Part 21 County Weed Control § 7-22-2101 – § 7-22-2154
Part 23 County Control of Insect Pests § 7-22-2301 – § 7-22-2306
Part 25 County Vertebrate Pest Management § 7-22-2501 – § 7-22-2513
Part 26 County Control of Invasive Species § 7-22-2601
Part 41 Municipal Weed Control § 7-22-4101

Terms Used In Montana Code > Title 7 > Chapter 22

  • Agency: means any board, bureau, commission, department, authority, or officer of the executive branch of state government authorized or required by law to make rules. See Montana Code 2-5-103
  • Appeal: A request made after a trial, asking another court (usually the court of appeals) to decide whether the trial was conducted properly. To make such a request is "to appeal" or "to take an appeal." One who appeals is called the appellant.
  • Appropriation: The provision of funds, through an annual appropriations act or a permanent law, for federal agencies to make payments out of the Treasury for specified purposes. The formal federal spending process consists of two sequential steps: authorization
  • Board: means a district weed board created under 7-22-2103. See Montana Code 7-22-2101
  • Commissioners: means the board of county commissioners. See Montana Code 7-22-2101
  • committee: means an advisory committee established under 2-5-106 and authorized under 2-4-304 to consider and discuss issues for the purpose of reaching a consensus in the development of a proposed rule. See Montana Code 2-5-103
  • Complaint: A written statement by the plaintiff stating the wrongs allegedly committed by the defendant.
  • Consensus: means unanimous concurrence among the interests represented on a negotiated rulemaking committee established under 2-5-106 unless the committee agrees upon another specified definition. See Montana Code 2-5-103
  • Contract: A legal written agreement that becomes binding when signed.
  • control: means the use of an integrated weed management program for the containment, suppression, and, where possible, eradication of noxious weeds. See Montana Code 7-22-2101
  • Conviction: A judgement of guilt against a criminal defendant.
  • Coordinator: means the person employed by the county to conduct the district noxious weed management program and supervise other district employees. See Montana Code 7-22-2101
  • Corporation: A legal entity owned by the holders of shares of stock that have been issued, and that can own, receive, and transfer property, and carry on business in its own name.
  • Damages: Money paid by defendants to successful plaintiffs in civil cases to compensate the plaintiffs for their injuries.
  • Department: means the department of agriculture provided for in 2-15-3001. See Montana Code 7-22-2101
  • Department: means the department of agriculture. See Montana Code 7-22-2501
  • District: means a weed management district organized under 7-22-2102. See Montana Code 7-22-2101
  • Evidence: Information presented in testimony or in documents that is used to persuade the fact finder (judge or jury) to decide the case for one side or the other.
  • Ex officio: Literally, by virtue of one's office.
  • Fiscal year: The fiscal year is the accounting period for the government. For the federal government, this begins on October 1 and ends on September 30. The fiscal year is designated by the calendar year in which it ends; for example, fiscal year 2006 begins on October 1, 2005 and ends on September 30, 2006.
  • Governing body: means the governing body specified by the form of government adopted by a county. See Montana Code 7-22-2501
  • Grantor: The person who establishes a trust and places property into it.
  • Injunction: An order of the court prohibiting (or compelling) the performance of a specific act to prevent irreparable damage or injury.
  • insect pest: as used in this part shall include grasshopper, cutworm, pale western cutworm, armyworm, chinch bug, and any other insect or arthropod generally recognized as a destroyer of grain, hay, range, and horticultural crops. See Montana Code 7-22-2302
  • Integrated weed management program: means a program designed for the long-term management and control of weeds using a combination of techniques, including hand-pulling, cultivation, use of herbicide, use of biological control, mechanical treatment, prescribed grazing, prescribed burning, education, prevention, and revegetation. See Montana Code 7-22-2101
  • Jurisdiction: (1) The legal authority of a court to hear and decide a case. Concurrent jurisdiction exists when two courts have simultaneous responsibility for the same case. (2) The geographic area over which the court has authority to decide cases.
  • Management of vertebrate pests: means the correct identification of a vertebrate pest; recognition of its biological and environmental needs; assessment of the pest's damage, injury, or nuisance to agriculture, industry, or the public prior to selecting and implementing any integrated or individual control methods to reduce, prevent, or suppress such damage, nuisance, or injury; and evaluating the effects of these control methods. See Montana Code 7-22-2501
  • Misdemeanor: Usually a petty offense, a less serious crime than a felony, punishable by less than a year of confinement.
  • Native plant: means a plant indigenous to the state of Montana. See Montana Code 7-22-2101
  • Negotiated rulemaking: means rulemaking through the use of a negotiated rulemaking committee. See Montana Code 2-5-103
  • Obligation: An order placed, contract awarded, service received, or similar transaction during a given period that will require payments during the same or a future period.
  • Oral argument: An opportunity for lawyers to summarize their position before the court and also to answer the judges' questions.
  • Partnership: A voluntary contract between two or more persons to pool some or all of their assets into a business, with the agreement that there will be a proportional sharing of profits and losses.
  • Person: includes a corporation or other entity as well as a natural person. See Montana Code 1-1-201
  • Person: means an individual, partnership, corporation, association, or state or local government agency or subdivision owning, occupying, or controlling any land, easement, or right-of-way, including any county, state, or federally owned and controlled highway, drainage or irrigation ditch, spoil bank, barrow pit, or right-of-way for a canal or lateral. See Montana Code 7-22-2101
  • Presiding officer: A majority-party Senator who presides over the Senate and is charged with maintaining order and decorum, recognizing Members to speak, and interpreting the Senate's rules, practices and precedents.
  • Process: means a writ or summons issued in the course of judicial proceedings. See Montana Code 1-1-202
  • Property: means real and personal property. See Montana Code 1-1-205
  • Quorum: The number of legislators that must be present to do business.
  • Real property: means lands, tenements, hereditaments, and possessory title to public lands. See Montana Code 1-1-205
  • Remand: When an appellate court sends a case back to a lower court for further proceedings.
  • State: when applied to the different parts of the United States, includes the District of Columbia and the territories. See Montana Code 1-1-201
  • Statute: A law passed by a legislature.
  • Tort: A civil wrong or breach of a duty to another person, as outlined by law. A very common tort is negligent operation of a motor vehicle that results in property damage and personal injury in an automobile accident.
  • Trial: A hearing that takes place when the defendant pleads "not guilty" and witnesses are required to come to court to give evidence.
  • United States: includes the District of Columbia and the territories. See Montana Code 1-1-201
  • Venue: The geographical location in which a case is tried.
  • Vertebrate pests: means jackrabbits, prairie dogs, ground squirrels, pocket gophers, rats, mice, skunks, raccoons, bats, and the following depredatory and nuisance birds: blackbirds, cowbirds, starlings, house sparrows, and feral pigeons, when such animals and birds are injurious to agriculture, other industries, or the public. See Montana Code 7-22-2501
  • weeds: means any exotic plant species established or that may be introduced in the state that may render land unfit for agriculture, forestry, livestock, wildlife, or other beneficial uses or that may harm native plant communities and that is designated:

    (i) as a statewide noxious weed by rule of the department; or

    (ii) as a district noxious weed by a board, following public notice of intent and a public hearing. See Montana Code 7-22-2101