§ 835 Definitions
§ 836 Division of Criminal Justice Services; Commissioner, Organization and Employees
§ 837 Functions, Powers and Duties of Division
§ 837-A Additional Functions, Powers and Duties of the Division
§ 837-B Duties of Courts and Peace Officers
§ 837-C Processing Requests Submitted by Police Departments
§ 837-D Soft Body Ballistic Armor Vests for Police Officers
§ 837-E Statewide Central Register for Missing Children
§ 837-F Missing and Exploited Children Clearinghouse
§ 837-F-1 Missing Vulnerable Adults Clearinghouse
§ 837-F-2 Missing Adults
§ 837-G Livery Vehicle Safety Training Program Establishment
§ 837-H Livery Vehicle Safety Program; Standards; Eligibility; Reports
§ 837-I Uniform Parking Ticket
§ 837-J Parking Violations Enforcement and Disposition Program
§ 837-K Safe House for Children
§ 837-L Capital Prosecution Extraordinary Assistance Program
§ 837-M Reporting Duties of Law Enforcement Departments With Respect to Missing Children and Vulnerable Adults
§ 837-M*2 Criminal History Records Search for Certain Employment, Appointments, Licenses or Permits in the City of New York
§ 837-N Criminal History Information of Caregivers; Requirements
§ 837-O Search for Arson and Sex Offense Conviction Records of Volunteer Firefighter Applicants
§ 837-P Criminal History Records Search for Certain Licenses and Registrations in the County of Westchester
§ 837-Q Payments to Westchester County for Policing Special Parkways
§ 837-R Office of Sex Offender Management
§ 837-S Search for Sex Offense Conviction Records of Emergency Medical Technician and Other First Responder Applicants
§ 837-T Use of Force Reporting
§ 837-U The Division of Criminal Justice Services, in Conjunction With the Chief Administrator of the Courts, Shall Collect Data and Report Annually Regarding Pretrial Release and Detention
§ 837-V Report of Discharge of Weapon
§ 837-V*2 Reporting Duties of Law Enforcement Departments With Respect to Arrest-Related Deaths
§ 837-W Reporting On Firearms, Rifles and Shotguns Used in the Commission of a Crime
§ 838 Identification of Unknown Dead and Missing Persons
§ 838-A Maintenance of Sexual Offense Evidence Kits
§ 838-B Victim’s Right to Notice
§ 839 Municipal Police Training Council
§ 840 Functions, Powers and Duties of Council
§ 841 Functions, Powers and Duties of the Commissioner With Respect to the Council
§ 841-A Security Guard Advisory Council
§ 841-B Functions, Powers and Duties of Council
§ 841-C Functions, Powers and Duties of the Commissioner With Respect to the Council
§ 841-D Saving Clause
§ 842 Council Rules and Regulations Promulgated by Governor
§ 843 Division Homepage On the Internet
§ 844-B New York State Committee for the Coordination of Police Services to Elderly Persons
§ 845 Central State Registry of Police Officers and Peace Officers
§ 845-A Presentment of Flags Lowered to Half-Staff in Memorial of the Death of Any Police Officer or Peace Officer
§ 845-B Requests for Criminal History Information
§ 845-C Criminal History Record Searches; Undisposed Cases
§ 845-D Criminal Record Searches: Reports for Civil Purposes
§ 846 Programs for the Aging
§ 846*2 Programs for the Aging

Terms Used In New York Laws > Executive > Article 35 - Division of Criminal Justice Services

  • Acquittal:
    1. Judgement that a criminal defendant has not been proved guilty beyond a reasonable doubt.
    2. A verdict of "not guilty."
  • Affirmed: In the practice of the appellate courts, the decree or order is declared valid and will stand as rendered in the lower court.
  • Allegation: something that someone says happened.
  • Amendment: A proposal to alter the text of a pending bill or other measure by striking out some of it, by inserting new language, or both. Before an amendment becomes part of the measure, thelegislature must agree to it.
  • Answer: The formal written statement by a defendant responding to a civil complaint and setting forth the grounds for defense.
  • Appropriation: The provision of funds, through an annual appropriations act or a permanent law, for federal agencies to make payments out of the Treasury for specified purposes. The formal federal spending process consists of two sequential steps: authorization
  • Assets: (1) The property comprising the estate of a deceased person, or (2) the property in a trust account.
  • Attachment: A procedure by which a person's property is seized to pay judgments levied by the court.
  • Bail: Security given for the release of a criminal defendant or witness from legal custody (usually in the form of money) to secure his/her appearance on the day and time appointed.
  • Bankruptcy: Refers to statutes and judicial proceedings involving persons or businesses that cannot pay their debts and seek the assistance of the court in getting a fresh start. Under the protection of the bankruptcy court, debtors may discharge their debts, perhaps by paying a portion of each debt. Bankruptcy judges preside over these proceedings.
  • Bequest: Property gifted by will.
  • Complaint: A written statement by the plaintiff stating the wrongs allegedly committed by the defendant.
  • Contemplation of death: The expectation of death that provides the primary motive to make a gift.
  • Continuance: Putting off of a hearing ot trial until a later time.
  • Contract: A legal written agreement that becomes binding when signed.
  • Damages: Money paid by defendants to successful plaintiffs in civil cases to compensate the plaintiffs for their injuries.
  • Decedent: A deceased person.
  • Deed: The legal instrument used to transfer title in real property from one person to another.
  • Devise: To gift property by will.
  • Dismissal: The dropping of a case by the judge without further consideration or hearing. Source:
  • Docket: A log containing brief entries of court proceedings.
  • Entitlement: A Federal program or provision of law that requires payments to any person or unit of government that meets the eligibility criteria established by law. Entitlements constitute a binding obligation on the part of the Federal Government, and eligible recipients have legal recourse if the obligation is not fulfilled. Social Security and veterans' compensation and pensions are examples of entitlement programs.
  • Fiscal year: The fiscal year is the accounting period for the government. For the federal government, this begins on October 1 and ends on September 30. The fiscal year is designated by the calendar year in which it ends; for example, fiscal year 2006 begins on October 1, 2005 and ends on September 30, 2006.
  • Forbearance: A means of handling a delinquent loan. A
  • Fraud: Intentional deception resulting in injury to another.
  • Gift: A voluntary transfer or conveyance of property without consideration, or for less than full and adequate consideration based on fair market value.
  • Guardian: A person legally empowered and charged with the duty of taking care of and managing the property of another person who because of age, intellect, or health, is incapable of managing his (her) own affairs.
  • Indictment: The formal charge issued by a grand jury stating that there is enough evidence that the defendant committed the crime to justify having a trial; it is used primarily for felonies.
  • Injunction: An order of the court prohibiting (or compelling) the performance of a specific act to prevent irreparable damage or injury.
  • Jurisdiction: (1) The legal authority of a court to hear and decide a case. Concurrent jurisdiction exists when two courts have simultaneous responsibility for the same case. (2) The geographic area over which the court has authority to decide cases.
  • Lease: A contract transferring the use of property or occupancy of land, space, structures, or equipment in consideration of a payment (e.g., rent). Source: OCC
  • Liabilities: The aggregate of all debts and other legal obligations of a particular person or legal entity.
  • Lien: A claim against real or personal property in satisfaction of a debt.
  • Litigation: A case, controversy, or lawsuit. Participants (plaintiffs and defendants) in lawsuits are called litigants.
  • Minority leader: See Floor Leaders
  • Misdemeanor: Usually a petty offense, a less serious crime than a felony, punishable by less than a year of confinement.
  • Obligation: An order placed, contract awarded, service received, or similar transaction during a given period that will require payments during the same or a future period.
  • Oversight: Committee review of the activities of a Federal agency or program.
  • Partnership: A voluntary contract between two or more persons to pool some or all of their assets into a business, with the agreement that there will be a proportional sharing of profits and losses.
  • Personal property: All property that is not real property.
  • Plea: In a criminal case, the defendant's statement pleading "guilty" or "not guilty" in answer to the charges, a declaration made in open court.
  • Power of attorney: A written instrument which authorizes one person to act as another's agent or attorney. The power of attorney may be for a definite, specific act, or it may be general in nature. The terms of the written power of attorney may specify when it will expire. If not, the power of attorney usually expires when the person granting it dies. Source: OCC
  • Pro se: A Latin term meaning "on one's own behalf"; in courts, it refers to persons who present their own cases without lawyers.
  • Probation: A sentencing alternative to imprisonment in which the court releases convicted defendants under supervision as long as certain conditions are observed.
  • Quorum: The number of legislators that must be present to do business.
  • Real property: Land, and all immovable fixtures erected on, growing on, or affixed to the land.
  • Remainder: An interest in property that takes effect in the future at a specified time or after the occurrence of some event, such as the death of a life tenant.
  • Settlement: Parties to a lawsuit resolve their difference without having a trial. Settlements often involve the payment of compensation by one party in satisfaction of the other party's claims.
  • Subpoena: A command to a witness to appear and give testimony.
  • Summons: Another word for subpoena used by the criminal justice system.
  • Testimony: Evidence presented orally by witnesses during trials or before grand juries.
  • Tort: A civil wrong or breach of a duty to another person, as outlined by law. A very common tort is negligent operation of a motor vehicle that results in property damage and personal injury in an automobile accident.
  • Trustee: A person or institution holding and administering property in trust.
  • Venue: The geographical location in which a case is tried.
  • Veto: The procedure established under the Constitution by which the President/Governor refuses to approve a bill or joint resolution and thus prevents its enactment into law. A regular veto occurs when the President/Governor returns the legislation to the house in which it originated. The President/Governor usually returns a vetoed bill with a message indicating his reasons for rejecting the measure. In Congress, the veto can be overridden only by a two-thirds vote in both the Senate and the House.