§ 2 Supreme Sovereignty in the People
§ 3 Levying Taxes and Charges
§ 4 Right to Keep and Bear Arms
§ 5 Military Service by Citizens
§ 6 Exemption From Military Service
§ 7 Quartering Soldiers
§ 8 Right of Search and Seizure
§ 9 Freedom of Elections
§ 10 Justice to Be Administered Without Favor and Speedily
§ 11 Fines Must Be Reasonable and Imposed Only for Cause
§ 12 Rights of Persons Accused of Crime
§ 13 Right to Serve On Juries
§ 14 Jurors Not to Be Questioned for Verdicts
§ 15 Right of Appeal Not to Be Denied

Terms Used In New York Laws > Civil Rights > Article 2

  • Appeal: A request made after a trial, asking another court (usually the court of appeals) to decide whether the trial was conducted properly. To make such a request is "to appeal" or "to take an appeal." One who appeals is called the appellant.
  • Complaint: A written statement by the plaintiff stating the wrongs allegedly committed by the defendant.
  • Conviction: A judgement of guilt against a criminal defendant.
  • Docket: A log containing brief entries of court proceedings.
  • Indictment: The formal charge issued by a grand jury stating that there is enough evidence that the defendant committed the crime to justify having a trial; it is used primarily for felonies.
  • Juror: A person who is on the jury.
  • Lease: A contract transferring the use of property or occupancy of land, space, structures, or equipment in consideration of a payment (e.g., rent). Source: OCC
  • Lien: A claim against real or personal property in satisfaction of a debt.
  • Misdemeanor: Usually a petty offense, a less serious crime than a felony, punishable by less than a year of confinement.
  • Oath: A promise to tell the truth.
  • Rescission: The cancellation of budget authority previously provided by Congress. The Impoundment Control Act of 1974 specifies that the President may propose to Congress that funds be rescinded. If both Houses have not approved a rescission proposal (by passing legislation) within 45 days of continuous session, any funds being withheld must be made available for obligation.
  • Trial: A hearing that takes place when the defendant pleads "not guilty" and witnesses are required to come to court to give evidence.
  • Verdict: The decision of a petit jury or a judge.