Title 1 Levy; Warrant; Lien Date
Title 1-A Demonstration Program for the Imposition of Differential Tax Rates in the City of Amsterdam
Title 2 Priority and Parity of Tax Liens
Title 3 Collection of Taxes; Return of Collecting Officer
Title 3-A Real Property Tax Escrow Accounts
Title 4 Acceptance of Taxes From Certain Loan Corporations
Title 4-A Optional Method of Collection of Taxes
Title 5 Provisions of General Application; Miscellaneous

Terms Used In New York Laws > Real Property Tax > Article 9 - Levy and Collection of Taxes

  • Advice and consent: Under the Constitution, presidential nominations for executive and judicial posts take effect only when confirmed by the Senate, and international treaties become effective only when the Senate approves them by a two-thirds vote.
  • Affidavit: A written statement of facts confirmed by the oath of the party making it, before a notary or officer having authority to administer oaths.
  • Affirmed: In the practice of the appellate courts, the decree or order is declared valid and will stand as rendered in the lower court.
  • Amendment: A proposal to alter the text of a pending bill or other measure by striking out some of it, by inserting new language, or both. Before an amendment becomes part of the measure, thelegislature must agree to it.
  • Amortization: Paying off a loan by regular installments.
  • Annuity: A periodic (usually annual) payment of a fixed sum of money for either the life of the recipient or for a fixed number of years. A series of payments under a contract from an insurance company, a trust company, or an individual. Annuity payments are made at regular intervals over a period of more than one full year.
  • Appeal: A request made after a trial, asking another court (usually the court of appeals) to decide whether the trial was conducted properly. To make such a request is "to appeal" or "to take an appeal." One who appeals is called the appellant.
  • Appellate: About appeals; an appellate court has the power to review the judgement of another lower court or tribunal.
  • Appraisal: A determination of property value.
  • Appropriation: The provision of funds, through an annual appropriations act or a permanent law, for federal agencies to make payments out of the Treasury for specified purposes. The formal federal spending process consists of two sequential steps: authorization
  • Assets: (1) The property comprising the estate of a deceased person, or (2) the property in a trust account.
  • Attachment: A procedure by which a person's property is seized to pay judgments levied by the court.
  • Baseline: Projection of the receipts, outlays, and other budget amounts that would ensue in the future without any change in existing policy. Baseline projections are used to gauge the extent to which proposed legislation, if enacted into law, would alter current spending and revenue levels.
  • Beneficiary: A person who is entitled to receive the benefits or proceeds of a will, trust, insurance policy, retirement plan, annuity, or other contract. Source: OCC
  • Bequest: Property gifted by will.
  • Chambers: A judge's office.
  • charitable asset: shall mean assets representing five percent of the fair market value of the corporation seeking to convert into a corporation or other entity organized for pecuniary profit pursuant to paragraph two of this subsection; provided, however, that for the purposes of the conversion of a corporation or corporations after the effective date of the chapter of the laws of two thousand seven which amended this paragraph, "charitable asset" shall mean assets representing ten percent of the fair market value of the corporation or corporations. See N.Y. Insurance Law 4301
  • Client: means any person seeking or receiving the services of a rape crisis counselor for the purpose of securing counseling or assistance concerning any sex offense, sexual abuse, incest, or attempt to commit a sex offense, sexual abuse, or incest. See N.Y. Public Health Law 695-A
  • College: shall mean any institution of higher education, recognized and approved by the regents of the university of the state of New York, which provides a course of study leading to the granting of a post-secondary degree or diploma. See
  • Community support system: means a system of service providers in a community designed to meet the needs of a victim of a sex offense, sexual abuse or incest. See N.Y. Public Health Law 695-A
  • Complaint: A written statement by the plaintiff stating the wrongs allegedly committed by the defendant.
  • Continuance: Putting off of a hearing ot trial until a later time.
  • Contract: A legal written agreement that becomes binding when signed.
  • Conviction: A judgement of guilt against a criminal defendant.
  • Council: means the New York state council on graduate medical education. See N.Y. Public Health Law 901
  • Counseling: means individual communication and interaction which helps the client make choices and act upon those choices, provided to a client concerning any sex offense, sexual abuse, incest, or attempt to commit a sex offense, sexual abuse, or incest. See N.Y. Public Health Law 695-A
  • Counterclaim: A claim that a defendant makes against a plaintiff.
  • Damages: Money paid by defendants to successful plaintiffs in civil cases to compensate the plaintiffs for their injuries.
  • Dependent: A person dependent for support upon another.
  • Devise: To gift property by will.
  • Dismissal: The dropping of a case by the judge without further consideration or hearing. Source:
  • Donor: The person who makes a gift.
  • Escrow: Money given to a third party to be held for payment until certain conditions are met.
  • Executor: A male person named in a will to carry out the decedent
  • Fair market value: The price at which an asset would change hands in a transaction between a willing, informed buyer and a willing, informed seller.
  • Felony: A crime carrying a penalty of more than a year in prison.
  • Fiduciary: A trustee, executor, or administrator.
  • Fiscal year: The fiscal year is the accounting period for the government. For the federal government, this begins on October 1 and ends on September 30. The fiscal year is designated by the calendar year in which it ends; for example, fiscal year 2006 begins on October 1, 2005 and ends on September 30, 2006.
  • Fixed Rate: Having a "fixed" rate means that the APR doesn't change based on fluctuations of some external rate (such as the "Prime Rate"). In other words, a fixed rate is a rate that is not a variable rate. A fixed APR can change over time, in several circumstances:
    • You are late making a payment or commit some other default, triggering an increase to a penalty rate
    • The bank changes the terms of your account and you do not reject the change.
    • The rate expires (if the rate was fixed for only a certain period of time).
  • Foreclosure: A legal process in which property that is collateral or security for a loan may be sold to help repay the loan when the loan is in default. Source: OCC
  • Garnishment: Generally, garnishment is a court proceeding in which a creditor asks a court to order a third party who owes money to the debtor or otherwise holds assets belonging to the debtor to turn over to the creditor any of the debtor
  • Gift: A voluntary transfer or conveyance of property without consideration, or for less than full and adequate consideration based on fair market value.
  • Grace period: The number of days you'll have to pay your bill for purchases in full without triggering a finance charge. Source: Federal Reserve
  • Grand jury: agreement providing that a lender will delay exercising its rights (in the case of a mortgage,
  • Guardian: A person legally empowered and charged with the duty of taking care of and managing the property of another person who because of age, intellect, or health, is incapable of managing his (her) own affairs.
  • Hotline: means twenty-four-hour access to rape crisis intervention and prevention services including telephone hotline and telephone counseling capabilities. See N.Y. Public Health Law 695-A
  • Indemnification: In general, a collateral contract or assurance under which one person agrees to secure another person against either anticipated financial losses or potential adverse legal consequences. Source: FDIC
  • Indictment: The formal charge issued by a grand jury stating that there is enough evidence that the defendant committed the crime to justify having a trial; it is used primarily for felonies.
  • Interest rate: The amount paid by a borrower to a lender in exchange for the use of the lender's money for a certain period of time. Interest is paid on loans or on debt instruments, such as notes or bonds, either at regular intervals or as part of a lump sum payment when the issue matures. Source: OCC
  • Interrogatories: Written questions asked by one party of an opposing party, who must answer them in writing under oath; a discovery device in a lawsuit.
  • Lease: A contract transferring the use of property or occupancy of land, space, structures, or equipment in consideration of a payment (e.g., rent). Source: OCC
  • Liabilities: The aggregate of all debts and other legal obligations of a particular person or legal entity.
  • Lien: A claim against real or personal property in satisfaction of a debt.
  • Mortgage: The written agreement pledging property to a creditor as collateral for a loan.
  • Mortgage investing institution: means any bank, trust company, national bank, savings bank, savings and loan association, federal savings bank, federal savings and loan association, private banker, credit union, federal credit union, investment company, pension fund, licensed mortgage banker or any other entity which maintains a real property tax escrow account for real property located in this state. See N.Y. Real Property Tax Law 952
  • Mortgage loan: A loan made by a lender to a borrower for the financing of real property. Source: OCC
  • Mortgagor: means a person having title to and occupying a one to six family residence which is located in this state and is subject to a mortgage. See N.Y. Real Property Tax Law 952
  • Mortgagor: The person who pledges property to a creditor as collateral for a loan and who receives the money.
  • National Bank: A bank that is subject to the supervision of the Comptroller of the Currency. The Office of the Comptroller of the Currency is a bureau of the U.S. Treasury Department. A national bank can be recognized because it must have "national" or "national association" in its name. Source: OCC
  • Non-mortgagor: means a person having title to and occupying a one to six family residence which is located in this state and is not subject to a mortgage. See N.Y. Real Property Tax Law 952
  • Obligation: An order placed, contract awarded, service received, or similar transaction during a given period that will require payments during the same or a future period.
  • Outlays: Outlays are payments made (generally through the issuance of checks or disbursement of cash) to liquidate obligations. Outlays during a fiscal year may be for payment of obligations incurred in prior years or in the same year.
  • Oversight: Committee review of the activities of a Federal agency or program.
  • Partnership: A voluntary contract between two or more persons to pool some or all of their assets into a business, with the agreement that there will be a proportional sharing of profits and losses.
  • Personal property: All property that is not real property.
  • Precedent: A court decision in an earlier case with facts and law similar to a dispute currently before a court. Precedent will ordinarily govern the decision of a later similar case, unless a party can show that it was wrongly decided or that it differed in some significant way.
  • President: means the president of the New York state higher education services corporation. See N.Y. Public Health Law 901
  • President: shall mean the president of the corporation. See N.Y. Education Law 651
  • Primary care medical training program: means a graduate medical education training program in New York state defined by the commissioner, in consultation with the council, pursuant to regulations, as providing appropriate training in primary care medicine. See N.Y. Public Health Law 901
  • Primary care physician: means a physician specialist in the field of family practice, general pediatrics, primary care internal medicine or primary care obstetrics and gynecology; who provides coordinated primary care services. See N.Y. Public Health Law 901
  • Primary care practitioner: means a midwife, nurse practitioner, or physician assistant who is licensed or certified to practice in New York state and who provides or arranges for coordinated primary care services. See N.Y. Public Health Law 901
  • Primary care practitioner program: means a full or part-time graduate, undergraduate or certificate course of study, approved or registered by the regents or a program registered by the department of education or determined by the department of education to be the equivalent required to practice as a licensed or certified primary care practitioner. See N.Y. Public Health Law 901
  • Probation: A sentencing alternative to imprisonment in which the court releases convicted defendants under supervision as long as certain conditions are observed.
  • Public law: A public bill or joint resolution that has passed both chambers and been enacted into law. Public laws have general applicability nationwide.
  • Real property tax escrow account: means an account established by contract between a mortgagor of real property improved by a one to six family residence and the mortgage investing institution having a mortgage thereon, into which the mortgage investing institution shall deposit money collected from the mortgagor for the purpose of paying taxes. See N.Y. Real Property Tax Law 952
  • Recourse: An arrangement in which a bank retains, in form or in substance, any credit risk directly or indirectly associated with an asset it has sold (in accordance with generally accepted accounting principles) that exceeds a pro rata share of the bank's claim on the asset. If a bank has no claim on an asset it has sold, then the retention of any credit risk is recourse. Source: FDIC
  • Recruitment and training programs: means programs designed to recruit and train staff or volunteers in a rape crisis intervention and prevention program as well as training or education to other agencies participating in a community support system. See N.Y. Public Health Law 695-A
  • Referral: means referral to and assistance with medical services and services of criminal justice agencies, mental health agencies, or other entities providing related services. See N.Y. Public Health Law 695-A
  • Remainder: An interest in property that takes effect in the future at a specified time or after the occurrence of some event, such as the death of a life tenant.
  • Restitution: The court-ordered payment of money by the defendant to the victim for damages caused by the criminal action.
  • Settlement: Parties to a lawsuit resolve their difference without having a trial. Settlements often involve the payment of compensation by one party in satisfaction of the other party's claims.
  • Statute: A law passed by a legislature.
  • Subpoena: A command to a witness to appear and give testimony.
  • Summons: Another word for subpoena used by the criminal justice system.
  • tax district: as used in this title means (a) a county, city, town, village, school district or special district, having the power to levy, assess and enforce the collection of taxes, special ad valorem levies, special assessments or other charges imposed upon real property by or on behalf of a municipal corporation or special district or (b) a city school district governed by article fifty-one of the education law. See N.Y. Real Property Tax Law 910
  • taxes: means a charge imposed upon real property by or on behalf of a county, city, town, village or school district for municipal or school district purposes, including a special ad valorem levy, special assessment or any similar charge. See N.Y. Real Property Tax Law 952
  • taxes: as used in this title shall include special assessments which are levied by the county legislative body at the time and in the manner provided by law for the levy of county and town taxes. See N.Y. Real Property Tax Law 972
  • Transcript: A written, word-for-word record of what was said, either in a proceeding such as a trial or during some other conversation, as in a transcript of a hearing or oral deposition.
  • Trust account: A general term that covers all types of accounts in a trust department, such as estates, guardianships, and agencies. Source: OCC
  • Trustee: A person or institution holding and administering property in trust.
  • Underserved area: means an area or medically underserved population designated by the commissioner pursuant to regulation, and in consultation with the respective health systems agency, as having a shortage of primary care physicians or primary care practitioners. See N.Y. Public Health Law 901
  • Variable Rate: Having a "variable" rate means that the APR changes from time to time based on fluctuations in an external rate, normally the Prime Rate. This external rate is known as the "index." If the index changes, the variable rate normally changes. Also see Fixed Rate.
  • Verdict: The decision of a petit jury or a judge.