Terms Used In Michigan Laws > Chapter 252 > Act 106 of 1972
- abandoned sign: means a sign or sign structure subject to this act, the owner of which has failed to secure a permit, has failed to identify the sign or sign structure, or has failed to respond to notice. See Michigan Laws 252.302
- Adjacent area: means the area measured from the nearest edge of the right-of-way of an interstate highway, freeway, or primary highway and, in urbanized areas, extending 3,000 feet perpendicularly and then along a line parallel to the right-of-way line or, outside of urbanized areas, extending perpendicularly to the limit where a sign is visible and then along a line parallel to the right-of-way line. See Michigan Laws 252.302
- Affidavit: A written statement of facts confirmed by the oath of the party making it, before a notary or officer having authority to administer oaths.
- Allegation: something that someone says happened.
- Amendment: A proposal to alter the text of a pending bill or other measure by striking out some of it, by inserting new language, or both. Before an amendment becomes part of the measure, thelegislature must agree to it.
- Annual permit: means a permit for a billboard under this act. See Michigan Laws 252.302
- Appeal: A request made after a trial, asking another court (usually the court of appeals) to decide whether the trial was conducted properly. To make such a request is "to appeal" or "to take an appeal." One who appeals is called the appellant.
- Appraisal: A determination of property value.
- Appropriation: The provision of funds, through an annual appropriations act or a permanent law, for federal agencies to make payments out of the Treasury for specified purposes. The formal federal spending process consists of two sequential steps: authorization
- Arrest: Taking physical custody of a person by lawful authority.
- Assets: (1) The property comprising the estate of a deceased person, or (2) the property in a trust account.
- Bankruptcy: Refers to statutes and judicial proceedings involving persons or businesses that cannot pay their debts and seek the assistance of the court in getting a fresh start. Under the protection of the bankruptcy court, debtors may discharge their debts, perhaps by paying a portion of each debt. Bankruptcy judges preside over these proceedings.
- Billboard: means a sign separate from a premises erected for the purpose of advertising a product, event, person, or subject not related to the premises on which the sign is located. See Michigan Laws 252.302
- Business area: means an adjacent area that is zoned by a state, county, township, or municipal zoning authority for industrial or commercial purposes, customarily referred to as "b" or business, "c" or commercial, "i" or industrial, "m" or manufacturing, and "s" or service, and all other similar classifications and that is within a city, village, or charter township or is within 1 mile of the corporate limits of a city, village, or charter township or is beyond 1 mile of the corporate limits of a city, village, or charter township and contains 1 or more permanent structures devoted to the industrial or commercial purposes described in this subdivision and that extends along the highway a distance of 800 feet beyond each edge of the activity. See Michigan Laws 252.302
- Complaint: A written statement by the plaintiff stating the wrongs allegedly committed by the defendant.
- Contract: A legal written agreement that becomes binding when signed.
- Conviction: A judgement of guilt against a criminal defendant.
- Corporation: A legal entity owned by the holders of shares of stock that have been issued, and that can own, receive, and transfer property, and carry on business in its own name.
- Damages: Money paid by defendants to successful plaintiffs in civil cases to compensate the plaintiffs for their injuries.
- Deed: The legal instrument used to transfer title in real property from one person to another.
- Department: means the state transportation department. See Michigan Laws 252.302
- Destroyed sign: means a nonconforming sign that has been damaged by storm, fire, or other casualty that requires customary maintenance and repair in excess of 60% of the replacement cost of a new sign structure constructed of equivalent materials and equipment. See Michigan Laws 252.302
- Digital billboard: means a sign or sign structure that utilizes an electronic means to display a series of messages that are changed by electronic means. See Michigan Laws 252.302
- Digital billboard permit: means a permit for a digital billboard that is renewable on an annual basis. See Michigan Laws 252.302
- Directional sign: means a sign that contains only directional information regarding and the identification of 1 of the following:
(i) A public or private activity or attraction that is owned or operated by the federal or a state or local government or an agency of the federal or a state or local government. See Michigan Laws 252.302
Embedded electronic message device: means an accessory that is made part of a sign, sign face, or sign structure with a total area that is less than that of the sign face to which it is attached, and displays only static messages containing text or numbers that are directly associated with the current advertiser. See Michigan Laws 252.302 Erect: means to construct, build, raise, assemble, place, affix, attach, create, paint, draw, or in any other way bring into being or establish. See Michigan Laws 252.302 Escrow: Money given to a third party to be held for payment until certain conditions are met. Evidence: Information presented in testimony or in documents that is used to persuade the fact finder (judge or jury) to decide the case for one side or the other. Existing vegetation: means trees, bushes, and ground cover that the department intends to maintain and that are at least the same size as similar vegetation that the department would customarily install and maintain or allow to be installed and maintained as part of a roadside management plan, roadside management project, or landscaping project. See Michigan Laws 252.302 Fair market value: The price at which an asset would change hands in a transaction between a willing, informed buyer and a willing, informed seller. Felony: A crime carrying a penalty of more than a year in prison. Fiscal year: The fiscal year is the accounting period for the government. For the federal government, this begins on October 1 and ends on September 30. The fiscal year is designated by the calendar year in which it ends; for example, fiscal year 2006 begins on October 1, 2005 and ends on September 30, 2006. Freeway: means a divided highway of not less than 2 lanes in each direction to which owners or occupants of abutting property or the public do not have a right of ingress or egress to, from, or across the highway, except at points determined by or as otherwise provided by the authorities responsible for the freeway. See Michigan Laws 252.302 in writing: shall be construed to include printing, engraving, and lithographing; except that if the written signature of a person is required by law, the signature shall be the proper handwriting of the person or, if the person is unable to write, the person's proper mark, which may be, unless otherwise expressly prohibited by law, a clear and classifiable fingerprint of the person made with ink or another substance. See Michigan Laws 8.3q Index: means the Detroit consumer price index for all urban consumers published by the United States bureau of labor statistics or, if that index ceases to be published by the United States bureau of labor statistics, the published index that most closely measures inflation, as determined by the department. See Michigan Laws 252.302 Interim permit: means a permit that can be utilized by the applicant to construct a sign structure that is visible from a freeway, interstate, or primary highway. See Michigan Laws 252.302 Interstate highway: means a highway officially designated as a part of the national system of interstate and defense highways by the department and approved by the federal government under 23 USC 103. See Michigan Laws 252.302 Intestate: Dying without leaving a will. Jurisdiction: (1) The legal authority of a court to hear and decide a case. Concurrent jurisdiction exists when two courts have simultaneous responsibility for the same case. (2) The geographic area over which the court has authority to decide cases. Lease: A contract transferring the use of property or occupancy of land, space, structures, or equipment in consideration of a payment (e.g., rent). Source: OCC Liabilities: The aggregate of all debts and other legal obligations of a particular person or legal entity. Location: means a place where a sign structure subject to this act is located. See Michigan Laws 252.302 Main-traveled way: means the traveled way of a highway on which through traffic is carried. See Michigan Laws 252.302 Maintain: means to allow to exist and includes the periodic changing of advertising messages, and customary maintenance and repair of signs and sign structures. See Michigan Laws 252.302 Misdemeanor: Usually a petty offense, a less serious crime than a felony, punishable by less than a year of confinement. Nationally known: means an activity or attraction that is all of the following:
(i) An active part of a national advertising promotion. See Michigan Laws 252.302
Nonconforming sign: means a sign or sign structure, other than a nonstandard sign or a sign that is erected and maintained in a business area along a scenic byway prior to the designation as a scenic byway, that satisfies 1 of the following:
(i) Was legally erected before March 31, 1972 but could not be legally erected under the current provisions of this act. See Michigan Laws 252.302
Nonstandard sign: means a sign or sign structure other than a nonconforming sign, that is subject to this act, was legally erected before March 23, 1999, is not a nonconforming sign, and does not comply with the spacing requirements in section 17(1), but otherwise complies with this act. See Michigan Laws 252.302 On-premises sign: means a sign advertising activities conducted or maintained on the property on which it is located. See Michigan Laws 252.302 Partnership: A voluntary contract between two or more persons to pool some or all of their assets into a business, with the agreement that there will be a proportional sharing of profits and losses. Person: means any individual, partnership, private association, or corporation, state, county, city, village, township, charter township, or other public or municipal association or corporation. See Michigan Laws 252.302 person: may extend and be applied to bodies politic and corporate, as well as to individuals. See Michigan Laws 8.3l Personal property: All property that is not real property. Primary highway: means a highway other than an interstate highway or freeway that is a regulated route. See Michigan Laws 252.302 Real property: Land, and all immovable fixtures erected on, growing on, or affixed to the land. Regionally known: means an activity or attraction that is all of the following:
(i) Known throughout this state or the peninsula of this state in which the activity or attraction is located and in 1 or more states adjoining this state. See Michigan Laws 252.302
Regulated route: means an interstate highway, freeway, or primary highway required to be regulated under 23 USC 131 and any other route that is required to be regulated or may become required to be regulated by the department under this act or another state or federal statute or legal requirement. See Michigan Laws 252.302 Scenic byway: means a regulated route that is required to be regulated as a scenic byway under 23 USC 131. See Michigan Laws 252.302 Settlement: Parties to a lawsuit resolve their difference without having a trial. Settlements often involve the payment of compensation by one party in satisfaction of the other party's claims. shall not apply: means that the pertinent provision is not operative as to certain persons or things or in conjunction with a particular date or dates. See Michigan Laws 8.4c Sign: means any outdoor sign, display, device, figure, painting, drawing, message, placard, poster, billboard, or other thing, whether placed individually or on a T-type, V-type, back to back, or double-faced display, that is designed, intended, or used to advertise or inform. See Michigan Laws 252.302 Sign structure: means the assembled components that make up an outdoor advertising display, including, but not limited to, uprights, supports, facings, and trim. See Michigan Laws 252.302 state: when applied to the different parts of the United States, shall be construed to extend to and include the District of Columbia and the several territories belonging to the United States; and the words "United States" shall be construed to include the district and territories. See Michigan Laws 8.3o Statute: A law passed by a legislature. Temporary restraining order: Prohibits a person from an action that is likely to cause irreparable harm. This differs from an injunction in that it may be granted immediately, without notice to the opposing party, and without a hearing. It is intended to last only until a hearing can be held. Tobacco product: means any tobacco product sold to the general public and includes, but is not limited to, cigarettes, tobacco snuff, and chewing tobacco. See Michigan Laws 252.302 Trivision sign: means a sign or sign structure that uses mechanical means to display more than 1 message in sequence. See Michigan Laws 252.302 Trustee: A person or institution holding and administering property in trust. Uniform Commercial Code: A set of statutes enacted by the various states to provide consistency among the states' commercial laws. It includes negotiable instruments, sales, stock transfers, trust and warehouse receipts, and bills of lading. Source: OCC United States: shall be construed to include the district and territories. See Michigan Laws 8.3o Unzoned commercial or industrial area: means an area that is within an adjacent area, that is not zoned by state or local law, regulation, or ordinance, that contains 1 or more permanent structures devoted to the industrial or commercial purposes described in subdivision (e), and that extends along the highway a distance of 800 feet beyond each edge of the activity. See Michigan Laws 252.302 Venue: The geographical location in which a case is tried. Visible: means a sign that has a message that is capable of being seen by an individual of normal visual acuity when traveling in a motor vehicle. See Michigan Laws 252.302