Part 1 General Provisions § 44-1-101 – § 44-1-110
Part 2 Highway Patrol Chief § 44-1-201 – § 44-1-203
Part 3 Powers and Duties of Chief Relating to Patrol Officers § 44-1-301 – § 44-1-303
Part 4 Appointment of Patrol Officers § 44-1-401 – § 44-1-404
Part 5 Salaries and Expenses § 44-1-501 – § 44-1-518
Part 6 Probationary Status and Tenure § 44-1-601 – § 44-1-612
Part 7 Disciplinary Action — Preliminary Procedure § 44-1-701 – § 44-1-705
Part 8 Disciplinary Action — Hearing and Decision § 44-1-801 – § 44-1-808
Part 9 Disciplinary Action — Appeal to Court § 44-1-901 – § 44-1-910
Part 10 Jurisdiction of Patrol Officers § 44-1-1001 – § 44-1-1005
Part 11 Procedure for Arrests § 44-1-1101 – § 44-1-1103

Terms Used In Montana Code > Title 44 > Chapter 1

  • Appeal: A request made after a trial, asking another court (usually the court of appeals) to decide whether the trial was conducted properly. To make such a request is "to appeal" or "to take an appeal." One who appeals is called the appellant.
  • Appropriation: The provision of funds, through an annual appropriations act or a permanent law, for federal agencies to make payments out of the Treasury for specified purposes. The formal federal spending process consists of two sequential steps: authorization
  • Arrest: Taking physical custody of a person by lawful authority.
  • Bail: Security given for the release of a criminal defendant or witness from legal custody (usually in the form of money) to secure his/her appearance on the day and time appointed.
  • Complaint: A written statement by the plaintiff stating the wrongs allegedly committed by the defendant.
  • Corporation: A legal entity owned by the holders of shares of stock that have been issued, and that can own, receive, and transfer property, and carry on business in its own name.
  • Defendant: In a civil suit, the person complained against; in a criminal case, the person accused of the crime.
  • Evidence: Information presented in testimony or in documents that is used to persuade the fact finder (judge or jury) to decide the case for one side or the other.
  • Jurisdiction: (1) The legal authority of a court to hear and decide a case. Concurrent jurisdiction exists when two courts have simultaneous responsibility for the same case. (2) The geographic area over which the court has authority to decide cases.
  • Oath: includes an affirmation or declaration. See Montana Code 1-1-201
  • Peace officer: has the meaning as defined in 46-1-202. See Montana Code 1-1-207
  • Property: means real and personal property. See Montana Code 1-1-205
  • Real property: means lands, tenements, hereditaments, and possessory title to public lands. See Montana Code 1-1-205
  • State: when applied to the different parts of the United States, includes the District of Columbia and the territories. See Montana Code 1-1-201
  • Summons: Another word for subpoena used by the criminal justice system.
  • Testimony: Evidence presented orally by witnesses during trials or before grand juries.
  • United States: includes the District of Columbia and the territories. See Montana Code 1-1-201
  • Writing: includes printing. See Montana Code 1-1-203