • Assessed value: means the taxable value as determined under section 27a of the general property tax act, 1893 PA 206, MCL 211. See Michigan Laws 700.3206
  • Assessed value: means the taxable value as determined under section 27a of the general property tax act, 1893 PA 206, MCL 211. See Michigan Laws 700.3413
  • Assets: (1) The property comprising the estate of a deceased person, or (2) the property in a trust account.
  • Attorney: means , if appointed to represent a child under the provisions referenced in section 5213, an attorney serving as the child's legal advocate in the manner defined and described in section 13a of chapter XIIA of the probate code of 1939, 1939 PA 288, MCL 712A. See Michigan Laws 700.1103
  • Authority: means a corridor improvement authority created under section 4(1) or a joint authority created under section 4(2). See Michigan Laws 700.3206
  • Authority: means a neighborhood improvement authority created under this act. See Michigan Laws 700.3413
  • Bank: means an organization that is engaged in the business of banking. See Michigan Laws 440.9102
  • Beneficiary: includes , but is not limited to, the following:

    (i) In relation to a trust, a person that is a trust beneficiary as defined in section 7103. See Michigan Laws 700.1103

  • Binders: means food and nonfood substances used as an ingredient in comminuted meats for binding, stabilizing, thickening, or maintaining viscosity of the product. See Michigan Laws 700.3404
  • Board: means the governing body of an authority. See Michigan Laws 700.3206
  • Board: means the governing body of an authority. See Michigan Laws 700.3413
  • By-products or variety meats: means hearts, livers, brains, tongues, tripe, stomach, lungs, melts, eyes, weasand meats, head meat, cheek meat, salivary glands, udder, lips, ears, snouts, skin, feet, spleens, slaughterhouse by-products, spinal cords, cracklings or crackling meal, packinghouse by-products, food processor by-products, partially defatted fatty tissues, and partially defatted chopped meat. See Michigan Laws 700.3404
  • Candling: means the examination, in a partially darkened room or place, of the interior of an egg by twirling the egg before a bright light passing through an aperture in an opaque shield or by another approved method. See Michigan Laws 700.3404
  • Captured assessed value: means the amount in any 1 year by which the current assessed value of the development area, including the assessed value of property for which specific local taxes are paid in lieu of property taxes as determined in section 3(e), exceeds the initial assessed value. See Michigan Laws 700.3206
  • Captured assessed value: means the amount in any 1 year by which the current assessed value of the development area, including the assessed value of property for which specific local taxes are paid in lieu of property taxes as determined in section 3(d), exceeds the initial assessed value. See Michigan Laws 700.3413
  • Chief executive officer: means the mayor of a city, the president of a village, or the supervisor of a township. See Michigan Laws 700.3206
  • Chief executive officer: means the mayor or city manager of a city or the president or village manager of a village. See Michigan Laws 700.3413
  • Child: includes , but is not limited to, an individual entitled to take as a child under this act by intestate succession from the parent whose relationship is involved. See Michigan Laws 700.1103
  • Claim: includes , but is not limited to, in respect to a decedent's or protected individual's estate, a liability of the decedent or protected individual, whether arising in contract, tort, or otherwise, and a liability of the estate that arises at or after the decedent's death or after a conservator's appointment, including funeral and burial expenses and costs and expenses of administration. See Michigan Laws 700.1103
  • Collateral: means the property subject to a security interest or agricultural lien. See Michigan Laws 440.9102
  • Comminuted: means chopped, diced, flaked, ground, or otherwise reduced to minute particles. See Michigan Laws 700.3404
  • Commission: means the state commission on criminal justice created in section 2. See Michigan Laws 324.61521
  • Common law: The legal system that originated in England and is now in use in the United States. It is based on judicial decisions rather than legislative action.
  • Community foundation: means an organization that meets all of the following requirements:

    (i) Has been in existence for at least 10 years. See Michigan Laws 700.3806

  • Conservator: means a person appointed by a court to manage a protected individual's estate. See Michigan Laws 700.1103
  • Consignee: means a merchant to which goods are delivered in a consignment. See Michigan Laws 440.9102
  • Consignor: means a person that delivers goods to a consignee in a consignment. See Michigan Laws 440.9102
  • Consumer: means an individual who is a member of the public, takes possession of food, is not functioning in the capacity of an operator of a food establishment or food processor, and does not offer the food for resale. See Michigan Laws 700.2504
  • Consumer: means an individual who enters into a transaction primarily for personal, family, or household purposes. See Michigan Laws 440.1201
  • Continuation statement: means an amendment of a financing statement which identifies, by its file number, the initial financing statement to which it relates and indicates that it is a continuation statement for, or that it is filed to continue the effectiveness of, the identified financing statement. See Michigan Laws 440.9102
  • Contract: A legal written agreement that becomes binding when signed.
  • Conviction: A judgement of guilt against a criminal defendant.
  • Corporation: A legal entity owned by the holders of shares of stock that have been issued, and that can own, receive, and transfer property, and carry on business in its own name.
  • Court: means the probate court or, when applicable, the family division of circuit court. See Michigan Laws 700.1103
  • Debtor: means 1 of the following:

    (i) A person having an interest, other than a security interest or other lien, in the collateral, whether or not the person is an obligor. See Michigan Laws 440.9102

  • Decedent: A deceased person.
  • Deed: The legal instrument used to transfer title in real property from one person to another.
  • Defendant: In a civil suit, the person complained against; in a criminal case, the person accused of the crime.
  • Department: means the department of agriculture and rural development. See Michigan Laws 700.2505
  • Department: means the department of environmental quality. See Michigan Laws 324.61501
  • Dependent: A person dependent for support upon another.
  • Descendant: means , in relation to an individual, all of his or her descendants of all generations, with the relationship of parent and child at each generation being determined by the definitions of child and parent contained in this act. See Michigan Laws 700.1103
  • Development area: means that area described in section 5 to which a development plan is applicable. See Michigan Laws 700.3206
  • Development area: means that area described in section 5 to which a development plan is applicable. See Michigan Laws 700.3413
  • Development plan: means that information and those requirements for a development area set forth in section 21. See Michigan Laws 700.3206
  • Development plan: means that information and those requirements for a development area set forth in section 19. See Michigan Laws 700.3413
  • Development program: means the implementation of the development plan. See Michigan Laws 700.3206
  • Development program: means the implementation of the development plan. See Michigan Laws 700.3413
  • Director: means the director of the office of criminal justice. See Michigan Laws 324.61521
  • Director: means the director of the department or his or her designee. See Michigan Laws 700.2505
  • Distributee: means a person that receives a decedent's property from the decedent's personal representative or trust property from the trustee other than as a creditor or purchaser. See Michigan Laws 700.1103
  • district: means the territory of a next Michigan development corporation. See Michigan Laws 700.3616
  • Eligible urban entity: means a city with a population of 100,000 or more and is the largest city within a metropolitan statistical area as defined by the United States office of management and budget. See Michigan Laws 700.3616
  • Environmental law: means a federal, state, or local law, rule, regulation, or ordinance that relates to the protection of the environment or human health. See Michigan Laws 700.1104
  • Equitable: Pertaining to civil suits in "equity" rather than in "law." In English legal history, the courts of "law" could order the payment of damages and could afford no other remedy. See damages. A separate court of "equity" could order someone to do something or to cease to do something. See, e.g., injunction. In American jurisprudence, the federal courts have both legal and equitable power, but the distinction is still an important one. For example, a trial by jury is normally available in "law" cases but not in "equity" cases. Source: U.S. Courts
  • Escrow: Money given to a third party to be held for payment until certain conditions are met.
  • Estate: includes the property of the decedent, trust, or other person whose affairs are subject to this act as the property is originally constituted and as it exists throughout administration. See Michigan Laws 700.1104
  • Evaluation: means a food safety audit, inspection, or food safety and sanitation assessment, whether announced or unannounced, that identifies violations or verifies compliance with this act and determines the degree of active control by food establishment operators over foodborne illness risk factors. See Michigan Laws 700.2505
  • Evidence: Information presented in testimony or in documents that is used to persuade the fact finder (judge or jury) to decide the case for one side or the other.
  • Exempt property: means property of a decedent's estate that is described in section 2404. See Michigan Laws 700.1104
  • Extenders: means food substances used as an ingredient in comminuted meats primarily for replacement of meat ingredients. See Michigan Laws 700.3404
  • Family allowance: means the allowance prescribed in section 2403. See Michigan Laws 700.1104
  • Fat: means the quantity of adipose tissue determined by chemical analysis. See Michigan Laws 700.3404
  • Federal act: means the federal food, drug, and cosmetic act, chapter 675, 52 Stat. See Michigan Laws 700.2505
  • Felony: A crime carrying a penalty of more than a year in prison.
  • Fiduciary: includes , but is not limited to, a personal representative, funeral representative, guardian, conservator, trustee, plenary guardian, partial guardian, and successor fiduciary. See Michigan Laws 700.1104
  • Field: means an underground reservoir or reservoirs containing oil or gas, or both. See Michigan Laws 324.61501
  • File number: means the number assigned to an initial financing statement pursuant to section 9519(1). See Michigan Laws 440.9102
  • Filing office: means an office designated in section 9501 as the place to file a financing statement. See Michigan Laws 440.9102
  • Financial institution: means an organization authorized to do business under state or federal laws relating to a financial institution and includes, but is not limited to, a bank, trust company, savings bank, building and loan association, savings and loan company or association, credit union, insurance company, and entity that offers mutual fund, securities brokerage, money market, or retail investment accounts. See Michigan Laws 700.1104
  • Financing statement: means a record or records composed of an initial financing statement and any filed record relating to the initial financing statement. See Michigan Laws 440.9102
  • Fiscal year: means the fiscal year of the authority. See Michigan Laws 700.3206
  • Fiscal year: means the fiscal year of the authority. See Michigan Laws 700.3413
  • Fiscal year: The fiscal year is the accounting period for the government. For the federal government, this begins on October 1 and ends on September 30. The fiscal year is designated by the calendar year in which it ends; for example, fiscal year 2006 begins on October 1, 2005 and ends on September 30, 2006.
  • Fixture filing: means the filing of a financing statement covering goods that are or are to become fixtures and satisfying section 9502(1) and (2). See Michigan Laws 440.9102
  • Fixtures: means goods that have become so related to particular real property that an interest in them arises under real property law. See Michigan Laws 440.9102
  • Food: means articles used for food or drink for humans or other animals, chewing gum, and articles used for components of any such article. See Michigan Laws 700.2505
  • Food code: means "Food Code, 2009 Recommendations of the United States Public Health Service Food and Drug Administration" which regulates the design, construction, management, and operation of certain food establishments. See Michigan Laws 700.2505
  • Food establishment: means an operation where food is processed, packed, canned, preserved, frozen, fabricated, stored, prepared, served, vended, sold, or offered for sale. See Michigan Laws 700.2505
  • Food processor: means a food establishment that processes, manufactures, wholesales, packages, labels, or stores food. See Michigan Laws 700.2505
  • Food service establishment: means a fixed or mobile restaurant, coffee shop, cafeteria, short order cafe, luncheonette, grill, tearoom, sandwich shop, soda fountain, tavern, bar, cocktail lounge, nightclub, drive-in, industrial feeding establishment, private organization serving the public, rental hall, catering kitchen, delicatessen, theater, commissary, food concession, or similar place in which food or drink is prepared for direct consumption through service on the premises or elsewhere, and any other eating or drinking establishment or operation where food is served or provided for the public. See Michigan Laws 700.2505
  • Food warehouse: means a food establishment that stores or distributes food for wholesale. See Michigan Laws 700.2505
  • Foreclosure: A legal process in which property that is collateral or security for a loan may be sold to help repay the loan when the loan is in default. Source: OCC
  • Forgery: The fraudulent signing or alteration of another's name to an instrument such as a deed, mortgage, or check. The intent of the forgery is to deceive or defraud. Source: OCC
  • Formal proceedings: means proceedings conducted before a judge with notice to interested persons. See Michigan Laws 700.1104
  • Fraud: Intentional deception resulting in injury to another.
  • Freedom of Information Act: A federal law that mandates that all the records created and kept by federal agencies in the executive branch of government must be open for public inspection and copying. The only exceptions are those records that fall into one of nine exempted categories listed in the statute. Source: OCC
  • Fund: means the oil and gas regulatory fund created in section 61525b. See Michigan Laws 324.61501
  • Funeral establishment: means that term as defined in section 1801 of the occupational code, 1980 PA 299, MCL 339. See Michigan Laws 700.1104
  • Funeral representative: means an individual designated to have the right and power to make decisions about funeral arrangements and the handling, disposition, or disinterment of a decedent's body, including, but not limited to, decisions about cremation, and the right to possess cremated remains of the decedent as provided in section 3206. See Michigan Laws 700.1104
  • Funeral representative designation: means a written document executed and with the effect as described in sections 3206 to 3206b. See Michigan Laws 700.1104
  • Gas: means a mixture of hydrocarbons and varying quantities of nonhydrocarbons in a gaseous state which may or may not be associated with oil, and includes those liquids resulting from condensation. See Michigan Laws 324.61501
  • General personal representative: means a personal representative other than a special personal representative. See Michigan Laws 700.1104
  • Gift: A voluntary transfer or conveyance of property without consideration, or for less than full and adequate consideration based on fair market value.
  • Good faith: except as otherwise provided in article 5, means honesty in fact and the observance of reasonable commercial standards of fair dealing. See Michigan Laws 440.1201
  • Goods: means all things that are movable when a security interest attaches. See Michigan Laws 440.9102
  • governing body of a municipality: means the elected body of a municipality having legislative powers or, for a joint authority created under section 4(2), the elected body of each municipality having legislative powers that is a member of the joint authority. See Michigan Laws 700.3206
  • governing body of a municipality: means the elected body of a municipality having legislative powers. See Michigan Laws 700.3413
  • Gross estate: The total fair market value of all property and property interests, real and personal, tangible and intangible, of which a decedent had beneficial ownership at the time of death before subtractions for deductions, debts, administrative expenses, and casualty losses suffered during estate administration.
  • Guarantor: A party who agrees to be responsible for the payment of another party's debts should that party default. Source: OCC
  • Guardian: means a person who has qualified as a guardian of a minor or a legally incapacitated individual under a parental or spousal nomination or a court appointment and includes a limited guardian as described in sections 5205, 5206, and 5306. See Michigan Laws 700.1104
  • Guide for the control of molluscan shellfish: means section II, model ordinance, national shellfish sanitation program guide for the control of molluscan shellfish, 2009, recommendations of the U. See Michigan Laws 700.2506
  • Hazardous substance: means a substance defined as hazardous or toxic or otherwise regulated by an environmental law. See Michigan Laws 700.1104
  • Heir: means , except as controlled by section 2720, a person, including the surviving spouse or the state, that is entitled under the statutes of intestate succession to a decedent's property. See Michigan Laws 700.1104
  • Homestead allowance: means the allowance prescribed in section 2402. See Michigan Laws 700.1104
  • Housing: means publicly owned housing, individual or multifamily. See Michigan Laws 700.3413
  • Illegal oil or gas: means oil or gas that has been produced by an owner or producer in violation of this part, a rule promulgated under this part, or an order of the supervisor issued under this part. See Michigan Laws 324.61501
  • Imminent or substantial hazard: means a condition at a food establishment that the director determines requires immediate action to prevent endangering the health of people. See Michigan Laws 700.2506
  • in writing: shall be construed to include printing, engraving, and lithographing; except that if the written signature of a person is required by law, the signature shall be the proper handwriting of the person or, if the person is unable to write, the person's proper mark, which may be, unless otherwise expressly prohibited by law, a clear and classifiable fingerprint of the person made with ink or another substance. See Michigan Laws 324.51502
  • Informal proceedings: means proceedings for probate of a will or appointment of a personal representative conducted by the probate register without notice to interested persons. See Michigan Laws 700.1105
  • Initial assessed value: means the assessed value, as equalized, of all the taxable property within the boundaries of the development area at the time the resolution establishing or amending the tax increment financing plan is approved, as shown by the most recent assessment roll of the municipality for which equalization has been completed at the time the resolution is adopted. See Michigan Laws 700.3206
  • Initial assessed value: means the assessed value of all the taxable property within the boundaries of the development area at the time the ordinance establishing the tax increment financing plan is approved, as shown by the most recent assessment roll of the municipality at the time the resolution is adopted. See Michigan Laws 700.3413
  • Inspection: means the checking or testing of observable practices against standards established in or adopted by this act, accompanied by a report of findings. See Michigan Laws 700.2506
  • Intestate: Dying without leaving a will.
  • Issue: means an individual's descendant. See Michigan Laws 700.1105
  • Juice: means the aqueous liquid expressed or extracted from 1 or more fruits or vegetables, purees of the edible portions of 1 or more fruits or vegetables, or any concentrates of such liquid or puree. See Michigan Laws 700.2506
  • Jurisdiction: (1) The legal authority of a court to hear and decide a case. Concurrent jurisdiction exists when two courts have simultaneous responsibility for the same case. (2) The geographic area over which the court has authority to decide cases.
  • Label: means a display of written, printed, or graphic matter on the immediate container of any article and includes a requirement imposed under this act that any word, statement, or other information appearing on the display also appear on the outside container or wrapper of the retail package of the article or be easily legible through the outside container or wrapper. See Michigan Laws 700.2506
  • Lamb: means meat derived from sheep less than 1 year of age. See Michigan Laws 700.3404
  • Land use plan: means a plan prepared under former 1921 PA 207, former 1943 PA 184, or a site plan under the Michigan zoning enabling act, 2006 PA 110, MCL 125. See Michigan Laws 700.3206
  • Land use plan: means a plan prepared under former 1921 PA 207 or a site plan under the Michigan zoning enabling act, 2006 PA 110, MCL 125. See Michigan Laws 700.3413
  • Lease: includes , but is not limited to, an oil, gas, or other mineral lease. See Michigan Laws 700.1105
  • Lease: A contract transferring the use of property or occupancy of land, space, structures, or equipment in consideration of a payment (e.g., rent). Source: OCC
  • Letters: includes , but is not limited to, letters testamentary, letters of guardianship, letters of administration, and letters of conservatorship. See Michigan Laws 700.1105
  • Liabilities: The aggregate of all debts and other legal obligations of a particular person or legal entity.
  • License holder: means the person who is legally responsible for the operation of a food establishment including the owner, the owner's agent, or other person operating under apparent authority of the owner and who possesses a valid license to operate a food establishment. See Michigan Laws 700.2506
  • Lien: A claim against real or personal property in satisfaction of a debt.
  • Litigation: A case, controversy, or lawsuit. Participants (plaintiffs and defendants) in lawsuits are called litigants.
  • Local governmental unit: means a county, city, village, township, or charter township. See Michigan Laws 700.3616
  • Local health department: means that term as defined in section 1105 of the public health code, MCL 333. See Michigan Laws 700.2506
  • Majority leader: see Floor Leaders
  • Marital deduction: The deduction(s) that can be taken in the determination of gift and estate tax liabilities because of the existence of a marriage or marital relationship.
  • Meat: means the edible part of clean, sound striated muscle of cattle, swine, sheep, deer and other cervids, goat, turkey, duck, ratite, or chicken slaughtered in compliance with all applicable laws, with or without the accompanying and overlying fat, and sinew, nerve, gland, and blood vessels which normally accompany the muscle tissues and which are not separated from it in the process of dressing. See Michigan Laws 700.3404
  • Michigan prudent investor rule: means the fiduciary investment and management rule prescribed by part 5 of this article. See Michigan Laws 700.1106
  • Michigan strategic fund: means the Michigan strategic fund as described in the Michigan strategic fund act, 1984 PA 270, MCL 125. See Michigan Laws 700.3616
  • Minor: means an individual who is less than 18 years of age. See Michigan Laws 700.1106
  • Minority leader: See Floor Leaders
  • Misdemeanor: Usually a petty offense, a less serious crime than a felony, punishable by less than a year of confinement.
  • Mobile food establishment: means a food establishment operating from a vehicle, including a watercraft, that returns to a mobile food establishment commissary for servicing and maintenance at least once every 24 hours. See Michigan Laws 700.2506
  • Money: means legal tender or a note, draft, certificate of deposit, stock, bond, check, or credit card. See Michigan Laws 700.1106
  • month: means a calendar month; the word "year" a calendar year; and the word "year" alone shall be equivalent to the words "year of our Lord". See Michigan Laws 324.30501
  • Mortgage: The written agreement pledging property to a creditor as collateral for a loan.
  • Mortgage: means a conveyance, agreement, or arrangement in which property is encumbered or used as security. See Michigan Laws 700.1106
  • Mortgage: means a consensual interest in real property, including fixtures, which secures payment or performance of an obligation. See Michigan Laws 440.9102
  • Municipality: means 1 of the following:

    (i) A city. See Michigan Laws 700.3206

  • Municipality: means a city or a village. See Michigan Laws 700.3413
  • Municipality: means a city, village, township, or county. See Michigan Laws 700.3806
  • New debtor: means a person that becomes bound as debtor under section 9203(4) by a security agreement previously entered into by another person. See Michigan Laws 440.9102
  • Next Michigan development corporation: means an eligible act 7 entity or eligible urban entity that meets the requirements of section 4 and has been so designated by the board of the Michigan strategic fund. See Michigan Laws 700.3616
  • Nonperishable food: means food that is not perishable food. See Michigan Laws 700.2506
  • oath: shall be construed to include the word "affirmation" in all cases where by law an affirmation may be substituted for an oath; and in like cases the word "sworn" shall be construed to include the word "affirmed". See Michigan Laws 324.30502
  • Obligation: An order placed, contract awarded, service received, or similar transaction during a given period that will require payments during the same or a future period.
  • Office: means the office of criminal justice created in section 3. See Michigan Laws 324.61521
  • Officer: means a commissioned officer and a warrant officer, unless a distinction between commissioned officer and warrant officer is clearly evident. See
  • Oil: means natural crude oil or petroleum and other hydrocarbons, regardless of gravity, that are produced at the well in liquid form by ordinary production methods and that are not the result of condensation of gas after it leaves the underground reservoir. See Michigan Laws 324.61501
  • Organization: means a person other than an individual. See Michigan Laws 440.1201
  • Oversight: Committee review of the activities of a Federal agency or program.
  • Owner: means the person who has the right to drill a well into a pool, to produce from a pool, and to receive and distribute the value of the production from the pool for himself or herself either individually or in combination with others. See Michigan Laws 324.61501
  • Parcel: means an identifiable unit of land that is treated as separate for valuation or zoning purposes. See Michigan Laws 700.3206a
  • Parcel: means an identifiable unit of land that is treated as separate for valuation or zoning purposes. See Michigan Laws 700.3414
  • Parent: includes , but is not limited to, an individual entitled to take, or who would be entitled to take, as a parent under this act by intestate succession from a child who dies without a will and whose relationship is in question. See Michigan Laws 700.1106
  • Partnership: A voluntary contract between two or more persons to pool some or all of their assets into a business, with the agreement that there will be a proportional sharing of profits and losses.
  • Patient advocate: means an individual designated to exercise powers concerning another individual's care, custody, and medical or mental health treatment or authorized to make an anatomical gift on behalf of another individual, or both, as provided in section 5506. See Michigan Laws 700.1106
  • Patient advocate designation: means the written document executed and with the effect as described in sections 5506 to 5515. See Michigan Laws 700.1106
  • Payment intangible: means a general intangible under which the account debtor's principal obligation is a monetary obligation. See Michigan Laws 440.9102
  • Perishable food: means any food that the manufacturer, packer, or retailer, in conjunction with the department, determines to have a significant risk of spoilage, loss of value, or loss of palatability within 90 days of the date of packaging. See Michigan Laws 700.2506
  • Person: means an individual, sole proprietorship, partnership, corporation, association, or other legal entity. See Michigan Laws 700.2506
  • person: may extend and be applied to bodies politic and corporate, as well as to individuals. See Michigan Laws 324.30503
  • Person: means an individual or an organization. See Michigan Laws 700.1106
  • Person: means an individual, partnership, corporation, association, governmental entity, or other legal entity. See Michigan Laws 324.80208
  • person interested in an estate: includes , but is not limited to, the incumbent fiduciary; an heir, devisee, child, spouse, creditor, and beneficiary and any other person that has a property right in or claim against a trust estate or the estate of a decedent, ward, or protected individual; a person that has priority for appointment as personal representative; and a fiduciary representing an interested person. See Michigan Laws 700.1105
  • Personal property: All property that is not real property.
  • Personal representative: includes , but is not limited to, an executor, administrator, successor personal representative, and special personal representative, and any other person, other than a trustee of a trust subject to article VII, who performs substantially the same function under the law governing that person's status. See Michigan Laws 700.1106
  • Petition: means a written request to the court for an order after notice. See Michigan Laws 700.1106
  • Plan: means a comprehensive adult or juvenile justice plan developed under federal or state law requirements. See Michigan Laws 324.61521
  • Pleadings: Written statements of the parties in a civil case of their positions. In the federal courts, the principal pleadings are the complaint and the answer.
  • Probate: Proving a will
  • Proceeding: includes an application and a petition, and may be an action at law or a suit in equity. See Michigan Laws 700.1106
  • Product: means any commodity or thing made or manufactured from oil or gas, and all derivatives of oil or gas, including refined crude oil, crude tops, topped crude, processed crude petroleum, residue treated crude oil, residuum, gas oil, naphtha, distillate, gasoline, casing-head gasoline, natural gas gasoline, kerosene, benzine, wash oil, waste oil, lubricating oil, and blends or mixtures of oil or gas or any derivatives of oil or gas whether enumerated or not. See Michigan Laws 324.61501
  • Promissory note: means an instrument that evidences a promise to pay a monetary obligation, does not evidence an order to pay, and does not contain an acknowledgment by a bank that the bank has received for deposit a sum of money or funds. See Michigan Laws 440.9102
  • Property: means anything that may be the subject of ownership, and includes both real and personal property or an interest in real or personal property. See Michigan Laws 700.1106
  • Prosecute: To charge someone with a crime. A prosecutor tries a criminal case on behalf of the government.
  • Public facility: means a street, plaza, pedestrian mall, and any improvements to a street, plaza, or pedestrian mall including street furniture and beautification, sidewalk, trail, lighting, traffic flow modification, park, parking facility, recreational facility, right-of-way, structure, waterway, bridge, lake, pond, canal, utility line or pipe, transit-oriented development, transit-oriented facility, or building, including access routes, that are either designed and dedicated to use by the public generally or used by a public agency, or that are located in a qualified development area and are for the benefit of or for the protection of the health, welfare, or safety of the public generally, whether or not used by 1 or more business entities, provided that any road, street, or bridge shall be continuously open to public access and that other property shall be located in public easements or rights-of-way and designed to accommodate foreseeable development of public facilities in adjoining areas. See Michigan Laws 700.3206a
  • Public facility: means housing, a street, plaza, pedestrian mall, and any improvements to a street, plaza, or pedestrian mall including street furniture and beautification, park, parking facility, recreational facility, right-of-way, structure, waterway, bridge, lake, pond, canal, utility line or pipe, or building, including access routes designed and dedicated to use by the public generally, or used by a public agency. See Michigan Laws 700.3414
  • Public law: A public bill or joint resolution that has passed both chambers and been enacted into law. Public laws have general applicability nationwide.
  • Public organic record: means a record that is available to the public for inspection and is any of the following:

    (i) A record consisting of the record initially filed with or issued by a state or the United States to form or organize an organization and any record filed with or issued by the state or the United States which amends or restates the initial record. See Michigan Laws 440.9102

  • Purchaser: means a person that takes by purchase. See Michigan Laws 440.1201
  • Qualified development area: means a development area that meets 1 of the following:

    (i) All of the following:

    (A) Is located within a city with a population of 700,000 or more. See Michigan Laws 700.3206a

  • Quorum: The number of legislators that must be present to do business.
  • Real property: Land, and all immovable fixtures erected on, growing on, or affixed to the land.
  • Record: means information that is inscribed on a tangible medium or that is stored in an electronic or other medium and is retrievable in perceivable form. See Michigan Laws 440.1201
  • record owner: means information that is inscribed on a tangible medium or which is stored in an electronic or other medium and is retrievable in perceivable form. See Michigan Laws 440.9102
  • Registered organization: means an organization organized solely under the law of a single state or the United States by the filing of a public organic record with, the issuance of a public organic record by, or the enactment of legislation by the state or the United States. See Michigan Laws 440.9102
  • Regulatory authority: means the department, the local health department, or the authorized representative having jurisdiction over the food establishment. See Michigan Laws 700.2507
  • Representative: means a person empowered to act for another, including an agent, an officer of a corporation or association, and a trustee, executor, or administrator of an estate. See Michigan Laws 440.1201
  • Residential district: means an area of a municipality where 75% or more of the area is zoned for residential housing. See Michigan Laws 700.3414
  • Retail food establishment: means an operation that sells or offers to sell food directly to a consumer. See Michigan Laws 700.2507
  • Rule: means a rule promulgated pursuant to the administrative procedures act of 1969, 1969 PA 306, MCL 24. See Michigan Laws 324.80208
  • Rules: means administrative rules promulgated under this act pursuant to the administrative procedures act of 1969, 1969 PA 306, MCL 24. See Michigan Laws 700.2507
  • seal: shall be construed to include any of the following:

    (a) The impression of the seal on the paper alone. See Michigan Laws 324.30505

  • Secured party: means 1 or more of the following:

    (i) A person in whose favor a security interest is created or provided for under a security agreement, whether or not any obligation to be secured is outstanding. See Michigan Laws 440.9102

  • Security: includes , but is not limited to, a note, stock, treasury stock, bond, debenture, evidence of indebtedness, certificate of interest or participation in an oil, gas, or mining title or lease or in payments out of production under such a title or lease, collateral trust certificate, transferable share, voting trust certificate, or interest in a regulated investment company or other entity generally referred to as a mutual fund or, in general, an interest or instrument commonly known as a security, or a certificate of interest or participation for, a temporary or interim certificate, receipt, or certificate of deposit for, or any warrant or right to subscribe to or purchase any of the items listed in this subdivision. See Michigan Laws 700.1107
  • Security agreement: means an agreement that creates or provides for a security interest. See Michigan Laws 440.9102
  • Security interest: means an interest in personal property or fixtures which secures payment or performance of an obligation. See Michigan Laws 440.1201
  • Settlement: means , in reference to a decedent's estate, the full process of administration, distribution, and closing. See Michigan Laws 700.1107
  • shall not apply: means that the pertinent provision is not operative as to certain persons or things or in conjunction with a particular date or dates. See Michigan Laws 324.51510
  • Shellfish: means all species of any of the following:

    (i) Oyster, clams, or mussels whether shucked or in the shell, raw, including postharvest processed, frozen or unfrozen, or whole or in parts. See Michigan Laws 700.3404

  • Skeletal meat: means the meat that is attached to a part of the skeleton, including head and cheek meat. See Michigan Laws 700.3404
  • Smoked fish rules: means R 285. See Michigan Laws 700.2507
  • Special personal representative: means a personal representative as described by sections 3614 to 3618. See Michigan Laws 700.1107
  • Special transitory food unit: means a temporary food establishment that is licensed to operate throughout the state without the 14-day limits or a mobile food establishment that is not required to return to a commissary. See Michigan Laws 700.2507
  • Specific local tax: means a tax levied under 1974 PA 198, MCL 207. See Michigan Laws 700.3206a
  • Specific local tax: means a tax levied under 1974 PA 198, MCL 207. See Michigan Laws 700.3414
  • state: when applied to the different parts of the United States, shall be construed to extend to and include the District of Columbia and the several territories belonging to the United States; and the words "United States" shall be construed to include the district and territories. See Michigan Laws 324.51501
  • State: means a state of the United States, the District of Columbia, the Commonwealth of Puerto Rico, or a territory or insular possession subject to the jurisdiction of the United States. See Michigan Laws 700.1107
  • State: means a state of the United States, the District of Columbia, Puerto Rico, the United States Virgin Islands, or any territory or insular possession subject to the jurisdiction of the United States. See Michigan Laws 440.9102
  • Statute: A law passed by a legislature.
  • Statute of limitations: A law that sets the time within which parties must take action to enforce their rights.
  • Successor: means a person, other than a creditor, who is entitled to property of a decedent under the decedent's will or this act. See Michigan Laws 700.1107
  • Successor personal representative: means a personal representative, other than a special personal representative, who is appointed to succeed a previously appointed personal representative. See Michigan Laws 700.1107
  • Sulfiting agents: means any of the following:

    (i) Sulfur dioxide. See Michigan Laws 700.2507

  • Supervised administration: means the proceedings described in part 5 of article III. See Michigan Laws 700.1107
  • supervisor of wells: means the department. See Michigan Laws 324.61501
  • Survive: means that an individual neither predeceases an event, including the death of another individual, nor is considered to predecease an event under section 2104 or 2702. See Michigan Laws 700.1107
  • Tax increment revenues: means the amount of ad valorem property taxes and specific local taxes attributable to the application of the levy of all taxing jurisdictions upon the captured assessed value of real and personal property in the development area. See Michigan Laws 700.3206a
  • Tax increment revenues: means the amount of ad valorem property taxes and specific local taxes attributable to the application of the levy of all taxing jurisdictions upon the captured assessed value of real and personal property in the development area. See Michigan Laws 700.3414
  • Temporary food establishment: means a food establishment that operates at a fixed location for a temporary period not to exceed 14 consecutive days. See Michigan Laws 700.2507
  • Testacy proceeding: means a proceeding to establish a will or determine intestacy. See Michigan Laws 700.1107
  • Testate: To die leaving a will.
  • Testator: A male person who leaves a will at death.
  • Testator: includes an individual of either gender. See Michigan Laws 700.1107
  • Testify: Answer questions in court.
  • Testimony: Evidence presented orally by witnesses during trials or before grand juries.
  • Tort: A civil wrong or breach of a duty to another person, as outlined by law. A very common tort is negligent operation of a motor vehicle that results in property damage and personal injury in an automobile accident.
  • Trial: A hearing that takes place when the defendant pleads "not guilty" and witnesses are required to come to court to give evidence.
  • Trust: includes , but is not limited to, an express trust, private or charitable, with additions to the trust, wherever and however created. See Michigan Laws 700.1107
  • Trustee: A person or institution holding and administering property in trust.
  • Trustee: includes an original, additional, or successor trustee, whether or not appointed or confirmed by the court. See Michigan Laws 700.1107
  • United States: shall be construed to include the district and territories. See Michigan Laws 324.51501
  • Veal: means meat derived from a calf not more than 1 year of age. See Michigan Laws 700.3404
  • Venue: The geographical location in which a case is tried.
  • Veto: The procedure established under the Constitution by which the President/Governor refuses to approve a bill or joint resolution and thus prevents its enactment into law. A regular veto occurs when the President/Governor returns the legislation to the house in which it originated. The President/Governor usually returns a vetoed bill with a message indicating his reasons for rejecting the measure. In Congress, the veto can be overridden only by a two-thirds vote in both the Senate and the House.
  • Ward: means an individual for whom a guardian is appointed. See Michigan Laws 700.1108
  • Wholesale: means selling other than directly to consumers. See Michigan Laws 700.2507
  • Wild game: means animals from their natural state and not cultivated, domesticated, or tamed. See Michigan Laws 700.2507