1. A principal’s health care or long-term care services provider, and employees thereof, having knowledge of the principal’s health care directive, are bound to follow the health care decisions of the principal’s designated agent or a health care instruction to the extent they are consistent with this chapter and the health care directive.
2. A principal’s health care or long-term care services provider may decline to comply with a health care decision of a principal’s designated agent or a health care instruction for reasons of conscience or other conflict. A provider that declines to comply with a health care decision or instruction shall take all reasonable steps to transfer care of the principal to another health care provider who is willing to honor the agent’s health care decision, or instruction or directive, and shall provide continuing care to the principal until a transfer can be effected.
3. This chapter does not require any physician or other health care provider to take any action contrary to reasonable medical standards.
4. This chapter does not affect the responsibility of the attending physician or other health care provider to provide treatment for a patient’s comfort, care, or alleviation of pain.
5. Notwithstanding a contrary direction contained in a health care directive executed under this chapter, health care must be provided to a pregnant principal unless, to a reasonable degree of medical certainty as certified on the principal’s medical record by the attending physician and an obstetrician who has examined the principal, such health care will not maintain the principal in such a way as to permit the continuing development and live birth of the unborn child or will be physically harmful or unreasonably painful to the principal or will prolong severe pain that cannot be alleviated by medication.
6. In the absence of a direction to the contrary contained in a health care directive prepared under this chapter, nothing in this chapter requires a physician to withhold, withdraw, or administer nutrition or hydration, or both, from or to the principal. Nutrition or hydration, or both, must be withdrawn, withheld, or administered, if the principal for whom the administration of nutrition or hydration is considered, has directed in a health care directive the principal’s desire that nutrition or hydration, or both, be withdrawn, withheld, or administered. If a health care directive prepared under this chapter does not indicate the principal’s direction with respect to nutrition or hydration, nutrition or hydration, or both, may be withdrawn or withheld if the attending physician has determined that the administration of nutrition or hydration is inappropriate because the nutrition or hydration cannot be physically assimilated by the principal or would be physically harmful or would cause unreasonable physical pain to the principal.