§ 18.401 Definitions
§ 18.402 Commission on criminal justice; appointment, qualifications, and terms of members; cessation of membership; vacancy; removal; chairperson and vice-chairperson; frequency of meetings; conducting busine
§ 18.403 Office of criminal justice; creation; management functions; director; contractual agreements; duties of office
§ 18.405 Committee on juvenile justice; appointment, qualifications, and terms of members; chairperson; vacancy; quorum; duties of committee; conducting business at public meeting; notice; availability of writ
§ 18.406 Act inapplicable after March 30, 1987
§ 18.407 Effective date

Terms Used In Michigan Laws > Chapter 18 > Act 541 of 1978

  • Active service: means service, including active state service and special duty required by law, regulation, or pursuant to order of the governor. See Michigan Laws 32.505
  • Advice and consent: Under the Constitution, presidential nominations for executive and judicial posts take effect only when confirmed by the Senate, and international treaties become effective only when the Senate approves them by a two-thirds vote.
  • Affidavit: A written statement of facts confirmed by the oath of the party making it, before a notary or officer having authority to administer oaths.
  • Appropriation: The provision of funds, through an annual appropriations act or a permanent law, for federal agencies to make payments out of the Treasury for specified purposes. The formal federal spending process consists of two sequential steps: authorization
  • As-extracted collateral: means 1 or more of the following:

    (i) Oil, gas, or other minerals that are subject to a security interest that is created by a debtor having an interest in the minerals before extraction and attaches to the minerals as extracted. See Michigan Laws 440.9102

  • Assets: (1) The property comprising the estate of a deceased person, or (2) the property in a trust account.
  • Attachment: A procedure by which a person's property is seized to pay judgments levied by the court.
  • Bank: means an organization that is engaged in the business of banking. See Michigan Laws 440.9102
  • Bulk milk pickup tanker: means a vehicle including a truck, tank, and those appurtenances necessary for its use used by a bulk milk hauler/sampler to transport bulk raw milk for pasteurization from a dairy farm to a dairy plant, receiving station, or transfer station. See Michigan Laws 288.571
  • Butter: means the product usually known as butter that is made exclusively from wholesome milk or cream, or both, with or without common salt, and with or without additional coloring matter and containing not less than 80% by weight of milk fat. See Michigan Laws 288.571
  • Cheese: means natural cheeses, processed cheeses, blended cheeses, cheese foods, cheese spreads, nonstandard cheese products, and related foods described in 21 CFR part 133. See Michigan Laws 288.571
  • Civil infraction: means an act or omission that is prohibited by a law and is not a crime under that law or that is prohibited by an ordinance and is not a crime under that ordinance, and for which civil sanctions may be ordered. See Michigan Laws 600.113
  • Collateral: means the property subject to a security interest or agricultural lien. See Michigan Laws 440.9102
  • Commission: means the state commission on criminal justice created in section 2. See Michigan Laws 18.401
  • Consumer: means an individual who enters into a transaction primarily for personal, family, or household purposes. See Michigan Laws 440.1201
  • Continuation statement: means an amendment of a financing statement which identifies, by its file number, the initial financing statement to which it relates and indicates that it is a continuation statement for, or that it is filed to continue the effectiveness of, the identified financing statement. See Michigan Laws 440.9102
  • Contract: A legal written agreement that becomes binding when signed.
  • Corporation: A legal entity owned by the holders of shares of stock that have been issued, and that can own, receive, and transfer property, and carry on business in its own name.
  • Cream: means any of the following:

    (i) Light cream containing not less than 18% but not more than 30% milkfat. See Michigan Laws 288.571

  • Dairy animal: means any domesticated lactating mammal, including a cow, goat, sheep, water buffalo, or other hooved mammal, which is managed and milked to obtain milk for human consumption. See Michigan Laws 288.572
  • Dairy farm: means any place or premises where 1 or more dairy animals are kept for milking purposes, and from which a part or all of the milk is provided, sold, or offered for sale. See Michigan Laws 288.572
  • Debtor: means 1 of the following:

    (i) A person having an interest, other than a security interest or other lien, in the collateral, whether or not the person is an obligor. See Michigan Laws 440.9102

  • Decedent: A deceased person.
  • Department: means the Michigan department of agriculture. See Michigan Laws 288.572
  • Department: means the department of environmental quality. See Michigan Laws 324.61501
  • Deposit account: means a demand, time, savings, passbook, or similar account maintained with a bank. See Michigan Laws 440.9102
  • Director: means the director of the Michigan department of agriculture or his or her designee. See Michigan Laws 288.572
  • Director: means the director of the office of criminal justice. See Michigan Laws 18.401
  • Distributor: means a person other than a producer or processor who offers for sale, holds for sale, or sells at wholesale milk or dairy products. See Michigan Laws 288.572
  • district: means the territory of a next Michigan development corporation. See Michigan Laws 125.2953
  • Dry milk product: means a product resulting from the drying of milk or a dairy product. See Michigan Laws 288.572
  • Dryer: means equipment that dries milk or a dairy product. See Michigan Laws 288.572
  • Eligible urban entity: means a city with a population of 100,000 or more and is the largest city within a metropolitan statistical area as defined by the United States office of management and budget. See Michigan Laws 125.2953
  • Evidence: Information presented in testimony or in documents that is used to persuade the fact finder (judge or jury) to decide the case for one side or the other.
  • Farm tank: means the farm bulk milk tank, milk tank truck, or silo used for the storage or cooling of milk, or both, before pickup and transport from the farm. See Michigan Laws 288.573
  • Felony: A crime carrying a penalty of more than a year in prison.
  • Field: means an underground reservoir or reservoirs containing oil or gas, or both. See Michigan Laws 324.61501
  • File number: means the number assigned to an initial financing statement pursuant to section 9519(1). See Michigan Laws 440.9102
  • Financing statement: means a record or records composed of an initial financing statement and any filed record relating to the initial financing statement. See Michigan Laws 440.9102
  • Fiscal year: The fiscal year is the accounting period for the government. For the federal government, this begins on October 1 and ends on September 30. The fiscal year is designated by the calendar year in which it ends; for example, fiscal year 2006 begins on October 1, 2005 and ends on September 30, 2006.
  • Fixture filing: means the filing of a financing statement covering goods that are or are to become fixtures and satisfying section 9502(1) and (2). See Michigan Laws 440.9102
  • Fixtures: means goods that have become so related to particular real property that an interest in them arises under real property law. See Michigan Laws 440.9102
  • Freedom of Information Act: A federal law that mandates that all the records created and kept by federal agencies in the executive branch of government must be open for public inspection and copying. The only exceptions are those records that fall into one of nine exempted categories listed in the statute. Source: OCC
  • Freezer: means mechanical equipment used to lower the temperature of a mix while, at the same time, incorporating air into the mix. See Michigan Laws 288.573
  • Frozen desserts: means desserts made from dairy products described in 21 CFR part 135, the mixes, and other similar frozen dairy products that include, but are not limited to, frozen yogurt, soft serve ice cream, and quiescently frozen confections unless otherwise specified by the department. See Michigan Laws 288.573
  • Fund: means the oil and gas regulatory fund created in section 61525b. See Michigan Laws 324.61501
  • Fund: means the orphan well fund created in section 61602. See Michigan Laws 324.61601
  • Gas: means a mixture of hydrocarbons and varying quantities of nonhydrocarbons in a gaseous state which may or may not be associated with oil, and includes those liquids resulting from condensation. See Michigan Laws 324.61501
  • Good faith: except as otherwise provided in article 5, means honesty in fact and the observance of reasonable commercial standards of fair dealing. See Michigan Laws 440.1201
  • Goods: means all things that are movable when a security interest attaches. See Michigan Laws 440.9102
  • in writing: shall be construed to include printing, engraving, and lithographing; except that if the written signature of a person is required by law, the signature shall be the proper handwriting of the person or, if the person is unable to write, the person's proper mark, which may be, unless otherwise expressly prohibited by law, a clear and classifiable fingerprint of the person made with ink or another substance. See Michigan Laws 8.3q
  • Jurisdiction: (1) The legal authority of a court to hear and decide a case. Concurrent jurisdiction exists when two courts have simultaneous responsibility for the same case. (2) The geographic area over which the court has authority to decide cases.
  • Juror: A person who is on the jury.
  • Label: means a display of written, printed, or graphic matter upon the immediate container of any article conforming to a requirement imposed under this act that any word, statement, or other information appearing on the label also appears on the outside container or wrapper of the retail package of the article or be easily legible through the outside container or wrapper. See Michigan Laws 288.573
  • Local governmental unit: means a county, city, village, township, or charter township. See Michigan Laws 125.2953
  • Majority leader: see Floor Leaders
  • Michigan national guard: means the army national guard and the air national guard. See Michigan Laws 32.505
  • Michigan strategic fund: means the Michigan strategic fund as described in the Michigan strategic fund act, 1984 PA 270, MCL 125. See Michigan Laws 125.2953
  • Military: means a reference to all components of the state military establishment. See Michigan Laws 32.505
  • Milk: means the lacteal secretion, practically free from colostrum, obtained by the complete milking of 1 or more healthy cows, goats, sheep, or other dairy animals. See Michigan Laws 288.574
  • Milk buyer: means any milk producer, milk producer marketing organization, dairy plant, receiving station, transfer station, or bulk milk hauler that either takes delivery of raw milk or a raw milk product or manages the sale of the raw milk or raw milk product, or both. See Michigan Laws 288.574
  • milk plant: means any place, premises, or establishment where milk or dairy products are collected, handled, processed, stored, pasteurized, aseptically processed, packaged, or prepared for distribution. See Michigan Laws 288.572
  • milk product: means products that include, but are not limited to, evaporated milk, condensed skim milk, condensed milk, condensed buttermilk, condensed milk solids, concentrate milk, nonfat dry milk, dry milk, dry cream, dry whey, dry buttermilk, butter, buttermilk, cheese, cheese products, ice cream, sherbet, frozen desserts, dairy confections, or novelties, related dairy products with butter fat or milk solids substitutions, filtered milk components, infant formula manufactured with dairy ingredients, whey, whey cream, and other products for human consumption not regulated under the grade A milk law of 2001 or as determined appropriate by the director. See Michigan Laws 288.572
  • Milk tank truck: means both a bulk milk pickup tanker and a milk transport tank. See Michigan Laws 288.574
  • Milk transportation company: means the company that is the person responsible for a milk tank truck. See Michigan Laws 288.574
  • Minority leader: See Floor Leaders
  • Misdemeanor: Usually a petty offense, a less serious crime than a felony, punishable by less than a year of confinement.
  • Mix: means ice cream mix, yogurt mix, sherbet mix, and any other unfrozen pasteurized liquid mixture which is to be manufactured into a frozen dessert including a liquid mixture intended for processing into quiescently frozen confections. See Michigan Laws 288.575
  • month: means a calendar month; the word "year" a calendar year; and the word "year" alone shall be equivalent to the words "year of our Lord". See Michigan Laws 8.3j
  • Mortgage: means a consensual interest in real property, including fixtures, which secures payment or performance of an obligation. See Michigan Laws 440.9102
  • Office: means the office of criminal justice created in section 3. See Michigan Laws 18.401
  • Officer: means a commissioned officer and a warrant officer, unless a distinction between commissioned officer and warrant officer is clearly evident. See Michigan Laws 32.505
  • Oil: means natural crude oil or petroleum and other hydrocarbons, regardless of gravity, that are produced at the well in liquid form by ordinary production methods and that are not the result of condensation of gas after it leaves the underground reservoir. See Michigan Laws 324.61501
  • Oil or gas well: means a well drilled pursuant to part 615, or its predecessor acts, or a well drilled prior to the effective dates of part 615 or its predecessor acts as determined by the supervisor, for oil or gas exploration or development or storage, or associated production or disposal activities. See Michigan Laws 324.61601
  • Operator: means the person authorized by contract or agreement by the owner to drill, operate, maintain, or plug a well. See Michigan Laws 324.61601
  • Organization: means a person other than an individual. See Michigan Laws 440.1201
  • Oversight: Committee review of the activities of a Federal agency or program.
  • Owner: means the person who has the right to drill a well into a pool, to produce from a pool, and to receive and distribute the value of the production from the pool for himself or herself either individually or in combination with others. See Michigan Laws 324.61501
  • Owner: means the person who has the right to drill a well into a pool, to produce from a pool, and to receive and distribute the value of the production from the pool for himself or herself either individually or in combination with others. See Michigan Laws 324.61601
  • Person: means an individual, corporation, business trust, estate, trust, partnership, limited liability company, association, joint venture, government, governmental subdivision, agency, or instrumentality, public corporation, or any other legal or commercial entity. See Michigan Laws 440.1201
  • Person: means an individual, partnership, company, limited liability company, cooperative, association, firm, trustee, educational institution, state or local government unit, or corporation. See Michigan Laws 288.576
  • person: may extend and be applied to bodies politic and corporate, as well as to individuals. See Michigan Laws 8.3l
  • Person: means an individual, partnership, corporation, association, governmental entity, or other legal entity. See Michigan Laws 324.301
  • Plan: means a comprehensive adult or juvenile justice plan developed under federal or state law requirements. See Michigan Laws 18.401
  • Probate: Proving a will
  • Probation: A sentencing alternative to imprisonment in which the court releases convicted defendants under supervision as long as certain conditions are observed.
  • Processor: means the owner or operator of a dairy plant. See Michigan Laws 288.576
  • Producer: means a person who owns or operates a dairy farm and sells or distributes milk produced on that farm including a person who markets milk on behalf of a producer pursuant to a marketing agreement. See Michigan Laws 288.576
  • Public organic record: means a record that is available to the public for inspection and is any of the following:

    (i) A record consisting of the record initially filed with or issued by a state or the United States to form or organize an organization and any record filed with or issued by the state or the United States which amends or restates the initial record. See Michigan Laws 440.9102

  • Purchaser: means a person that takes by purchase. See Michigan Laws 440.1201
  • Quorum: The number of legislators that must be present to do business.
  • Real property: Land, and all immovable fixtures erected on, growing on, or affixed to the land.
  • Receiving station: means any place, premise, or establishment where raw milk is received, collected, handled, stored, or cooled and is prepared for further transporting. See Michigan Laws 288.576
  • Record: means information that is inscribed on a tangible medium or that is stored in an electronic or other medium and is retrievable in perceivable form. See Michigan Laws 440.1201
  • record owner: means information that is inscribed on a tangible medium or which is stored in an electronic or other medium and is retrievable in perceivable form. See Michigan Laws 440.9102
  • Registered organization: means an organization organized solely under the law of a single state or the United States by the filing of a public organic record with, the issuance of a public organic record by, or the enactment of legislation by the state or the United States. See Michigan Laws 440.9102
  • Representative: means a person empowered to act for another, including an agent, an officer of a corporation or association, and a trustee, executor, or administrator of an estate. See Michigan Laws 440.1201
  • Retail: means selling or offering for sale dairy products directly to a consumer. See Michigan Laws 288.576
  • Right: includes remedy. See Michigan Laws 440.1201
  • Sanitary standards: means the dairy equipment construction standards or accepted dairy system operating practices formulated by 1 of the following:

    (i) 3-A sanitary standards committees representing the international association for food protection, the United States public health service, the United States department of agriculture, and the dairy industry committee. See Michigan Laws 288.577

  • Sanitizing: means the application of any effective method or sanitizing agent in compliance with the federal act to a clean surface for the destruction of pathogens and other organisms as far as is practicable. See Michigan Laws 288.577
  • Scheduled process: means the aseptic process selected by the processor as adequate under the conditions of manufacture for a given product to be free of viable microorganisms having a public health significance as well as microorganisms of nonhealth significance capable of reproducing in the food under normal nonrefrigerated conditions. See Michigan Laws 288.577
  • seal: shall be construed to include any of the following:

    (a) The impression of the seal on the paper alone. See Michigan Laws 8.3n

  • Secured party: means 1 or more of the following:

    (i) A person in whose favor a security interest is created or provided for under a security agreement, whether or not any obligation to be secured is outstanding. See Michigan Laws 440.9102

  • Security agreement: means an agreement that creates or provides for a security interest. See Michigan Laws 440.9102
  • Security interest: means an interest in personal property or fixtures which secures payment or performance of an obligation. See Michigan Laws 440.1201
  • Seminudity: means a state of dress in which the genitals, pubic area, buttocks, anus, anal cleft, or nipple and areola of the female breast are less than completely and opaquely covered. See Michigan Laws 125.2831
  • Sexually oriented business: includes , but is not limited to, an adult bookstore, adult video store, adult cabaret, adult motion picture theater, sexual device shop, or sexual encounter center or an establishment that regularly features live performances characterized by the exposure of a specified anatomical area or by a specified sexual activity or in which persons appear in a state of nudity or seminudity in the performance of their duties. See Michigan Laws 125.2831
  • shall not apply: means that the pertinent provision is not operative as to certain persons or things or in conjunction with a particular date or dates. See Michigan Laws 8.4c
  • Special duty: means military service in support of the full-time operation of the state military establishment for a period of not less than 1 day if ordered by competent authority. See Michigan Laws 32.505
  • Specified anatomical area: means less than completely and opaquely covered human genitals, pubic area, buttocks, anus, anal cleft, or female breasts below a point immediately above the top of the areola; or human male genitals in a discernibly turgid state, even if covered. See Michigan Laws 125.2831
  • Specified sexual activity: means the fondling or other erotic touching of covered or uncovered human genitals, pubic area, buttocks, anus, anal cleft, or female breast. See Michigan Laws 125.2831
  • Standard methods: means the sixteenth edition of "Standard Methods for the Examination of Dairy Products" published by the American public health association, dated 1992, incorporated by reference. See Michigan Laws 288.577
  • State: means a state of the United States, the District of Columbia, Puerto Rico, the United States Virgin Islands, or any territory or insular possession subject to the jurisdiction of the United States. See Michigan Laws 440.9102
  • state: when applied to the different parts of the United States, shall be construed to extend to and include the District of Columbia and the several territories belonging to the United States; and the words "United States" shall be construed to include the district and territories. See Michigan Laws 8.3o
  • Statute: A law passed by a legislature.
  • Supervisor: means the supervisor of wells as provided by part 615 or his or her designee. See Michigan Laws 324.61601
  • supervisor of wells: means the department. See Michigan Laws 324.61501
  • Testator: A male person who leaves a will at death.
  • Transfer station: means any place, premises, or establishment where milk or dairy products are transferred directly from 1 milk tank truck to another. See Michigan Laws 288.577
  • Trial: A hearing that takes place when the defendant pleads "not guilty" and witnesses are required to come to court to give evidence.
  • United States: shall be construed to include the district and territories. See Michigan Laws 8.3o