Sections
Title 1 Natural and Man Made Beauty 49-0101 – 49-0111
Title 2 State Land Acquisition 49-0201 – 49-0215
Title 3 Conservation Easements 49-0301 – 49-0311
Title 5 State Geological Trail 49-0501 – 49-0505

Terms Used In New York Laws > Environmental Conservation > Article 49 - Protection of Natural and Man-Made Beauty

  • Affirmed: In the practice of the appellate courts, the decree or order is declared valid and will stand as rendered in the lower court.
  • Answer: The formal written statement by a defendant responding to a civil complaint and setting forth the grounds for defense.
  • Appellate: About appeals; an appellate court has the power to review the judgement of another lower court or tribunal.
  • Bequest: Property gifted by will.
  • Chambers: A judge's office.
  • Commissioner: shall mean the commissioner of consumer and worker protection. See N.Y. New York City Administrative Code 20-102
  • Commissioners: shall mean the state commissioner of environmental conservation and the state commissioner of parks, recreation and historic preservation. See N.Y. Environmental Conservation Law 49-0201
  • Complaint: A written statement by the plaintiff stating the wrongs allegedly committed by the defendant.
  • Conservation easement: means an easement, covenant, restriction or other interest in real property, created under and subject to the provisions of this title which limits or restricts development, management or use of such real property for the purpose of preserving or maintaining the scenic, open, historic, archaeological, architectural, or natural condition, character, significance or amenities of the real property in a manner consistent with the public policy and purpose set forth in section 49-0301 of this title, provided that no such easement shall be acquired or held by the state which is subject to the provisions of article fourteen of the constitution. See N.Y. Environmental Conservation Law 49-0303
  • Conviction: A judgement of guilt against a criminal defendant.
  • Counterclaim: A claim that a defendant makes against a plaintiff.
  • Department: shall mean the department of consumer and worker protection. See N.Y. New York City Administrative Code 20-102
  • Deposition: An oral statement made before an officer authorized by law to administer oaths. Such statements are often taken to examine potential witnesses, to obtain discovery, or to be used later in trial.
  • Design professional: means an individual licensed and registered pursuant to title eight of the education law to practice professional engineering, architecture, landscape architecture, geology or land surveying. See N.Y. Business Corporation Law 1501
  • Design professional service corporation: means a corporation organized under this article practicing professional engineering, architecture, landscape architecture, geology, or land surveying, or practicing any combination of such professions. See N.Y. Business Corporation Law 1501
  • Devise: To gift property by will.
  • Felony: A crime carrying a penalty of more than a year in prison.
  • Grantor: The person who establishes a trust and places property into it.
  • Habeas corpus: A writ that is usually used to bring a prisoner before the court to determine the legality of his imprisonment. It may also be used to bring a person in custody before the court to give testimony, or to be prosecuted.
  • Indictment: The formal charge issued by a grand jury stating that there is enough evidence that the defendant committed the crime to justify having a trial; it is used primarily for felonies.
  • Injunction: An order of the court prohibiting (or compelling) the performance of a specific act to prevent irreparable damage or injury.
  • licensing authority: means the regents of the university of the state of New York or the state education department, as the case may be, in the case of all professions licensed under title eight of the education law, and the appropriate appellate division of the supreme court in the case of the profession of law. See N.Y. Business Corporation Law 1501
  • Majority leader: see Floor Leaders
  • Mortgagee: The person to whom property is mortgaged and who has loaned the money.
  • Not-for-profit conservation organization: means a not-for-profit corporation organized inter alia for the conservation or preservation of real property and which has the power to acquire interests in real property. See N.Y. Environmental Conservation Law 49-0303
  • Office: shall mean the state office of parks, recreation and historic preservation. See N.Y. Environmental Conservation Law 49-0201
  • Organization: shall mean a business entity, including but not limited to a corporation, trust, estate, partnership, cooperative, association, firm, club or society. See N.Y. New York City Administrative Code 20-102
  • Person: shall mean a natural person or an organization. See N.Y. New York City Administrative Code 20-102
  • Plaintiff: The person who files the complaint in a civil lawsuit.
  • Pleadings: Written statements of the parties in a civil case of their positions. In the federal courts, the principal pleadings are the complaint and the answer.
  • Presiding officer: A majority-party Senator who presides over the Senate and is charged with maintaining order and decorum, recognizing Members to speak, and interpreting the Senate's rules, practices and precedents.
  • Probate: Proving a will
  • Professional service: means any type of service to the public which may be lawfully rendered by a member of a profession within the purview of his or her profession. See N.Y. Business Corporation Law 1501
  • Professional service corporation: means a corporation organized under this article. See N.Y. Business Corporation Law 1501
  • Prosecute: To charge someone with a crime. A prosecutor tries a criminal case on behalf of the government.
  • Public body: means the state or a municipal corporation as that term is defined in section two of the general municipal law or the United States of America acting by and through the department of the interior. See N.Y. Environmental Conservation Law 49-0303
  • Service of process: The service of writs or summonses to the appropriate party.
  • Summons: Another word for subpoena used by the criminal justice system.
  • Trade name: shall mean that name under which an organization or person solicits, engages in, conducts or transacts a business or activity. See N.Y. New York City Administrative Code 20-102
  • Transcript: A written, word-for-word record of what was said, either in a proceeding such as a trial or during some other conversation, as in a transcript of a hearing or oral deposition.
  • Writ: A formal written command, issued from the court, requiring the performance of a specific act.