§ 835 Definitions
§ 836 Division of Criminal Justice Services; Commissioner, Organization and Employees
§ 837 Functions, Powers and Duties of Division
§ 837-A Additional Functions, Powers and Duties of the Division
§ 837-B Duties of Courts and Peace Officers
§ 837-C Processing Requests Submitted by Police Departments
§ 837-D Soft Body Ballistic Armor Vests for Police Officers
§ 837-E Statewide Central Register for Missing Children
§ 837-F Missing and Exploited Children Clearinghouse
§ 837-F-1 Missing Vulnerable Adults Clearinghouse
§ 837-F-2 Missing Adults
§ 837-G Livery Vehicle Safety Training Program Establishment
§ 837-H Livery Vehicle Safety Program; Standards; Eligibility; Reports
§ 837-I Uniform Parking Ticket
§ 837-J Parking Violations Enforcement and Disposition Program
§ 837-K Safe House for Children
§ 837-L Capital Prosecution Extraordinary Assistance Program
§ 837-M Reporting Duties of Law Enforcement Departments With Respect to Missing Children and Vulnerable Adults
§ 837-M*2 Criminal History Records Search for Certain Employment, Appointments, Licenses or Permits in the City of New York
§ 837-N Criminal History Information of Caregivers; Requirements
§ 837-O Search for Arson and Sex Offense Conviction Records of Volunteer Firefighter Applicants
§ 837-P Criminal History Records Search for Certain Licenses and Registrations in the County of Westchester
§ 837-Q Payments to Westchester County for Policing Special Parkways
§ 837-R Office of Sex Offender Management
§ 837-S Search for Sex Offense Conviction Records of Emergency Medical Technician and Other First Responder Applicants
§ 838 Identification of Unknown Dead and Missing Persons
§ 838-A Maintenance of Sexual Offense Evidence Kits
§ 839 Municipal Police Training Council
§ 840 Functions, Powers and Duties of Council
§ 841 Functions, Powers and Duties of the Commissioner With Respect to the Council
§ 841-A Security Guard Advisory Council
§ 841-B Functions, Powers and Duties of Council
§ 841-C Functions, Powers and Duties of the Commissioner With Respect to the Council
§ 841-D Saving Clause
§ 842 Council Rules and Regulations Promulgated by Governor
§ 843 Division Homepage On the Internet
§ 844-B New York State Committee for the Coordination of Police Services to Elderly Persons
§ 845 Central State Registry of Police Officers and Peace Officers
§ 845-A Presentment of Flags Lowered to Half-Staff in Memorial of the Death of Any Police Officer or Peace Officer
§ 845-B Requests for Criminal History Information
§ 846 Programs for the Aging
§ 846*2 Programs for the Aging

Terms Used In New York Laws > Executive > Article 35

  • Acquittal:
    1. Judgement that a criminal defendant has not been proved guilty beyond a reasonable doubt.
    2. A verdict of "not guilty."
     
  • Advice and consent: Under the Constitution, presidential nominations for executive and judicial posts take effect only when confirmed by the Senate, and international treaties become effective only when the Senate approves them by a two-thirds vote.
  • Allegation: something that someone says happened.
  • Answer: The formal written statement by a defendant responding to a civil complaint and setting forth the grounds for defense.
  • Appeal: A request made after a trial, asking another court (usually the court of appeals) to decide whether the trial was conducted properly. To make such a request is "to appeal" or "to take an appeal." One who appeals is called the appellant.
  • Appraisal: A determination of property value.
  • Appropriation: The provision of funds, through an annual appropriations act or a permanent law, for federal agencies to make payments out of the Treasury for specified purposes. The formal federal spending process consists of two sequential steps: authorization
  • Arrest: Taking physical custody of a person by lawful authority.
  • Assets: (1) The property comprising the estate of a deceased person, or (2) the property in a trust account.
  • Bail: Security given for the release of a criminal defendant or witness from legal custody (usually in the form of money) to secure his/her appearance on the day and time appointed.
  • Bequest: Property gifted by will.
  • Complaint: A written statement by the plaintiff stating the wrongs allegedly committed by the defendant.
  • Contract: A legal written agreement that becomes binding when signed.
  • Conviction: A judgement of guilt against a criminal defendant.
  • Corporation: A legal entity owned by the holders of shares of stock that have been issued, and that can own, receive, and transfer property, and carry on business in its own name.
  • Damages: Money paid by defendants to successful plaintiffs in civil cases to compensate the plaintiffs for their injuries.
  • Decedent: A deceased person.
  • Deed: The legal instrument used to transfer title in real property from one person to another.
  • Defendant: In a civil suit, the person complained against; in a criminal case, the person accused of the crime.
  • Devise: To gift property by will.
  • Dismissal: The dropping of a case by the judge without further consideration or hearing. Source:
  • Equitable: Pertaining to civil suits in "equity" rather than in "law." In English legal history, the courts of "law" could order the payment of damages and could afford no other remedy. See damages. A separate court of "equity" could order someone to do something or to cease to do something. See, e.g., injunction. In American jurisprudence, the federal courts have both legal and equitable power, but the distinction is still an important one. For example, a trial by jury is normally available in "law" cases but not in "equity" cases. Source: U.S. Courts
  • Evidence: Information presented in testimony or in documents that is used to persuade the fact finder (judge or jury) to decide the case for one side or the other.
  • Ex officio: Literally, by virtue of one's office.
  • Fee simple: Absolute title to property with no limitations or restrictions regarding the person who may inherit it.
  • Felony: A crime carrying a penalty of more than a year in prison.
  • Fiscal year: The fiscal year is the accounting period for the government. For the federal government, this begins on October 1 and ends on September 30. The fiscal year is designated by the calendar year in which it ends; for example, fiscal year 2006 begins on October 1, 2005 and ends on September 30, 2006.
  • Forbearance: A means of handling a delinquent loan. A
  • Fraud: Intentional deception resulting in injury to another.
  • Gift: A voluntary transfer or conveyance of property without consideration, or for less than full and adequate consideration based on fair market value.
  • Guardian: A person legally empowered and charged with the duty of taking care of and managing the property of another person who because of age, intellect, or health, is incapable of managing his (her) own affairs.
  • Indictment: The formal charge issued by a grand jury stating that there is enough evidence that the defendant committed the crime to justify having a trial; it is used primarily for felonies.
  • Jurisdiction: (1) The legal authority of a court to hear and decide a case. Concurrent jurisdiction exists when two courts have simultaneous responsibility for the same case. (2) The geographic area over which the court has authority to decide cases.
  • Lease: A contract transferring the use of property or occupancy of land, space, structures, or equipment in consideration of a payment (e.g., rent). Source: OCC
  • Liabilities: The aggregate of all debts and other legal obligations of a particular person or legal entity.
  • Lien: A claim against real or personal property in satisfaction of a debt.
  • Litigation: A case, controversy, or lawsuit. Participants (plaintiffs and defendants) in lawsuits are called litigants.
  • Minority leader: See Floor Leaders
  • Misdemeanor: Usually a petty offense, a less serious crime than a felony, punishable by less than a year of confinement.
  • Mortgage: The written agreement pledging property to a creditor as collateral for a loan.
  • Obligation: An order placed, contract awarded, service received, or similar transaction during a given period that will require payments during the same or a future period.
  • Oversight: Committee review of the activities of a Federal agency or program.
  • Partnership: A voluntary contract between two or more persons to pool some or all of their assets into a business, with the agreement that there will be a proportional sharing of profits and losses.
  • Personal property: All property that is not real property.
  • Plea: In a criminal case, the defendant's statement pleading "guilty" or "not guilty" in answer to the charges, a declaration made in open court.
  • Precedent: A court decision in an earlier case with facts and law similar to a dispute currently before a court. Precedent will ordinarily govern the decision of a later similar case, unless a party can show that it was wrongly decided or that it differed in some significant way.
  • Probation: A sentencing alternative to imprisonment in which the court releases convicted defendants under supervision as long as certain conditions are observed.
  • Quorum: The number of legislators that must be present to do business.
  • Real property: Land, and all immovable fixtures erected on, growing on, or affixed to the land.
  • Remainder: An interest in property that takes effect in the future at a specified time or after the occurrence of some event, such as the death of a life tenant.
  • Settlement: Parties to a lawsuit resolve their difference without having a trial. Settlements often involve the payment of compensation by one party in satisfaction of the other party's claims.
  • Statute: A law passed by a legislature.
  • Summons: Another word for subpoena used by the criminal justice system.
  • Tort: A civil wrong or breach of a duty to another person, as outlined by law. A very common tort is negligent operation of a motor vehicle that results in property damage and personal injury in an automobile accident.
  • Trial: A hearing that takes place when the defendant pleads "not guilty" and witnesses are required to come to court to give evidence.
  • Trustee: A person or institution holding and administering property in trust.
  • Uniform Commercial Code: A set of statutes enacted by the various states to provide consistency among the states' commercial laws. It includes negotiable instruments, sales, stock transfers, trust and warehouse receipts, and bills of lading. Source: OCC