§ 8-58.50 (Article has a contingent effective date – see note). Purpose.
§ 8-58.51 (Article has a contingent effective date – see note) Definitions.
§ 8-58.52 (Article has a contingent effective date – see note) Applicability.
§ 8-58.53 (Article has a contingent effective date – see note) Environmental audit report; privilege.
§ 8-58.54 (Article has a contingent effective date – see note) Waiver of privilege.
§ 8-58.55 (Article has a contingent effective date – see note) Notification of audit.
§ 8-58.56 (Article has a contingent effective date – see note) Revocation of privilege in civil and administrative proceedings.
§ 8-58.57 (Article has a contingent effective date – see note) Privilege in criminal proceedings.
§ 8-58.58 (Article has a contingent effective date – see note) Burden of proof.
§ 8-58.59 (Article has a contingent effective date – see note) Stipulations; declaratory rulings.
§ 8-58.60 (Article has a contingent effective date – see note) Construction of Article.
§ 8-58.61 (Article has a contingent effective date – see note) Voluntary disclosure; limited immunity from civil and administrative penalties and fines.
§ 8-58.62 (Article has a contingent effective date – see note) Additional limitations on exercise of privilege or immunity.
§ 8-58.63 (Article has a contingent effective date – see note) Preemption of local laws.

Terms Used In North Carolina General Statutes > Chapter 8 > Article 7D

  • Affidavit: A written statement of facts confirmed by the oath of the party making it, before a notary or officer having authority to administer oaths.
  • Affirmed: In the practice of the appellate courts, the decree or order is declared valid and will stand as rendered in the lower court.
  • Appeal: A request made after a trial, asking another court (usually the court of appeals) to decide whether the trial was conducted properly. To make such a request is "to appeal" or "to take an appeal." One who appeals is called the appellant.
  • Appraisal: A determination of property value.
  • Appraisal assignment: means an engagement for which an appraiser is employed or retained to act, or would be perceived by third parties or the public as acting, as a disinterested third party in rendering an unbiased appraisal. See North Carolina General Statutes 93E-1-4
  • Appraisal report: means any communication, written or oral, of an appraisal. See North Carolina General Statutes 93E-1-4
  • appraiser: means a person who for a fee or valuable consideration develops and communicates real estate appraisals or otherwise gives an opinion of the value of real estate or any interest therein. See North Carolina General Statutes 93E-1-4
  • Assets: (1) The property comprising the estate of a deceased person, or (2) the property in a trust account.
  • Attachment: A procedure by which a person's property is seized to pay judgments levied by the court.
  • Attorney-in-fact: A person who, acting as an agent, is given written authorization by another person to transact business for him (her) out of court.
  • Bankruptcy: Refers to statutes and judicial proceedings involving persons or businesses that cannot pay their debts and seek the assistance of the court in getting a fresh start. Under the protection of the bankruptcy court, debtors may discharge their debts, perhaps by paying a portion of each debt. Bankruptcy judges preside over these proceedings.
  • Beneficiary: A person who is entitled to receive the benefits or proceeds of a will, trust, insurance policy, retirement plan, annuity, or other contract. Source: OCC
  • Board: means the Board of Environmental Health Specialist Examiners. See North Carolina General Statutes 90A-51
  • Board: means the North Carolina Appraisal Board established under G. See North Carolina General Statutes 93E-1-4
  • Certificate: means that document issued by the North Carolina Appraisal Board evidencing that the person named therein has satisfied the requirements for certification as a certified real estate appraiser and bearing a certificate number assigned by the Board. See North Carolina General Statutes 93E-1-4
  • Certificate holder: means a person certified by the Board under the provisions of this Chapter. See North Carolina General Statutes 93E-1-4
  • Certificate of registration: means a document issued by the Board as evidence of registration and qualification to practice as a registered environmental health specialist or a registered environmental health specialist intern under this Article. See North Carolina General Statutes 90A-51
  • Certified general real estate appraiser: means a person who holds a current, valid certificate as a certified general real estate appraiser issued under the provisions of this Chapter. See North Carolina General Statutes 93E-1-4
  • Certified residential real estate appraiser: means a person who holds a current, valid certificate as a certified residential real estate appraiser issued under the provisions of this Chapter. See North Carolina General Statutes 93E-1-4
  • Clerk of court: An officer appointed by the court to work with the chief judge in overseeing the court's administration, especially to assist in managing the flow of cases through the court and to maintain court records.
  • Commission: means the North Carolina Real Estate Commission. See North Carolina General Statutes 93A-32
  • Commission: means the North Carolina Real Estate Commission;

    (2)        "Developer" means any person or entity which creates a time share or a time share project or program, purchases a time share for purpose of resale, or is engaged in the business of selling its own time shares and shall include any person or entity who controls, is controlled by, or is in common control with the developer which is engaged in creating or selling time shares for the developer, but a person who purchases a time share for his or her occupancy, use, and enjoyment shall not be deemed a developer;

    (3)        "Enrolled" means paid membership in exchange programs or membership in an exchange program evidenced by written acceptance or confirmation of membership;

    (4)        "Exchange company" means any person operating an exchange program;

    (5)        "Exchange program" means any opportunity or procedure for the assignment or exchange of time shares among purchasers in the same or other time share project;

    (5a)      "Independent escrow agent" means a licensed attorney located in this State or a financial institution located in this State;

    (6)        "Managing agent" means a person who undertakes the duties, responsibilities, and obligations of the management of a time share program;

    (7)        "Person" means one or more natural persons, corporations, partnerships, associations, trusts, other entities, or any combination thereof;

    (7a)      "Project broker" means a natural person licensed as a real estate broker and designated by the developer to supervise brokers at the time share project;

    (8)        "Purchaser" means any person other than a developer or lender who owns or acquires an interest or proposes to acquire an interest in a time share;

    (9)        "Time share" means a right to occupy a unit or any of several units during five or more separated time periods over a period of at least five years, including renewal options, whether or not coupled with a freehold estate or an estate for years in a time share project or a specified portion of a time share project. See North Carolina General Statutes 93A-41

  • Common law: The legal system that originated in England and is now in use in the United States. It is based on judicial decisions rather than legislative action.
  • Complaint: A written statement by the plaintiff stating the wrongs allegedly committed by the defendant.
  • Contract: A legal written agreement that becomes binding when signed.
  • Conviction: A judgement of guilt against a criminal defendant.
  • Corporation: A legal entity owned by the holders of shares of stock that have been issued, and that can own, receive, and transfer property, and carry on business in its own name.
  • Damages: Money paid by defendants to successful plaintiffs in civil cases to compensate the plaintiffs for their injuries.
  • Deed: The legal instrument used to transfer title in real property from one person to another.
  • Dependent: A person dependent for support upon another.
  • Discovery: Lawyers' examination, before trial, of facts and documents in possession of the opponents to help the lawyers prepare for trial.
  • Dismissal: The dropping of a case by the judge without further consideration or hearing. Source:
  • Docket: A log containing brief entries of court proceedings.
  • education provider: means any individual or real estate educational entity which is privately owned and conducting, for a profit or tuition charge, real estate broker prelicensing, postlicensing, or continuing education courses prescribed by G. See North Carolina General Statutes 93A-32
  • Embezzlement: In most states, embezzlement is defined as theft/larceny of assets (money or property) by a person in a position of trust or responsibility over those assets. Embezzlement typically occurs in the employment and corporate settings. Source: OCC
  • Environmental health practice: means the provision of environmental health services, including administration, organization, management, education, enforcement, and consultation regarding environmental health services provided to or for the public. See North Carolina General Statutes 90A-51
  • Environmental health specialist: means a public health professional who meets the educational requirements under this Article and has attained specialized training and acceptable environmental health field experience effectively to plan, organize, manage, provide, execute, and evaluate one or more of the many diverse elements comprising the field of environmental health practice. See North Carolina General Statutes 90A-51
  • Equitable: Pertaining to civil suits in "equity" rather than in "law." In English legal history, the courts of "law" could order the payment of damages and could afford no other remedy. See damages. A separate court of "equity" could order someone to do something or to cease to do something. See, e.g., injunction. In American jurisprudence, the federal courts have both legal and equitable power, but the distinction is still an important one. For example, a trial by jury is normally available in "law" cases but not in "equity" cases. Source: U.S. Courts
  • Escrow: Money given to a third party to be held for payment until certain conditions are met.
  • Evidence: Information presented in testimony or in documents that is used to persuade the fact finder (judge or jury) to decide the case for one side or the other.
  • Executor: A male person named in a will to carry out the decedent
  • Felony: A crime carrying a penalty of more than a year in prison.
  • Fiduciary: A trustee, executor, or administrator.
  • Fiscal year: The fiscal year is the accounting period for the government. For the federal government, this begins on October 1 and ends on September 30. The fiscal year is designated by the calendar year in which it ends; for example, fiscal year 2006 begins on October 1, 2005 and ends on September 30, 2006.
  • following: when used by way of reference to any section of a statute, shall be construed to mean the section next preceding or next following that in which such reference is made; unless when some other section is expressly designated in such reference. See North Carolina General Statutes 12-3
  • Forgery: The fraudulent signing or alteration of another's name to an instrument such as a deed, mortgage, or check. The intent of the forgery is to deceive or defraud. Source: OCC
  • Foundation: means The Appraisal Foundation established on November 20, 1987, as a not-for-profit corporation under the laws of Illinois. See North Carolina General Statutes 93E-1-4
  • Fraud: Intentional deception resulting in injury to another.
  • Guardian: A person legally empowered and charged with the duty of taking care of and managing the property of another person who because of age, intellect, or health, is incapable of managing his (her) own affairs.
  • in writing: may be construed to include printing, engraving, lithographing, and any other mode of representing words and letters: Provided, that in all cases where a written signature is required by law, the same shall be in a proper handwriting, or in a proper mark. See North Carolina General Statutes 12-3
  • Injunction: An order of the court prohibiting (or compelling) the performance of a specific act to prevent irreparable damage or injury.
  • Jurisdiction: (1) The legal authority of a court to hear and decide a case. Concurrent jurisdiction exists when two courts have simultaneous responsibility for the same case. (2) The geographic area over which the court has authority to decide cases.
  • Lawsuit: A legal action started by a plaintiff against a defendant based on a complaint that the defendant failed to perform a legal duty, resulting in harm to the plaintiff.
  • Lease: A contract transferring the use of property or occupancy of land, space, structures, or equipment in consideration of a payment (e.g., rent). Source: OCC
  • Liabilities: The aggregate of all debts and other legal obligations of a particular person or legal entity.
  • License: means that document issued by the North Carolina Appraisal Board evidencing that the person named therein has satisfied the requirements for licensure as a licensed real estate appraiser and bearing a license number assigned by the Board. See North Carolina General Statutes 93E-1-4
  • Licensed residential real estate appraiser: means a person who holds a current, valid license as a licensed residential real estate appraiser issued under the provisions of this Chapter. See North Carolina General Statutes 93E-1-4
  • Licensee: means a person licensed by the Board under the provisions of this Chapter. See North Carolina General Statutes 93E-1-4
  • Lien: A claim against real or personal property in satisfaction of a debt.
  • Misdemeanor: Usually a petty offense, a less serious crime than a felony, punishable by less than a year of confinement.
  • month: shall be construed to mean a calendar month, unless otherwise expressed; and the word "year" a calendar year, unless otherwise expressed; and the word "year" alone shall be equivalent to the expression "year of our Lord. See North Carolina General Statutes 12-3
  • Mortgage: The written agreement pledging property to a creditor as collateral for a loan.
  • Mortgage loan: A loan made by a lender to a borrower for the financing of real property. Source: OCC
  • Nolo contendere: No contest-has the same effect as a plea of guilty, as far as the criminal sentence is concerned, but may not be considered as an admission of guilt for any other purpose.
  • Obligation: An order placed, contract awarded, service received, or similar transaction during a given period that will require payments during the same or a future period.
  • Oversight: Committee review of the activities of a Federal agency or program.
  • Partnership: A voluntary contract between two or more persons to pool some or all of their assets into a business, with the agreement that there will be a proportional sharing of profits and losses.
  • personal property: shall include moneys, goods, chattels, choses in action and evidences of debt, including all things capable of ownership, not descendable to heirs at law. See North Carolina General Statutes 12-3
  • Plaintiff: The person who files the complaint in a civil lawsuit.
  • Plea: In a criminal case, the defendant's statement pleading "guilty" or "not guilty" in answer to the charges, a declaration made in open court.
  • Pleadings: Written statements of the parties in a civil case of their positions. In the federal courts, the principal pleadings are the complaint and the answer.
  • Power of attorney: A written instrument which authorizes one person to act as another's agent or attorney. The power of attorney may be for a definite, specific act, or it may be general in nature. The terms of the written power of attorney may specify when it will expire. If not, the power of attorney usually expires when the person granting it dies. Source: OCC
  • President pro tempore: A constitutionally recognized officer of the Senate who presides over the chamber in the absence of the Vice President. The President Pro Tempore (or, "president for a time") is elected by the Senate and is, by custom, the Senator of the majority party with the longest record of continuous service.
  • Private real estate school: means any real estate educational entity which is privately owned and operated by an individual, partnership, corporation, limited liability company, or association, and which conducts, for a profit or tuition charge, real estate broker prelicensing or postlicensing courses prescribed by G. See North Carolina General Statutes 93A-32
  • Probable cause: A reasonable ground for belief that the offender violated a specific law.
  • property: shall include all property, both real and personal. See North Carolina General Statutes 12-3
  • Quorum: The number of legislators that must be present to do business.
  • real estate appraisal: means an analysis, opinion, or conclusion as to the value of identified real estate or specified interests therein performed for compensation or other valuable consideration. See North Carolina General Statutes 93E-1-4
  • Real estate appraising: means the practice of developing and communicating real estate appraisals. See North Carolina General Statutes 93E-1-4
  • Real property: Land, and all immovable fixtures erected on, growing on, or affixed to the land.
  • real property: means land, including the air above and ground below and all appurtenances and improvements thereto, as well as any interest or right inherent in the ownership of land. See North Carolina General Statutes 93E-1-4
  • Recourse: An arrangement in which a bank retains, in form or in substance, any credit risk directly or indirectly associated with an asset it has sold (in accordance with generally accepted accounting principles) that exceeds a pro rata share of the bank's claim on the asset. If a bank has no claim on an asset it has sold, then the retention of any credit risk is recourse. Source: FDIC
  • Registered environmental health specialist: means an environmental health specialist registered in accordance with the provisions of this Article. See North Carolina General Statutes 90A-51
  • Registered environmental health specialist intern: means a person who possesses the necessary educational qualifications as prescribed in G. See North Carolina General Statutes 90A-51
  • registration as a trainee: means the document issued by the North Carolina Appraisal Board evidencing that the person named therein has satisfied the requirements of registration as a trainee real estate appraiser and bearing a registration number assigned by the Board. See North Carolina General Statutes 93E-1-4
  • Remainder: An interest in property that takes effect in the future at a specified time or after the occurrence of some event, such as the death of a life tenant.
  • Residential real estate: means any parcel of real estate, improved or unimproved, that is exclusively residential in nature and that includes or is intended to include a residential structure containing not more than four dwelling units and no other improvements except those which are typical residential improvements that support the residential use for the location and property type. See North Carolina General Statutes 93E-1-4
  • seal: shall be construed to include an impression of such official seal, made upon the paper alone, as well as an impression made by means of a wafer or of wax affixed thereto. See North Carolina General Statutes 12-3
  • Service of process: The service of writs or summonses to the appropriate party.
  • Settlement: Parties to a lawsuit resolve their difference without having a trial. Settlements often involve the payment of compensation by one party in satisfaction of the other party's claims.
  • state: when applied to the different parts of the United States, shall be construed to extend to and include the District of Columbia and the several territories, so called; and the words "United States" shall be construed to include the said district and territories and all dependencies. See North Carolina General Statutes 12-3
  • Subpoena: A command to a witness to appear and give testimony.
  • Temporary appraiser licensure or certification: means the issuance of a temporary license or certificate by the Board to a person licensed or certified in another state who enters this State for the purpose of completing a particular appraisal assignment. See North Carolina General Statutes 93E-1-4
  • Tenancy in common: A type of property ownership in which two or more individuals have an undivided interest in property. At the death of one tenant in common, his (her) fractional percentage of ownership in the property passes to the decedent
  • Testify: Answer questions in court.
  • Testimony: Evidence presented orally by witnesses during trials or before grand juries.
  • Time share instrument: means an instrument transferring a time share or any interest, legal or beneficial, in a time share to a purchaser, including a contract, installment contract, lease, deed, or other instrument;

    (10)      "Time share program" means any arrangement for time shares whereby real property has been made subject to a time share;

    (11)      "Time share project" means any real property that is subject to a time share program;

    (11a)    "Time share registrar" means a natural person who is designated by the developer to record or cause time share instruments and lien releases to be recorded and to fulfill the other duties imposed by this Article;

    (12)      "Time share salesperson" means a person who sells or offers to sell on behalf of a developer a time share to a purchaser; and

    (13)      "Time share unit" or "unit" means the real property or real property improvement in a project which is divided into time shares and designated for separate occupancy and use. See North Carolina General Statutes 93A-41

  • trainee real estate appraiser: means a person who holds a current, valid registration as a trainee real estate appraiser issued under the provisions of this Chapter. See North Carolina General Statutes 93E-1-4
  • Transcript: A written, word-for-word record of what was said, either in a proceeding such as a trial or during some other conversation, as in a transcript of a hearing or oral deposition.
  • Trust account: A general term that covers all types of accounts in a trust department, such as estates, guardianships, and agencies. Source: OCC
  • Trustee: A person or institution holding and administering property in trust.
  • United States: shall be construed to include the said district and territories and all dependencies. See North Carolina General Statutes 12-3