Terms Used In Michigan Laws > Chapter 798 > Act 5 of 2017
- Agency: means both of the following:
(i) The department of corrections. See Michigan Laws 798.31
- Case plan: means an individualized accountability and behavior change strategy for supervised individuals that does all of the following:
(i) Targets and prioritizes the specific criminal risk factors of the offender. See Michigan Laws 798.31
- Community supervision: means the placement of an individual under supervision after release from prison or jail, with conditions imposed by the releasing authority for a specified period of time. See Michigan Laws 798.31
- Conviction: A judgement of guilt against a criminal defendant.
- Criminal risk factors: means characteristics and behaviors that when addressed or changed affect an individual's risk for committing crimes including antisocial attitudes, values, and beliefs, poor impulse control, criminal personality, substance abuse, criminal peers, dysfunctional family, or a lack of employment or education. See Michigan Laws 798.31
- Evidence-based practices: means supervision policies, procedures, programs, and practices that scientific research demonstrates reduce recidivism among individuals on probation, parole, or postrelease supervision. See Michigan Laws 798.31
- Felony: A crime carrying a penalty of more than a year in prison.
- Jurisdiction: (1) The legal authority of a court to hear and decide a case. Concurrent jurisdiction exists when two courts have simultaneous responsibility for the same case. (2) The geographic area over which the court has authority to decide cases.
- Misdemeanor: Usually a petty offense, a less serious crime than a felony, punishable by less than a year of confinement.
- Probation: A sentencing alternative to imprisonment in which the court releases convicted defendants under supervision as long as certain conditions are observed.
- Program: means an intervention, other than medical services, to which both of the following apply:
(i) It is intended to reduce recidivism by supervised individuals. See Michigan Laws 798.31
- Recidivism: means the rearrest, reconviction, or reincarceration in prison or jail for a felony or misdemeanor offense or a probation or parole violation, of an individual as measured first after 3 years and again after 5 years from the date of his or her release from incarceration, placement on probation, or conviction, whichever is later. See Michigan Laws 798.31
- Restitution: The court-ordered payment of money by the defendant to the victim for damages caused by the criminal action.
- state: when applied to the different parts of the United States, shall be construed to extend to and include the District of Columbia and the several territories belonging to the United States; and the words "United States" shall be construed to include the district and territories. See Michigan Laws 8.3o
- Supervised individual: means an individual placed on probation or serving a period of parole. See Michigan Laws 798.31
- Supervising agent: means an individual appointed or employed by the agency to supervise individuals placed on community supervision. See Michigan Laws 798.31
- United States: shall be construed to include the district and territories. See Michigan Laws 8.3o